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cipline of the Christian Church are doing for Hawaiians what the same causes did for the founders of New England, that is, preparing them for self-government and republicanism. As the Republican State in New England found its germ in the Republican Congregational Church which preceded it; and as the principle of individual equality and representation, first practically exemplified in the constitution of the Church, was thence transferred to the constitution of the State, in like manner is the present generation of Hawaiians in a process of training, under its religious teachers, for civil liberty.

The result will doubtless be to develop the capacity of self-government, and in due time to rear a flourishing Republic in the Heart of the Pacific. A virtual colony as it will then be from the United States, founded by American Christianity and American Commerce united, and linked, as it will speedily become, to our Pacific and Atlantic seaboards by steamer and telegraph, it may suitably be adopted into the sisterhood of American States.

Hawaiian Senators and Representatives may ere long take their seats in the Capitol, at Washington, with members from Minnesota, Utah, Deseret, New Mexico, and Santa Fe. The Star of Hawaii may yet blaze in the flag of the American Union; and the sons of her present missionaries, together with native-born Kanaka Maole from the Island Heart of the Pacific, may yet mingle in debate on the floor of the American Congress, and the voice of Senatorial eloquence from the luxurious tropics BURKE ON THE BROTHERHOOD OF NATIONS. 261

may yet awaken echoes from the hardy North. May propitious Heaven speed the augury!

And may that happy consummation of universal brotherhood among all the nations be soon realized, of which Edmund Burke said in his place in the British parliament: I believe, my lords, that the sun, in his beneficent progress round the world, does not behold a more glorious sight than that of men, separated from a remote people by the material bounds and barriers of nature, united by the bond of a social and moral community.

CHAPTER XII.

SIDE VIEWS OF HAWAIIAN CHARACTER AND DESTINY.

Polonius.—If circumstances lead me, I will find
Where truth is hid, though it were hid indeed
Within the centre.—

Tis too much proved, that with devotion's visage,
And pious action, we do sugar o'er
The devil himself.—Hamlet.

Relative position and fortunes of the posterity of Shem and Japheth—Practical bearing upon the labors of missionaries—The ground principle of success—Variety of talents called into exercise—How to be beloved and useful—Study of books, versus the study of human nature—Something had and something wanting at Waialua—A maxim gathered from observation—Management of cases of casuistry—A common weakness commented upon—Difference of behavior between sentimental and genuine sorrow—The acting of a fine mind when sin or grief-stricken, and that of a coarse mind—The Hawaiian infirmity illustrated by a fact—The pea-hen everywhere—Native volubility and destitution of shame—Charities of the Waialua church—A manual labor school—How established and why abandoned—We journey to Ewa—A successful experiment at self-support—Remarkable proof of disinterestedness—Progress reported—Honor to whom honor is due—Fact and cause of the nation's decay—Alarming statistics—Report of a committee on moral reform—Responsibility of foreigners who have fed the national vice—Moral strength of the government now and formerly—Suppression of vice the duty of magistrates—Plea of virtue and humanitySophisms of the selfish and impure—Righteous reasonings of the duke in the moral play of Measure for Measure.

The future of nations and of individuals is absolutely known to Omniscience only. The issues and destinies of ages to come, God alone can explore, on whom they depend. A guess beyond the present, or a rational judgment of the future by the past, is all that the wisest of uninspired men can venture. There are thinking men of the race now dominant in the world, who judge ORIENTAL AND OCCIDENTAL RACES COMPARED. 263

that all the nations of the earth descended from Shem, (including the Indians of North and South America, the races of Oceanica, and the kingdoms of the East,) have already reached that point of degradation or of fixedness observed by ethnologists, from which neither individuals nor nations are disposed of themselves to rise, and from which the Most High is seldom disposed to raise them. They are to be irrecoverably absorbed,—according to the prophecy, God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem—in the posterity of that son of Noah to whom Europe was given.

Be it that many of* them as individuals may be converted and saved, they cannot survive much longer as nations. The decree has gone out against them—prophecy must be fulfilled. Embracing Christianity will not save them from decay, though it may save their souls. They have sunk too low, and have become diseased too mortally, to be raised and live. Repentance comes too late for their national salvation, as to a man who has ruined his constitution by excess, past the sanative reach of reform. The process of extermination before the favored posterity of Japheth, is too far under way, and too surely predetermined, to be arrested now.

Now, how much soever of theoretic truth and Scripture evidence such opinions may have for their basis, yet, when much dwelt upon, and constantly compared in the mind with all facts that look that way, it is hardly possible that they should not blunt the edge of appetite for missionary work, and disable the swordarm for nervous thrusts at the powers of Pagan darkness.

The mind will be naturally reasoning—My labor here is comparatively hopeless and of little account; how much better to be expending my energies for immortality upon the race of Anglo-Saxons that is to live and inherit the earth, than upon a degraded people that are soon to die out and become extinct, and their memorial to perish with them!

Such reasonings, like the notions Satan started in Paradise, when he sat

Squat like a toad, close at the ear of Eve,
Assaying by his devilish art to reach
The organs of her fancy, and with them forge
Illusions, as he list—

disturb and divert the mind from its proper work;

Thence raise distempered, discontented thought,

Vain hopes, vain aims, inordinate desires,

Blown up with high conceits, engendering pride.

It is no more possible for a missionary, than for a clergyman in service elsewhere, to pay the debt to his profession which Lord Bacon says every professional man owes, nisi noctes atque dies in hoc studio consumat. All his days and nights must be given to studies and employments that have a steady bearing upon his great work, and tend either to enlarge his capacity, or augment and burnish his intellectual armor, or to throw the light of his individual reason and experience upon the duties of his profession, for the benefit of others.

It is not, indeed, for one man to say to another how

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