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growing circulation and influence of this commercial venture, and if any of them magazine, it is supplied by the tremendously come to the conclusion, after examining our increased interest shown from all quarters pages, that the work we are doing is a by our friends and readers generally ; and necessary and proper work, they may be that not only on one but on every question induced to help us, as our other good touching the Humanitarian Gospel directly friends have been and are doing. To those and indirectly. The correspondence and whose names and benefactions are here set inquiries with which I have been besieged forth, it is my duty and pleasure to tender, during the month of February were four- on behalf of the Committee who reprefold what they have been in any previous sent the proprietors, their most grateful month.

thanks :

£ S. d. But I am afraid I brought it on myself.

Miss Laurence Pike The completion of the British Institute of

Captain Quintanilha Preventive Medicine (the English facsimile The llon. Mrs. Arikur Ilenniker of the Pasteur Institute in Paris) induced

Mrs. Suckling me to ask Dr. Berdoe to tell our readers

Mrs. Summers Hutchinson
Miss F. E. White .

3 his personal experience of that “Dog Hell

Dr. C. Bell Taylor.. of Paris.” It struck me as so important Mrs. S. Harris

6 that I extensively advertised the number, “Elfie" (per Mis. James) and induced the proprietors to let me print

Wm. Morgans, Esq.

Mis. Pai-ley ten thousand extra copies. Our total issue

Arnold F. Hills, Esq. for February was, therefore, twenty-one

Miss Perry thousand, of which fourteen thousand were Miss S. Th. Bayles.. free specimen copies, each being sent by

Viss E. Elcum Rees

“d. IJ.” post to various parts of London, Ireland,

Mrs. Dundas and Scotland ; several hundred were sent Miss E. A. Wright out response to our advertised offer to Mrs. Nicholl give a copy to those sending their stamped

Mrs. E. M. James address.

Miss Margaret Whirley
I need not say how much this
Mark Thornhill, Esejos J.P.

15 amplified our ordinary labours. For the

Col. Coulson, J.P...

13 first ten days it took us several hours to Miss V. Danvers

6 deal with the cloud of letters which came The Very Rev. the Dean of Durham

The Misses Tacey.. by every post. I cannot but believe that

W. Ilawthornthwaite, Esq. much good must have been done, much Miss Shrubsole information spread, much enlightenment Miss Olive S. Bıyant caused by this effort. We are indebted to

L. R. Cotterell, Esq. a lady, who must not be named, for part

“ Lady Subscriber, Duilley

Mrs. Storer..
of the wherewithal to meet the expense, Miss Burgess
but for the information of our friends I Miss Alice Bicknell (for sending copies to
append a brief statement which will show school teachers)..
how costly such an effort is :-

F. Brandauer, Esq.
Mrs. Rose

8 6
£ s. d.
Miss A. Jacks (balance of account)

7 76 Printing 14,000 free copies

Mrs. John H. Clarke

42 Wrappers for the same

F. Gunning, Esq. .. Addressing wrappers

Miss E. M. Lynch.. 6

Mrs. Berry :
Postage at fd. each...

29 8
Miss F. Radclyfie Hall

5 0 Advertising ...

30

Mrs. Edmund Phillips

Miss C. V. Hall
£112 11 8

Miss S. Marriott
Mrs. Andrew Thomson

5 This is not counting the cost of illustra- Miss Beeching tions, and the ordinary but necessary

Mrs. Ure (per Mrs. Paisley)

Mrs. Howey labour of the staff. One of the most

Miss Bennett satisfactory features is that we have Mrs. Drew .. secured literally scores of new subscribers. C. G, Oates, Esq. Now I have pleasure in appending what

Miss Jetiery:: I trust will be found a full acknowledg

Patrick Dickson, Esų.

Mrs. Wm. Grey ment of the donations to our Sustentation

The Hon. Lady Fitzgerald

3 0 and Illustrations Fund for the past eleven Matthew Bell, Esq., J.P., D.L.

3 months. It should be explained to new

Miss Booth..

3 readers that the Animals' Friend is a purely

Miss Julia Andrews

3 Mrs. Downing Fullerton

6 philanthropic organ, and not merely a Miss E. B. Vibart ..

6

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The Countess Biandrate Morelli..

6 Miss C. Radclyfte Hall

6 J. Fraser Hewes, Esq.

6 Miss S. Cobb

6 Miss Douglas Douglas

6 Mrs. M. Mahon Knocker

6 Miss E. Garrett

6 W. A. Tollemache, Esq.

6 Mrs. Fitzgerald

6 Miss Arney..

6 Miss Cox

6 Miss Moss

6 “Bobbie” (per Mrs. Paisley) “ Little Minnie' Miss M. Ranken (per Mrs. Paisley) Mrs. Robie Uniacke Mrs. C. Richardson Miss Douglas Mrs. Daniels Miss Perry Miss Backhouse Miss K. Hindley Mrs. Boult “ Two Ladies" (per Miss Brice) Mrs. Bushell King.. E. Millard, Esq.

S Miss Wedderburn

+ Miss Gaskoin, Miss E. A Barton, Mrs. Bell, Mrs. McLeod Campbell, livs II. P. B. Clarke, Mrs. Fowle, “ Roy and Jack,” Miss Bushe, Mrs. Dennistown (per Mrs. Paisley), Miss Unonius, Mrs. Maine, Miss J. Barnett, one shilling each ; “ Dash, Sandie and lat," sixpence each.

In response to a request our April number will be an Easter number specially prepared for the clergy and ministers of

all denominations. There must be quite 60,000 in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. How many we send will depend upon our friends. We will undertake to send 5,000, that is as large a number as we can afford. Every shilling will send eight copies, every half-a-crown, twenty; every five shillings, forty ; every sovereign, 160 copies. Some of our readers have already started the ball, as follows:

s. d.
Miss A. Tacey
Mrs. Suckling

5
R. Steel, Esq.

3 6 Miss Katie Evans

6 Miss A. St. John Partridge Every sum received not later than March 2oth, shall be acknowledged in our next issue.

And now I must close. write please be as brief as possible and don't write across what you have already written. I want to reply to every correspondent, as far as is practicable, by return of post, andif you observe the foregoing you will greatly assist Your faithful and sincere

EDITOR. P.S.--I have more than sufficient dog and cat anecdotes to last me for months to come.

ED.

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or

THE
He Home Secretary has received a memorial,

numbering 183,706 signatures, stated to be the largest ever sent up from London since the time of the Chartists, praying him not to register the British Institute of Preventive Medicine on the Chelsea Embank. ment, London, for experiments on, inoculations of, animals. The task of getting up this memorial was undertaken by a group of ladies and gentlemen calling themselves * The Protest Committee." Amongst the signatures were the following :- The Duke and Duchess of Somerset, Lord and Lady Monkswell, Lord Coleridge, Q.C., Lady Coleridge, Sir Henry (Mr. Justice) Hawkins, Sir Arthur Arnold (Chairman of the London County Council) and Lady Arnold, the Bishop of Southwell, Bishop Barry, Canon Basil Wilberforce, Rt. Hon. Charles H. Hemphill, Rt. Hon. Sir Edward Thornton, G.C.B., P.C., Lord Hatherton, C.M.G., Earl Dartrey, K.P., the Earl of Ilchester, Viscountess Wolseley, Viscount Sidmouth, Lord and Lady Muncaster, Lord Robartes, P.C., Lady Mary Cross, Lady Helen Stewart, Lady Fanny Fitzwygram, the Hon. Eric Barrington, C.B., the Countess of

Camperdown, Lady Abinger, Gen. Sir Arnould B. Kemball, K.C.B., Sir Henry Irving, Mrs. Keeley, Mr. Hayden-Coffin, Mr. Sant, R.A., Mr. Faed, R.A., Mr. Bret Harte, Mr. Clifford Harrison, Miss Marie Corelli, Mr. Jerome K. Jerome (Editor of the Idler), Mr. Reader Harris, Q.C., the Rev. H. M. Webb-Peploe, Rev. H. E. G. Bevan, Rev. B. M. Kitson, Rev. H. R. Haweis, Rev. Dr. Hiles Hitchens, Rev. Dr. Joseph Parker, Rev. Dr. Newman Hall, Lord Henry Bentinck, M.P., Col. Lockwood, M.P., Hon. Philip Stanhope, M.P., Mr. Swift MacNeill, M.P., Mr. Justin McCarthy, M.P., Mr. Geo. W. E. Russell, Mr. Channing, M.P., Mr. Samuel Smith, M.P., Mr. John B is, M.P., Mr. Bernard Shaw (the well-known critic), Surgeon-Genl. Thornton, C.B.,SurgeonGenl. Gordon, C.B., Surgeon-Genl. Reade, C.B., and many other peers, members of Parliament, guardians, vestrymen, London county councillors, clergymen, doctors, and influential people of all ranks. The memorial was presented at the Home Office on Monday. February 15th, its dimensions being so great that a large 'bus had to be chartered for its conveyance.

Our Amateur Photography Competition. The entries for the March competition, which closed on the morning of the 12th, were numerous and of so good a class that the Editor, in his capacity as judge, found

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“Purley

Mrs. Downing-Fullerton, landscape,
Village, Berks.," 55., a most attractive study.

Mrs. Masefield, 25. 6d., for an interesting photograph

himself once again in a considerable difficulty. We offered a prize of half a guinea for the best animal study or landscape study. Many new entrants put in an appearance; many former competitors appear to have relinquished in despair the

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hope of ever being successful. There is

AFTER THE TOIL OF DAY IS OVER. a great difference to be observed in the character of the entries, some of them

of “Heart of Oak,” the properly of the working-man are very amateurish, and give one the

who stands beside and who rules his fine and honest impression of a tract

of country, beast by kind and gentle treatment. covering an area of a mile or two brought

The Rev. H. 7. Blake, Quailey Rectory, near into one-and-ahalf or two inches square, with field the size of a postage stamp, and COW or horse or flock of sheep looking like blurred specks. Others sent us very large studies indeed. We prefer a study somewhat the size of a cabinet photograph, though we can always reduce the larger prints. Silver prints reproduce much better than platinotypes or bromides. I nstead of giving one prize of half

CATTLE IN BOLTON Woods. a guinea, we have decided to allot five prizes, as follows :- Andover, 2s. 6d., for a typical country scene capitally

Mr. R. W. Copeman, Henstridge, Blandford, produced, " After the Toil of Day is over." Dorset, 75. 6d., for his very picturesque study, “The Mr. W. Fisher, Offord Road, Burnley, 2s. 6d., for Path to the Mill."

his striking photograph, “ Cattle in Bolton Woods."

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a

SPARROW

AND

> “ Trial by Jury” amongst Birds. It is common knowledge among ornitholo

Even the scouts, although hovering about in gists that trial by jury is not unknown all directions, were so deeply absorbed in the among certain families of birds.

For a good judicial proceedings that they failed to notice example of the feathered trial by jury, we need the uninvited visitor. After a short time, the go no further away than the Shetlands.

manner of the accused was seen suddenly to THE CROW JURY.

change. His head bowed, his wings drooped, In those islands, a regular assembly of crows

and he cawed faintly, as though imploring of the hooded kind takes place at certain

mercy. But there was no mercy: he could intervals. It seems to be composed of deputa.

not appeal to the Queen for mitigation of tions from different districts; and the testimony

sentence; his doom had been pronounced, and of close and unromantic observers goes to

was irrevocable. The inner circle closed in show that all business is abstained from until upon him, pecked him to pieces in a few the convocation is complete ; so that early

moments, and left nothing but a mangled comers have now and again to wait a day or

carcase. Justice having been satisfied, the even two for the arrival of the more belated assembly set up a tremendous screaming, and deputies. A particular hill or field suitable for dispersed, some seeking the adjacent rookery, the impending momentous work is selected,

and others—by far the greatest number-Aying and when everything is ready the court opens

away across the fields. in a formal manner. The criminal or criminals

These singular exhibitions are not confined are produced at the bar ; but what may be the

to rooks. We hear of them among ravens and exact nature of the offence charged against him

sparrows in our own land, among storks on the or them, of course, the purblind human

Continent, and among flamingoes in India. spectator cannot divine. The charge is not

MARTIN JUSTICE. made individually, nor is the evidence given Sparrows, it would seem, are creatures too by separate witnesses ; but a general croaking volatile to submit to all the formalities prac. and clamour is collectively raised, and the tised by some other birds; but they “ get there judgment delivered, apparently, by the whole all the same." A small punitive force of five court, which is in this respect like an or six birds deputed for the purpose pounces assemblage of women, where all speak at once upon an offender, and belabours him for the and where everyone hears what is said by space of a few minutes, at the same time uttereveryone else.

As soon as the sentence is ing a most violent clamour-no doubt to express given, the entire court,“ judges, barristers, their unbounded indignation. Father Bougeant ushers, audience and all,” fall upon prisoners tells an amusing story of bird vengeance in at the bar and beat them until they kill them. which a sparrow figured. This sparrow found Directly the execution is over, the court breaks a martin's nest, newly built, and straightway up, and all the members go their several ways. appropriated it. The owner called for help to Who shall say what the offence has been ? expel him, and an unnumbered crew of martins Was it murder under revolting circumstances, answered the call. But the intruder was in or did the rooks' sense of justice demand this the nest, and so was covered on every side, extreme penalty of the law for what we regard and, presenting only his beak, was really in. as a trilling peccadillo, which would be vulnerable. He made the bolder of those that adequately punished by three months' hard approached too near regret their temerity. labour ? Possibly it was theft. Rooks are The fight endured for a quarter of an hour, addicted to pilfering, and if the robbery be when the siege was raised, and the martins detected-as it seems invariably to be—the disappeared. in a few moments, however, offender is punished by his elders.

they returned, and, each having procured a JURY.

little of that tempered earth with which they A case reported not long ago by the Rev.

make their nests, they all at once fell upon the Dr. Cox affords another illustration of crow

sparrow, and inclosed him in the nest to perish justice. This gentleman was riding along a

there. Thus was justice done to the thief. quiet road near Norwich when he was startled by sounds of an extraordinary commotion If we may draw an inference from the cases among the inhabitants of an adjacent rookery. in which ravens figure, these birds follow the He left his horse tied to a gate, and crawled same code as the rooks; and we have a for a hundred feet or so to a gap in the hedge Hamingo anecdote on the authority of a Bengal of a green field, which afforded him an oppor. missionary. This gentleman was sailing in tunity of investigating the proceedings. He his boat up the Hooghly, when his attention found that a trial by jury was going on. was attracted to a large congregation of According to his account of the occurrence, Hamingoes in a field some little distance away. the criminal rook at first appeared very“ perky He hid himself behind a tree to investigate. and jaunty," although encircled by fifty of his After much clamour, they resolved themselves fellows, who were evidently indignant and into a circle, in the centre of which was one assailed by the incessantly vehement cawing of their number, who did not of an outer ring numbering many hundreds, appreciate the prominence accorded to him. each and all showing even greater indignation There was the customary amount of screeching than was displayed by the select number. bird oratory, after which all the birds fell

A

ROOK

RAVENS AND FLAMINGOES.

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