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Sugar from 28. to 1 s. 6d. per 100 lbs.
Coffee from 3s. to 2s. 6d. per ditto.
Cocoa from 2 s. to 1s. 6d. per ditto.
Cotton from 4 s. to 3s. 6d. per ditto.

Cassada from 5s. to 4s. per barrel.

about

- £.

- £.

500

Fees.

Fees.

Fees.

None.

None.

500

100

100

900

None.

None.

200

None.

380

180

60

Fees on Shipping,

5,380

Fees on Shipping.

250

50

No stated Salary.

4,720

LETTER from G. W. Busteed. Esq. to His Excellency Lieutenant Colonel Bozon, &c. &c. &c.

100

None.
Fees.

160

400

Chief Secretary's Office, St. Lucia, 29th August 1831.

SIR, AS you will transmit by next mail to Lord Goderich, the Representation of three Privy Councillors, containing Statements, of which you can have no knowledge, it becomes my duty, as Chief Secretary, to draw your Excellency's attention to the subject, so that His Majesty's Government may not be led, for want of proper information, to draw erroneous conclusions from that Representation. As the document is a long one, I have numbered its paragraphs, and shall take them numerically as they demand explanation.

Paragraph No. 1, states distress to exist from increasing Taxation ;-how these gentlemen could make that assertion I cannot conceive, when Clause 4, in the Tax Schedule of 1830, embracing heavy taxes, was repealed in 1831, and when the following Reductions took place this year :

--

Personal slaves from 20s. to 10s. each, in

which reduction these gentlemen were directly interested. In the taxes for 1830, the foreign tonnage duty was reduced one half, and the transient and intercolonial duties were discontinued, and in neither of these years was there any increase of duty or taxation. With these facts appearing on the Council minutes, to which these gentlemen as Privy Councillors have at all times access, and which are so completely at variance with their Representation, your Excellency must be able to form an idea of the accuracy of the Statements of the three Privy Councillors, in the remaining parts of their Representation.

Paragraphs

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EXPENDITURE OF THE ISLAND OF ST. LUCIA.

7

Paragraphs No. 2 to No. 5, are irrelevant to my purpose, as they are conclusions drawn from general premises, which may or may not have operation, but regarding which Lord Goderich can labour under no want of information, and will of course draw his own conclusions.

Paragraph No. 6, states, that an oppressive Taxation, disproportioned to the extent of its population and the means of its inhabitants, is forced upon them, to support the Public Establishments. At the imposition of the taxes for 1831, those three Privy Councillors were the persons who imposed them.

Paragraph No. 7, complains that they are called upon to sanction a Taxation over which they have no control, and of the severity of the Provost Marshal in levying the taxes. As to the Council having no control over the expenditure of the money, I scarcely know an expenditure in which the Governor did not allow them to have a control, as the minutes of 1st March, 13th and 20th April, 8th November and 13th December 1830, 24th January, 8th and 29th March, 1st April and 30th June 1831, and transmitted home, bear ample illustration; and to show to your Excellency on what fallacious grounds that part of the statement referring to the Provost Marshal is made, I now transcribe Four Returns from that officer.

Paragraph No. 8, states the Money paid into the Colonial chest in 1830, and placed at the disposal of the Governor, at £.18,026. 14. 1. sterling; the Blue Book for the Colony states the sun expended by the Governor, at £. 12,004. 8. 1 ., being £.526. 15.7. less than the amount of revenue received and credited to the Colony, which is £.12,531. 3. 8., which, according to the representation, leaves £. 5,495. 10. 4. received and unaccounted for, and, consequently, if their representation is correct, fraudulently appropriated by the Governor or Treasurer; and I believe the Treasurer's accounts as sent home, will fully exculpate the Governor from any knowledge of its misapplication, but it certainly is a circumstance which calls for the most minute inquiry and examination.

Paragraph No.9, represents the total effective Slaves at 4,500; and had the Privy Councillors referred to the Tax Ordinance, they would find that effective slaves are alone subject to taxation, but a reference to the Registrar of Slaves Returns will show the fallacy of that

statement.

Paragraph No. 11, seeks Aid from His Majesty's Government; how far such is necessary, from the arguments adduced by the three Privy Councillors, must be for the consideration of the Secretary of State.

Paragraph No. 12, refers to the state of Taxation in St. Vincent and Barbadoes, which the Secretary of State has in its most correct shape through the Blue Books of these islands. Paragraphs Nos. 13 & 14; in seeking relief according to a Plan annexed, accompanies it with a Comparative Statement of the Salaries paid at present, as compared to those which were paid the Public Officers in 1824; and as this Plan and Comparative Statement are as erroneous as the Representation, I shall separately observe upon them, for your Excellency's information.

NAMES of DEFAULTERS.

V. Vitalis

M. M'Diarmed

(signed)

STATEMENTS referred to in Paragraph, No. 7.

A RETURN of the Number of SLAVES seized upon Defaulters, for Taxes due to Government, and sold under Execution, from the 22d May 1830, the day on which the Provost Marshal's Office commenced its duties, to the 27th August 1831.

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Joseph Felix

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NAMES of DEFAULTERS.

I have, &c.

Geo. Washington Busteed,

DATE of SALE.

2 October 1830

29 January 1831

Chief Secretary.

Males. Females.

No. 2.-RETURN of the Number of HOUSES seized upon Defaulters, for Taxes, and

sold under Execution, during the above periods.

DATE of SALE.

SLAVES:

1 March 1831

TOTAL

2

No. of Houses.

No. 3.-RETURN of TAXES due by DEFAULTERS, and of SUMS received on account thereof.

YEAR 1831,

The Governor
First President
Attorney-General

Seneschal

Procureur du Roi

Amount of Taxes due by Defaulters for 1829, as per
List given to be levied

Amount of ditto for 1830

Quarter of Gros Het for 1827 and 1828

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Deduct

Sums received from Defaulters for the periods above
stated, and paid into the Treasury

Due by Defaulters

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Of the officers to be dispensed with, I concur with these gentlemen, that not only the Procureur du Roi, the Advocate General, and the Lieutenant Seneschal, are unnecessary, but many others besides; but the state of laws in this island six years ago, proves the fallacy of dispensing with the First President; no Colony under His Majesty's Government, requires an able English lawyer, in the character of a Chief Judge, more than St. Lucia.

With respect to the Scale of Salaries, it is not required of me to make any observation, that being a matter for the consideration of His Majesty's Government; there are, however, a few of them to which I shall cursorily refer. The Assistant Protectors of Slaves are put down at £.50 a year, less than a common constable; what respectable individual would take the office at £. 50. The evident object is to do away with that office, and throw every obstruction in the way of slave complaints. The Treasurer is under-rated; exclusive of £.560 per annum, he has 5 per cent on the condemned slave fund; and by a Letter which goes home by this mail, it appears he also draws 5 per cent on the parish and parochial taxes, though I am not aware by what authority he does so, which he averages at £.60 per annum; his salary would therefore be nearer £.700 than £.560; it is, however, a solitary instance of their liberality. The Government Printers are put down at £.300, though they well know they are guaranteed £.450; which sum is inadequate to meet the heavy expense caused by the great accumulation of work attached by the Privy Council (these three gentlemen) in their Minute of 30th May last. The Harbour Master, as in Grenada, £.150; but the want of candour evinced in not stating, that in Grenada that officer has large fees, and that here he has none, will at once manifest itself to the Secretary of State.

The abolition of Mr. Hugh Stuart's Pension is proposed, but I cannot say how far it would be borne out as a matter of equity, justice or fair dealing, towards that gentleman; and as to the Interpreter, I believe that officer would be very glad to be put on the former footing, of payment by fees for work performed.

Salaries in Salaries
1851, as per as they
Statement of actually exist
Honourables
M. Jackson,

D. Ferguson,
P. Muter,
of the
1st Instant.

by the
Records
of
the Chief
Secretary's
Office.

STATEMENT of PUBLIC OFFICERS, and SALARIES attached to them, as represented by Three Privy Councillors; with Remarks.—29 August 1831.

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Compared

with

1824.

£.

of the 1st Inst.
herewith
transmitted.

£.

Salaries of

1824, as per
Statement of
Honourables
M. Jackson,

D. Ferguson, they actually

and P. Muter,

existed.

£. 1,500 none 500

fees

fees

As

Livres. Sols. Drs.

84,295 12 114,036

17,283 10

215,615 2

fees

fees

75,274 12

140,340 10

£. 1,500 none

£.425. 11.

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Salaries

as they
actually exist
by
the Records
of
the Chief
Secretary's
Office.

£.

fees

none

none

.600

100

150

900

150

125

200

200

380

180

325

Paid out of the proceeds of the Customs duties.

*750

50

200

100

150

fees

Compared

with

540

In 1830 amounted to £.50

1824.

£.

Salaries of

1824, as per
Statement of
Honourables
M. Jackson,

D. Ferguson, they actually

and P. Muter,

of the 1st Inst.

existed.

herewith transmitted

£. fees

none

none

500

100

100

900

none

none

200

380

180

fees on shipping

fees on shipping

250

50

Has also 5 per cent. on condemned slaves fund, and on parochial and parish assessments.

450

131

The printing work increased con-
siderably after the arrival of the

about £.60
First President; for the year 1828 it amounted to 509l., in 1829 to 520 l., in
a part of 1830 to 5097.; but in consequence of taking away the office from
Mr. Allard there was no printing work done, and 657. was paid for writing
public notices; and exclusive of these sums, large sums were paid by the public,
all which is included in the 450 l., besides newspapers; it has consequently been
considered that 450l. per annum for all the printing work in the Colony would
be a fair allowance.

100

none

fees

160

As

fees

400

none

none

Salary & fees
£. 1,298

Fees.

£. 136. 8. £.191. 12. 6.

£. 680

none

none

150

380

180

[no stated (no stated
salary salary

fees on shipping

fees on shipping

270

50

100

none

fees

180

160

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-The salary of 200l. was granted by the Governor in Council in 1830, for all public translations, and in consequence of the heavy expense the Colony was then at for such translations.

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66

-No. 2.

DESPATCH from Lord Viscount Goderich, to the Officer administering the Government of St. Lucia.

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SIR,

Downing-street, 5th November 1831.

I HAVE received Lieut. Colonel Bozon's Despatch of the 19th of August last, containing a Representation from three Members of the Privy Council at St. Lucia, respecting the Taxation and Expenditure of the Colony; accompanied by a communication from the Chief Secretary of the Government, exhibiting a Comparison between the Statements of the Members of Council, and the Blue Books of the years in question.

Many of the inaccuracies into which they have been betrayed, are pointed out by the Chief Secretary, whilst others do not appear to have been within the knowledge of that officer. Thus it is said, that what has been done for the improvement of the condition of the Slaves, has necessarily augmented the expenditure of the plantations, while the crops have considerably decreased. On reference to the returns of Sugar exported from St. Lucia, before and after the New Slave Law came into operation, it will be found, that there has been no decrease, but on the contrary a considerable increase of production, the annual Exports being as follows: For the three years preceding 1824, 78,474, for the three years following 1824, 87,410. Neither is it correct to state that the St. Lucia Planter is compelled to draw his stores from the Mother Country; he is at liberty to draw them from other countries where they are produced, provided they be conveyed in the ships of those countries, or in British ships. In point of fact the Planter draws his stores hence, for the same reason which is admitted to actuate him in sending his produce hither; that reason being simply, that it is his most advantageous market both for buying and selling.

The most effective service which the Members of the Colonial Council can render to the Colony, and to His Majesty's Government, is by affording their assistance in watching and controlling the expenditure of the public money, and there is no service which His Majesty's Government are more desirous to receive from them. It is intended, when a new commission shall be issued for the appointment of a Governor, to succeed the late Major General Mackie, to make such alterations in the constitution of the Council, as shall give every proper authority for the exercise of financial control by that body. It is therefore with the more regret I observe, that the present Representation, signed by three of the Members of Council, is, although deserving of attention in some particulars, marked in general by a degree of inaccuracy, which, if admitted into their future statements, must detract from the value which His Majesty's Government have been prepared to attach to their opinions.

It is alledged, that to meet an excessive Taxation, the Planters "have in many instances seen with deep concern their slaves taken from them by the Marshal's men, and sold at a great sacrifice in a distant quarter, whilst the lower classes "have their houses seized upon and disposed of." By the Return which the Secretary has furnished, it appears, that from the institution of the Marshal's office on the 22d May 1830, till 27th August 1831, there were but two slaves and one house seized and sold under execution for taxes. The assertion, that the Taxation of the Colony is daily increasing, is met by a reference to the Tax Ordinance of 1831, by which it appears, that material reductions were made in the assessments upon sugar, coffee, cocoa, cotton, cassada, and personal slaves; whilst in the Ordinance of the previous year, the foreign tonnage duty was reduced, and the transient and intercolonial duties repealed, and in neither of these years was there any increase upon any duty or item of taxation. As these Ordinances were passed with the consent of the Council, it was the less to be expected that three members of that body could be so incorrectly informed, as to describe that as an increasing taxation, which had been so recently and materially diminished. I presume that the statement of the sum paid into the Colonial chest for the past year, having been £. 18,026. 148. 1 d. sterling, is equally incorrect, since it is, as Mr. Busteed observes, at variance with the Blue Book returns, which state £. 12,531. 38. 8 d. to have been the sum received into the Colonial chest, and £. 12,004. 8s. 1 d. the sum disbursed. The Members of Council, in their subsequent Letter to me of 29th August, have corrected their Statement in some particulars, but their correction

only

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