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I. II. III. IV. The Knowledge of Truth proved to be the most na-
tural Perfection of the rational Soul; V. Yet Error often mis-
taken for Truth: the Accounts of it. VI. Want of Diligence in
its Search; VII. VIII. The Mixture of Truth and Falsehood :
thence comes either rejecting Truth for the Error's Sake, or em-
bracing the Error for the Truth's Sake; IX. The first instanced
in Heathen Philosophers, XIII. The second in vulgar Heathen.
X. XI. XII. Of Philosophical Atheism, and the Grounds of it.
XIV. The History of Antiquity very obscure. XV. The Ques-
tion stated, where the true History of ancient Times is to be
found ? in Heathen Histories, or only in Scripture? XVI. The
Want of Credibility in Heathen Histories asserted and proved
by the general Defect for Want of timely Records among Hea-
then Nations ; the Reason of it shewed from the first Plantations
of the World. XVII. The Manner of them discovered. The
Original of Civil Government. XVIII. Of Hieroglyphics.
XIX. The Use of Letters among the Greeks no older than Cad-
mus; XX. His Time enquired into : no older than Joshua :
XXI. The Learning brought into Greece by him. Page 1.
Of the Phænician and Egyptian History.
I. The particular Defect in the History of the most learned
Heathen Nations. II. First the Phænicians. Of Sanchonia-
thon; his Antiquity and Fidelity. III. Of Jerom-baal, Baal- Berith. IV. The Antiquity of Tyre. Scaliger vindicated
against Bochartus. V. Abibalus. VI. The Vanity of Phæni-
cian Theology. VII. The Imitation of it by the Gnostics.
VIII. Of the Egyptian History. IX. The Antiquity and Au-
thority of Hermes Trismegistus. X. Of his Inscriptions on
Pillars, transcribed by Manetho. XI. His Fabulousness thence
discovered. Terra Seriadica. XII. Of Seth's Pillars in Jose-
phus; and an Account whence they were taken. Page 23,
Of the Chaldæan History.
I. The Contest of Antiquity among Heathen Nations, and the ways
of deciding it. II. Of the Chaldæan Astrology, and the Founda-
tion of Judicial Astrology. III. Of the Zabii, their Founder,
who they were; no other than the old Chaldees. IV. Of Berosus
and his History. V. An Account of the fabulous Dynasties of
Berosus and Manetho; VI. From the Translation of the Scrip-
ture-history into Greek, in the Time of Ptolemy. VII. Of that
Translation, and the Time of it. VIII. Of Demetrius Phale-
reus. Scaliger's Arguments answered. IX. Manetho writ after
the Septuagint, proved against Kircher; his Arguments an-
swered. Of Rabbinical and Arabic Authors, and their little
* Credit in Matter of History. X. The Time of Berosus enquired
into; his Writing contemporary with Philadelphus, Page 37.
1. That manifested by three evident arguments of it. (1.) The
Fabulousness of the poetical age of Greece. The Antiquity of
Poetry. II. Of Orpheus and the ancient Poets. Whence the
poetical Fables borrowed. III. The Advancement of Poetry and
Idolatry together in Greece. IV. The different Censures of
Strabo and Eratosthenes, concerning the poetical Age of
Greece; and the Reasons of them. V. (2.) The oldest Histo-
rians of Greece are of suspected Credit. Of Damastes, Aristeus,
and others; VI. Of most of their oldest Historians we have no-
thing left but their Names; of others only the Subjects they
treated of, and some Fragments. VIII. (3.) Those that are
extant either confess their ignorance of eldest Times, or plainly
discover it. Of the first Sort are Thucydides and Plutarch.
IX. Several Evidences of the Grecians' Ignorance of the true
Original of Nations. X. Of Herodotus and his Mistakes.
XI. The Greeks' Ignorance in Geography discovered ; and thence
their Insufficiency as to an Account of Ancient History.
CHAP. V. '
The general Uncertainty of Heathen Chronology.
1. The Want of Credibility in Heathen History further proved,
from the Uncertainty and Confusion in their Accounts of ancient
Times. That discovered by the uncertuin Form of their Years.
II. An Enquiry into the different Forms of the Egyptian Years ;
the first of thirty Days. III. The second of four Months ; of
both Instances given in the Egyptian History. IV. Of the
Chaldæan Accounts, and the first Dynasties mentioned by Be-
rosus, how they may be reduced to Probability. V. Of the
Egyptian Dynasties of Manetho. Reasons of accounting them
fabulous, because not attested by any credible Authority, and re-
jected by the best Historians. VI. The opinion of Scaliger and
Vossius, concerning their being contemporary, propounded, VII.
and rejected, with Reasons against it. VIII. Of the ancient Di-
vision of Egypt into Nomi or Provinces, and the Number of
them, against Vossius and Kircher.
CH A P. VI.
The uncertain Epochas of Heathen Chronology.
I. An Account of the Defect of Chronology in the eldest Times.
Of the solar Year among the Egyptians; the Original of the
Epacts; the Antiquity of Intercalation among them. Of the
several Canicular Years : the Difference between Scaliger and Pe-
tavius considered. The certain Epochas of the Egyptian History
no older than Nabonassar. JI. Of the Grecian Accounts. The
Fabulousness of the heroical Age of Greece. III. Of the ancient
Grecian Kingdoms. The Beginning of the Olympiads. IV.
The uncertain Origins of the Western Nations. Of the Latin
Dynasties. The different Palilia of Rome. The uncertain
Reckoning ab Urbe condita. V. Of Impostures as to ancient
Histories. Of Annius, VI. Inghiramius, and others. VII. Of
the Characters used by Heathen Priests. VIII. No sacred Cha-
racters among the Jews. IX. The Partiality and Inconsistency
of Heathen Histories with each other. From all which the Want
of Credibility in them as to an Account of ancient Times is
clearly demonstrated. .
| C H A P. I.
The Certainty of the Writings of Moses. .
In order to the proving the Truth of Scripture-history, sereral Hy-
potheses laid down. 1. The first concerns the Reasonableness of
preserving the ancient History of the World in some certain Re-
cords, from the Importance of the Things, II. and the Incon-
veniences of mere Trudition or constant Revelation. III. The
second concerns the Certainty that the Records under Moses's
Name were undoubtedly his. The Certainty of a Matter of Fact
enquired into in general, and proved as to this particular, IV. by
universal Consent, V. and settling a Commonwealth upon his
Laws. VI, VII. The Impossibility of an Impostor as to the
Writings of Moses demonstrated. The Pleas to the contrary
Moses's certain Knowledge of what he writ.
1. The third Hypothesis concerns the Certainty of the Matter of
Moses's History; that gradually prored : First, Moses's Know-
ledge cleared, by his Education, and Erperience, and certain In-
formation. II His Education in the Wisdom of Egypt; what
that was. II. The old Egyptian Learning enquired into; IV. -
The Conveniences for it. V. Of the Egyptian Priests. Moses
reckoned among them for his Knowledge. VI. The mathe-
matical, natural, dicine, and moral learning of Egypt. VII.
Their politicul Wisdom most considerable. VIII. The Advan-
tage of Moses above the Greek Philosophers, as to Wisdom and
Reason. Moses himself an Eye-witness of most of his History.
IX. The certain uninterrupted Tradition of the other Part
among the Jews, manifested by rational Evidence. Page 107.
Moses's Fidelity and Integrity proved.
1. Moses considered as an Historian, and as a Lawgiver ; his Fi.
delity in both proved; clear Evidences that he had no intent to
deceive in his History, Freedom from private Interest, Impar-
tiality in his Relations, Plainness and Perspicuity of Stile. II.
As a Lawgiver, he came armed with Divine Authority, which
being the main Thing, is fixed on to be fully proved from his Ac-
tions and Writings. III. The Power of Miracles the great Evi-
dence of Divine Revelation. Two grand Questions propounded.
In what Cases Miracles may be expected, and how known to be
true. No Necessity of a constant Power of Miracles in a Church:
IV. Two Cases alone wherein they may be expected. When any
Thing comes as a Law from God, and when a Divine Law is to
be repealed. The Necessity of Miracles in those Cases as an Evi-
dence of Divine Revelation asserted. V, VI, VII. Objections
answered. No use of Mirucles when the Doctrine is settled, and
owned by Miracles by the first Revelation. No Need of Miracles
in Reformation of a Church.
The Fidelity of the Prophets succeeding Moses.
I. An Order of Prophets to succeed Moses, by God's own Appoint-
ment in the Law of Moses. II. The Schools of the Prophets ;
III. The Original and Institution of them. IV. The Cities of
the Levites. The Occasion of their first Institution. V. The
Places of the Schools of the Prophets, and the Tendency of the
Institution there to a prophetical Office. VI. Of the Music used
in the Schools of the Prophets. VII. The Roman Assamenta,
and the Greek Hymns in their solemn Worship. VIII. The
two Sorts of Prophets among the Jews, lieger and extraordinary. .
Ordinary Prophets taken out of the Schools, proved by Amos
The Trial of the Prophetical Doctrine.
I. Rules of trying Prophets established in the Law of Moses. II.
The Punishment of Pretenders. The several Sorts of false
Prophets. The Case of the Prophet at Bethel discussed. III.
The Trial of false Prophets belonging to the great Sanhedrin.
IV. The particular Rules whereby the Doctrine of Prophets wus
judged. The proper Notion of a Prophet not foretelling future
Contingencies, but having immediọte Divine Revelation. V.
Several Principles laid down for clearing the Doctrine of the
Prophets. 1. That immediate Dictates of natural Light are
not to be the Measure of Divine Revelation. Several Grounds
for Divine Revelation from natural Light. VI. 2. Whatever is