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interest in the same subject I might write red tape regulations were being carried out at length, but that, as Rudyard Kipling at the hands of “ Robert,” a veterinary would say, is another story. Some day I surgeon who had to certify that the animal shall hope to induce this bright and win- ought to be killed, and a district knacker some little lady to tell the story herself who did the deed, assisted by the usual for the benefit of our readers. Mean- gaping London crowd. Such a scene as while here's a health to Mr. McCarthy, the one described ought not to be possible the most genuine and lovable of men. where common sense runs yoked with

A correspondent writes from Elstree, ordinary humanity. criticising the article we published on Three correspondents in County Dublin “ Furs and their Wearers,” and joins issue have complained that they cannot get the with Mrs. Pike regarding the squirrels. Animals' Friend without very great difficulty, Now this is, largely, a go-as-you-please because the booksellers or newsagents to journal for humanitarians; people can whom they apply tell them that they never accept or reject what they choose, but, heard of it, that they can't get it, that it is really, they must not expect us to stop the out of print, that it is dead, that it was machine in order to discuss whether a never born, and that nobody knows any. fly-wheel is made of cast-iron, or wrought thing at all about it. This is the sort of iron, or steel! We can't all agree unless complaint we frequently get from different we submerge such minds as we possess parts of the United Kingdom. All I can and become automata. However much say is that I have reason to believe the perfect agreement may be desirable in some Animals' Friend was born, and is alive and things, especially when pitching into the kicking, that it is very far from dead, that enemy, a few brief years of work in the it is to be had, and that your bookseller humane cause has taught me that the and newsagent will take particular pains divine right of thinking for yourself and to get it if you tell him that a continuance hang what the other chap thinks is most of your custom depends upon his getting strenuously held by the large body of our it regularly for you. But first of all tell friends and co-workers. And then, perfect him that it is published by Messrs. George consistency is a rock over which many Bell & Sons, York Street, Covent Garden, folk stumble.

London, and that Mr. E. W. Allen, 4, A lady correspondent, dating from Kil. Ave Maria Lane, E.C., is the City Agent. burn, deprecates the suggestion that dogs, Your newsagent's London collector will to be put to death quickly and painlessly, not have the slightest difficulty in procurshould be shot. She suggests, instead, ing the current or back numbers at any that poison should be used. Well, it is a time by applying to either one of these matter of experience ; having seen both firms. We have forms of subscription dogs and cats poisoned, and having seen which we will send to our friends who may dogs shot, I should infinitely prefer, were be anxious to obtain new subscribers for us. I a dog, to be despatched by the latter While I think of it may I say once for

There is something nobler in all that we do not pay for contributions to being shot. Poison reeks to me of two this magazine. The work in connection horrors-suicide and assassination. No! with it is largely honorary. I must, there“ Let me like a soldier fall.” I am sure fore, request that poetry, for which paythe bullet is the more merciful.

ment is desired, should not be sent, as we Another lady, writing from Cambridge, have on our staff quite a number of able draws my attention to a letter in the poets, and we have not much room for Morning Post concerning injured horses. poetry at the best of times. Correspondents It appears that a horse which slipped in who address letters to us for publication Northumberland Avenue smashed one of should bear in mind that they must write its legs badly, and was permitted to lay only on one side of the paper, and that in agony for four hours, occasionally

occasionally they must be as brief as happiness. struggling terribly, before a district A friendly critic writes from Wickham knacker could destroy it For my part,

Market, and after complimenting us upon whether I were permitted by the police the exceptionally good character of our to do so or not, if an animal of mine was illustrations, proceeds to criticise, possibly in similar plight I should beg, borrow, with scientific justice, the Nightjar depicted or steal revolver and shoot the in our May issue, also the Nightingale. creature without as much as asking any My correspondent, probably, is not aware policeman's permission. The poor horse how very few artists are able to accurately in question suffered terribly whilst certain draw studies of birds. There is a fortune

means.

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awaiting an expert in this direction. Hundreds of third and fourth-rate artists take a great amount of time to produce what is often a most disappointing result. With regard to the Cuckoo which was meant for a nightingale, Lady Campbell, Miss Edith Carrington, and many others have been“ getting at me

ever since it appeared. Mr. Salt, of the Humanitarian League, suggested a solution of the puzzle. He said possibly it was the Cuckoo apostrophising the Nightingale, only the latter was supposed to be in the distance. The “ badly stuffed cuckoo” to which my correspondent refers to as being put forward as a nightingale had, through an oversight, been permitted, like the original bird itself, to oust the nightingale from her proper place on that page. These mistakes will occur, but I should not have referred to this particular one had it not been for the pertinacity of friendly critics who have conspired to depose me from my position of infallibility. Now, if you please, don't ever mention that cuckoo in my presence again.

An impatient reader bids me remember that I have not yet supplied the promised information relative to the means by which kid is obtained for manufacture into gloves. May I say that we shall publish something concerning this in our next issue.

May I suggest that you send a copy of this to your doctor, carefully marking page 219?

I now beg to produce for your edification, my dear Gabrielle, a list of the many friends who, during the past few months, have voluntarily sent us contributions to the Sustentation Fund which helps to keep this magazine on the move. I cannot thank them sufficiently for their constant support, but I do ask them to believe that their kindly aid is as grateful “as the shadow of a great rock in a weary land,” and greatly consoles and strengthens those who, frequently amid slander, malevolence and abuse, attempt to do their part in the warfare against cruelty and oppression. “Naught shall make us rue" when we have the support of so many good friends whom we know in the spirit though we have never met them in the flesh. And now believe me, Your sincere and faithful

EDITOR.

£ s. d. Mrs. E. Askew

I 10 O Mrs. Badham

6 Mrs. Percival Ball.. Miss Beeching Mrs. Emily kell Matthew Bell, Esq.

5 6 " Bobbie (Mrs. Paisley)

6 Mrs. J. C. Brace

9 F. Brandauer, Esq.

o Henry Budge, Esq. Miss Bushe .. Mrs. Caird Lady Campbell Miss Carr Mrs. Cohen

2 6 Mrs. Collie, Jersey H. Cunliffe, Esq. Miss Cureton Mrs. Darley

I Miss Day

1 Miss Douglas, Orsett Terrace

6 Mrs. Douglas Douglas

6 Miss Drew ..

5
Mis. Drummond
Mrs. Earl
Miss Katie F. Evans
J. Foggs, Esq.

3 6
A. H. Fowles, Esq.
Mrs. Frampton
Mrs. L. D. Fullerton

5
Miss Gordon
Miss Green ..
Mrs. Grove-Grady
Miss Grubbe
D. Ilathornthwaite, Esq.

5 0 Miss Hayman-Dod

2 Miss Eva Ilenry

2 6 Rev. E. F. Hoste

2 Mrs. James ..

7 0 Mrs. F. W. and Miss Alice Johnstone

5 0 Miss A. Von Könn

2 6 Miss Evelyn Lowry Mrs. Lyddon Miss Marion May

3 Miss M. Miller

5 Contessa B. Morelli

2 Mrs. Morley

3 Mrs. Naftel

I Mrs. Naghten

5 0 Nettleton (Wilts.) Band of Mercy

7 “ Open ihy Mouth (and Pocket 100) for the Dumb

5 Mrs. Paisley

O Mrs. Perkins

3 0 Miss Helen Pierrepont

2 6 Miss Price-Sayer Miss Rickards

5 Mrs. Roakes

5
Mrs. Chas. Robeits
Mrs. Robinson
Miss Saurin
Mrs. Adela Seale

5 S. D. Shephard, Esq.

5
Miss Janei Smith
Miss Syms
Mrs. Andrew Thomson
Miss J. C. Trotter ..
Miss V, Wentworth
Dr. Garth Wilkinson

5 6 W.J. Wilson, Esq. Mrs. F. J. Winter Wood

1 Miss E. A. Wright..

6 R. A. A. Wright, Esq.

15 Miss D. Yardley

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To the Editor of the Animals' Friend." StR;-It is with great pleasure that I learn I need not repeat the arguments which I

from Miss Ormerod's letter her resolve not used in the article which unfortunately gave to ignore or condemn birds utterly, though I Miss Ormerod offence, a thing which I deeply must reluctantly repeat that she gives to no regret, since nobody can respect and admire bird whatever its proper place and importance her talents and energy more than I do. Those in reference to agriculture, while she altogether arguments seemed to prove that the sparrow condemns the sparrow.

cannot be exterminated without danger to the My honest conviction after reading Miss community. I will place before your readers, Ormerod's report for 1896 (and it seems in this as briefly as I can, the opinions of a few celerespect to differ little from the others) was that brated ornithologists, agriculturists, fruitthe widespread and important ministry of birds growers, etc., etc., which differ from that held was ignored by her. I did not say that she by Miss Ormerod :never mentioned them.

Mr. Joseph WOTHERSPOON, the celebrated fruitThough birds are casually mentioned here grower, encourages sparrows to take up their and there at long intervals, as a secondary and quarters with him, even going so far as to make subsidiary help, the fact that without them holes in the outside of his vinery walls, so that the man could not exist on this earth at all is

sparrows may build their nests and rear iheir families.

Birds bred on places like this, Mr. Wotherspoon nowhere brought forward, and it is startling to find Miss Ormerod permitting an allusion to

says, live there constantly upon their natural food, rooks and hawks as “ vermin, which we gener

destroying with absolute certainty, destructive grubs ally shoot in Spring," to stain her pages

and caterpillars ; in proof of which he points to the

continual stream of parent birds carrying food out without comment or rebuke. (See Report for of the garden to their young in the nests. At the 1896, p. 16.)

same time he also shows that his trees and plants From the whole tone of her reports any

suffer less from the ravages of grubs and insects impartial reader must gather that Miss than those of his neighbours, where the sparrow is Ormerod prefers the use of Paris green, oil of

persecuted and destroyed. vitriol, gas lime, greasy bands, and expensive

Mr. Roach Smith, a sound naturalist, says :

“Nature has formed the bird's eye for detecting human labour, to the cheap, effective and wholesome work of birds. And the most

insects where the eye of man is useless. Wholly

destroy the birds and the fruit is wholly destroyed. indefatigable, the most ubiquitous, the most

At Hartlip, some years ago, in the face of truths and hardy of all, the SPARROW, who is scavenger, facts, the sparrows were exterminated entirely as insect.eater and weed-destroyer in one, is being injurious. The orchards were immediately altogether a sinner in her eyes.

covered with the webs of innumerable caterpillars,

and

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and with other insects, and in two years it was watching sparrows at work in the fields, allot. calculated that over one thousand pounds were lost ments, and market gardens near a town, where in consequence of the insane slaughiering.”

other wild birds hardly ever venture, carrying The late Rev. F. O. MORRIS, the noted ornitholo

grubs to their young or feeding themselves on gist, wrote to the Times as follows :-“ While taking

the most baleful foes to mankind, it is amazing a walk in the spring of 1874, the gardener asked me

to find such insects as the cabbage butterfly, to go into the garden to see the state of the fruit trees, caused by insects. Although he had two

currant moth, leaf-rolling caterpillars, saw-flies, women and a boy employed to destroy the insects,

and house-flies (the grubs of which feed in filth many of the trees were denuded of every leaf. The

near human habitations) mentioned, without cause I pointed out, and advised him to destroy no

allusion to their only sure and safe remedy, in a more birds (for I knew he had killed some) but to sparrow's beak. Condemnation of the sparrow sow his seeds a little deeper, and employ a boy to only shows how fatally unreliable are results prevent them eating his peas, elc. Some ten days obtained by the system of killing birds in order after, I saw him again, when he told me that some to examine the contents of their stomachs ;sparrows from the old hall adjoining had found out a system respectable from its antiquity,though the pests, and had done more in clearing the trees in

scarcely dictated by commonsense ;-for, will a lew days than the people employed hail in as many

one individual's inside give any just clue to weeks, and that for the future instead of killing

that of his neighbour ? Unless every sparrow sparrows as enemies, he would do what he could to

Morris, protect them. But how is it," adds

in the world were shot we could not decide " that the sparrow is found in winter with grains of

what these birds, as a race, ate. We must be corn inside him ? What is the history of that same

content, then, to accept the evidence of our corn? It has previously been partaken of by the senses, that of our eyes fixed on the living birds horse. Otherwise it has been picked up in stubble

in the fields, unless we execute the sparrows fields where every one knows there is plenty to be first and try them after. met with in late autumn and winter." The Rev. M. C. H. Bind states :-“I have seen

The sparrow, if permitted, will turn his attention to the standing corn,

to sparrows taking caterpillars from cabbages, searching

accumulated stores, but it would be wiser to them day after day I have also seen them take garden whites (butterflies) on the wing. On goose

scare him thence than to take his life. He berry trees later on in the year I have seen them take

will cost the master in whose fields he works the larvæ of the gooseberry sawly, and of the currant something, of course, but can Paris Green be moth from currant trees."

had gratis ? It costs eighteenpence a pound The Rev. T. Wood, as careful and accurate a natural- retail, and must be used with precaution, on ist as his renowned fatl er, says: “I have been told by the score of human health, and that of animals. a clerical friend, who was for many years resident in Do women and children collect grubs for Norfolk, that at one time he was the only inhabitant nothing ? In one instance Miss Ormerod of his parish who protected the sparrow.

The

herself questions whether the total loss of a neighbouring farmers and gardeners persecuted it

certain crop would not be less expensive than without mercy, as farmers and gardeners will. He, himself not only protected but encouraged the bird,

.

paying for the “ hand-picking " of insects. allowed it free access to his garden, and refused to

To what a pass have we brought ourselves allow such as took refuge therein to be molested or

by the idiotic persecution of birds! If the disturbed. The sparrows took advantage of the

sparrow follows suit, ruin must betall. I think indulgence, and made the garden their principal that the sparrows must have sent an ambassador stronghold, and yet the crop of fruit, year after year, to plead their cause, for two mornings ago we was the finest in the neighbourhood. When the were waked by a sound as of a child tossing surrounding district was ravaged by insects his garden light pebbles against one of the windows in my alone escaped.”

house. Presently the head and shoulders of a There is, however, no doubt that sparrows house.sparrow appeared ; he was pecking congregate where food is accumulated by man, vigorously at a daddy-long-legs seen by him and prefer feasting on it to laboriously through the pane, and he seemed greatly searching for morsels far and wide. But is a exasperated because his beak wouldn't go man to fold his hands and allow a sparrow to through. The number of these harmful flies outwit him ? Surely a man's brain may destroyed by sparrows in autumn must be circumvent a bird's! Surely he can command fabulous ; I have watched them at intervals energy, skill, and the small expenditure needful through an entire day, fluttering over the grass to scare sparrows from his storehouse and in focks and pouncing on the daddies by standing corn! In doing this he throws a dozens. sprat to catch a herring-as it is only during a We cannot destroy the present balance short period of the year that any substantial of Nature and create in in its place a new, mischief is done, while all the rest of the year and it is unwise, and more than unwise, the sparrow is working for his benefit. On to interfere unnecessarily and in any great this point Mr. Hawley remarks, “I have degree with that which already exists. It is waited upon three of our most eminent and mad and senseless in the extreme to set our enlightened farmers in this district for their own puny intelligence against the ineffable opinion on this subject and they agree upon wisdom of Nature, and to strike with our feeble one point, that six weeks is the very outside might and feeble weapons against a Power (but two of them think a month nearer the which we can neither control nor overcome." truth) that sparrows do in any way injure the agriculturist.”

I am, sir, yours truly, To one who, like myself, is in the habit of

Edith CARRINGTON,

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Our Amateur Photography Competition. The Prize of Half-a-Guinea for the July Competition has fallen to Mr. Verrey for the very charming picture reproduced below.

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Photo by L. H. Verrey,)

[Oak Lawn, Leatherhead. “ The Mill POND," LEATHERHEAD, SURREY.

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The Prize for the Competition closing on August 12th, by which date entries must reach us, is offered by Mrs. Laurence Pike (who will judge), for the best picture of rabbits, pigeons or rats.

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