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20 But the chief II But the chief 18 And they cried 40 Then cried they priests and elders per- priests moved the peo- out all at once, saying, all again, saying, Not swaded the multitude ple, that he should Away with this man,


man, but Barabthat they should ask rather release Barabbas and release unto us

bas. Barabbas, and destroy to them.

Barabbas : Jesus.

19 (Who for a certain fedition made in the city, and for mur

Now Barabbas

der, was cast in prison) was a robber. 21 The governour

12 And Pilate an- 20 Pilate therefore answered and said unto swered, and said again * fpake again to them, chem,

to them, 2

* willing to release

Jefus. Whether of the twain will ye that I release to you? They faid, Barabbas.

22 Pilate faith unto them,

What shall I do What will ye then then with Jesus, which that I shall do unto is called Christ? him whom ye call the

king of the Jews ? They all say 13 And they cried 21 But they cried, say unto him, Let him out again, Crucify saying, Crucify him, be crucited. him.

crucify him. 23 And the gover- 14 Then Pilate said 22 And he said unnour said, why, what unto them, Why, what to them the third time, evil hath he done? evil hath he done? Why, what evil hath

he done?

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I have found no cause of death in him :

having thus left it to the choice of the Multitude, the Sanhedrim instigated them to desire that Jesus might be put to death, and to have Barabbas freed, who was accus'd of Robbery and Murder. But Pilat choosing rather to set Jesus free because of his Innocency, and his Wife's Dream, ask'd them again aloud whom they chose, Jesus or Barabbas? The Multitude incens'd, and urg'd to it by the Sanhedrim, again replied, Barabbas. Pilat then ask'd them what they would have done with Jejus, who was call'd the Mepah or King of the Jews. They told him, they were so far from being willing to have him set free, that they desir'd he might be crucified. Pilat, still endeavoring to foften their Rage, told 'em he had not upon examination found him guilty of any thing that desery'd death according Xxx


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I will therefore cha-
stise him, and let him

But they cried And they cried 23 And they were
out the more, saying, out the more exceed- instant with loud voi-
Let himbe crucified. ingly, Crucify him.

ces, requiring that he
might be crucified :

and the voices of
chem, and of the chief CHA P. XIX.
priests prevailed.



RETT therefore took

Jesus, and scourged

2 And the souldiers
platted a crown of
thorns, and pur it on
his head, and they put
on him a purple robe,

3 And said, Hail king of the Jews : and they smoceľ him wich their hands.

4 Pilate therefore went forth again, and faith unto them, Behold, I bring him forth to you, that ye may know that I find no fault in him.

s Then came Jesus forth, wearing the

to the Roman Laws; wherefore, said he, I will chastise him, and dismiss him. But the Jeros notwithstanding continued their Clamors to have him crucified.

Pilat however was not yet prevaild with to "gratify their Request, but commanded Jesus to be fcourg'd, hoping by that Punishment to appease the Malice of his Enemies. The Soldiers not only did what they were commanded, but made a Mock of him, putting a Crown of Thorns upon his Head, and a Purple Robe about him. Having thus a while derided him, and faluted him King of the Jews they abusd him more outrageously by striking him. After this Pilat came again out of the Judgment-Hall, and commanded Jesus to follow him, telling the Jeros he came on purpose to testify to them that he had not found Jesus guilty of any crime, and that if he had offended in any particular, by being scourgʻd he thought he had fufficiently aton'd for it. At the same time Jefus also appear'd, having


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JOHN. CH A P. XIX. crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate faith unto them, Behold the man.

6 When the chief priests therefore and officers saw him, they cried out, saying, Crucily him, crucify bim. Pilace faith unto them, Take ye him, and crucify him: for I find no faulo in hin.

7 The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made himself the Son of God.

8 When Pilare therefore heard chat saying, he was the more

9 And went again into the judgment-hall, and faith unco Jefus, Whence art chou? Buc Jesus gave him no answer.

10 Then saith Pilate unto him, Speakest thou not unto me? knowest thou not that I have power to crucify chee, and have

power to release thee? the Crown on, and the Purple Robe, whom Pilat show'd to 'em, that he might excite their Compaslíon by a view of the Punishment and ignominious Ulage one of their own Countrymen had suffer'd undeservedly. When the High Priests and their Followers (who came on purpose to incite the Multitude ) beheld him, they again cried out he ought to be crucified. Pilst then bid them take him and crucify him if they would, but as for his part he saw no manner of crime in him. The Fems then told him, that by their Law he ought to be put to death, inasmuch as he made himself 'the Son of God, or the Meffiah. Which Pilat hearing, who was not ignorant of the many Miracles that Jesus was said to perform, he began the more to be afraid left he should be forc'd by their Clamors to condemn not only an innocent Person, but one begotten by a God, as many among the Heathens were by them fuppos'd to have bin.

Being in the Judgment-Hall, he again interrogated Jesus, that he might know who that Man was, from whence he came, of whom he had heard fo many strange Relations, and on whose destruction the Jews were so eagerly bent. But Jefus made him no reply, that he might not seem to Thun the Death he was to suffer. Whereupon Pilat said to him, Knowest thou not that I have power to crucify thee, or set thee free, notwithstanding all the Malice of the Jews against thee? Why then answereft thou me nothing ? Fesus told him, he could have no such PowXXX 2

er, your

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JOHN. CHA P. XIX. II Jesus answered, Thou couldest have no power at all against me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath the greater fin.

12 And from thenceforth Filate sought to release him : but the Jews cried out, saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not Cesars friend : whosoever maketh himself a king, speaketh against Cefar.

13 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jefus forth, and lar down in the judgment-seat, in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha.

14 And it was the preparation of the pafsover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your king.

15 But they cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him.

Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your king? The


er, but by the Divine permission. But of these things, faid he, and many others with which the fews are acquainted, thou art igr.orant; they therefore offend more against the Divine Justice than thou doft, tho thou hast greater respect to the Favor of the Jews than to the Laws, since thou hast commanded me to be scourg'd whcm thou thy self hast openly declar'd innocent.. Pilat reflecting on this Reply of Jesus, greatly desir'd to absolve him; upon which the Jews redoubľd their Cries to have him crucified, saying, If he dismissed him, he was none of Cæsar's Friend, since whoever set himself up for a King in a Roman Province without Casar's Appointment, was to be accounted an Enemy to Casar. Pilat was not yet lo terrific ed, but that he was still desirous to rescue Jesus. He therefore brought him out to 'em again, and sat down on the Judgment Seat, in a place call'd the Stone Pavement, in Hebrew, Gabbarha. (Now this happen'd on a Friday, the 25th of April, one of the Paschal Days, which according to the Jewish Custom are reckon'd from the preceding Evening about three hours after the Sun was risen.) Then said he to the Jews; Behold your King: The Divine Providence instructing them what they ought to think of him by the Mouth of a Heathen. But they with greater fury demanded to have him crucified. What then, faid Pilat, Thall I crucify


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MAT I HA W...ic.



chief priests answered, We have no king buc

Cefar. 24 When Pilare faw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult made, he cook water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just perfon : see ye to it.

25 Then answered all the people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our children.

15 And s Pilate, 24 And Pilate gave willing to content the sentence that it should people,

be as they required. 26 Then released released Barabbas 25 And he released he Barabbas unto them: unto them,

unto them, him thac
for fedition and mur-

der was cast into pri

and deli- son, whom they had and when he had scour- vered Jesus, when he desired; but he deli- 16 Then delivered ged Jesus, he deliver - had scourged him, to vered Jesus to their he him therefore unto cd him to be crucified. be crucified.


them to be crucised. 27 Then the soul- 16 And the soul

And they took Jesus, diers of the gover- diers led him away inyour King? God by him seeming to upbraid them with their nefarious cruelt ? The Chief Priests replied, they had no King, but Cefar.

Pilat perceiving he could no way mitigate their Rage, but that they were more and more infam'd, to show that he gave him up unwillingly, he call d for a Bafon of Water to be brought into Court; and having walh'd his hands before them all, he said unto them, I am no way the Author of this innocent Man's death: Look ye to it. Whereupon the whole Multitude cried out, If he be innocent, may the punishments due for the shedding of his Blood light upon us and our Children

Pilat then, willing to gratify the Feros, commanded B.trabbas, who was committed for Murder and Sedition, to be releas'd according to their desire; and having already commanded Fesus to be scourg'd, he now deliver'd him up to the Solo diers to be crucified; who having gather'd a whole Cohort, carried Fejus into the


and fed him away.

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