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solved to confine the privilege of addressing the Freeholders to the Candidates, I have no other opportunity of noticing them, than through the medium of the Press.--I am aware, that the terın libeller is equivocal, and I am anxious to know in what sense you have applied it to me.--It is well known, that, according to the law of England, truth may be a libel; and, if your charge be intended merely to impute to me what is libellous in point of law, I beg you to remember, that the conduct of some men is of such a nature, that it is impossible to comment freely upon it, without being chargeable with a libel, in the legal sense of the term. But the expression, libellous, frequently involves a charge of calumny; and it is an apprehension that you may have used it in this sense, which induces me, for the reason above stated, now to address you.--It has fallen to my lot, Sir, to have animadverted, more perhaps than any other individual, on your public conduct; and particularly on your calumnies, with regard to the Prison in Cold-Bath-Fields; and on the atrocious proceedings which were resorted to at the Elections in 1802 and 1804, to procure your return as a Representative for the County of Middlesex; and befides what I have thus published with my name, candour requires me, on this occasion, to avow the anonymous Pamphlet, which appeared soon after the last Middlesex Election, under the title of “ An Address to the Freeholders of Middlesex, by an attentive Observer, &c.” But in this, as well as my other publications on the above subjects, I took

the

the utmost pains to avoid the fightest inaccuracy; and had I been capable of wilful misrepresentation, I should have pursued the same course; for the truth did not want, and indeed could not receive, any higher colouring, than belonged to it in its native garb. But as you, Sir, have thought proper publicly to represent me as a libeller, I am impelled, in justice to the cause of loyalty and order, which I have endeavoured, to the utmost of my ability, to defend, to challenge you to disprove any of the charges which I have advanced against you.

I am, Sir, &c.

JOHN BOWLES.
Bloomsbury-square, Nov. 26. 1806.

A Freebolder's Letter to the Freeholders of

Middlesex. Gentlemen; Sir F. Burdett, in his speech of yesterday, began with observing, that the displeasure expressed by certain persons, at some parts of his speech of the day before, proved that he had touched those persons in a sore place. He immediately afterwards proceeded to comment upon an advertisement which appeared this morning in the public Papers; and by the displeasure which he expressed at that advertisement, he proved, according to the rule he had just before laid down, that it touched him in a sore place. The part which seemed chiefly to make him writhe, was that which contained the expression “ Jacobin Faction;" on which he expatiated with much warmth, and with personal abuse of some Gentlemen, who doubtless think it an honour to be abused by him. If he had not professed to be ignorant of the meaning of the term, “ Jacobin Faction,” the anger which it seemed to excite in his breast would have led any one to believe, that his conscience had made a most feeling application of that term. To enlighten him however, upon so important a subject, it may not be amis to inform him, that the term in question implies a Faction, which endangers the very existence of Government, and of social order, by inflaming the passions of the multitude, by promoting a spirit of insubordination, by stimulating the lower orders against the higher, the poor against the rich, and the profligate against the law, the magistrates and the prisons; a faction which, if it should succeed, by such means, to acquire an ascendancy, would tyrannise, with despotic sway, over those deluded mortals whom it had made the stalking-horse of its ambition ; and which has, therefore, most justly been described “as a desperate faction, not less hostile to the people whom it flatters, than to the throne which it seeks to subvert.” Such a faction lately succeeded, by such means, in overthrowing the monarchy of France, and in establishing, upon

its ruins, a despotism more galling than the world had ever before known. Such a faction lately attempted to overthrow the monarchy of England; and, by the means of Corresponding Societies, and Jacobin Clubs, was in a fair way of effecting its purpose, until its real designs were unmasked and frustrated by

the

the detection of Sir F. Burdett's quondam friends, the O'Coigleys, the O'Connors, and the Despards ! Let Sir Francis recollect the schemes of these miscreants, and their abettors, and he will be no lon- . ger at a loss to understand the meaning of the term « Jacobin Faction.” I am, &c.

A FREEHOLDER,

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1197

SIXTEENTH AND LAST DAY.

Thursday, November 27. At the Final Close of the Poll, the numbers were, for William Mellish, Esq.

3213 George Byng, Esq.

2304 Sir Francis Burdett The Sheriff then came forward, and formally declared, that William Mellish, Esq. and George Byng, Esq. were duly elected. This declaration was followed by a mixture of applause and disapprobation. Sir W. GIBBONS moved the Thanks of the Freeholders to Messrs. Miles and Branscombe, which being seconded by Mr. Clifford, was carried without a dissentient voice.

Mr. Mellish took his place upon the Hustings, amidst the vociferations of his friends, and spoke as follows:-“ Gentlemen, I shall only say one word; I will not be long, I assure you---( The noise continued.) If you will not hear me, I shall make my bow, and retire. Gentlemen, I say, that proud I am, and proud I ought to be, of the trust you have

reposed

reposed in me.

The voice of the County has spo• ken so decidedly in my favour, that I Mall only say, that I am gratefully sensible of the honour the Freeholders have conferred upon me, and I will never desert their interests.” (A mixture of applause and disapprobation followed.)

Mr. Byng came forward amidst the prevailing hisses of the multitude, and finding it impossible to obtain a hearing, exclaimed---" I beg leave to return the Freeholders my best thanks for the honour they have done me this day,” and retired. (A Freeholder observed, that Mr. Byng had taken his last farewell of the County of Middlesex.)

Mr. Mellish was then conducted to an ornamented car, hung with blue drapery, and placed in his barouche, in which he was chaired round the Mara ket Place, and across the Butts, accompanied by his friends.

Mr. Byng followed next, in a chair decorated with laurel, and preceeded with orange and blue flags. He was carried over the same ground as Mr. Mellish, supported by his friends.---During this time,

Sir Francis BURDETT remained upon the hustings, and when the procession had passed away, he addressed the Freeholders to the following effect:_" Gentlemen ; So humble a man am I, though represented by many persons as of so lofty and aspiring a mind, that, even in my present circumstances, I do not at all envy the triumphant exit of the two Candidates who have just left you, now become your Members, but am quite satisfied and content with my own situation--Gentlemen; I

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