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THEORIES ON
DRUG ABUSE

Selected Contemporary
Perspectives

Editors:

DAN J. LETTIERI, Ph.D.

MOLLIE SAYERS

HELEN WALLENSTEIN PEARSON

NIDA Research Monograph 30
March 1980

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVlCES
Public Health Sorvlce

Alcohol. Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration

National lnstitute on Drug Abuse
Division ot Research
5600 Fishors Lane
Rockvillo, Maryland 20857

Var sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office
Washington, DC. 20402

The NlDA Research Monograph series is prepared by the Division of Research of the National lnstitute on Drug Abuse lts primary objective is to provide critical reviews of research problem areas and techniques, the content of state-of-the-art conferences, integrative research reviews and significant original research. lts dual publication emphasis is rapid and targeted dissemination to the scientific and professional community

Editorial Advisory Board

Avram Goldstein, M.D.

Addiction Research Foundation
Palo Alto. California

Jerome Jaffe, M.D.

College of Physicians and Surgeons
Columbia University New York

Reese T. Jones, M.D.

Langley Porter Neuropsychiatry institute
University of California
San Francisco California

William McGlothlin, Ph.D.

Department of Psychology. UCLA
Los Angeles. California

Jack Mendelson, M.D.

Alcohol and Drug Abuse Research Center
Harvard Medical School
McLean Hospital
Belmont. Massachusetts

Helen Nowlis, Ph.D.

Office of Drug Education DHEW
Washington. D C

Lee Robins, Ph.D.

Washington University School of Medicine
St Louis, Missouri

NlDA Research Monograph series

William Pollin, M.D.

DIRECTOR, NIDA
Marvin Snyder, Ph.D.

DIRECTOR, DIVISION OF RESEARCH, NIDA
Robert C. Petersen, Ph.D.
EDITOR-IN-CHIEF
Eleanor W. Waldrop

MANAGING EDITOR

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Parklawn Building. 5600 Fishers Lane. Rockville. Maryland 20857

THEORIES ON
DRUG ABUSE

Selected Contemporary
Perspectives

The National lnstitute on Drug Abuse has obtained permission
from the copyright holders to reproduce certain previously
published material as noted in the text. Further reproduction
of this material is prohibited without specific permission of
the copyright holders. All other material, except short
quoted passages from copyrighted sources, is in the public
domain and may be used and reprinted without permission.
Citation as to source is appreciated.

The U.S. Government does not endorse or favor any specific
commercial product or commodity. Trade or proprietary
names appearing in this publication are used only because
they are considered essential in the context of the studies
reported herein.

n

Library of Congress catalog card number 80-600058 ^

DHHS publication number (ADM) 80-967 D;
Printed 1980 ,

S

NlDA Research Monographs are indexed in the lndex Medicus. ]
They are selectively included in the coverage of Biosciences
lnformation Service, Chemical Abstracts, Psychological Abstracts, .
and Psychopharmacology Abstracts. ^

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Publication development services provided by METR0TEC,
lnc., under contract No. 271-79-3625 with the National lnstitute

on Drug Abuse. f

Ed

Tl

Cover art by Wendelin Astra Davidson, used with permission of the artist.

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