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WO charming articles by the Countess set in this same intelligent cow managed
Kamensky, under the title " Bipeds to obtain the warmest place in the cattle
and Quadrupeds at Krasna-Gorka," sheds and the largest allowance of fodder have been published in recent issues of the for herself and her offspring; and when Geneva monthly journal, L'Ami des Ani- spring returned, and the rich pasturage was maux. Countess Kamensky relates with again open to them, the young bullocks great grace and humour the singular gambolled merrily in the grass and history of two young oxen on her own sunshine. Russian estates, affirming, in conclusion, But a cruel destiny put a stop to their that the facts are perfectly correctly innocent enjoyment. They were one day stated according to her personal know- led off, together with twenty-two other ledge. They certainly show that the poor young oxen, by seemingly interminable beast, whom Pope has contemptuously miles of barren road under a burning designated “the dull ox," is yet endowed Russian sun, to the distant town of with powers of memory, resolution and Krasna-Gorka. There, next day, they enterprise which we commonly attribute were harnessed to heavy carts and driven only to the most intelligent domestic mercilessly to labour from morning to animals.
night, their necks being bent under galling An ancient domain of Mdle. Kamensky's wooden yokes. This penance lasted a ancestors is named Zolotaïa-Niva, and is week, and at the end of that time the situated at the distance of several hours' dwarfish Ochrenko, their guardian, drove march from Krasna-Gorka. Around the them for their Sunday's rest into a field deserted mansion extends an enormous where grew many sour herbs and few park, which in its sombre grandeur excites sweet grasses. the imagination of the peasantry for miles Poor Koltyke and Krollyke, the two around. Among the luxurious herbage of white oxen, and their companions, looked this vast enclosure were born two beauti- at each other meaningly, and then at ful white twin calves; and as their mother Ochrenko, who had fallen fast asleep in was so carelessly guarded and irregularly the shade of an old Scythian tomb. milked by the old dairy woman that she What they thought about and then and was able to feed her calves freely, the two there conspired to do, the sequel will creatures became splendid animals. When show! the terrible cold weather of a Russian winter The evening of that Sunday was celebrated by a wodka party, at the house of After the interment the young lord, the old coachman, Gregory, and Ochrenko accompanied by his steward, who was his had the honour of attending it, with many foster brother, left the peasants to their other servants of the owners of Krasna- feast of enormous cakes and glasses of Gorka and Zolotaïa. The conversation "wodka," and walked off through the fell on supernatural events, and (chrenko glades of the vast park, attracted by their timidly remarked that the Devil had, in romantic beauty. In the depths of the the course of the day, carried off some of woodland he was surprised to perceive his oxen out of the field where they were some moving objects among the thickets, grazing. When it appeared, on inquiry, and on approaching he discovered—not that Ochrenko had never counted his oxen, foxes and hares (which alone were supfor the excellent reason that he did not posed to inhabit the great wilderness), but know numbers and believed he had seven —the missing oxen! There they were all, fingers, no further attention was paid to peaceful and happy, some of them standhis complaint of Satan's proceedings. ing up to their knees in the rich pasture Next morning, however, when it came to of their country, some lying down chewing loading, it appeared that there were twelve the cud, as if secure for ever from further carts unprovided with oxen. Four and molestation. twenty were missing! Ochrenko received “ We will keep the secret of their
severe beating at the hands of the retreat," said the young lord to his steward, and the police searched every- steward, delighted at their intelligence. where for the oxen, but though it seemed “ They have well deserved their liberty.” impossible that so many large beasts could The escape of these oxen was almost have disappeared, no tidings of them were miraculous, considering the complications obtained, and the general opinion remained of the road, which in several places that Ochrenko was right, and that the crossed and forked on the vast plains demon had really been concerned in the where neither house nor tree stood for matter.
landmark, and where no coachman finds A long time after this event the old his way without mistake till he has been coachman, Gregory, died, and his young ten times to Zolotaïa-Niva. Nevertheless, master attended his funeral in the ceme- Countess Kamensky pledges her word to tery of Zolotaïa-Niva, where a place was us that it happened on her own estates, in set apart for the servants of the family. the year 1892.
F. P. C.
A Lesson of Mercy.
This legend appears in Rabbi Stern's "Lichtstrahlen aus dem Talmud," Kapitel xxxviii. CALF that to the slaughter-house And saw his servant-maid with angry eyes was doomed,
Young weasels carry forth to kill them all. Escaped its driver, and for mercy · Nay, let them live,” Jehuda mildly said, fled
“ For it is written in the Holy Book, To Rabbi Jehuda, that holy man
The Lord is merciful and good to all, Of God whose praises are in every mouth. His pity covers all that He hath made.' Jehuda drove it harshly back again- So potent is the word of kindly love,
Go thou,” he sternly said, " and meet Jehuda's illness from that moment ceased ; thy doom."
With brain unclouded and untroubled And on that day a strange and sharp soul, disease
Prince of the Law, in Israel many a day Crept through his veins and troubled all He taught the Gospel of the Mercy Seat. his soul.
WILLIAM E. A. Axon. So passed the time until one summer day From The Ancoats Skylark and Other Verses. The Rabbi raised his eyes from off the
Will our readers kindly send us a marked Law
copy of their local papers when anything conThe Sacred Law wherein he ever read
cerning us or our sphere appears ?
AMATEUR PhotoGRAPHY COMPETITION.A prize of half-a-guinea is offered for the best picture of living animals, all entries to be in by October 12th, with stamps enclosed for their return. Not more than two prints to be sent
by any competitor, or the entry will be dis. qualified. The result will be announced, and the successful photograph published, in our November issuc. See coupon on cover, to be sent with the entry.
Ganine and Human Madness.
The Buisson Treatment for Hydrophobia. An Interview with Capt. Pirkis.
chemist and the latter of a fully qualified
doctor. Though we of the Animals' Friend Na lucid interval some philosopher (no rather like dogs, we are not the less solicitous
matter who) remarked—“ Tis a mad world for the well-being of our own species; but we my masters.” Our friend would have felt have a pretty considerable objection to the
more than ever the truth of his remark had Pasteurian treatment because it is based on he lived in the present day, for we have a race the most atrocious sufferings of the creature of presumably sane beings who, rivalling the known, and well known, as the friend of man. witches' arts of the Dark Ages, are atte npting So with a view of informing ourselves and our to contrive, out of filthy decoctions, cures for readers what the Buisson system of treatment most of our bodily ills. One of these ills is is, we interviewed the leading spirit of the hydrophobia, an occasional disease of movement in Great Britain, to wit, Capt. peculiar character; it is the counterpart Fredk. E. Pirkis, R.N., now living in semiof rabies in the dog. One treatment for retirement at the High Elms, Nutfield, the disease is that of the late M. Pasteur, Surrey. at the Institute of Paris; the other remedy, Mr. Pirkis has been retired from the service a much more simple and modest one, is for some years, and spends the whole of his the Buisson bath. Curiously enough both are time in assisting humanitarian movements the inventions of Frenchmen, the former of a and propagating the merits and principles of
Buissonism. I started the conversation by asking what the difference between Pasteurism and Buissonism-what were these remedies ?
What is Rabies ? “ First of all,” said the Captain, “you must understand what the disease of rabies is. The great veterinary surgeon, Mayhew, a most humane man, thus described it :
*The entire glandular system seems to be in the highest degree inflamed. Besides this the brain, the organs of deglutition, digestion, and occasionally of respiration, are actually involved. The entire animal is inflamed.
Most frequently the eyes, which at first glow like live coals, turn green, ulcerate, and perish, the rabid
dog before it dies becoming absolutely sightless.' Now, Pasteur's method of inducing the disease artificially by trepanning--that is, making holes in the skulls of animals-produces, if anything, a worse form of that terrible disease described by Mayhew. Just listen to the description given by a writer in the Fortnightly Review, July, 1886:
Pasteur's Artificial Rabies. Pasteur holds that to have vaccines always ready to hand of the requisite degrees of activity, there must be a constant trepanning of the animals, whose living brains he wants for a virus-garden. The trepanned and inoculated rabbit soon gets numb and paralysed. The guinea-pig becomes exasperated by its torture, and wants to bite everyone and everything near it. In the case of the dog, mental anguish is the first symptom. The poor brute appears conscious that it must soon be dangerous, and as if wanting to beg pardon beforehand. Its efforts to propitiate indulgence for the state which it feels is coming on are heartrending to anyone who has any healthy sensibility. Veterinaries assure me that natural rabies, or rabies caused by bites, are mild compared to rabies induced through virus being let in on the brain ; and I believe them, since I saw how quietly some of the woll-bitten Russians died. The delirious period is fraught with mental and physical torture to the trepanned dog.'
The Public Gone Mad. “Now," said the Captain, as he concluded, “there's a nice system of torture for modern science to inaugurate, and for a civilized community to endow.” “ How?” I inquired.
• Why, it's this way,” replied he. “ Modern physiological science announces to the world• We've invented a new cure for an old and terrible disease. We want a new Institute to carry on our work on behalf of suffering humanity.' Whereupon the general public, without the least reflection or examination, jumps to the conclusion that these devilish clever chaps, don't-cher-know,' are going to annihilate disease, and without waiting for an impartial examination, take all the scientists have to say for granted, and pour money in on them. That is what the world did for the chemist Pasteur."
" But so very few people know of the dread. ful suffering you have described," I interjected.
“Of course, that is the case,” replied
Captain Pirkis. " Some get to know of it, and then say they cannot bear to read it; that ending the matter so far as they are concerned. But all the same these unfortunate animals have to suffer it.' What Sir Joseph Lister did not
tell us. "Just so; but I notice Sir Joseph Lister did not lay much stress on this side of the question, only naming a few rabbits used, in his recent eulogium of Pasteur at Liverpool," I rejoined.
“Not he," replied the Captain. “He, and other scientists who are in the same boat, don't want the public to know the other side of the question, because if the public did know it, it would soon shut up these dens of torture. Why people can have no idea of what goes on in the Pasteur Institute, and similar laboratories in Europe and America ! Just listen to what even a French writer said in the Paris newspaper, La Paix, of August 15th, 1892 :
M. Pasteur . took us into the cellars of his laboratory. There, in circular cages of close trellis work, are imprisoned the dogs of different kinds. One of them has arrived at the last stage of rabies. He cannot bark in natural manner, bat emits hoarse and characteristic cries somewhat like the crowing of a cock. These peculiar cries frighten the occupants of the neighbouring cages, and they would certainly escape at full speed il M. Pasteur allowed the doors to be open. kicks the door of a mad dog's cage, he rushes to the trellis work and gnaws it furiously. A thick bar of iron is held to him ; he seizes it in his mouth, grinds his teeth upon it, and it is difficult to wrest it away from him; the same thing occurs when the end of the bar has been previously heated.'
“ You will notice there is no mention here of anæsthetics lulling the pain. Rabies kills a dog within fourteen days ; you can't chloroform some dogs for
many minutes without death. Their hearts won't stand the chloroform. And yet the sister of a medical man, who wrote a trashy novel, made a medical character in it say that Pasteur's experiments were all done under chloroform. It looks like it, does it not, from what I have just read to you ?
“Of course," I replied, “ the thing is absurd, but then the lady was romancing.
How long has Pasteur's system been in vogue ? ”
“Oh! he commenced to try it on human beings in 1885, but for some considerable time before that he had been experimenting on dogs and other animals ; in 1884, at Copenhagen, he said that the number of dogs he had used in his experiments was so numerous that they had passed beyond computation. As to the sufferings of the animals there can be no manner of doubt, for Mrs. Crawford, the well-known lady journalist of Paris, writing in the Fortnightly Review a few years ago, stated that Pasteur had himself admitted that the dogs suffered greatly."
"Ah! I am afraid there can be little doubt of that; and, after all, what is the fruit of all this horrible system of torture?” I asked.
Over 300 Patients have Died. “Why this—that there is no Pasteurian cure for hydrophobia. The most its advocates claim for it is that it is preventive if the disease has not made its appearance. Now it is absolutely impossible to give reliable - returns of the suc. cesses of a preventive treatment. In the nature of things this must be so, as Dr. Berdoe said the other day when writing to the Pall Mall Gazette :
• How, in the name of all that is scientific, can a preventive treatment be the subject of statistics? The logical fallacy, Post hoc, ergo propter hoc, is seen in all its grotesqueness in the statistics of the Pasteur Institute. Hundreds of cases of “ dog-bite" are treated daily at our hospitals with a dab of caustic. In most cases nothing is known of the history of the biting animal, and seldom is any record kept of the case, except of the name of the patient on the casualty sheet. Perhaps once in 10,000 in. stances the bitten person may return for treatment of hydrophobia. Would the hospital people then be justified in stating in their report that they had prevented 9,999 patients from dying of hydrophobia ?'
" The failures of a preventive treatment are, of course, sadly enough attested by the deaths of the patients who have undergone it. You know, I suppose, that the number of patients who have died after undergoing this treatment is now over three hundred. There is a tabulated list of them published by the Victoria Street Society, 20, Victoria St., Westminster, S.W. Why, as a matter of fact, instead of Pasteur having decreased the mortality from hydrophobia in France it has increased since he commenced his inoculations. In Germany, where there is no belief in his system, and people do not resort to his treatment, the mortality is very low. Many eminent French, English, German, Austrian, Italian, and American, medical and scientific men have examined his treatment and condemned it.
Pasteur's Limitations. Why,” continued the Captain, "here is a list of his limitations compiled by my friend, Mr. Ernest Bell, who has gone carefully into Pasteur's own writings on the subject. At first,' says Mr. Bell, he told us positively that his method would protect all patients at any time before hydrophobi actually broke out, but since then he has introduced many limitations :
"1. He does not now profess to protect unless the patient comes to him within a fortnight of being bitten.
"2. He does not reckon deaths which occur during the treatment.
* 3. He does not recognize those which occur within a fortnight after the end of the treatment.
'4. He does not attempt to keep any record of his patients after that time.
5. He does not even include in his list deaths which occur afterwards, and are duly chronicled elsewhere.
.6. He does not claim that his inoculations have permanent effect.
Re-inoculation, he says, is necessary aster a time.
7. He does not hesitate to swell his successes by any number of patients who were never in any danger of contracting the disease.
*8. He does not mind adding to his total cases which infringe one or all of these conditions, Provided they do not die.
9. He does not know how his so-called protective inoculations act.
10. He does not know what is the cause of rabies.'"
“Your case is strong," I interpolated, "on two points—the cruelty of Pasteur's system and its failure to achieve the results promised and expected. Now, what about Buissonism ?”
The Buisson Cure. " About ten years ago, on noticing how Pasteur's patients were dying, some friends and I resolved to make the Buisson treatment known as an alternative," replied Capt. Pirkis. " It is a simple, a common-sense, an inexpensive, and at its worst and lowest, a per: fectly harmless remedy. You cannot say that for Pasteur's. He killed Lord Doneraile with his intensive treatment, and many other English people died when a milder form of his treatment was forced upon him by his failures. He refused and his successors refuse-to receive a patient when the hydrophobic symptoms have commenced. We do not. This is the Buisson cure : Dr. Buisson, a member of the Paris Faculty, contracted hydrophobia from the saliva of a female patient suffering from that disease, getting into a wound on his finger. On the seventh day the symptoms developed, and Buisson, who had believed that a vapour (commonly called a Russian) bath was able to prevent hydrophobia, though not to cure it, got into one, seeking an easy death. He raised the heat to 127° Fahr., and it cured him. This was in 1826; thirty years afterwards he was still alive and reported the whole circumstance to the French Government. Now contrast thać with this fact, some of Pasteur's patients have died years after the treatment, when they were thought to be cured'!
In England and India. “ This system has been established in England and India. It is not a commercial speculation ; it is purely a philanthropic enterprise ; we offer treatment gratis. Hydrophobia
declares itself before the seventh day, it is therefore possible to take a long journey in order to procure the vapour baths. We have set up above thirty of these baths in Indian cities, where a great effort has been made by a medico-scientific clique to found a Pasteur Institute and get a Government grant. For England we have now established the London Buisson Institute at Spring Grove House, Upper Norwood, London, S.E., under the care of a fully qualified and experienced medical man. large number of hydropathic establishments throughout the country the same treatment can be had. We found, however, that Boards of Guardians would not send patients to the hydropathic places which had promised to receive