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Accurst be the scoundrels who sought to defame,
Heart of Oak, &c.
Down, down with the wretches who dare to revile
Heart of Oak, &c.
MR. PAULL AND THE MARQUIS WELLESLEY.
Letter from Mr. Paull to the Editor of the
SIR;--A great deal has been said by my opponents in and out of Parliament of my ingratitude to lord Wellesley, and this censure has been pronounced on me, in consequence of a letter written by me to his lordship, in the year 1802. Extracts from this letter of the most partial nature, have been given to the public; injustice to myself, therefore, and that the nation may be acquainted with the real nature of the transaction, I send you the letter, with the answer to it, and shall shortly state the circumstances under which it was written, leaving you and your readers to form your own conclusions from it. They were printed by order of the House of Commons, and have 2 F 2
been in the hands of all the members. When I quitted Lucknow in 1801, where I had resided 12 years, the Nabob of Oude was in possession of the whole of his territories. On my return to India, in 1802, 'having, previously to my leaving Eng. land, obtained permission from the Court of Di. rectors to repair again to Lucknow, I found the Nabob's country in the possession of the Company. With the usurpations and means which had been practised to obtain this possession, I was wholly unacquainted, as was I with the other acts of aggression and oppression committed by lord W. in that country. From personal pique the Nabob of Oude wished me not to return; this will sufficiently shew, that my connection with that Prince was as imaginary as that now imputed to me with the emperor Napoleon and his 500,000 mercenaries. I demanded of lord Wellesley to be sent thither, and as an act of justice this was granted me. Finding that great obstructions were
of my commercial pursuits, in the ceded territories, I, a few days afterwards, addressed this celebrated letter to lord W.; and, fresh with the recollection of what had been secently done by him, I, who am not totally devoid of feelings of sensibility, made use of the expression in the latter part of my letter, which has been urged against me
as an inconsis, tency with my future conduct. I leave the world to judge how far it is inconsistent, and to say whether an act of justice in my com: mercial engagements should prevent my after
put in the
wards becoming the accuser of a person whom I regarded as one of the greatest delinquents which perhaps ever existed in this or any other country, -I am, sir, &c. Nov. 16, 1806.
Copy of a Letter from the Persian Secretary to the
Governor General, dated 17th Sept. 1802, to the Vizier, relative to Mr. Paull.
I have had the honour to receive your Excellency's letter (recapitulate his Excellency's letter on the subject of Mr. Paull.)--Agreeably to your Excellency's desire, I have communicated the contents of that letter to his Excellency the most poble the Governor General, who has directed me to state to your Excellency in reply, that previously to the receipt of your Excellency's letter, his lordship had been induced by the information which he received of the regularity and propriety of Mr. Paull's conduct during his former residence at Lucknow, to grant him permission to return to that station, for the purpose of prosecuting his mercantile concerns; his Excellency was further induced to grant that permission by the consideration that those concerns are calculated to benefit your Excellency's country, by encouraging industry and by promoting the interests of commerce within
your Excellency's dominions. Under these circumstances his lordship confidently trusts that your Excellency will be disposed to permit Mr. Paull to remain at Lucknow, unless any acts of misconduct on the part of Mr. Paull, of which his Excellency is not apprized, should appear to your Excellency to merit that destruction to Mr. Paull's just and equitable prospects, which must be the consequence of his being prohibited from remaining at Lucknow in the prosecution of the beneficial objects of commerce.
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Paull to the Marquis
Wellesley, K. P. Governor General, fc. Dated
My Lord;—Although incessantly engaged in the affairs of a most mighty empire, I am, however, well aware that the concerns of an humble individual are not beneath your Excellency's notice.--I have, my lord, for many years carried on extensive concerns in Oude, and for the ensuing twelve months I reckon my exports from the Vizier's country will be at least fifteen lacks of rupees. On re-commencing my business, after à short absence in Europe, I find myself, however, reluctantly under the necessity of representing to the notice of your Excellency, a very vexatious and truly grievous hardship in the present mode of collecting the Company's Duties at their customhouses within the provinces.-By an express article of the commercial treaty, which I understand from the Vizier's government is still in force, the Nabob's Rowannah is therein laid down as the rule for the Company's custom-masters to levy the duties on exports from Oude: I am aware at the
same time, that in July last, government in its wisdom 'passed a regulation, which however has never been promulgated, empowering the custommasters to alter the old and to substitute a new mode of valuation. To this regulation it is my duty to yield submission; and it is the mode only of carrying the government regulations into execution of which I presume to complain to your Excellency.— Notwithstanding that I accompany my dispatches with the actual and bona fide prices of my exports: to these the custom-masters will pay no attention : they stop the boats, unpack as many bales as they choose; they carry a number of pieces of cloth from the boats to a distance, and atfix an exact and arbitrary undefined rate: in a word, my lord, it is left to the wisdom or caprice of their native - servants to affix what duty they choose upon articles on which government have defined no express rate of duty for their guidance. The hardship alone, my lord, of unpacking bales at three different custom-houses (and they are subject to it at Juanpore, Ghauzipore, and Patna) which are carefully made up in unfavourable weather, or, indeed, in any weather, is of itself a most serious eyil: but the consequent delays that must inevitably attend the new system, and the heavy arbitrary undefined valuation put upon property, (and moreover, my lord, one transaction forins no guide for me to go by, to prevent recurrences of these evils, for each valuation of the same sort of goods differs froin another) are drawbacks and impediments that no commerce can thrive under,