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of Nansen's Team of Twenty-EIGHT SLEdge Dogs, who were SHOT AS BEING OF

OMEWHERE beyond the uttermost North land

Where comes no rose-red tern, nor cries the loom,

And through long silence, icebergs shock and boom,
Fell the survivors of that faithful band,
Who until heart-break stretched the reindeer strand,

Striving with death, and battling well with doom,

Who wrung earth's secret from its polar gloom,
And knowing nought obeyed their lord's command.
They who faced cold and famine, they who fed
On food of fearful loathing, they who still

Leapt water channels, and sprang through ice and snow,
Who, though their brothers, one by one, fell dead,

Pushed on-lie stark upon the lonely floe,

Dumb slaves of man's inexorable will. Crosthwaite Vicarage, Keswick, Nov., 1896.



and done as I at first intended. The I have been picturing you, in colour was wrong for the toned card, and mandatory mood, calling upon me for an the card too small for the block. After explanation of those cards—those Christ- the sepia fiasco I tried a larger and a white mas cards. Umph! I suppose I had card, allowing a more ample margin, and better make a clean breast of it. Was it printed in black ink, which gave a not dear Robbie Burns, so beloved of our decidedly better effect. Then our printers Scotch cousins, and rightly, too! who suggested a blue ink, and the effect was wrote

brighter and better still. But, even with “ The best laid schemes of mice and men all these changes, the fact remains that Gang aft a-gley;

the original drawing and photographs And leave us naught but grief and pain failed to reproduce their best effects when For promised joy”?

reduced for the purposes of our cards. And our scheme went wrong-somewhat, The colours of the originals made all the with the result that I have been sitting in difference, but it is impossible to produce sackcloth and ashes and afraid to venture this sort of thing at a cheap rate merely forth lest I meet you and others of our for the sale of a few thousand copies. friends “whose visages do cream and You must do it by the hundred thousand. mantle,” but more in sorrow than in anger. Next year, having profited by our experiPrevious to this effort we had gone on ence, we shall do something much better from success to success, gladdening the and samples will be sent free by post to all hearts of our friends, gaining new and subscribers. I promise and vow that we enthusiastic adherents and, I gather, will redeem our reputation then, if not putting some new life into the Humane before. Movement. And then, when hopes were Some enthusiastic humanitarian who high and confidence unlimited, we had a never loses an opportunity of keeping the fall. Yes, let me admit the truth, candidly Humane Cause before his friends and and freely—those Christmas cards were acquaintances, his sisters, his cousins and not what we had hoped and expected. his aunts, his man-servant and his maidSomeone had blundered ; ascribe it to servant, his-well everybody with whom your humble servant if you will, but let he is entitled to communicate, suggests me say in my own defence that I took that I should issue an Easter card. But, advice, and now I wish I hadn't. Still, I'm beyond a few very earnest Church folk, do responsible, but I wish, as the lady says people send out Easter cards ? in the play, I had had my own wilful way ready to undertake it if I can get orders

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for 1,000 cards at 2s. the dozen post free ment by Sir Stuart Knill, ex-Lord Mayor, and pledge my word that there shall be no and is a man of good character, and with a disappointment this time. Very useful

wife and family dependent upon him. they might prove as a reminder to clergy- If anyone can help, communication should men, magistrates, schoolmasters, etc., of be made to Miss Beeby, at Walden, the claims of the non-human animals on Worplesden, Guildford, Surrey. the human species. This reminder would A lady noted for her generous support come with great effect at a time when the of all good causes has made it possible for announcements will be about ready of the the Animals' Friend to have a really wellopening of that new torture palace on the designed front page to its cover. An Thames Embankment, near Chelsea Bridge attractive exterior goes a long way in -the (so called) British Institute of recommending a magazine to strangers, Preventive Medicine. This gilded Inferno and our poverty, but not our will, has -a combination of laboratories for the hitherto alone consented to submit to scientific torture of non-human animals, is anything but the best.

But now the last word of Science to a Christian are advertising, in the Artist, a comcivilization which has grown up for nine- petition for the best design, and offer a teen centuries under the shadow of the prize of £3 35.

prize of £3 3s. The competition is open Cross !

to anyone. Before I quit the subject of cards, I

While I am on this topic of the must not omit to mention that the repro- generosity of our friends, whose good deeds duction of Landseer's Newfoundland Dog for the last ten months are duly set forth on page 55 has also been printed by us at the end of this letter, I should like to on a large card about 10 inches by 7, with say that Miss Fanny E. White, who sug. appropriate wording ; copies can be had gested the Santa Claus Fund last year, at 6d. each ; post free 7d. Friends desirous wanted me to re open it this Christmas. of obtaining a copy should apply early, as Another lady made a similar request. only a few are available.

But I really could not.

This fund, I may My Stuttgart correspondent writes as explain to our more recent friends, was follows, under date December 12th, and inaugurated as a Christmas Box to the

sure the information is most Animals' Friend to help to make good the encouraging :

loss incurred in its publication. We can As alas ! we have too often need for complaint, always do with money, always find a use it is but just that we should rejoice where we for it, and a good use, too; but I do not can. After remonstrating for many years want to be dunning our friends too freagainst the cruel method of stuffing geese, as quently. When we do make an appeal practised in this town, we have lately learnt to it is my invariable experience that the our great satisfaction that the practice, kolossal

great majority of those who respond are abgenommen hat (has decreased to an immense degree). On inquiring into the reason, we have

always the first to help. When Warren heard from four distinct quarters that, in the

Hastings was impeached for his adminfirst place, the younger generation will not suffer

istration of India he declared himself it, and secondly, people do not like the idea of astonished at his own moderation. If I eating diseased meat, which they now perceive made another appeal now I should astonish to be the natural consequence where the our friends at my own immoderation and animals are caused such prolonged suffering.

justly earn the epitaph—" And it came to I could not deny myself the pleasure of com

If municating this good piece of news to you, but

pass that the beggar died." No ! must add, at the same time, that I am only surplus cash burns in the pockets of any speaking of Stuttgart.

humane readers our Sustentation Fund My correspondent also forwarded a

will always relieve them of the burden. German price list of steel and other traps

We will cheerfully bear it for them. for catching birds, foxes, etc. I shall

However, to show that we are not so have something to say about this atrocity

importunate as some of our readers would

have us be, I quote the following from a next month. My friend, Miss Eleanor M. Beeby, is

Glasgow correspondent, a gentleman, I in great distress again, for W. Johnston, the tram-conductor who lost his employ- Dear Mr. Editor, -I beg to enclose postal ment through refusing to stop his tram

order for 2s. 6d. to pay for sending to school. when running up a steep hill in South

masters twenty copies of the November issue

of the Animals' Friend, You should next London, and got discharged on the com

month ask your readers for funds to send out plaint of a lady (!) is still in want of a 20,000 copies to ministers. I will be happy to situation. He has had temporary empioy- again send you 25. 6d. for this purpose. The

I am

may remark:



copy sent to them should have a special appeal course—which will enable you to compile printed in extra large type, as they very much accurate list of the bird-catchers ? require stirring up. I am posting a copy of

Then—more especially on Sunday mornthe enclosed pamphlet to all the principal ings-follow the loafers from their burrows teachers in my locality. You might kindly bring it before the notice of your readers, some

to their hunting grounds. You may then of whom might “go and do likewise.” Though

have some admirable sport in waiting until very much disheartened, I am still pegging away their preparations for snaring the songsters in the gloom. Wishing you continued and ever- are complete, and when this is done, increasing success in your up-hill work, and

create a general hullabaloo with whistles, promising you my ungrudging support, I beg

shouts, etc., laid on with all the vigour of to subscribe myself, -Yours, etc. P.S.-In your September issue, on page 215.

fully expanded lungs. The birds will not the statement is made by the Rev. W. Lescher

then come near the snares, and they will that “cruelty to animals is not so bad as be spared the wretched fate of their fellows. cruelty to man," etc. Now this I indignantly If this policy were generally pursued the deny. Quite the reverse is the case. I do not bird-catcher would soon be starved out. see why man's miserable and polluted carcase There is only one precautionary measure is entitled to any better usage in this world

to adopt. Let at least one of the party of than that of the other animals. The bare idea that animals have either intelligence or a soul

scare crows”-pardon the definition, is to some people very much what a red rag is

but the calling is an honourable oneto a bull.

be well versed in the noble art of selfThe pamphlet referred to by my corres

defence—it may be required. All the pondent is, " Literæ


militancy ought not to be on the side of published by the Humanitarian League.

the blackguards. You may think me dreadWe will adopt our correspondent's fully aggressive, but I still retain suffisuggestion thus far-we will make our

cient British spirit, notwithstanding my Easter (April) number special for clergy

sloppy sentimentality,” to enjoy a good

in and ministers. If sympathisers will help fight—always, of course, a good we will guarantee to send ourselves 2,000 copies, and any further number subscribed The veteran Mrs. Phillips, of the Birds' for, as in the case of the school teachers.

Protection Society, sent me a fanciers' We are all rejoiced at the action of the journal recently, where there were several Home Secretary (Sir Matthew White

advertisements of song-birds for sale. I Ridley) in aiding the Birds' Protection hope to deal with this in my next comCommittee of the Middlesex and other

munication. Meanwhile may I appeal to County Councils to efficiently protect the

the landed proprietors to follow the wild birds, by extending the close time for course adopted in Northumberland by certain species to all the year round. Sir

that splendid militant Humanitarian, Col. Iatthew is known by political friends and Coulson, who has made his estate opponents to be a merciful and kind. sanctuary for birds, and the loafers treshearted English gentleman, and no mere pass at their peril. Hurrah ! for the high-and dry departmental minister. We

colonel. shall—that is, we animal lovers-like him

That the Humanitarian Movement is all the more for this practical manifestation cosmopolitan in its scope and interest goes of his sympathy with the Humane Cause. without saying. Our admirable French But we want very much to get at those

confrères, the Société Protectrice des lazy rascals—the bird catchers.

Animaux are going to publish an illustrated In walking from Roehampton to Putney

Christmas Supplement to the existing Heath, one Sunday

Bulletin. some few

Some of its members, who noon, months ago, I noticed three of these

subscribe to the Animals' Friend, have long loafers slouching along with large wicker

wished to produce a French equivalent. cages covered with cloths, each cage

I hope this may be the beginning. Two being sufficiently capacious to contain

charming French ladies who spend a a couple of hundred birds. And twice have

great deal of time in London, I have I seen another of this class pursuing his

recently been the means of introducing to wretched calling on the Thames river bank

the French Society through the medium outside Hurlingham. Now, I have a sugges

of my French correspondent. You may be tion for the Field and Rambling Clubs of

interested in the result (I suppress the young fellows which one hears of oc- names because I have not permission to casionally, especially in connection with use them):Young Men's Christian Associations:

Paris, 13th December, 1896. Why not pursue inquiries-carefully, of Many, many thanks for your introduction.


We went to see Madame yesterday, my daughter Animals' Friend ? Surely the fur of the black and myself, and we were delighted to make her Thibet goat is fit for anyone to wear, and that acquaintance. Madame is very kind and tho. can be obtained after the animal is killed for roughly devoted to the cause. On Thursday, food. I have made many inquiries about we shall meet with her at the Society's Rooms killing seals, and I am assured they are and she will introduce us to the President, as we COMPLETELY stunned, if not dead, before they wish to become members. My daughter told are skinned, and can feel nothing. However, you in her letter that the horses looked better as there may be a doubt on the subject, I never in Paris now than two years ago. This is true, intend to buy any more, though I may finish and Madame says that Baroness Burdett Coutts wearing what I have. I am pleased to see noticed it and made the same remark. But milliners are bringing in some beautiful fine much remains still to be done. Lodging-house grass which will, I trust, replace “aigrettes' keepers refuse to take in dogs and Parisian for bonnets. If you can ascertain the truth of ladies wear such a lot of furs and birds it this hideous story about the “baby lamb' distresses me. Let us hope they will soon fur, I sincerely trust you will expose it. It was follow the example given by some English reported that Astrakhan sheep were skinned ladies. You should try and get the Empress alive to make the fur curly! Can it be true ? of Russia to leave off wearing feathers; it would be the best way to convert French ladies.

Yes, I have heard of these things; I have We enjoyed reading the editor's letter in the read the statements in the Daily Press with Animals' Friend very much indeed. The painful interest; but-helpless wight that Animals' Friend gets nicer and nicer every I am !- [ have no means of testing their month. With best wishes for you, the whole

truth. Some day I hope the R.S.P.C.A.,

I society, the paper, all the dear animals and their friends, from my daughter and myself,

or the Humanitarian League, will be able I remain, &c.

to afford to retain a barrister, as one who

can be trusted to sift evidence, to inquire These French ladies discovered the exist.

into all such matters on the spot, travelling ence of the Animals' Friend, you will be

to the most distant parts if necessary for pleased to hear, by seeing it in a London Free Library! (You know we send it free

the purpose, and publishing his report,

whether it be good or evil. I hope the to over 300 every month.) Their enthusiastic approval has set a young French lady human nature, and it is not always lovely

allegations are not true; but I know to learning English, in order that she may

and of good report. Meanwhile if you read it, too! Still more recently I have

have any doubts or qualms of conscience been honoured by a call from two Russian

cut the Gordian knot-do not buy or wear ladies, one of them a sister of the Countess

furs at Kamensky, who wrote the charming story

time. апу

A lady propound; the following conun. of the Cows in our October number. Both

drum ? are ardent humanitarians, sympathetic

If motor cars are to be the substitutes for thinkers and charming conversationalists.

cabs as seems to be predicted, what will be. So you see now what I mean by saying come of the cab horses and omnibus horses ? our cause is cosmopolitan in its scope and Can you not allude to this question in some interests. What we want in London is a future number of the Animals' Friend? salon, say a weekly rendezvous for human- It seems to me the natural law of itarians of every race. It would be such a

things will apply here—the supply will help it no less practical than social. A cease with the demand. If horses are not gentleman known for his unobtrusive but required, they will not be bred. But the devoted work in the cause, has, I gather, adoption of the motor car promises at ideas on the subject, though larger than present to be very gradual. Horses will mine. May the dream have its fulfilment ! be required for some time yet. When it

You will have observed in this issue a does not pay to keep them they will be lady's confession regarding furs. Another shot, I suppose, as the quickest way out

Ι lady, dating from Torquay, writes me as

of the difficulty. And a merciful deliverfollows:

ance for many of the poor creatures. I have been informed that the most fashion.

I have taken the Sunday School lesson able fur this winter for those who can afford on page 63 from the November number of to buy it, is the “ Persian BABY LAMB,” and the Seed Šower, an admirable little penny that it is obtained in such an infamously cruel magazine published by the Midland manner that I cannot believe any woman Educational Company, Limited, Corpora. would consent to wear it if she knew the truth!

tion Street, Birmingham. It may also be I am told the lambs are taken from their

had at Essex Hall, Essex Street, London, mothers in an awful manner and then skinned alive! That both the sheep and lambs die in

W.C. The only comment I offer concerns frightful torture. Can it be true ? And if so

the latter portion of paragraph 16. It will you expose this monstrous cruelty in your would be well to explain to children that

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Sightless Animals.



it is farnabler never to rob the birds of definition implies ? I shall believe in the their little ones.

self-sacrificing work of the vivisector when Just one word in closing. A General he experiments, not on the defenceless Protest Committee has been established in animals, but on his carefully protected London and is hard at work organizing the self.—Believe me, as ever, your faithful opposition to the registration by the Home and sincere, Secretary of the British Institute of Pre

EDITOR ventive Medicine as a place for experiments on living animals. This is the subject I N.B.-I have deemed it better, after alluded to before. We all wish the Com- all, to hold over until our February issue mittee success in its labours. Has it ever the list of donations to our Sustentation occurred to you what a singular perversion and School Funds so as to complete the of the term "self-sacrifice" the vivisector's record up to December 31st.-ED.

. By Professor Woodroffe Hill, F.R.C.V.S. He blessings of sight are inestimable, and a pitiable state, both eyes being severely

few human afflictions excite more sym- ulcerated, clouded with exudation of lymph and pathy than blindness-indeed, Nature injected blood vessels-the corneal surface of

herself would appear to pity, by render. organ having already burst. It was ing more acute other senses as some com- harrowing to hear the whimpers of pain when pensation for the earthly darkness.

the sufferer came into collision with obstacles Do our sightless animal friends receive a fair in her way, and when spoken to and soothed share of human sympathy is a question which to witness her attempts to follow the speaker, may fitly be asked through the columns of or sit up and beg and paw the sightless organs, your humane little journal, and I greatly fear as if pleading for help. must be answered in the negative.

After a careful examination I thought it Yet sightless horses, dogs, and other quad. possible to restore partial, if not complete rupeds are not uncommon, and in my profes- sight of the left eye so consented, to receive sional capacity I am brought into contact with the sufferer, though with considerable anxiety numerous instances, many of which I regret as to the result of the operation, and I need to say might have been

scarcely say what a relief obviated.

of mind followed its sucFew individuals posses.

cess. It is difficult to say sing the boon of sight and

which rejoiced most when a heart of thankfulness for

mistress and dog met after so great a mercy can resist

the darkness had been the appeal of the blind

dispelled, and it would be man's canine applicant for

almost impossible to depict alms, but in responding to

the patient's delight and the mute and gentle soli.

gratitude, and her eager. citation, and whilst ac

ness to show all the clever knowledging the sagacity

tricks she had learnt. I and protection over his

hope to retrieve a portion sightless companion, do

of sight in the other eye, they pause to think of the

and thus render Wangi's fate that would probably

life a happy one, and repay follow a similar affliction The Mischief MAKERS.

her mistress's deep devo. to the faithful guardian of

tion and love for her canine the fellow-being they are relieving? I doubt it. pet. May I then earnestly appeal, especially to

Could, however, such people witness the your youthful readers, to remember kindly all wild delight of a dog whose eyes have been blind animals, particularly those domesticated restored to vision-brought from total darkness and brought into subjection for the good, cominto the glorious sun light of heaven-and the fort, and welfare of the human race ?-that glad and grateful expression of the canine being sentient creatures they can feel even as recipient—they would more readily understand we can feel, and if so they can suffer—and God the poor animal's sense of affliction and depres- knows how, in these days of so-called " scientific sion when sightless.

research,” they do undergo terrible and unI could give many illustrations, but one will justifiable tortures under the butchery of the suffice :- A valuable and very clever chou- vivisector, whose experiments so far have chou was brought by a lady on Nov. 30th to failed to show us any new method of restoring my “Home of Rest for Animals," having as sight to the sightless, or any great human she in great distress told me, been returned to benefits that have accrued through his licensed her after professional treatment as totally and cruelty. incurably blind." The poor thing truly was in St. Leonard's-on-Sea.

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