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Animals' Devotion.
N reference to the story of a pair of

cats in the Animals' Friend of August,
I should much like to relate an

anecdote which occurred in my own family with regard to a pair of bantams. The hen became consumptive, and as long as she was able to go about the cock went with her, leaving all the other hens ; but at last she was so weak she had to give up going out. The cock followed suit and watched by her side while she died; he then fretted to death.

Cumberland. A Lover or ANIMALS.

Hoping you will do all in your power to stop this form of cruelty.-I remain, yours sincerely,

C. E. BROADLEY. 80, Sterndale Place, West Kensington.

[If we had our way we would abolish all such performances. If English people did not encourage the foreigners, generally Frenchmen, by the liberal gifts of coin they shower on them, the visits would end. Many persons only think of the amusement derived by their children ; they never give a thought to the

If the supplies of money are stopped, the supply of bears will cease.—ED. A.F.

poor bear.


The Immortality of Animals.
LLOW me, a clergyman of long standing,

to protest against the letter written by

Maude Hadden in this month's number of the Animals' Friend, in which she says she could never be happy in a heaven without animals, and she should never wish to be in a heaven without animals. She seems to hold the doctrine that animals have souls. There is no authority for such doctrine. No enlightened Christian can entertain such views. Milwich Vicarage,

E. LAYNG. Stone, Staffs., Aug. 11th, 1896. [We hope to stem the storm of correspondence which this question of the immortality of animals is sure to produce, by recalling the fact that many great divines have held the belief that the animals, like mankind, are immortal. Others, of course, hold a different view. Our space is too restricted to permit of a full and fair discussion of the question, interesting though it is.-ED. A.F.]

The Docking of Horses.
AY I suggest to the readers of your

paper how necessary it is that all

those who love horses should bring their influence to bear against the cruel fashion of docking, which has now become so universal that it is a striking exception to see a horse with its tail unmutilated.

This operation, which is an exceedingly painful one, sometimes resulting in lock-jawis, I am told, mostly carried out while the horse is in the hands of the dealers, and is done entirely to conform to the dictates of fashion. It is difficult to know which to deplore the most, the cruelty or the indignity thus inflicted on the noble animal whose whole life is spent in toiling to aid man, both in his work and in his pleasures.

Unfortunately, the evil of docking does not end when the barbarous operation is over. Obviously, the horse's tail is not merely an ornamental appendage. When it is cut off the animal is damaged and mutilated for life. and is doomed to suffer in many ways. This is painfully evident when you see, as I do here, in the lovely part of Surrey where I am staying, horses who have been turned out to graze in the fields, striving in vain to rid themselves from the incessant torment of Aies, by jerking the unsightly stumps, which are all that the thoughtless barbarity of man has left them of their once flowing and beautiful tails.

It seems a strange anomaly that although the mutilation of dogs for fashion's sake is forbidden by law, no efficient steps are taken to stop this particularly barbarous mutilation of horses. The answer appears to be that public opinion is not yet sufficiently strong to bring the offenders to justice. The operation is, I presume, performed in private premises

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Pity the Poor Bear. WISH to call your attention to the cruelty that is inflicted towards street

performers, such as birds, monkeys, and bears. I wish now particularly to speak of bears. Down at Broadstairs recently two beautiful, though somewhat thin, brown bears, conducted by several foreigners, made their appearance on the harbour sands and began to dance, that is to say, making some awkward movements on their hind legs. The cruelty consisted in the fact that each bear was actually led by a chain with a snap-hook passed through a hole pierced through the tender part of the poor creature's nose, and when they got tired of " dancing," they were severely jabbed under the chin with a stick shod with iron.

and those who assist at it are not likely to inform against each other.

I am, Sir, your obedient servant, 17th July, 1896.


Sports at Cornish Regattas. Our readers may be interested to read the following correspondence :

To the Editor of the Animals' Friend." Dear Sir,--A regatta, concluding with aquatic sports, was held here on the 13th. It had been decided to have a “duck hunt," which means sending a certain number of ducks into the sea to be chased by men; also walking the “greasy pole,” at the end of which was to be suspended a live pig in a basket, the bottom of the basket being arranged to drop open, and the poor animal to fall suddenly into the sea for the sport of the human crowd. I interviewed a clergyman from London, who is visiting here, and was one of the committee ; he, after a fair amount of argument, consented to use his influence against these sports, and I was delighted to find the whole thing pro. hibited, swimming substituted, and a money prize given instead of the pig.

I deeply regret to see precisely the same programme announced to take place at Mullion, on Friday next, the 28th inst. Feeling sure that any interference or suggestion from me would be useless, and not having one in this vicinity to whom I could appeal, I turn to you, asking if you would kindly write to the vicar, whose name appears amongst the committee. He is, I believe, a very nice man.

Such amusements I feel to be demoralizing, debasing and exceedingly cruel, and if people of good position and supposedly refined natures countenance such things, how can we remonstrate with the less fortunate classes ?

Hoping you will understand my position in this matter, and will pardon me if I trouble you too much in making this suggestion.

Yours faithfully,

Emilie A. P. B. SINCOCK.
Trevanion Cottage, Coverack,

St. Kevernes, R.S.O., Cornwall.
August 24th, 1896.

[The Editor at once wrote to the Vicar of Mullion, enclosing the above letter, and a few days later received the following reply] :

Mullion Regatta. DEAR SIR,—This event came off yesterday, and you will be pleased to hear there was an entire absence of anything to which the most humane person could take exception. The prize pig

safely in his stye when his admirers contending for him along the greasy pole. And so in the duck race, the least show of cruelty would have disqualified any person from winning. Our people have their faults, of which we are heartily ashamed ; but want of consideration for the dumb creation is not one of them. You will be glad to hear this.

I return the letter which you have been kind enough to send me, and I am glad to know that through your correspondent's efforts the people

attending Coverack Regatta were spared any exhibition of cruelty. Mr. Rich, our Chair. man of Committee, tells me he is a subscriber of the Animals' Friend. You may be sure, therefore, that the interests which you and Mrs. Sincock have at heart were regarded. I am, dear Sir, yours faithfully,

J. H. SchoLEFIELD. Mullion Vicarage, Cornwall.

August 29th, 1896. Later.-" The duck race did not come off after all.-J. H. S.”

To the Editor of the Animals' Friend." Dear Sir, I was about to write, thanking you for your letter to the Rev. J. H. Scholefield ; indeed, I cannot thank you enough or express to you the pleasure I felt on hearing, the day after the Mullion Regatta, that those practices of which I wrote you had not taken place. Apart from the unkindness to the dumb creatures, it is to me so very degrading to their human characters. I also feel thankful to the clergyman that he was influenced by your communication. Again sincerely thanking you, I remain, yours faithfully,

E. A. P. B. SINCOCK. Trevanion Cottage, Coverack, St. Kevernes, R.S.O., September 3rd, 1896.

[It only remains for us to express our hearty thanks, and we are sure those of our readers also, to the good Vicar of Mullion for his kindness and courtesy in the matter.— Ed. A.F.]

What a Schoolmaster Says.
E were very pleased to receive a

"specimen copy of the Animals'

Friend, being just the kind of book which is so necessary to this locality. Cruelty to animals is of common occurrence, and practised by those whose profession is of the highest, and whose influence is the strongest. Consideration for the animal is rarely thought of, excepting where it might affect the money value. It is a question that the pulpits of all denominations carefully avoid, making it all the more difficult to remonstrate with these people. Indeed, it only too often provokes derision. I enclose is. 3d., for which you will kindly forward a few stray copies for distribu. tion amongst my scholars, and is. d. for sending to this address the Animals' Friend for the year 1896.

Yours faithfully,

A Cornish Head Master. P.S.-Pigeon shooting is a source of intense gratification and heartily enjoyed.


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Notice.—Nothing can be accepted for insertion in the ensuing number of this magazine after the 12th of the month. Preference will be given to letters fully signed. We cannot guarantee the insertion of anything, unless of the utmost importance, in any given month.

[Several letters are in type and held over.]

She Library Jable.



E are pleased to hear that our leaflet on

"Murderous Millinery” has caused Dr. P. de Mirimonde, one of the vice

presidents of the S.P.C.A., of Paris, to investigate the subject for himself. He has now issued the result of his investigations in the form of a leaflet, entitled, “ Les plumes des oiseaux dans la coifure des dames."

He finds that two-thirds of the birds' feathers used in ladies' hats, bonnets, etc., are supplied by Japan, this being due to the abundance there of birds with brightly-coloured plumage, and to the cheapness of Japanese manual labour. With splendid satire he consoles the inhabitants of the countries which share with Japan the high honour of furnishing the chief supplies, by informing them that when they have sold us all they have of these most beautiful works of creation, some learned European chemist will probably be able to send them in exchange some patent chemical compound wherewith to protect their crops from the ravages of insects! He wishes every success to rational attempts at acclimatization, but does not hesitate to anathematize “those travellers who only see in their pretended explorations opportunities for hunting parties and wholesale slaughter."

The Paris Society has sent us their monthly bulletin for December last, drawing our special attention to M. Bruneau's reply to M. Dembo's attack on the use of the mask in killing cattle. It appears that M. Dembo is a Russian doctor who advocates the Jewish method of slaughtering animals for food. We agree with M. Bruneau that many of M. Dembo's statements are scarcely credible. It is, of course, possible for a careless or inefficient butcher to cause an animal much unnecessary pain under any system of slaughter, but if the Bruneau mask be properly adjusted and a firm straight blow given, it undoubtedly does its work well. It is calculated that at the utmost not more than 3 or 4 per cent. of the cases require a second blow. M. Dembo states, however, that of three animals he saw slaughtered at Leipsic, the first required seven, the second five, and the third three blows. In the Jewish method the animal has first to be thrown to the ground-an operation which, in clumsy hands, is frequently a long one, but cannot well be done without causing the animals a great deal of both bodily and mental torture. The other articles in the bulletin, such as the one on “the uselessness of blinkers," and another on bull fights, prove that our French colleagues thoroughly understand their work. A silver medal was offered for the best article on “the utility of insectivorous birds and the necessity for preserving them.”

The Church in the West (an admirable little Anglican weekly, published and edited by Mr. Francis Edward Sach, Sydney Street, North Road, Plymouth) contained in its issue of August ist a capital sermon “preached in a country parish church in Cornwall, on June 28th, 1896," from the text“ for we know that

the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now."—Rom. viii. 22. In the course of his remarks the preacher, whose name is not given, condemned vivisection in common with other cruelties on the ground that it was “in direct opposition to the eternal laws of God, which are all based upon justice, mercy, and pity.” We wish our space per. mitted more extensive quotation from this excellent and thoughtful discourse.

The Ninth Annual Report of the Newton Abbot (Devon) Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals has a very healthy ring. This is a genuine, out-and-out anti-cruelty society.

It does not pursue the offending carter for his ignorant acts of cruelty; and, at the same time, “wink the other eye at the infinitely worse cruelties carried out by “ Prof. Cut-'em-up-alive-o," or " Mr. Very-much-in. the Dark-and-Wrong," when the gallant and refined gentleman has some helpless animal strapped down on a torture trough. Oh, dear nol The Newton Abbot Society calls a spade a spade, and its energetic committee and hon. sec., Capt. Quintanilha, pursue the perfectly logical and only right policy of condemning all cruelty, irrespective of motive. We congratulate them heartily on the preventive and educational work done during 1895, when 68 cases of cruelty were investigated, 57 cautions administered, and eleven prosecutions under. taken. The Society works not only in Newton Abbot, but in 22 surrounding parishes. It has a membership of 161, its receipts were £51 45. iod., out of which it had to pay an Inspector and all expenses. We heartily wish it continued success, and commend it to the earnest support of all our friends and readers in the county of Devon.

The Eleventh Annual Report (1895) of the Dublin Home for Starving and Forsaken Cats, Grand Canal Quay, Dublin, founded and carried on by Miss Alice M. Swifte, Whitechurch Lodge, Rathfarnham, co. Dublin, is the modest record of another year's good work weil done. In 1895, 190 stray cats were received into the Home, which entirely depends on voluntary contributions for its support. The receipts were £163 8s. 6d., and there was a small balance in hand after meeting all expenses.

Riport of the Musaens School and Orphunage for Buddhist Girls, Cinnamon Gardens, Col. ombo, Ceylon, for the year ending 31st December, 1895. This excellent institution, where, we are glad to know, humane teaching is a part of the curriculum, does a praise. worthy work. The principal, Mrs. Marie M. Higgins, is an American lady, and she reports _"We teach our girls English and Singhalese in all their branches, and it is a noticeable fact that they take more readily to the acquisition of the English language than to their mother. tongue.” Orphan and destitute girls are taken in and educated, housekeeping forming not the least important item of instruction. A picture of this orphanage appeared in our September issue.

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