Climate Change 1994: Radiative Forcing of Climate Change and an Evaluation of the IPCC 1992 IS92 Emission Scenarios
Cambridge University Press, May 4, 1995 - Science - 339 pages
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was set up jointly by the United Nations Environment Programme and the World Meteorological Organisation in 1988 to provide an authoritative international consensus of scientific opinion on climate change. This report, Climate Change 1994 prepared by IPCC Working Groups I and II, reviews the latest scientific evidence on the following key topics: â€¢ Radiative forcing of climate change â€¢ The latest values of Global Warming Potential, a tool for comparing the potential effect on future climate of different anthropogenic factors â€¢ The stabilisation of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere â€¢ An evaluation of scenarios of future greenhouse gas emissions Climate Change 1994 forms part of a special Report for the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change negotiated at the 1992 Rio Earth Summit.
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Climate Change 1994: Radiative Forcing of Climate Change and an Evaluation ...
John T. Houghton
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aerosol anthropogenic anthropogenic aerosols anthropogenic emissions assessment atmospheric CO2 atmospheric concentrations biomass biomass burning calculations carbon cycle carbon cycle model carbon dioxide carbon storage CFCs chemical climate change cloud CO2 concentration CO2 emissions CO2 fertilisation deforestation distribution droplet emission scenarios energy eruption estimates evaluation factor feedbacks Figure flux fossil fuel future Geophys global mean greenhouse gases growth rates GtC/yr GWPs halocarbons ice core impact increase indicate indirect effect input assumptions IPCC IS92 Scenarios latitudes levels lower stratosphere measurements methane mid-latitudes nitrogen nitrous oxide NMHC Northern Hemisphere observed ocean ozone depletion perturbation Pinatubo potential ppbv ppmv pptv pre-industrial processes production radiation radiative forcing radiative forcing due range reduce regions relative simulations sinks soil solar sources species stabilisation stratospheric stratospheric ozone sulphate aerosols surface Table temperature Tg/yr time-scales trends tropical tropospheric ozone uncertainty uptake variations