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miscreant is the object of execration to every man who dares to think for himself. Oh! if such a reptile is allowed to annoy his country with impunity, if such a bad man shall have it in his power to do deeds of oppression which make humanity shudder, what avails the parade of laws, where is the Constitution so of. ten vaunted, the freedom of the subject, the boasted liberty of the British nation? “ It is when basking in the sun-shine of unmerited fortune, (says Burke,) that low, sordid, ungenerous and reptile souls swell with their hoard. ed poisons; it is then that they display their odious splendour, and shine out in the full lustre of their native villainy and baseness!”

In Louth, we stopped at Dundalk, a considerable market town, consisting of one long street. The crowd was as great as if there had been the execution of some great criminal. The whole appeared more like a fair than a market; but had no resemblance to that rural sport which the French call fete. The last town of any consequence we traversed was Drogheda, situated on the river Boyne. This is an antiquated town, exhibiting many interesting objects, which I had not time to visit in detail. Drogheda was taken and re-taken several times, and particularly by Oliver Cromwell, who put all the inhabitants to the sword. Near the Boyne was fought the celebrated battle so fatal to James II. We arrived at Dublin early in the evening, and I put up at the Moira in Sackville street.

Dr. M‘Cabe, a young Irishman with whom I travelled from Belfast, having requested me to accompany him to a public masquerade, I went in the humble dress in which I had walked through the Highlands. In fact, I had sent my trunk from Edinburgh to my banker at Liverpool, and I did not think it worth while to imitate Briggs in Cecilia, that is, change clothes with some fellow even shabbier than myself! The novelty of the scene, and the bounding vivacity of the motley throng, were very amusing. Lord and Countess Talbot were pointed out to me; the latter was glittering in a harness of diamonds. The rapid succession of figures, the variety of masks' and dresses, the ludicrous mixture of groups, and the incon

gruity of manner and language, afforded the - successive pleasures of novelty. Soon the

rooms were crowded with the motley throng, : and the masqueraders appeared in constant employment. “After squeezing myself incog. through a phalanx of conjurers, shepherdesses, fauns, oyster-wenches and Circassians, I hurried into a corner, where I hoped to look on in quiet. I found myself near a Spaniard, elegantly attired and resplendent with jewels; but he exhaled so powerful an odour of musk, and smelt so rankly sweet, that I was nearly suffocated. Indeed I have always had a particular aversion to a perfumed fop:

" His odoriferous attempts to please,
Perhaps might prosper with a swarm of bees!"

66 this is

Having walked off from Don Musk, who recalled to mind the pastillos olens Rufillus of Horace, I got a seat in a snug recess, where I enjoyed the animated prospect, which every moment gave me additional subjects of amuse

As I gazed on the throng, busy in tri. fles, the fancy dresses of no meaning and the total want of consistency, I exclaimed to my friend who joined me in my corner, the progress and issue of human wishes! nursed by the merest trifles, they are kindled by a spark from fancy, and are fed upon the vapour of fashion-till they consume the substance which they inflame, and poor mistaken man, with his hopes, his guilty passions and desires, sinks into a worthless heap of embers and ash

This is really a fine time to moralize, observed M'Cabe;" cur in theatrum, Cato severe, venisti?We were interrupted by the appearance of an elegant Niobe, who did not, however, appear to be “ all tears.” both struck with the beautiful form, the

graceful demeanour and splendid dress of this airy figure. She walked into the next room, where I pursued her as she made her way through a long vista of dominos. At length, she sate down on a sofa, where I followed her, and gazed at her unperceived. Thinking that she was no longer the object of attention, she removed her mask, and displayed one of the loveliest faces I ever beheld: at length, said I, there is

es.

We were

"No veil to curtain o'er her beauteous brow,
In its young basbfulness more beauteous now!"

Her eyes and hair were of the glossiest black; in her cheeks the lily and the rose appeared to contend for supremacy, and her face was one of those that limbers would gaze on as a model of perfections, and such as “ youthful poets fancy then they love." But

did not long enjoy this beautiful sight; for Niobe soon veiled her charming face, rose from her seat and mixed with the giddy, thoughtless tribe.

Late in the evening, we proceeded to the apartment fitted up for refreshments, where I partook of a collation which I did not think superfluous, after the pleasant agitations of the evening

LETTER XXVIII.

Haud pigebit referre in illis prætentata crimina; ut quibus initiis quantâ arte gravissimum exitium irrepserit, dein repressum sit, postremo arserit cunctaque corripuerit noscatur.

TACITUS,

Dublin, June 9, 1819, ONE of the early names of this city, (for it has been distinguished by several,) was Auliana, from Auliana, daughter of Alpinus, who was drowned in the Liffey. In the reign of Antoninus Pius, Ptolemy, a writer of celebrity, called it Eblana, or Dublana Civitas. It is

probable that the Dublani were the ancient natives

VOL. I

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but it is not known from what country this colony came. Ireland was never subject to the Roman power; which, by the way, was no advantage to it-as those conquerors were, at the same time, the civilizers of the world. Henry II. of England, having obtained from pope Adrian, a bull, authorising him to take possession of Ireland, in 1167 this country was invaded by the English. A favourable opporstunity presented itself to Henry, to put his designs in execution. Dermot MʻMurrough, King of Leinster, being expelled from his dominions, on account of

his enormities, applied to the English monarch, then in France, for protection and assistance, promising subjection to him during life. A letter patent was granted him; being a general license to all the English, to aid Dermot in the recovery of his kingdom; the latter was victorious, but died soon afterwards. In 1172, Henry II. landed at Waterford; he then proceeded to Dublin, and took possession of the government. The country was parcelled out among a few greedy English adventurers-it was their chief care to exterminate the natives, whose feuds and rebellions prevented every attempt at civilization. Thus Ireland was not perfectly submitted to the crown of England, either by conquest or otherwise, till the vigorous administration of queen Elizabeth quashed the last hopes of Irish independence.

After the revolution in 1688, James II. arrived in Dublin, where he conducted himself

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