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them, so on April 2nd last, to obviate the alleged cruelty; it is to copy his system that the necessity of the Guardians sending them to British Institute of Preventive Medicine is the Pasteur Institute in Paris, we established being set up on the Thames Embankment near our Institute in Norwood. The treatment Chelsea. It comprises a series of laboratories has been strongly recommended by a number for producing and experimenting with diseases of London and provincial medical men who on living animals. If they believe so much in loathe the cruelties and fear the dangers of experiment, why don't they experiment on the Pasteur system, because, you know, people themselves ? I tell you,” continued Mr. Pirkis, have died under it, and it has been found that we talk a precious lot about an efficient army, the dog that bit them was not mad at all. a big navy, and maintaining the morale of our Pasteur's remedy is the broth of spinal cords

But what sort of men are you profrom mad animals; he thus injects by means ducing when you teach them that infamous of a needle-like syringe through the skin of cruelty is all right if something may be got the stomach into the system artificial rabies, by it. And that is what Pasteurism means.” nothing more nor less. He puts the poison in And this concluded my interview with to cure you; we put you in a bath so hot as Capt. Pirkis, a stout-hearted and warmto induce profuse perspiration and drive the hearted English gentleman, who believes that poison out of the system. We have had by endeavouring to prevent the torture of considerable successes in India, and we living animals in scientific laboratories he is want people to try it in England, instead of serving the highest interests of the human rushing off to be poisoned by Pasteur. His system was and is founded on infamous



Reminiscences of the De Morgans and Carlyle. T"

" He

HE name of Augustus de Morgan, one of had concurred) that whatever gain to know

the founders and first professors of the ledge could be purchased by these means University of London, will

ever be

would be more than counterbalanced by the remembered with honour. His wise, gradual moral degradation which must arise Sophia Elizabeth de Morgan, daughter of from their acceptance and practice." William Frend, whose lite at Cambridge When they lived in Cheyne Row much was was one of public notability at the close of seen of Mr. and Mrs. Carlyle, and many last century, was a woman worthy of her interesting reminiscences are given. husband's name and celebrity. She took was strong in denouncing the hideous practice part in the many learned and mathematical of vivisection. He believed that no real and pursuits of Mr. de Morgan, but she was also valuable addition to knowledge would be the friend and helper of Lady Byron, Robert gained by violating the laws of justice and Owen, and other leaders of social and mercy; and he dwelt particularly on the philanthropic eftorts. In a volume, published justice due to animals, who, he said, had their by Bentley and Son in 1895, the daughter, rights—the right that is gained by fulfilling a Mary de Morgan, has brought together duty to us. So he willingly headed a petition wonderfully interesting book of reminiscences, on the subject, the name following his being chiefly of her mother. It is called " Three. that of M. Victor Schoelcher." score Years and Ten Reminiscences," so we A deputation from the Victoria Street Society may expect a large and varied collection of to the Home Office had an interview with biographical and historical facts, from the days Mr. Cross, then Home Secretary. The depu. of George I11. down to the middle of Victoria's tation was introduced by Lord Shaftesbury. reign.

One of the deputation was Cardinal Manning; Among the many subjects of which the Mr. Carlyle was asked to go, but refused to book treats, we notice that “Vivisection" accompany the Cardinal.

“ I think, however, is repeatedly introduced, and we extract the that his age and weakness made him hesitate, following paragraphs as likely to interest and he heartily wished us success.” readers of the Animals' Friend :

A very touching recollection of Lord In the “ Introductory Memoir” (p. xxxviii) Shaftesbury at a meeting of the Victoria Street is this sentence : “Alter my father's death, Society, as recently as in July, 1885, closes and when we had moved to Cheyne Row, the volume, with its record of " Memories of where she died, my mother became a warm three-score years and ten." supporter of the movement for abolishing vivisection, believing in which view



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He careth for Man and the Sparrow. O hearts that break o'er all the world,

And when so long and dark the road () wronged and lonely ones that weep,

You faint, and hope and faith seem dead, Take heart and think what He has said,

Look up, and, blindly trusting, think Who every promise made will keep :

What He, Who faileth not, has said: “Lo, I who watch when sparrows fall,

" Lo, I who time the sparrow's fall, Thy sorrows know, I know them all.”

Thy griefs will heal, will heal them all."


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N sending forth the first issue of our the school teacher during the past two

third volume, a few remarks years, and during the coming year we are necessary. During the past year we hopeful of doing more through the medium

have endeavoured to expound, of free specimen copies of our magazine. assisted by many able contributors, the But we would suggest to our readers how Gospel of Humanity, meaning, thereby, they may help. The day and Sunday not mere sentimental Kindness to animals, schools are always in need of new books but Justice and Right. By dealing out for their libraries. Let our friends resolve Justice to animals we recognize that as to make it their business to keep them sentient creatures they have Rights, with- well supplied with humane literature, held hitherto by the tyranny of Mankind, books and magazines, as fast as they issue and that if we deal justly with them they from the printing press ; let them leave to can dispense with a great deal of that other folk the presentation of general kindness which, lavishly showered on literature. The production of humane some members of the non-human family, publications is by no means a profitable is assumed to cover a multitude of sins venture, but if all our friends would make perpetrated towards other members equally it their business to select for gifts and entitled to consideration.

prizes the many charming publications That progress is being made there can which teach mercy and kindness to animals, be no question, but ideas and habits, they would at least ensure that there was bequeathed by generation to generation, no loss on these to those who undertake are not to be eradicated in one short the financial responsibility. decade. They have survived from the Herein lies a suggestion for the new good old days," some of them are hoary year and succeeding years to well-wishers with antiquity, and this antiquity is vul- of the Cause we represent.

Don't rest garly held to supply ample justification content with paying a penny for a magaof customs utterly indefensible when zine which is sold at cost price. See that judged by the ordinary standards of justice your own church or chapel, through its and mercy. For the purposes of education day school or its Sunday school, or its and of ultimate reform, the world may be Young Mens' or Working Girls' Institute divided into two classes-the children and or Club, or Parish Room, or any other the adults. Some far-seeing publicist social centre, has a copy of the humane once declared, " Let me teach the children, publications which appeal to you. There and I do not care who teaches the grown- are coffee taverns and palaces needing ups.” That is where our main hope lies— them ; there are cabmen's shelters and in the children. The majority of children political clubs, there are Young Men's can be moulded ; and, in our own spheres, and. Young Women's Christian Assowe humanitarians can mould them. "Bands ciations, there are the libraries and reading of Mercy do much, humane literature rooms of hotels, the saloons of ocean can do a vast deal in these days of general liners and mail steamers, railway waitingeducation, and the school teacher has rooms, etc., etc. Several very staunch and tremendous opportunities. We have done


earnest friends have come to us simply something ourselves to reach and influence through seeing a copy in a waiting-room

at some dreary station, or in a free library. public never hear the cries of pain, they Cast thy bread upon the waters, and it are deaf to the moans of the tortured. shall return to thee after many days." Yet the mournful cadence of their suffer

We have done our best in the past year. ings has been borne on the breezes of more Over 115,000 copies of this magazine have than thirty centuries, and the great, outbeen printed and the vast majority circu- side world heeds it not. lated within the past twelve months. This And the moral of it all ?

We must keep has only been possible by the generous doing. Despite all discouragements we help of some of our friends, who have

must peg away. When we reflect on what faith in the character of the work done by we are attempting and how much we may the Animals' Friend, and believe that its be accomplishing of which we know fruit must be good. The expenses, not- nothing, we feel we must go on.

Two withstanding, have considerably exceeded years ago our wholesale City agents took the receipts, and we are face to face with four dozen copies monthly. Now they the fact previously expressed that the pro. have got into the second thousand, and duction of humane literature is not where these copies go and to whom we financially satisfactory. We want to know not. They circulate all over the make this magazine pay its expenses. We land, and their influence must count for believe it would do so with a larger sale, something.

This quantity is, of course, not that there is any profit on the sale additional to the much larger number itself, but that when a magazine has a supplied direct to subscribers from our large and influential circulation it can own offices. Satisfactory though this is, secure advertisements for which consider- it is not enough. If we could afford to able payments are made by advertisers. spend considerable sums in advertising We have done our best, and we can only the magazine in the newspapers the sale ask our friends and well-wishers to do would be much greater, at least we judge theirs. If they will induce friends to so from the letters of congratulation we take the magazine regularly and so obtain receive from time to time from persons fresh subscribers who will in turn induce who accidentally are made aware that still others to subscribe to it, we shall such a magazine is published. secure an ever-widening circle of readers. Most earnestly, therefore, do we appeal It is all very well to piously wish for the to all our readers and well-wishers to make success of the magazine, but please help the Animals' Friend known. It is heartto make it a success. The Animals' breaking work nowadays to make a new Friend is the object of much thoughtful publication even pay its way, but as ours solicitude and labour to its promoters and is not a mere commercial undertaking, but conductors. Who will sustain their a magazine with a definite and serious arms ?

mission, all those who profess and call Our third year, our new year, has com- themselves humanitarians ought to strenumenced. The shadows lengthen, and ously help to make it self-supporting, there is yet so much to be done. On because—and for that reason only—it is every hand there is persistent, wilful or honestly striving to help those who thoughtless cruelty, some of it igno- cannot speak and plead for themselves. rantly, some of it wilfully inflicted. Not In some reflections upon the Battle of merely the ignorant, but even so-called Waterloo Scott says : refined and cultivated persons, condone, “ The deadly tug of war at length support or inflict unmerited and unjustifi- Must limits find in human strength, able suffering every day of their lives. And cease when these are past.” And yet one would have thought that And there are limits to our exchequer. the suffering inseparable from the exist- The deadly tug of war will last for ever, ence of all who live would have begotten maybe, but unless the sinews of war are in the minds of men and women a feeling found for us we shall have to retire to of tender sympathy for all life which can the rear and hang up our sword. When suffer! Imagination reels at the effort to we think of the many thousands of wellrealize the amount of pain and torture dressed, comfortably-provided-for persons inflicted on the non-human animals from who profess anxiety for the improvement the commencement of the world. For over of the lot of suffering, harried and tortured 3000 years one form of cruelty alone, the animals, and yet never trouble to give most terrible of all, has been carried out even a little half-a-crown to one or other by a heartless science, and a cruel, selfish of the organizations striving to ameliorate public permis

Like the vivisector, the their condition, we call to mind the remark

Causo: Crampton

“ Star-Gazers." (Reproduced by kind permission of Mr. Gambier Bolton, F.z.s., from his Copyright Photograph.)

of the good old Quaker to some person We hope to publish next month a full loud in expressions of sympathy :- list of donations to our Sustentation Fund “ Friend, is thy sympathy worth £ 1 ?” received during the past half year. If we serve the good cause in proportion to our resources, if we are doing some- We want next month to send a copy thing, surely our well-wishers will see to of the Animals' Friend for November to it that we have adequate support without some thousands of schoolmasters and begging for it? What we do in the future schoolmistresses. For every shilling we must depend upon our friends. We shall can send 8 copies, for half-a-crown, 20; go on ploughing and sowing according for live shillings, 40; for ten shillings, 80; to our means. If we only break the ground for twenty shillings, 160, and so on. We for those who come after, it will be have the wrappers already addressed counted to us for righteousness. But, is thousands of them ; we have a special the harvest to be deferred until there arises appeal to teachers in type, ready for use. a generation with more enthusiasm, a We have considerably over 20,000 readers larger faith, a greater spirit of helpfulness monthly. If 1,000 of these sent us halfand self-sacrifice ? Is the war-chest to a-crown each we could send out at least be replenished by the few unselfish ones, 20,000 copies.

There are some 30,000 instead of by the many ?

Are the " teachers, and there are a few millions of tures delivered into our hands ” to endure children to influence now, before they go their unjust sufferings until the coming into the world to be hardened. This is of a generation more worthy of the great the seed time. Shall it pass away, and cause to which we are called ?

unheeded ?


To the Memory of a Jaithful friend.




ALKING the other day in the garden of old-time call-never once slighted or dis

a friend in Hastings, I came to a obeyed-he would sadly miss her there.
pleasant nook, where a cuonymus

Sub hoc frutice Euonymo,
shrub had recently been planted,

lacrimis sæpe adsperso, and surrounded by a circle of Tom Thumb

jacent reliquiæ nasturtiums. On a twig of the shrub hung

Tinæ, a pretty label, or tablet, with a black border,

Comitis fidelissimæ, et recording the epitaph, as I learned, of a

Amicæ valde desideratæ. favourite Yorkshire blue-tan terrier. I tran

Quatuordecim annos nata. scribed the memorial words, in which some XVI. Kalend : Apri MDCCCXCVI. of your young readers may be interested,

In Campos Elysios not so much as a Latin exercise, which I

plorans et plorata venture to translate, but as an illustration

discessit. of, perhaps, the imperishable hold which Translation : Beneath this euonymus even a little dog keeps on the memory and shrub, often watered with tears, lie the remains heart of her owner. He could not enlarge of «Tina,' a very faithful companion, and a on all the virtues of his lost friend, beyond friend greatly longed after. At the age of saying that Tina might somehow be partaker fourteen, on the 17th of March, 1896, she left for of the larger hope; but that, at least, if she the Elysian fields, lamenting and lamented.” failed in the Elysian fields to answer his

Bertie MURRAY (Hastings).

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AST month an elephant “kraal” was but under the gentle care of Queen's House

organized in the jungles of our north- servants, the poor little thing succumbed to.
west province capture

wild day. What else was to be expected ? Would elephants. This "interesting'



a post-mortem reveal the fact that it was a case was witnessed by thousands; among them of starvation--of cruelty to an infant animal ? were His Excellency the Governor, and the There were some incidents which usually take leading officials of the island, including a place in a “kraal.” One or two mahouts were Church of England missionary! Several severely handled by the elephants, and an old animals were captured, among them some experienced man died a few days ago, from the " babies." One of these, a week old, was effects of the mauling and goring he received presented to Miss Ridgeway, the daughter of from a monarch of the jungles of Ceylon. I His Excellency the Governor, and aster an send you two photos of elephants taken in existence of two weeks away from its mother, Ceylon.

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