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hastened to this city, and entirely discomfited the assassins, whom he drove from his country.
The citizens took an active part in the cause i of William III.; for which service his Majes
ty enacted, “that the city of Glasgow and town council thereof, shall have power to choose their own magistrates,” &c. This city suffered a great deal from the unsuccessful rebellion of 745. The expense incurred by the payment of contributions, and raising two battalions for prince Charles, was 14,000 pounds.
An extensive and increasing trade with the United States and the West Indies, gives a great mercantile preponderance to Glasgow, which now supports an immense fabric of commercial prosperity. In contemplating the busy crowd, my imagination recurred to the cities in the Arabian Nights, where all the in habitants were enchanted: here, said I, commerce is the fairy that mantles the senses, or intoxicates them with the Lethean draught from her golden cup! The city is swarmed with manufactories, which, by the way, do not much contribute to the morality of its inhabitants. I have visited several of these establishments, particularly Thomson's cotton manufactory, and had the advantage of seeing
the “ ab ovo usque ad mala.” The first is cleaning the crude cotton of its filth; it is then carded and drawn into threads. There are 518 workmen, who are paid by the piece and not by the day--the lassies work as well and as dexterously as the mens but I felt a
sense of melancholy come over me, when I was informed of the abandoned state of their morals. I have been informed that most of the girls in the factories spend the night in the most abject prostitution. The wee fellows at the establishment I have been describing, are paid by the day, and appear as busy as if they did all the work themselves! The whirling noise and endless motion of the machinery, the incessant labour and horrid medley of noises, with the eternal blaze of fire, made me think of Dante's Inferno, and the idea made me shudder with horror. The machinery is kept a going by a steam-engine, the power of which is equal to 80 horses! I felt as if
throat wanted sweeping like an English chimney! I was sickened with the whirling of wheels, the «clatter of presses, and the hot atmosphere in which I had been stewing. I have been assured that the workmen in the manufactories become an early prey to diseases induced by unremitting labour, by inhaling the corroding particles of dust, and by confinement in the loathsome atmosphere of a crowded room; or, if they, hy a rare chance, live" to scratch old heads," they grow up without morals, without religion, and without a gleam of hope irradiating the dark vista of life, and they bring forth children, who will have to go through the same round of misery-If the women escape prostitution, they marry without any expectations of bettering their condition, and with every prospect of happiness gradually closing around them.
Glasgow is a perfect bee-hive in point of industry; immediately on entering it, I was sensible that I was in a commercial city. Its bustle, activity and noise put me in mind of Amsterdam. The numerous porters ready to carry packages, the busy look of every person in the streets, and that undandy-like appearance so nearly allied to manual industry and moneymaking occupations, soon convinced me that I was out of the sphere of pedantic Edinburgh, or the indolent Highlands. The Exchange is the theatre of mercantile bustle, and is the arena where, it seems, all sort of vulgarity, illmanners, and total disregard to courtesy is displayed. Such cachinni! such cursing! such peels of discord! and such a grotesque assem. blage never, I believe, were witnessed before. The jargon which assailed my ears appeared to me a perfect “Babylonish dialect!" If Edinburgh crawls with the vermin of the law, Glasgow swarms with knights of the ledger. But while the former are the most nauseous members of society, the latter add to the prosperity and truest glory of their country. The merchant sends his ships to every region of the habitable globe, and receives in return the richest products of every quarter of the world; and the great manufacturer, (although an indirect cause of the depraved morals of the lower orders,) subdues the elements to his use, and by his skilful speculations, encourages the arts and sciences, and gives life and activity to various branches of the community.
After visiting the manufactories, where I was for hours stewing in their steam-heated atmosphere, my eyes inflamed by the particles of cotton flying about, and my ears dingling with the eternal rock of wheels, the melodious buzz of spindles, and the roaring of the workmen;--I with pleasure strolled into a precious breathing place, very appropriately called the Green: A gravel walk completely surrounds it, and to the north it is overshadowed by trees, which produce a most agreeable effect. Nelson's high monument is pleasantly contrasted with the level lawn from which it rises. Soon after it was erected, its top was completely shattered by lightning, and its yawning fissure has the most picturesque effect. On the south the Clyde winds along, gliding smoothly between its elevated banks. Near its margin, is a public washing house; a great part of the green is covered with clothes; the soap-sud nymphs amuse themselves by giggling, tittering and ogling at the passers-by! They stand in an ocean of suds, which they churn with their feet; while their garments are tucked up above their knees, and their arms, frothed over with the snow-white foam, are employed in wringing the sheets, or agitating them in the water.*
* In the entertaining little poem called " The Clyde,” the fol. lowing lines are written, concerning the bleaching nymphs:
“ Here bare-foot beauties lightly trip along;
Having purchased tickets at two shillings each! we paid a visit to the Hunterian museum. The front entrance of this splendid repository, forms a Roman. Doric portico of six columns. The whole edifice is in the temple style, and is crowned with an elegant stone cupola. Excepting the valuable collection of Dr. Hunter, there are no extraordinary curiosities in this museum. I saw divers skeletons hung by the head," alligators stuffed," beasts with two heads, snakes suspended from the ceiling, jaws of sharks, starved weasels, et id genus omne! Among the paintings is a Danae, rather the worse for the wear. The College Gardens form a rich background of verdant lawns and gently waving trees. You will remember that it was in one of the walks of these gardens, that Frank and Rashļey Osbaldistone drew their swords on each other, when they were interrupted by Rob Roy.
My imagination was so filled with a beautiful passage in this exquisite novel, that I sallied out late at night, to see the bridge where
Her polish'd feet another nimbly plies,