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and, Gentlemen, it must be a great comfort to you to think, that, when Mr. Mellish shall have found out the philosopher's stone, the Bank will resume its payments in cath.-Gentlemen; I hope that this success of Mr. Mellish will not tend, in any way, to retard him in his original pursuit; but, on the contrary, that this lucky discovery of his will only operate as a stimulus to his future exertions; because, I am persuaded, notwithstanding the slight opinion Mr. Mellish has been pleased to express of me, I am firmly persuaded, that there is no man more likely to find out the philosopher's stone than himself. Mr. Mellish has the goodness to inform me, and I thank him for it, that it was not of me, but of my principles, that he thought lightly.-Gentlemen ; This calls to my mind an historical fact I have read in a great poet. It is recorded by that great moral hiftorian, Ben Johnson, in his Alchymist, that this wise and learned man, this alchymist, after many years of severe labour and study in pursuits, like those of Mr. Mellish, after the philosopher's stone, did at length, towards the conclusion of his days, in his grey hairs, and his cheer days, make a discovery, not indeed of the philosopher's stone, but a discovery perhaps more useful to mankind; he discovered, Gentlemen, a cure for the itch. Now, Gentlemen, although Ben Johnson's Alchymist certainly will bear away the palm of the discovery, considered only in the point of utility,—yet, I must still be of opinion, that Mr. Mellish, in point of ingenuity, and novelty, and subtilty of thought, will, in the estimation at least of the learned few, maintain the


precedence,--and continue a long time their delight; --to please which few, such, for instance, as his profound and learned friend Mr. Bowles and his compeers, if, indeed, that Gentleman is not altogether peerless, which I shall not take upon me to determine-but certainly, it must be more glorious and honourable to Mr. MELLISH to please those learned few, than either to serve, or please, the Swin. ish Multitude, in general. - Gentlemen; It is an observation, not quite so novel as the discovery of Mr. MELLISH, that, in this our lot and condition of humanity no valuable thing can be obtained without considerable pains and labour. It is equally true that the pains and labour we bestow upon any object, in order to acquire it, is perhaps, the best criterion of the estimation in which we hold it. Gentlemen; I trust, then, that you will see, and that Mr. MELLISH will see, the high value I put upon his sentiments and opinions, if I could hear them, by the pains and labour that I have been at, in endeavouring to elicit a principle, or an opinion from him. But, Gentlemen, I begin to fear, that, unless I should be as much favoured by good fortune and inspiration, as he has been in making that wonderful discovery of the power of instilling unknown principles, into principles unknown, unless I should have the good fortune to discover some process of distillation, by which his principles, in spite of himself, may be distilled from him, I Mall at length, I believe, give up all such attempts in future in despair.-Gentlemen ; upon this point Mr. Mellish seems to be even more discreet and secret than the sapient lord Bur


LEY, in the Critic ;-he will not even afford us a Thake of the head.-Gentlemen; I shall only make one further observation, and take my leave of you. It is this; I am persuaded, that if Ministers had been but half as wise as Mr. Mellish,-had they known half as well how to keep an advantage, when obtained, Europe, would not, in all probability, have becn in the condition in which we now see it."

Mr. Mellish. “Gentlemen, I thank you for your support. If the worthy Baronet's speeches please you, I can have no objection to them.”


Monday, November 24.


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At the close of the poll, this day, the numbers were

William Mellish Esq.
George Byng Esq.

Sir Francis Burdett

901 Mr. Byng made his accustomed bow, and retired, amidst the uproar and laughter of the crowd.

Sir FRANCIS BURDETT.-Gentlemen; After the very honourable exertion which the independent interest of the County has made this day in its own and my behalf, I cannot refrain from returning them my thanks, at the same time that I must lay in that claim of credit to them which I did upon a former occasion, when I stated, what every one must be aware of, that tho.e Freeholders who come forward in my favour must come forward free of all suspicion of every kind of improper motive or undue influence. This, Gentlemen, I must think is no more than due to their merit.-Gentlemen; It is acknowledged, I think, on all hands, and by persons of every different description, that the present situation of this Country is calamitous beyond all precedent, and that the burdens of the people are great beyond all former example.-Gentlemen; this, then, being the acknowledged situation of affairs, it does seem to but a rational and a just enquiry to attempt to know how the Country has been brought into that calamitous situation, and who are the persons who have been doing the mischief of which we complain. -Gentlemen; It is a common and a well known principle, and uniformly acted upon by persons in magisterial situations, well known to the Magistrates of this and of every County in England, and particularly the Metropolis, that wherever a robbery has been committed, the way to enquire into the authors of that crime, if they are at that time unknown, and the way followed always, is to look about and find out what persons happen unexpectedly to be flush of money at the time, who appear to have derived be. nefit from the perpetration of the crime.-Gentlemen; this is a principle so rational, which has been always acted upon by men of great sense and experience in matters of a private concern and is so much more applicable to matters of a public nature, is so less liable to error, where nations and states and



public persons are concerned, that I cannot think it an improper mode of pursuing the enquiry at present into the affairs and the present state of the Country. Now, Gentlemen, if there are persons and families who have sprung out of the filth and corruption, as mushrooms and funguses spring out of filth and ordure; if there are persons who, in the midst of public calamity, have their own affairs encreasing in prosperity—if there are persons and families who, like evil weeds growing out of ruins, shoot their pernicious roots into every rotten part, corner, and crevice of the building, thriving and supporting themselves, and drawing succour from the very mischief they occasion--if there are such persons and families thriving in the midst of public mischief-if there are persons and families who have grown great as the Country has grown small, who have been prosperous as our calamities have extended, whose fortunes have risen as those of the Country have fallen-if there are any such persons, and any man will point them out to me, I will in return point out to him the authors of the Country's ruin.[Bursts of applause.]-Gentlemen ; when I looked at the different Speeches and the Addresses which have been exhibited before the public, by those persons who have been returned Members to the now coming Parliament; when I looked particularly to the speeches of Mr. Thornton, of Mr. Wilberforce, of Mr. Sheridan, and of various other persons who never agreed in any other point but the one I shall mention, in which they do agree-when I see such a union of sanctity and profligacy of loyalty and 3 G


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