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Record of the Month.

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On January 22nd, 1896, Mrs. Williams opened the London Home for Lost and Starving Cats at 80, Park Road, Hampstead, and in the first year received, sheltered, and humanely disposed of 2,450 wretched, homeless cats; some were sent to good homes, but 80 per cent. went to their last and long sleep in the Battersea lethel chamber. The number has reached now the large figure of 3,923, making an average of from go to 106 homeless cats received weekly. Mrs. Williams has pursued her work in the face of all sorts of sneers and laughs, but is deeply grateful for the progress of her rescue work in such a short time. The Home is under the patronage of their Graces the Duke of Portland and the Duchesses of Bedford, Wellington, Sutherland, and others, but the funds are very low, as the expenses average £8 weekly, and help is earnestly solicited. Inspection of the Home is invited. The report is sent free.

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To Friends in BOURNEMOUTH, Friends of animals in Bournemouth and district are advised that an effort is to be made to form a branch there of the Victoria Street and International Anti-Vivisection Society of London. Miss Comerford Casey, daughter of the Rev. Comerford Casey, M.A., of Grianan, West Bournemouth, is the Hon. Sec. We hope that all lovers of mercy and justice for animals resident in the district will make it a religious duty to give the project their earnest support.

At the annual Council Meeting of the British Women's Temperance Association, on June 3rd, was passed almost unanimously a strong resolution against the practice of vivisection on moral, scientific, and social grounds.

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The Rev. F. Lawrence, Hon. Sec. Church Society for the Promotion of Kindness to Animals, has written as follows:-“ Westow Vicarage, York, June 12th, 1897. I desire to ask you to let everyone know, who is interested in this matter that in future, before any person is permitted to speak at any of our meetings, an enquiry will be first of all made if he is a licensed vivisector, in which case he will not be asked to speak. Hitherto this precaution has not been taken.-I am, yours very truly, F. LAWRENCE."

The Ill-TREATMENT OF Horses. A deputation from the Humanitarian League waited on Sir E. Bradford, Commissioner of Police, on May 14th, to urge on him the desirability of issuing instructions to the police to act more promptly and on their initiative when they witness cases of illtreatment of horses. The matter, which is a perfectly simple one, seems to present great difficulties to the official minds at New Scotland Yard, who have much difficulty in deciding what cruelty is, and also do not see their way to instruct the police to caution wrong. doers in this particular matter-though they continually

doing it in hundred other matters because unless the case was one in which it was possible to prosecute any interference on the constable's part might place him in an awkward position. As we happen to know several constables who do act as the League desires, in spite of their reputed difficulties at head-quarters, it is clear that the difficulties rather imaginary than real, and we hope the Commissioner will come to see that his position is a very weak

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The Committee of the Battersea Dogs' Home have purchased the freehold of a large and picturesque piece of ground at Hackbridge, in Surrey, to be used as a sanatorium for the better dogs passing through their hands. When funds permit it is intended to erect kennels, and establish the dogs under thoroughly comfortable and healthy conditions. It will be a real home for them, where they will have the best of treatment and plenty of daily exercise. This is a step in the right direction, and we trust it will meet with the support it deserves. Our readers will be glad to learn that the deed of conveyance contains a clause binding the managers of the Home never, at any time, to sell dogs for vivisection or any experimental purpose whatever,

The ANTI-BEARING-REIN ASSOCIATION, the re-constitution of which was announced in our last issue, has now commenced its work by the publication of an illustrated pamphlet mainly directed against the use of the tight

gag" bearing-rein, so disgracefully in vogue in the world of fashion. The illustrations comprise an unpublished sketch of Her Majesty

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on the Riviera, driving without bearing-reins, T. BEAVER CLARK instanced the fact that and a reproduction of the three horses' heads, henbane, while injurious to fowls, was harmless “Comfort,” Discomfort,” and “ Torture, to pigs, as illustrating the inconclusive nature of published some years ago in Mr. Flower's inferences drawn from the action of drugs on book, • Bits and Bearing.reins.” The work the lower animals. of the Association will also be specially John William GRAHAM, M.A., said that directed to the abolition of the cart-horse vivisection was contrary to the spirit of the bearing. or hame-rein, which is productive of New Testament, which told them that “God so much discomfort to draught horses, is love,” and alluded to the suffering of animals especially on steep slopes. This objectionable experimented on to test their capacity for pain. kind of bearing-rein (so well illustrated and He could not admit the right of man to make condemned in leaflet No. 36, issued by the discoveries at any cost, nor the claim that that Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to which was fair and just and loving should be Animals) is unknown throughout Scotland, and subjected to the intellect. is not used in London by the railway com. Joseph Storrs Fry said the subject was panies, the large brewers, and the principal connected with their deepest religious concoal merchants. Further information and victions, and that if they were wrong on any specimens of pamphlets, etc., may be had moral question their power was weakened in gratis on application to the honorary secre. all directions. That they sometimes met good taries, Chas. H. Allen, F.R.G.S., 17, Well men who took wrong views on this subject was Walk, Hampstead, N.W., and ARCHIBALD due to their approaching it with prejudice and FLOWER, C.C., The Hill, Stratford-on-Avon. from the wrong side.

SAMUEL Beck said that the principles of

their religion were very simple : They were THE MORAVIAN MISSIONS AND Vivisection.

expected to suffer for others, but had no right The members of the Moravian Mission to make others suffer for them. Board sincerely regret the great increase of the practice of vivisection in the medical schools in Europe and America, believing that

HUMANE EDUCATION of Schools. the practice tends to blunt the hearts of those

"An effort is to be made during the present who engage in it, and have therefore resolved :

session of the Legislature of Texas (we will " That candidates of our Medical Missionary add for the benefit of our foreign readers, the Service shall, in attending any such schools, largest of the States, having an area of 237,504 keep clear from such practices as far as

square miles, and being nearly six times as possible; that our medical missionaries shall

large as the great State of Pennsylvania), to be distinctly informed of our views on this

secure a law for humane education in the subject, both before commencing their medical

public schools. A law of this sort covering training, and subsequently on entering on

such an immense area in a part of the country service in the fields; and that the teaching

where it is so specially needed would indeed be and practice of vivisection shall be strictly

a great triumph, and we sincerely hope that prohibited in any hospital, college, or other

every effort will be made to secure its enact. medical institution connected with

ment. Following is the text of the proposed missions."

law :

“ Be it enacted by the Legislature of the FRIENDS ANTI.ViviSECTION AssociATION

State of Texas :
ANNUAL MEETING.

“ SECTION 1.–That there shall be taught in The above was held at Devonshire House,

the public schools of this State, in addition to

other branches of study now prescribed, a Bishopsgate Street, London, on Friday evening,

system of humane treatment to animals. the 21st of May, and was well attended. The President, Joseph Storrs Fry, being prevented

" Src, 2.-Each school supported wholly or from arriving until late in the evening, the

in part by the public funds of this State, or chair was taken by EDMUND WRIGHT Brooks,

any county or city in this State, shall instruct who expressed his belief that there was great

all scholars in the laws of this State, as want of information on the subject in the

embodied in the penal code or other laws, perSociety of Friends, and that we ought to abide

taining to humane treatment of animals, and by our consciences, even when opposed to

such studies on the subject as the Board of medical opinions. He said that long Latin

Education may adopt, such instruction to con. words like “ vivisection” were feeble; the plain,

sist of not less than two lessons per week Anglo-Saxon title of their Association was

during the school year (of not less than ten "the Anti-cutting-up-alive Society."

minutes each). The Rev. John Baird, a deputation from the Sec. 3.- No funds shall be paid out for the Scotch Anti-vivisection Society, said we must support of any public school, unless the not be discouraged if we seem to be in a principal of such school shall certify that such minority for a time, and remarked that honest a course of study is taught in the school under vivisectionists had admitted that results of his control. vivisection must be tested by vivisection of “Sec. 4.—This Act shall take effect and be human beings before conclusive evidence could in force immediately after its passage.”— be obtained.

Journal of Zoophily.

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Our fly-catchers have done this columns of the Animals' for seven years in succession I believe, Friend to communications and our wagtails have been almost relative to our feathered similarly constant. The latter take up friends I offer no apology their abode an inch or two from a gatefor once more bringing bell, whose clatter one would fancy would under notice the birds frighten them out of their wits. at Lucas Hospital, Wo- Sparrows are without number, and, kingham. For several sparrow-like, press upon us their attentions. years we have cultivated Some of them built this year in a water

close acquaintance spout, and, out of kindness, I destroyed with our birds and every their nests, but the owners were immediseason seems to cement ately joined by a band of sympathizing the friendship and con- co-operators, and the houses were quickly

fidence between us. re-made. It was amusing to watch the Last winter we adopted the plan of combined work which was inaugurated by feeding them at our bedroom window upon a great palaver. The late rains soon a little table erected for the purpose, and taught them the wisdom of shifting their most willingly did they avail themselves of quarters into a neighbouring tree. the arrangement. Every morning at a I am struck more and more with the given hour a crowd would be waiting for anxiety which birds have about their young the opening of the window and putting out during the first week after their leaving of the wonted meal; and if by any chance the nest. It is so difficult to keep the we were unpunctual a vigorous tapping at fledgelings at all together for feeding, and the pane would express the impatience away from the wet ground at night. felt by the winged dependents outside. Nothing kills young birds like wet. Of Frequently, when the window was raised cold they can stand a good amount. What and the food kept back, the bolder spirits with cats and rats and damp and separawould enter the room to search for it. The tion from the old ones, and other dangers, tamest among the throng were, I think, few broods survive in their entirety. the chaffinches.

Perhaps swallows take as much care of When the nesting time approached we their little ones as most. I have known observed a result of the winter feeding. It the young lured back to their nests for was that the main body of the birds forsook eight successive nights. One little swallow the back garden, where they had largely has a comfortable lodging to-night, as I built in previous years, and erected their can testify, for he has come into our house nests all about the house, close to doors and sits asleep above my head on the and windows, from the evident desire to curtain pole as I am writing this paper. be as near as possible to those whom they Other birds also can use good judgment had found true friends. A pair of wrens in sheltering their progeny. Of this I had constructed a nest only a few inches from singular proof last night. A few days ago the handle of a door that is used every day, a pair of wrens led away a beautiful family and many of the other sorts thrust them- of about six, and the merry little creatures selves into notice in an equally striking man have been hopping about the garden since. ner. It is remarkable how frequently birds Last night (June 24th) a tremendous will build in the same spot season after thunderstorm took place, and the parent

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wrens, well-knowing that their hopefuls were around appealing for food. The bird, would be in danger, sought shelter for judging that bread was difficult to swallow, them. They found it in a robin's nest, set to work to break up into minute fragsituated in a hole in a wall, out of which ments the piece I had cast down, before young robins had recently flown, and here she offered any to her young ones.

I even the happy family were snugly ensconced, saw her extract a bit from the throat of when in the evening I happened to put my

one of these, which couldn't swallow hand into the nest and send them all out it, and begin to crush the morsel in a sudden flutter. I watched to see if afresh. they returned, and was surprised to find All birds seem to dislike a cuckoo. We the old birds collect the little ones in less are sometimes visited by this fellow, but than ten minutes, and land them again in his presence is the signal for every bird this safe retreat.

about the place to put itself into a fighting One of the most engaging things to attitude, and the cuckoo's stay is made witness is a bird teaching a young one to short by the bold attacks which fly. Goldsmith only speaks the truth directed against him. when he sings :

The way to make friends with birds is 6 And as a bird each fond endearment tries no doubt to feed them, and give them To tempt its new-fledged offspring to the water winter and summer for baths as skies."

well as drinking, to talk to them, and let The best example of this I have ever them see you fully always, and to abstain seen was in the case of a swallow, and the from frightening them. incident occurred in

arbour in my
The knowledge

gets abroad garden. It was wonderful to mark the amongst them that certain places are safe patience, the cleverness, and the encour- and hospitable, and one sort will bring agement, given with liberal vocalization, of another. I had forgotten to mention our the parent swallow. She flew round and tits. They are our most friendly birds, round the arbour, fixed herself on its and are of four kinds, great tit, blue tit, perpendicular sides and, in manifold ways, cole and marsh tit. What we find they tried to show the timid youngster what like best is a coker-nut, which, if one end could be done with a pair of wings. be sawn off, they will clear out directly.

There are many interesting things to A meat bone they are also extremely notice in respect to the feeding habits of partial to. birds. One is often struck with the way There is certainly more pleasure to be in which the male bird will forego a dainty got out of an intelligent and sympathetic morsel he has secured and carry it to his interest in the lives of the lower beings mate on her nest hard by, or hurry about about us than by indulging in the oldwhen she is away from her eggs for a few world habit of wantonly killing or torturing minutes, and find food and put it into her them, and I am delighted, Mr. Editor, bill as if she were a young one.

that your invaluable magazine impresses I was much taken with the sagacity of this view so widely and successfully on a sparrow the other day. I threw down a the rising generation. Good fortune go piece of bread to one whose young ones with the Animals' Friend.

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WRITE to record what is to me a
unique experience. I have a chicken

about two months old, and very small for its age, which has been left to shift for itself. A tom cat which I possess has volun. tarily undertaken the care of this chicken, Every night I find the cat and chicken nestled into each other on a sack of lime. On my taking in a lamp to see them more distinctly, the cat purrs and the chick chirrups with delight. The cat licks the chicken and caresses it as if it were a kitten.

One very cold night I saw the cat pull the chicken alongside and curl its tail around it to give it additional warmth. By day each goes its own way, but they meet every evening at roosting time in the same out-house. I may add that the cat takes no notice what. ever of any of the other fowls or chickens, but de votes himself entirely to this weakly chick. During the day the cat is a confirmed destroyer of small wild birds, Can any of your readers furnish a similar experience ?

Bodmin, Cornwall. A LOVER OF ANIMALS.

Our Allies and Auxiliaries.

The MANCHESTER ANTI-VIVISECTION SOCIETY.

TH

CHE Founders of the “ Manchester against such an immoral and revoltingly

Branch of the Victoria Street Society cruel practice.
for the Protection of Animals from Mr. Herbert Philips was one of these.

Vivisection” were the late Miss Mary Ever since the public had been first made Jackson and Mr. Benjamin Sugden. aware, in 1873, of what was going on in

On January 31st, 1883, they organized a the country with regard to vivisection, he public meeting under the auspices of the had felt keenly on the subject, and had International Association for the Total taken part in organizing a town's meeting Suppression of Vivisection (before its in Manchester on July 21st, 1876, to amalgamation with the Victoria Street support the passing of an Act of ParliaSociety) to protest against the practice. ment to restrict its practice. It was at The meet

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tation for and the facts calmly stated by Mr. Ernest Bell, hibition, and, after the meeting of June could not fail to impress some, at any rate, 31st, 1883, he wrote to Mr. Sugden a among the audience. The meeting was in letter of encouragement and sympathy. any case a revelation of the tone with In the summer of that year, at the regard to vivisection taken by physiologists invitation of Miss Mary Jackson, Miss and doctors in Manchester, and had its Frances Power Cobbe kindly came to effect. Some of those present, recognizing Manchester to inaugurate a local branch the great importance of the question of the Victoria Street Society. Mr. Philips from every point of view, felt that they joined (as a vice-president) the comcould no longer hold aloof from taking a mittee which was then formed, and has personal and active part in the movement acted now for some years as its chairman.

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