For a Bond mislaid or lost 230 212 218 Seaman's receipt, 222 Bill of Sale of Goods, 238 mands, 222 Letter of Attorney to re- for money receiv Conditions of public ven- 222 Sale of goods and chattels 242 Common negotiable Note 223 Will, Promissory Note, 223 Bond of Arbitration, Note with security, 223 Award, Accommodation Note to Petition for laying out a Forms and Directions for Return, transacting business at Petition for review of a the bank of Chester co. 224 Road, Note with Interest, 227 | Report, Judgment Note, 227 Petition for vacating a Proxy to vote for Direct Petition for valuing lands 252 money receiv- P. To find the specific gravi- Of the Parallelogram, 257 | To find the quantity of Of the right-angled Tri two ingredients in a Of regular Polygons, 261 above or below proof, 284 To measure the length of or bank, 284 of a vessel whose bottom Of the Lever, 277 Gold COINAGE. Of the Wheel and Axle, 279 Table of Gold Coins, Table of specific gravities 281 Miscellaneous Questions, 301 Well, Cask, EXPLANATION Of the characters made use of in this work. 144 - The sign of equality; as 4 qrs. = 1 yard, signifies that 4 quarters are equal to one yard. is, 8 lessened by 2 is equal to 6. + Plus or more: the sign of addition; as 4+3=7, that is, 4 added to 3 is equal to 7. x Multiplied by: the sign of multiplication ; as 7x4=28, that is, 7 multiplied by 4 is equal to 28. • Divided by: the sign of division; as 6+2=3, that is, 6 divided by 2 is equal to 3. 72. Numbers placed like a fraction do also denote division; the upper number being the dividend, and the lower the divisor. :: So is; the sign of proportion; as 3:6 :: 2:4, that is, as 3 is to 6 so is 2 to 4. 8-2+5=11, shows that the difference between 8 and 2 added to 5, is equal to 11. 8–2+5=1, shows that the sum of 2 and 5 taken from 8, is equal to 1. ✓ Prefixed to any number, signifies that the square root of that number is required. Signifies that the cube root is required. The letters composing the words “my big horse," will in many places be substituted for figures. It will be easy to conceive each letter a figure, thus : b i h му r e ARITHMETIC is that part of the mathematics which treats of numbers, and teaches how to apply them to useful purposes. It has five principal rules, on which all its operations depend, viz: Notation or Numeration, Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division. NUMERATION Teaches the different value of figures by their different places, and to read and write any sum or number with the ten Arabic characters, called figures, or digits, viz: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0. All numbers may be expressed by these figures. THE TABLE. Hundreds of millions. Tens of millions. » Hundreds. Units. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9, 123 millions, 456 thousand, 789. 9, nine. The reading of numbers may be greatly facilitated, by dividing them into periods of three figures each; thus, B rose. some. 123,456,789, reads one hundred and twenty-three millions, four hundred and fifty-six thousand, seven hundred and eighty-nine. Application. gh. Eight hundred and forty-three, rib. Three hundred and five, beg. Six hundred and forty-one, him. Nine hundred and forty-eight, sir. Three hundred, bee. Three hundred and seventy-two, boy. Nine thousand six hundred and seventy, shoe. Eight thousand seven hundred and ninety, Nine thousand seven hundred and ten, Fifty-seven thousand seven hundred and ninety, goose. Nine hundred and sixty-two thousand, three hundred and seventy-two, shyboy. Five hundred and seventy-seven millions, nine hun dred thousand, five hundred and fifty-nine, gooseeggs. Forty-eight millions, four hundred and ninety-six thou sand, three hundred and seventy-two, irishboy. One million, two hundred and sixty-seven thousand, eight hundred and ninety, myhorse. The following table, extending to nonillions, may sometimes be useful : Nonillions, Octillions, Septillions, Sextillions, Quintillions, 628974, 587629, 719548, 327647, 591792, Quadrillions, Trillions, Billions, Millions, Units. 514268, 438276, 951476, 679284, 151417. NOTATION BY ROMAN LETTERS. XI. Eleven. XII. Twelve. XIII. Thirteen. XIV. Fourteen. XV. Fifteen. XVI. Sixteen. XVII. Seventeen. XVIII. Eighteen. XIX. Nineteen. XX. Twenty. |