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Whitbread, in a manner most unbecoming his station, connections, and character, inserted in the public Newspapers the following passage, signed with his name : addressed indeed nominally, with dissembled respect, to me; but intended as a political Electioneering Manæuvre against you.

“ I do not perceive in your present Address (says Mr. Whitbread) any allusion to an opinion promul

gated by you on the late Election for Westminster, “ which is- That a person bolding an Office under the Crown, however otherwise estimable, cannot at

any time become the fil Representative of a free, uncorrupt, and independent People."---If such opinion be founded in truth, which (continues Mr. Whitbread) " I utterly deny, a law ought to be passed to exclude o all the executive servants of Government from seats “ in either House of Parliament. I have not heard, “ that it was in the contemplation of any one to

propose such a measure : and, if proposed, I am

sure it would meet with resistance from all descrip« tions of persons, who have the power or the will to “ reason upon its consequences. The people, by " the acceptance of your doctrine, would reduce « themselves to the hard neceflity of being governed “ by the worst of mankind."- These, Mr. Whitbread's sentiments, have likewise been recently paraded by Mr. Windham, Secretary of State ; by Mr. Tierney, Chairman of the Board of Controui ; by Mr. Sheridan, Treasurer of the Navy; and are now held, I presume, as the political creed of th whole party.-Gentlemen ; In that act of parliament

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(12 and 13 Will. 3.) which gave the throne of these kingdoms to his present Majesty, and his family, intitled " An Act for the further limitation of the “ Crown, and better securing the Rights and Liber“ ties of the Subject,”-it was wisely and honestly thus enacted" That no person, who has an office or place of profit under the King, or receives

a pension from the Crown, shall be capable of

serving as a Member of the House of Commons." -Bur Mr. Whitbread, it seems, never heard of this provision—" for better securing the Rights and “ Liberties of the Subject.” And because, after a melancholy experience of the necessity of such a provision, which our honest ancestors only foresaw, I maintain the opinion of those from whom his Majesty holds his Crown, I am represented, by these best of Patriots, as an enemy to the Constitution, and by some of their place-holding and place-hunting Party, as a traitor to my country. The worst of traitors to their country are those who eat up its resources. Mr. Whitbread's judgment upon us who hold this opinion, is indeed something milder : he only concludes us to be either fools or rogues,“ either we have not the power or the will to reason upon

its consequences."'-I have reason to believe, that Mr. Whitbread himself possesses both the will and the power to obtain speedily a lucrative office under the crown, without much embarrassing himself with its consequences to the Public.-Genclemen; When the last additional Taxes for the present year were lately imposed upon the People by these best of Patriots, it was undisguisedly and tran


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quilly acknowledged by them, without the least compunction, or commiseration of the People, that the necessary effect of these taxes would be, to drive the inhabitants of a house into lodgings, and the lodgers of the first foor into the second. Here indeed they stopped ; Icaving us to complete the miserable picture of national calamity ; viz. that the lodgers of the second floor must mount up into the garret, the garreteer descend into the cellar; whose former wretched inhabitant muft be thrust out upon the pavement, and from thence transferred to the workhouse or the grave. And this process is to be repeated toties quoties ;-so that the best provided amongst us cannot tell where himself and his family may be found at last. This is a hard le son for Englishmen to hear: It is harder still to hear it enforced from the mouths of those, who themselves are all the while creeping forward from their original garrets into palaces. Such unfeeling insult as this would never have taken place but amidst placemen and pensioners. Had they been really the Representatives of the People, they would have felt something for the Peoplc; and, instead of incessantly calling for fresh sacrifices, and telling us gaily that we must “retrench even part of our necessaries,” they would surely now at last have held out to us some prospect of consolation and redress; they would no longer continue to gorge upon the vitals of their country, but would think themselves too well off, if they were not justly compelled to disgorge their past infamous swallowings. Gentlemen ;-In becoming a Candidate at the late Election for your county, I do acknowledge, that I rather cought a Public, than a seat in Parliament. I sought for, and have found, amongst you, Freeholders who would vote for themselves, and not for any Candidate,--who would not give their votes as a favour conferred, but as a sacred trust reposed in an honest man, to enable him to stem the torrent against these venal Coalition Whigs, who are, by their own avowal, hunting the People of this country from the second floor to the garret.-That this. system of corruption and oppression may cease, is the only ardent wish, and, in spite of every calumny, shall ever be the constant and unremitting endeavour of, Gentlemen, your most obedient and respectful humble Servant,




BURDETT (See p. 321.)

Letter the Firs. Dear Sir, It was not till Monday I first saw, in Lincolufire, your letter to Sir F. Burdett, bearing date the 5th of this month; since which, until the present moment, I have not had time to express the sentiments to which it gave rise. Being of opinion, that not only the provocation given by the Baronet to your political party, but the retort it has produced, have tendencies injurious to that country which beth, I am sure, sincerely desire to serve, I

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shall exercise that fragment of liberty, which is almost all that remains to us, to state to you the grounds of my opinion. I lament the conduct of both, and I hope both will hear me with patience and candour.-When the calamitous, and, as I must ever call it, the pernicious ministry of Mr. Pitt, was succeeded by a ministry of which Mr. Fox was the inspiring soul, the hope, the expectation, the confident trust of English patriotism was, that the day was then near at hand when the political liberty which it was the wish of his grand mind might bless his species “all over the world” should at least be fully restored in England. If, Sir, month after month was seen to elapse, without any intimation being given of intended measures to that end; if those months were not distinguished by proceedings to indicate a different system of Administration from that which had brought upon us the heaviest calamities and the greatest dangers; that which had actually confiscated a part of our estates, by the operation called “ selling the Land Tax,” and which had, for aught we could discover to the contrary, also conveyed the remainder of our property to the King's Exchequer, to be paid in, whenever it should be voted by a House of Commons which did not represent the people; if, Sir, this was our situation, could it surprise a gentleman, with whom I had, some years ago, the honour of belonging to the Society of the Friends of the People, associated for a reformation of parliament, that a man of Sir F. Burdett's acuteness of feeling, in whatever regards the freedom of his country,


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