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owner, to whom the man in charge referred tied up, and get diseased and savage, as all me, with the intention of rescuing the dogs without exercise must. When the order

is over, these will be loosed in a condition to animal from further suffering. The excuse made was the necessity of the muzzle or

spread any disease.

Until people in general treat dogs better, alternative chaining up. After some argu- rabies will never be stamped out. How ment I succeeded in purchasing “Mon

"

common is the expression “ Treated like a arch," who looked all over a canine king dog!

dog!" This needs no explanation ; everybody Needless to say I at once removed his knows it means ill-treated. cage, and took him to Hastings—the town

Go where you will in England, you can of canine freedom—where for years he rarely escape the sound of dogs barking and was the general playmate of children on

crying in the night. If you trace this to the

cause, in ninety cases out of a hundred it is the beach, a rescuer of life, and known all

want of bed, water, or food. Would it not be over the district. But, he never forgot well to double the tax on all lady dogs, and so the punishment of the muzzle, neither limit the innumerable puppies which, when old could he be induced to make friends with enough to be taxed, are turned loose, or lost in his former owner when he paid a visit to the most heartless way? These wander about Hastings later on-notwithstanding he the country carrying diseases bred of misery brought him up from a puppy and every

and starvation, and they are the dogs chiefly

affected with rabies. The taxing of sheepkindness had been bestowed, excepting, as

dogs, also, would be an inestimable blessing ! he said, the unavoidable punishment of

As it stands now, any man who has a sheep the muzzle. The illustration on the previous considers he has a right to an exemption, page is from a photograph of “Monarch," whether the dog is used for work or not. In taken with my youngest son, whose con

this parish there are comparatively few cottages stant companion he was. This is one of where there is not a dog, and I feel certain that many illustrations I could give of a dog's

not more than about one-third have licences,

and it is the same in many places. gratitude for relief from torture.

All dogs should be obliged to wear a collar, One regrets that civilized and educated

with the owner's name and address. Then the human beings should be persuaded that homeless ones could be destroyed. muzzling is a prevention of a rare disease -Yours truly, like rabies, but unfortunately “the gulli

Jessie Cazaler. bility of the British public” is proverbial,

Castlemorton, Malvern. and in the muzzle muddle this proverb is glaringly, and to the amusement of our

A Cure for Hydrophobia. Continental friends, confirmed.

M iss WENTWORth writes from Hampstead In connection with the Prince of Wales's

recommending the following treatment as Hospital Fund which has been raised to a cure for hydrophobia :—"Take three ounces commemorate our beloved Queen's long of the root of elecampane, stew it in a pint of new reign, one cannot help feeling that some

milk and give it, milk and all, to the patient in sympathy with the sufferings of the lower

the mornings while the stomach is quite empty. creation should have been included, and

Let the patient fast six hours after taking it.

Repeat the dose three times on three successive that innumerable loyal subjects would

mornings and the cure is complete. Several have deeply appreciated her gracious

persons have written to say that it has been Majesty's veto vivisection in any tried on my recommendation with success. medical school or laboratory to which a One man who had two children, two cows, and portion of the fund may be directed. several pigs bitten by a dog furiously rabid, Suffering humanity should not be relieved

administered it to all, and six months after at the expense of criminal torture, with its

wrote to say that none of them had had any

symptoms of hydrophobia. Elecampane is naturally “brutalizing influence

generally known as a powerful medicinal torturer.

plant, and as it has been successful, and The Animals' Home of Rest,

doctors are powerless before this disease, I St. Leonards-on-Sea.

hope it will be promptly tried. Pasteurs remedy is worse than hydrophobia, for if you

do not succumb to hydrophobia itself, you To the Editor of the ANIMALS' FRIEND. certainly die sooner or later from the effects SIR, -As all humane people must be feeling

of the poison of the Pasteur remedy." for dogs, during the prevalence of the muzzling order, it is to be hoped they will try and do There is an organization in Boston (U.S.A.) something to better their condition.

“ Audubon Society," whose members This order means, a large number of dogs, pledge themselves "never to wear imprisonment for the whole time the order is a bird or any feathers, except those of ostriches in force, as many owners are too poor or or of some of the domestic fowls which are negligent to get muzzles, and the dogs will be killed for the table.”

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"He twenty.second annual meeting of the every success in the cause of humanity,

Victoria Street and International Society towards the innocent and unfortunate of God's (of 20, Victoria Street, Westminster) held creatures, in which your Society has courage

on the afternoon of Friday, May 21st, at ously and zealously embarked. the Queen's Hall, Langham Place, London, W., “ Believe me, dear Mr. Coleridge, was highly successful. The room was the largest

Very truly yours, yet retained for this annual gathering, and

"(Signed) J. HAWKINS." was nearly full. The Right Hon. Lord Coleridge, Q.C., who presided, was supported

(From Sir Henry Irving.) on the platform by :The Right Rev. Bishop

“Lyceum Theatre, Barry, Sir Barrington Simeon, Bart., M.P.,

" 5th May, 1897. Mrs. Wynford Philipps, Rev. Canon Percy " My Dear Stephen COLERIDGE,-UnforSmith, Surgeon-General Watson, and the Rev.

tunately I shall not be able to attend the John Baird (deputation from the Scottish

meeting on the 21st, but I am fully in sympathy Society), Mr. Ernest Bell, M.A. (chairman of

with its object, and heartily agree with every committee), the Hon. Stephen Coleridge (hon.

word of your letter. secretary and treasurer), Dr. Berdoe, Mr. F.

“ There are some lines of Shakespeare which E, Pirkis, R.N., and the Rev. Ernest Fischer,

put the protest of humanity with irresistible M.A. ; while in the body of the hall were:

eloquence. When the Queen in Cymbeline Sir Arthur Arnold, D.L., and Lady Arnold, the

proposes to try the effect of poisons on dumb Countess of Camperdown, Surgeon-General

animals, her physician ‘Cornelius' answers : Thornton, C.B., Mrs. Barry, the Hon. Mrs.

• Your Highness Stephen Coleridge, Mrs. (now Lady) Pender,

Shall from this practice but make hard your Col. and Mrs. Benson, Dr. T. R. Allinson,

heart, Mr. Ernest Duffield, M.R.C.S., Dr. Richard

Besides the seeing these effects will be
Paramore,
Capt. and
Mrs. Quintanilha

Both noisome and infectious.' (Newton Abbot S.P.C.A.), and many other

" Ever sincerely yours, workers and sympathizers. Eloquent and

“ With affectionate greeting, interesting speeches were delivered by Lord

“ (Signed) Henry IRVING.” Coleridge, Bishop Barry, Sir Barrington Simeon, Mrs. Wynford Philipps, Surgeon

(From Father Ignatius.) General Watson, Canon Percy Smith, Rev.

“I am not able from a scientific point of view, Ernest Fischer, M.A., Dr. Berdoe, and the Rev. John Baird. The following very inter

to give any opinion on the subject of vivisec.

tion, but from a Christian and Humane esting letters were read by the Hon. Stephen Coleridge (Hon. Secretary) :

standpoint I should shudder to be in the same company with a vivisector. A man who is

able to cut up alive a fellow creature, and feels (From Sir Henry Hawkins, Judge of the High

no pang at its pains, must be worse than a Court.)

murderer at heart, and no one could be safe if “ 5, Tilney Street, Park Lane, W.

in such a creature's power. The only explana.

tion of such a psychical phenomenon as a 'May 15th, 1897.

vivisector,' to my mind, is, that such an one is " Dear Mr. Coleridge, – I am most possessed with a devil, and can have no part fattered by the desire of your Committee that or lot in Jesus Christ the Lord and God of Pity I should attend the annual meeting of the and Love. Anti-Vivisection Society, for I so abominate

“ Ignatius O.S.B. (Monk). the practice of vivisection that I should rejoice Llanthony Abbey, May 18th, 1887." to see it legally suppressed.

The reading of these letters was received Although you have not as yet succeeded to with much applause. that extent, I am satisfied from all I hear that you have done a great deal of good in awaken

A Bold Blackbird. ing the conscience of a multitude of those who were ignorant of the torture to poor helpless A blackbird lately built her nest on the ironcreatures, occasioned under

the spurious work of a garden seat in an arched passagepretext of scientific research-to the abomin.

way connecting the

upper

and

lower able cruelty of allowing it to exist.

“ Arboreta" at Ipswich. The nest was quite " I cannot write one half what I feel. I am exposed, about 3ft. from the ground, and on sorry the rule I have laid down for myself not Sunday and Monday, April 11 and 12, the bird to attend or take part in public meetings must was sitting quietly upon it, allowing any one to prevent me from accepting your invitation, pass or stand, as many did, within

yard of and indeed I have not under any circumstances

her without showing any symptoms of fear. the time at my command to do so. My Five eggs were laid, and then, unfortunately, absence therefore must not be ascribed to something caused the bird to flee. The nest indifference, sor, from my heart, I wish you and eggs have been preserved.

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Our Amateur Photography Competition.

The competition which closed on June 12th was for a prize of half-a-guinea for the best photograph by an amateur of a landscape or seascape at eventide. This appeared to be a rather hard nut to crack, as very few amateurs appeared to have attempted studies of the waning day. A few entrants, however, came in at the last moment and saved the competition from being only

[graphic]

(Nandana, Penrith.
“Evening Calm,” JAMES ASHCROFT NOBLE, 1887.
"Solitude.”
“A glorious show! In red and amber robes

The sun is sinking slowly in the west,
A broadening silver light is on the sea ;

The calm which evening brings reigns in my breast,
And gentle voices seem to speak to me."

Photo by J. C. Varty-Smith,]

a partial success, and in the studies we now publish we think we have secured excellent realizations of our idea. Indeed, to avoid the very difficult duty of deciding between Mr. Varty. Smith and Mr. Laurence Pike, we have allotted an equal prize of half-a-guinea to each. Thus is justice done, though the Heavens may fall and we be financially ruined, The study of Solitude," by Mr. Varty-Smith, makes a remarkably striking picture, while that of Mr. Laurence Pike is a clever and successful attempt to perform a difficult feat. The photo was taken about 5 o'clock in the evening, last November, and, we are not surprised to hear, has been greatly admired.

[graphic]

Photo by Laurence W. Pike,]

[Furzebrook, Wareham, Dorset. A November Evening Off THE Dorset Coast,

The radiant morn hath passed away,

And spent too soon her golden store ;
The shadows of departing day

Creep on once more. Our photographic friends may be relieved to know that a prize of half-a-guinea will be awarded, next month, for the photograph which is the best picture. Entries must be in by the 12th.

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To the E.litor of the Animals' Friend." SIR; In your current number of the Animals' In correction of this I trust you will allow Friend (for June, 1897), I regret to see on

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me to give the following references :p. 176, under the heading of "Yorkshire Farmers “ In my report for the year 1878, I draw and Sparrows," such an unfortunately incorrect attention to the utility of swallows, martins, representation of my views as to the utility of and swifts ; cuckoos, as feeding on lepidopbirds, in destroying insects, that I trust you terous larvæ, and especially the hairy kinds; will kindly allow me space to show, that, so all the warblers, and the titmice ; also wood. far from ignoring the utility of birds in preser. peckers, of which the green woodpecker is the vation of crops and fruit from insect pests, I special enemy of some large moths named ; have brought the subject forcibly forward in and I also name flycatchers, tree-creepers, my series of reports from the year 1878. wrens, starlings, and partridges." And to this

The remarks in your paper to which I more I add : “ In fact all birds that mainly, or even especially refer

as follows-page 176, in part, feed on insects deserve encouragecolumn 2 :

ment, so long as the other part of their diet “ Miss Eleanor Ormerod in her semi-official does not trench too much on the crops." reports on insect plagues, steadily ignores or In my third annual report, that for the year condemns the widespread and important 1879, I give a long list of birds (including ministry of birds.” Again your correspondent some of those above-mentioned) classed as says, “ Miss Ormerod ignores the birds of the serviceable on various kinds of trees and air as completely as if they had never been bushes, as apple, gooseberry, and currant created to do these things ” (she is speaking bushes, cabbage and turnip crops, osier beds, of destruction of injurious insects, etc.), “ and pine and spruce, and other coniferæ. save us trouble.”

In 1880, with regard to birds doing good

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in clearing special crop pests, I mention the plovers, green and golden plovers, chaffinches, rooks clearing daddy longlegs grubs ; likewise and greenfinches,” but in all the many returns the desirableness of lapwings being protected sent me of that memorable attack of diamondon account of the benefit we have from these back moth, which extended from Dover to birds also clearing off the daddy longlegs Aberdeen, I only find, in reply to the enquiry larvæ. 1881. I give a detailed observation of in the circular as to benefit received from the benefit of rooks in checking a daddy birds, two replies favourable to sparrow-help, longlegs attack, and also of the great service and

of these couched in doubtful done by these birds, and also by the “ black- language. headed gulls, in destroying the oak-leaf roller In 1893 I record and strongly draw attention caterpillars, and two observations of rooks to the good service done by starlings, missel destroying surface caterpillars.

thrushes, and rooks, and other birds in 1882. I give one of the columns on pages 57 destroying the chafer grubs, which in that year to 63, with the views of about thirty observers were so injurious in grass land. as to utility or otherwise of rooks in destroying In 1894 in the remarkably bad attack of the wireworm.

antler moth caterpillars in the South of 1883. I mention again rooks and plover and Scotland, I give a note of rooks being an pheasants, as foes to wireworm, and titmice as important help against this devastating attack, useful in clearing gall-fly grubs out of galls. that curlews and plovers take a few; cuckoos 1884. I note starlings and plovers as attrac

feed on them, and also the stomachs of snow ted by daddy longlegs-and I note “ With buntings are found full of them in winter. regard to most of our birds they fill their In my 20th, that is the current number of my place servicably, and unless from some cause

Annual Report, I also draw attention to there is an overwhelming increase in one

benefit from bird presence, as well as in the locality, their presence is desirable.”

case of herons) to an instance in which over 1885. Again I note rooks as clearing surface

presence of them did so much harm by killing caterpillar.

small fish and thus destroying the natural

enemies of water grubs that feed on water In 1886, in my official circular requesting

creepers, that I am sure I am not open to information as to measures of prevention of

the charge of ignoring “the birds of the air as mustard beetle' attack, I especially name

if they had never been created." any that may be known to be serviceable by

If your readers will have the patience to run turning up ground containing chrysalis of the

down the list of birds given as helpful they will beetles, to bird attack, and I also mention

find I name swallows, martins, and swifts, all starlings as fond of “surface caterpillars ” ;

the warblers, all the titmice, also fly-catchers, and partridges as said to be useful in destruc

tree-creepers, and wrens. I mention the tion of turnip gall weevils.

cuckoos as freeing us from hairy larvæ, and 1887. I note cocoons of pine sawfly having amongst birds of some considerable size, and been emptied of their contents, by what (from in some cases often to be met with, I mention the nature of the injury) appeared to me to be rooks, and starlings, the blackheaded gulls, and attack of insectivorous birds, and again I

plovers, pheasants and partridges. allude to crows, rooks, and plovers as destruc- As enemies to diamond-back infestation I tive to“ turnip caterpillars.'

enumerate rooks, crows, sea-gulls and grey 1888. I mention stirring soil containing plovers, green and golden plovers, starlings, chrysalids of " looper caterpillars” (one of the linnets, chaffinches, greenfinches, curlews, and kinds which is enormously destructive to snow buntings are especially mentioned as foliage) as useful by throwing them open to useful against the caterpillars of the antler moth. bird action, and also that “ I fully believe that I am not entering here on any point at all in some of the mainly insectivorous kinds will your correspondent's paper excepting her stategive help by clearing out eggs and small grubs ment that in my reports on insect plagues I from nooks which can be got at no other way.” steadily ignore or condemn the widespread Likewise I draw attention very strongly to the and important ministry of birds, “and also that enormous assistance we derive in injurious Miss Ormerod ignores the birds of the air as insect destruction from swallows and martins. completely as if they had never been created."

It is unnecessary I think to go into reference And as all who will be at the trouble of referto each one of my Annual Reports, but in the ring to my published views may see that bird following notes given in my observations for assistance is one of the means that I regularly 1891, 1893, and 1894, are some of my records advise as an adjunct to other measures in as to good done by birds, in lessening amount lessening amount of insect presence, I trust of three seriously destructive and widespread that you will in your courtesy allow me the infestations which occurred respectively in opportunity of correcting the erroneous view those years.

to which I refer.-I am, sir, yours, etc., In 1891, I find on turning to my official

ELEANOR A. ORMEROD, F.E.S. report on diamond-back moth infestation, that in answer to my enquiries sent out on my

Torrington House, St. Albans,

June 19th, 1897. circulars as to what kind of birds are especially useful in clearing the caterpillars

[A reply to Miss Ormerod by Miss Edith Carrington

is crowded out, but will appear next month. Meanwhile, we that I mention, amongst the birds observed are glad to note that Miss Ormerod recognizes the value to on the infested crops, rooks, and plovers,

agriculture of certain birds, but there is, we note, only one

reference to sparrows, the homely little friend, on whose starlings, crows, linnets, sea gulls, and grey behalf especially Miss Carrington made her appeal.-Ep.A.F.

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