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shall resist. This is the extent of my guilt, justice in this Court; I never conspired, and but why say I am guilty of conspiring to levy no man can be found, unless he is a villain war or depose the king ? I have never been and a traitor, to say that I conspired to depose guilty of any thing of the sort.
my sovereign, or that I conspired to levy war, Now, gentlemen, on the other hand, as I am unless the repulsing the police officers is treason; here for the last time of declaring the truth if you call that treason, I am guilty of treason; which I know, I will declare another fact re- and I admit that I and others have agreed to specting the two Monuments, upon whom the attempt that which I wish we had done ; for learned solicitor-general did not forget to pass if I could have seen some of those men put the highest encomiums for gravity; their ap- out of the way, I should have thought the pearance standing up there at that bar; they country would have been highly compensated, were such pure witnesses that no man in his for I think it is what they merit, I actually senses could doubt that they were very good think it is what they merit; I think the cir. indeed; these two witnesses came forward cular issued by lord Sidmouth was nothing here to swear the lives of eleven individuals but a thing sent out to instigate the cavalry here, and I know they have rehearsed their to murder those men at Manchester; and if a evidence as common as they do a new piece man murders my brother I have a right to at the theatre; these men have been in the murder him. What does the scripture say, habit of meeting twice a-week in the Tower; “ An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth." I know they have met twice a-week; I do I have no private enmity against any gentlenot even know their christian names, but I men in the country; it was for the public believe they were John and Thomas; the one good that I came forward, and I would have who is in custody said to me at Cold-bath- gone through with it. I declare, at the hazard fields, and at Whitehall, at the Treasury, that of my life, which I cared nothing for, but the he knew me, and why did not I tell him some king's name was never called in question thing; I told him for certain reasons, namely, where I was; and as to the attempt to find because I did not know myself; he says at me guilty of conspiring to depose his majesty, this bar he was instigated by fear to come ; or to levy war against him, I am not guilty ; and he said to me in the room, “why did not the verdict ought to be set aside. Try me for you tell me what was going to be done, and I murder-bang me--draw me-quarter me would have brought my brother;" then when but let me have justice, that is all I have to say. he sees me at Cold-bath-fields, he says, why did not you tell him more? and I said, because found guilty' so late last night, I have not had
Tidd.--My lords and gentlemen, being only I knew nothing more. Then my lord Side mouth, who has a very great feeling to us, or
an opportunity to make up any defence; for the public in general, sends his brother to
my own part, I am a very indifferent orator, him ; but, my lord, I have a previous remark
or perhaps I might have brought in something to make-my lord Sidmouth told him, in the
more satisfactory; but all I can say is this, first instance, “ I will be a friend to you;" that came against me swore falsely, exclusive
that I do positively say, that every evidence that would enliven him very much, and if he of that gentleman there, captain Fitzclarence, could have sworn all the Englishmen's lives and he stated, that he did not know that I shot away that were upon the earth, he would have done it; and as a small memorandum, says
at him; but sooner than I would shoot at that he, he sent my mother a pound note, as she gentleman, as a private gentleman, I would was very much disturbed ; then this very inan, gentleman, for I am not prepared.
shoot my own father. I cannot say further, who is coming as an evidence against us, goes twice a-week to the Tower, and, because his Wilson.—Gentlemen, I am not gifted with brother knows nothing there, he tells him some- a tongue much to say much, but I certainly thing; they rehearsed together, and they do have been drawn into this by Hiden. pot deviate a jot or a tittle ; how can they, till one of them comes to speak of what passed in
Harrison.— They were all false witnesses ; the room, and then the brother was not there; they have all sworn falsely against me. this is admitted to be a very excellent witness ; Bradburn.-My lords and gentlemen, the it must be famous evidence to take my life evidence that Adams has given against me I upon, when they met twice a-week for two or consider is not right. three months, to compare their evidence, in order to take my life ; he swears, that I said I gentlemen, that as to the evidence that Mr.
Strange.— I have only thus much to say, would sooner perish myself than the cause Brunt's apprentice, Joseph Hale, and likewise should be dropped ; and Adams swears, that Mr. Adams gave against me, I declare soI said if there were only six or eight I would lemnly to God, before whom I now stand, and be one. To take my life away on such evi- the gentlemen round, they are both perjured dence cannot be justice.
villains. · I expect to go out of the world shortly; I care not how soon it is, for I shall die with the same sentiment that I stand here; I know the presence of my God, and before you. I that injustice is done me, and that I have an knew nothing of it till about four o'clock in undoubted right, as an Englishman, to demand the afternoon ; I was going to look for work;
ith Gilchrist.–- What I shall say I will say as in
I had neither money nor bread, so I met with a man who told me to come to the Horse and
SENTENCE. Groom, that they were going to have a supper Lord Chief Justice Abbott.-Arthur Thistle there. I was not a man that suffered myself to be wood, William Davidson, James Ings, Thomas among radicals, but I had nothing to eat, and Brunt, William Tidd,--you have severaly absent from my friends, and none to help me. ' been tried and found guilty upon an indici. I went to the place appointed, as I have stated | ment charging you, together with others, with to my Attorney, and likewise stated to my the crime of high treason, in compassing and lord Sidmouth, at six o'clock at night; I can imagining to levy war against bis majesty, in not cut it short; I must tell the truth; I went order to compel him to change his measures 10 the place at six o'clock at night, and met and councils. four or five men whom I did not know, but John Harrison, Richard Bradburn, Joka Charles Cooper. I borrowed a halfpenny, and Shaw Strange, James Gilchrist, Charles Cooper
, bought some bread at a slop; with that I fol- --you being each persons charged with a lowed Hiden ; I was a few yards behind him ' same offence, by the same indictment, e in going to this shop; before I could get a ginally pleaded Not Guilty to that indictmen, penn'orth of bread they were away from me; ; but after the trial and conviction of the ite Í followed them on, not knowing what I was persons first indicted, you desired to be al going about; as my God hears me that is lowed to withdraw those pleas of Not Guilty, true, and I never wish to come out of this and to plead guilty to the charge of treasa place if I say any thing false. I went on, not imputed to you by that indictment, and you knowing what I was going about, and when I were permitted so to do. went up stairs, in a very little time came in James William Wilson, you having beca bread and cheese ; I took an old sword and charged with the same offence, pleaded to that hacked it down; the men came round seem- indictment a mistake in your name of that ingly as hungry as I was, and I never asked, plea you had the benefit, but it was a benefit 'till near about the conclusion that the officers ihat could not long be of any avail; attber came, the meaning of those arms; this very indictment for the same offence was preferred man that came here was the very man that against you, and to that indictment you, after answered me first; he says, you shall know by the trial of the five persons whom I first named, and by; there is one that we expect to come; have also thought proper to plead guilty. şays I, I am not willing to stop here ; says he, You, therefore, James William Wilson, John ranging the swords, any man that shall go out Harrison, Richard Bradburn, John Shaw here I will run him through. I immediately, Strange, James Gilchrist, and Charles Cooper, in a manner, went backwards from the end of have thought fit voluntarily to acknowledge the table, stepping towards this little man, the crime with which you are charged, and to and I was then going to make an excuse to get cast yourselves upon the mercy of your soteaway out of this company, when up came an reign. If any of you shall have your life sparofficer, and the words that he said were, “ Lay ed, which as to some of you I trust may be the down your arms." I heard no more ; I was case, I hope you will always bear in your confounded. I knew hy his neckcloth, and minds, that you owe that life to the benignity the appearance of a gentleman, that it was of your sovereign-to his merciful disposition, my duty to surrender myself. I never had aided and seconded by the mercifal disposition any thing in my hand, but that sword that I also, of those very persons whom you had cut down the loaves with, and I stand here doomed to a violent and sudden death. convicted of high treason. I served my king One of you (Arthur Thistlewood) has Đok and my country twelve years, and this is the complained, that at your trial, you proposed recompense; Ó God ! 'I have nothing more to call certain witnesses, whom the court it lo say.
fused to hear. It is true that you did request Cooper.--My lord, I have very little to say; pugning the testimony of a witness of the name
permission to call a person with a view of ining; I did not expect to be called up so soon; in derstood; the learned counsel
, whose assist the first place, they have called no evidence, but they convict me of high treason, I have ance you have had, previously called witnesse been given to understand. I consider, my to you, according to the ordinary course in
for the same purpose; it could not be allowed lord, ihere is no evidence to convict me of which justice has been administered in this high treason; I am certain of that. It was my intention to say more, but it seems the country for ages, at that time to adduce such desire of my friends, that I should say nothing evidence; nor, indeed, could it have availed more; but I consider myself a voluntary exile any thing, if you had been allowed so ta do for the good of my friends.
because your case did not depend upon the Gilchrist. I would volunteer myself, if my several verdicts pronounced upon the same
testimony of that witness alone ; and threť life would save another man's. I never knew conspiracy, by juries before whom that witness this man (Cooper) till I came into this room, Dwyer was not examined, have shown that the is to save another man's life. I am innocent; establish the conspiracy, or to prove the gutt but with compassion I will resign myself, if it testimony of that person was not necessary indeed I never meant to take any man's life. of any of those concerned.
Some of you have thought fit to say much of as to many others before you, that the princia person who has not appeared as a witness pal instruments by which you are brought to upon this occasion. We proceed only upon justice, are persons who have partaken in your the evidence that is laid before us; of that per- own guilty design. I trust that that circumson, therefore, to whom you have alluded, or of stance will have its due weight in the conhis actings, we have had little proof; upon the sideration of all who shall become acquainted testimony, however, that was adduced against with your situation, and with the circumstances you, there was abundance to satisfy the juries of the trials, and that they will ever, for the of your guilt, and that each of you voluntarily sake of their own personal safety, if they cantook a most active part in the treason.-From not be restrained by any other consideration, all that has appeared in the course of these be induced to abstain from those evil combinatrials—from much that has been now urged by tions and confederacies which have brought you many of you, the Court has plain reason to see into the melancholy situation in which you that you did not embark in this most wicked now stand. The intention to assassinate has design, till you had first suffered your minds to been now avowed by some of you; an inbe corrupted and enflamed by those seditious tention to which, all that we had ever heard and irreligious publications with which, un- of, before we became acquainted with your happily for this country, the press has so long case, bears no comparison. That individuals, teemed. Your case shows that which indeed, laying aside the national character, should meet even without evidence, may in the case of all and assemble to destroy the lives, in cold blood, great crimes be reasonably presumed, that no of fifteen persons unknown to them, except by man wholly forgets his duty to his king, or his public character, is without example in the duty to bis neighbour, until he has put from his history of this country, and I hope will remain thoughts the fear of God and a future state. without a parallel in future times. I make not these remarks to aggravate your
It now only remains for me to pass upon guilt, or to enhance the sufferings of your pre- you the awful judgment of the law; but before sent situation; I make them as a warning to all I do so, let me exhort you to employ the time those who may bear of your unfortunate end, that may yet be left to you, in endeavouring to that they may be taught by your example to obtain mercy from that Almighty Power whom avoid those dangerous instruments of seduc- you have so deeply offended; the mercy of tion, by which the heart of man is influenced Heaven may be obtained by all who will duly to every evil deed, and is withdrawn from seek it; but it must be sought in penitence every moral and proper sentiment.
and in prayer, sorrow for your crime, and The treason with which you were charged, prayer to the Almighty for mercy, through the and of which you have been found guilty, was merits of our Redeemer. Whether the exthat of compassing and imagining to levy war hortation that I have offered to you will be by against his majesty, for the purpose of com- you received and acted upon, it is not for me pelling him to change his measures and coun- to say; but I again, once more, solemnly incils. The assassination of those persons by treat you not to suffer your eternal happiness whom the affairs of his government were at to be lost by a perseverance in that hardness that time, and had for some time before, been of heart which too many of you have exhibited administered, was intended by you as the first, even in this place at this time. Repent, I exbut by no means the only step to be taken; hort you-repent, and ob the mercy of many of you hoped, that at that same instant, that God whom you have offended. The judge other persons, connected with yourselves and ment of the law is, that you, and each of you, acquainted with your designs, would make be taken from hence to the gaol from whencé violent attempts in other parts of this great you came, and that you be drawn on a hurdle metropolis, to seize arms and ammunition, and to the place of execution, and there be hanged who were to be joined by you after you should by the neck until you be dead; and that afterhave accomplished that abominable purpose. wards your heads be severed from your bodies, You vainly hoped that there were in this great and your bodies divided into four quarters, be town, thousands and tens of thousands ready disposed of as his majesty shall direct, and to join you in your purpose of mischief and may the God of mercy have mercy upon your destruction, and to enable you to assume the souls ! whole government of this country into your Tidd.—The irons I have got on are so own hands. To the proof of that intention on heavy, that I cannot step; my legs are very your part, the evidence of all the witnesses tender, they have been very bad for some time. concurs; and the gentlemen of the jury by whom you were tried, must have been satisfied the keeper of Newgate will do every thing in,
Lord Chief Justice Abbott.-I have no doubt. that the assassination of his majesty's ministers was a part only of the purpose which you had his power to contribute to your ease, so far as. contemplated.
it can be done with safety. You have endeavoured now to complain of
Mr. Attorney General.--My lord, an order, the testimony of some of those persons who was made three days ago,directing Mr. were examined as witnesses against you; several of them were accomplices in your guilt. and conclusion of the trial of John Thomas
* See the proceedings at the commencement It has happened to you on the present occasion
Clement, the proprietor of the Observer, to Lord Chief Justice Abbott.—Is the newsattend here this day at nine o'clock, to show paper a weekly paper ? if he could give any reason why he had published the trial of Thistlewood and the trial of price paid for the two sheets by the persoa
Mr. Attorney General.-- Yes, my lord ; the Ings, notwithstanding the injunction of your who purchased it, who was a newsman, was a lordship. I have an affidavit of the service shilling; the price paid by the public is severof that order.
pence for each sheet. [William Innell Clement was called, but did It will be in the recollection of your loodnot answer.]
ship, that at the request of the prisoner's cutLord Chief Justice Abbott.—Let the affidavit desired to withdraw from the court, in order
sel, the witnesses for the prosecution were of service be read.
that they might not be apprised of what sa [The affidavit of Elijah Litchfield was passing during the examination of others ; and read, stating, that he had, on the 26th in- undoubtedly your lordship's order was » stant, served the order of this Court above tended more for the benefit of the prisonet referred to, upon William Innell Clement, than otherwise, that the subsequent june by delivering it to a servant of Clement, might come, with as little knowledge as pes at the house of Clement, No. 169, in the sible of what had passed, to the consideration Strand, at the same time showing to the of the cases they were to try. servant the original order.
Lord Chief Justice Abbott.—No person can The order was read, directing William Innell Clement, the printer, publisher, and pro- has been complained of, manifestly tended to
rationally doubt that the publication which prietor of a certain newspaper, called the Observer, to attend this Court this morning obstruct the course of public justice; it is es. at the hour of nine precisely, to answer for tremely desirable that all the gentlemen who unlawfully and contemptuously printing and may be assembled as jurymen to serve on any publishing in the said newspaper, the trials trial should come with minds as litle induenof Arthur Thistlewood and James Ings, forced as possible by any thing that may have high treason, pending the proceedings against taken place on any former trial. It was John Thomas Brunt and others, who were
requested by the learned counsel for the included in the same indictment with the prisoners, that the witnesses to be examined said Arthur Thistlewood and James Ings, on the part of the Crown at the first trial for the same high treasons, contrary to the should be examined separately, that no one order of this Court and to the obstruction should know what another bad said ; but by of public justice.]
the publication of what had been said on any
one of the trials, the persons summoned as Mr. Attorney General.-My lord, I have witnesses were enabled to obtain that knowalso an affidavit
, which will satisfy your lord- ledge previously to a future trial, which it was ship of the extent of this publication; an affi- the proper desire of those who were intrusted davit of the register of newspapers in the with the interests of the prisoners to prevent Stamp-office, and also another person, that on their obtaining. The mischievous tendency the 15th day of April instant, there were sup- of such publications cannot, as I have already plied at the Stamp-office, for the use of the said, be doubted by any mind; the Court Observer-newspaper, published by William thought it right before the first trial was bezun, Innell Clement, of No. 169, Strand, in the said to express in the strongest terms its opinios county of Middlesex, fifteen thousand stamps; as to the impropriety of any such publication
, and on the 21st instant, three thousand stamps, and to admonish those who were concerned for the same paper; and on the 26th instant, in the publication of the daily or weekly five thousand stamps for the same paper, papers to abstain from such insertion ; to thai making a total of twenty-three thousand. admonition it seems the editors and publishers The other
deponent then states, that he has for of all the daily papers, and, as far as I am the last six months supplied ten thousand informed, of all the weekly papers, yielded a stamps every week for the said Observer- due and respectful obedience, with the excep newspaper; so that it appears that during the tion of the single person whose case has been last week, in consequence of the publication brought before us; that person, therefore, musk of these trials, they had stamps to the extent have been led to this by a desire of gaining to of twenty-three thousand. This Sunday news- himself extraordinary profits, by becoming the paper was published in a double sheet, one first who was to gratify the public curiosity sheet containing the trial of Thistlewood, and by the publication of these trials, a desire to the greater part of the other occupied by the engross the whole of the profit to bimself
, ia trial of Ings; and in this very paper, as I have contempt of the admonition of the Court, in stated to the Court, there is a notice given by contempt of the general rules and principles the lord chief justice on the first day, on the of law, and to the prejudice of all persons commencement of the trial, interdicting the concerned in the public newspapers, who publication of these trials, so that this person had, as I observed before, yielded obedience has knowingly published this against the to the law and to the admonition of the Count
. express injunction of the Court.
Being called upon now by an order of this
Court to answer for this contempt alleged | 109, 111, 538; Brandreth's case ibid. 766, 779; against him, and to offer what he might think Turner's case ibid. 957.] fit either in justification or in excuse of his conduct, he does not appear so to do. By thus withdrawing himself, he saves himself certainly from that imprisonment which, if Thistlewood, William Davidson, James Ings,
On Monday, the 1st of May-Arthur he had been present the Court would have Jobu Thomas Brunt, and Richard Tidd, thought it right to inflict; but he must not save
were brought out to a platform erected himself, nor ought he to be allowed to save himself from another species of punishment, which they were hanged until they were dead, when
in front of the debtors door, Newgate, where in his absence, under the circumstances of his they were cut down, and their heads were having had notice to attend, it is in the power, severed from their bodies, his majesty having and therefore it is the duty of the Court to inflict. Under these circumstances, therefore, that part of the sentence which directed that
been graciously pleased by warrant to remit the Court, approving highly of the conduct of
their bodies should be divided into four quarthose persons who yielded to its admonition, disapproving as we must do, in the strongest should be forthwith privately buried.
ters, and to direct that the bodies, and heads, degree, of the conduct of the individual against
James William Wilson, John Harrison, whom the application is made, think it due to
Richard Bradburn, John Shaw Strange, James public justice to order that William Ionell Clement do, for this contempt, pay to the King majesty's pardon, on condition of being trans
Gilchrist, and Charles Cooper, received his a fine of 5001.
ported to such place beyond the seas as his [Vide R. v. Clement 4 Barn. Ald. 218; majesty, with the advice of his Privy Council, Watson's case, 11 How. Mod. State Trials 80, I should be pleased to direct, for life.