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Ecclesiastical and Maritime Courts.
[ No. I.] 13 Edward I. stat. 4.-Certain Cases wherein
the King's Prohibition doth not lie. 13 Edward I. : T'E King to his Justices sendeth greeting: Use yourselves circunstat. 4.
spectly in all matters concerning the Bishop of Norwich and his Cases wherein clergy, not punishing them if they hold pleas in court Christian of the King's Pro. ' such things as be meer spiritual, that is to wit, of penance enjoined by hibition doth
prelates for deadly sin, as fornication, adultery, and such like, for the not lie.
' which sometimes corporal penance and sometimes pecuniary is enjoyned, specially if a freeman be convict of such ihings. Also if
prelates do punish for leaving the churchyard unclosed, or for that the • church is uncovered, or not conveniently decked, in which cases none
' other penance can be enjoyned but pecuniary. Tithes and • Item, If a parson demand tithes greater or smaller, so that the fourth Offerings. part of the value of the benefice be not demanded. Item, If a parson
demand mortuaries in places where a mortuary • hath been used to be given. Pension. • Item, If a prelate of a church demand of a parson a pension due to
• him, all such demands are to be made in a spiritual court. And for Defamation.
• laying violent hands on a clerk, and in cause of defamation, it hath • been granted already, that it shall be tried in a spiritual court, when
money is not demanded, but a thing done for punishment of sin. In
all cases afore rehearsed, the spiritual judge shall have power to take • knowledge, notwithstanding the King's prohibition.'
In omnibus istis casibus habet judex ecclesiasticus cognoscere regia prohibitione non obstante licet porrigatur ob quod impetrant laici proliiLitionem in genere super decima oblationibus mortuar' redemptionibus penitentiarium violenta manuum injectione in clericum et conversum et in causa diffamationis in quibus casibus agitur ad penam canonicam capiend'.
Respondit dominus rex ad istos articulos quod in decimis obventionibus oblationibus mortuar' quando agitur ut predictum est prohibitioni non est locus. Et si clericus vel religiosus decimas suas in horreo congregatas vel alibi existentes vendiderit pro pecunia alicui et implacitetur in cur' Christianitatis locum habet regia prohibitio quia per venditiones res spirituales sunt temporales et sic transeunt decime in catallis.
Item si contentio sit de jure decimarum originem habens de jure patronatus et earum decimarum quantitas excedat quartam partem ecclesie locum habet regia prohibitio.
Item si prelatus imponat penam pecuniariam alicui pro peccato et petat illam pecuniam locum habet regia prohibitio si coram prelatis pecunia exigatur.
Item si quis manus violentas injecerit in clericum pro pace domini regis debent emende fieri coram rege pro excommunicatione vero coram episcopo et si imponatur pena corporalis quam si reus velit redimere dando prelato vel leso pecuniam potest nec in talibus locus est prohibitioni.
In diffamationibus liberorum corrigant prelati regia prohibitione non obstante licet porrigatur,
No. II. [ No. II. ] 24 Edward I.-In what Case a Consultation 24 Edward I.
is grantable. :: WHEREAS. ecclesiastical judges have often surceased to proceed
in causes moved before them, by force of the King's writ of “ prohibition, in cases wherein remedy could not be given to com
plainants in the King's court, by any writ out of the Chancery, “ whereby such plaintiffs were deferred of their right and remedy in “ both courts, as well temporal as spiritual, to their great damage, like
as the King hath been advertised by the grievous complaint of his “ subjects :" * Our Lord the King willeth and commandeth, That where • ecclesiastical judges do surcease in the aforesaid cases, by the King's • prohibition directed unto them, that the chancellor or the chief justice
of our Lord the King for the time being, upon sight of the libel of the same matter, at the instance of the plaintif (if they can see that the case cannot be redressed by any writ out of the Chancery, but that the spiritual court ought to determine the matters) shall write to the
ecclesiastical judges, before whom the cause was first moved, that • they proceed therein, notwithstanding the King's prohibition directed • to them before.'
9 Edward II.
[ No. III. ] 9 Edward II. stat. 1.- De diversis Liberta
tibus Clero concessis. • THE King to all to whom, &c. sendeth greeting. Understand ye,
That whereas of late times of our progenitors sometimes Kings “ of England, in divers their parliaments, and likewise after that we had “ undertaken the governance of the realm, in our parliaments many "articles containing divers grievances (committed as therein was said " against the Church of England, the prelates and clergy) were pro
* pounded by the prelates and clerks of our realm; and further, great
9 Edward II. stat. 1. c. 1.
(A) c. 1.- No Prohibition shall be granted where Tythes
be demanded, where Money is paid for them. FIRST, whereas laymen do purchase prohibitions generally upon
tythes, obventions, oblations, mortuaries, redemption of penance, “ violent laying hands on clerks or converts, and in cases of defama“tiun, in which cases spiritual penance ought to be enjoined;" : the • King doth answer to this article, That in tythes, oblations, obventions, . mortuaries (when they are propounded under these names) the King's
prohibition shall hold no place, although for the long withholding of
(B) c. 2.-Debate upon the Right of Tythes exceeding
the Fourth Part. Enjoining Penance Corporal or Pecuniary.
No. III. 9 Edward II. stat. 1. c. 2.
LSO if debate do arise upon the right of tythes, having his original
from the right of the patronage, and the quantity of the same tythes do come unto the fourth part of the goods of the Church, the King's probibition shall hold place, if the cause come before a judge • spiritual. Also if a prelate enjoin a penance pecuniary to a man for • his offence, and it be demanded, the King's prohibition shall hold
place. But if prelates enjoin a penance corporal, and they which be so punished will redeem upon their own accord such penances by money, if money be demanded before a judge spiritual, the King's * prohibition shall hold no place.'
9 Edward II. stat. 1. c. 3.
(C) c. 3.-Laying violent Hands upon a Clerk. Excom
munication for Penance Corporal. MOREOVER, if any lay violent hands on a clerk, the amends for
the peace broken shall be before the King, and for the excom‘munication before a prelate, that penance corporal may be enjoined ; which if the offender will redeem of his own good will, by giving money to the prelate, or to the party grieved, it shall be required • before the prelate and the King's prohibition shall not lie.'
9 Edward II. stat. 1. c. 4.
(D) c. 4.-Prelates may correct for Defamation. :IN defamations also prelates shall correct in manner abovesaid, the
King's prohibition notwithstanding.'
9 Edward II. stat. 1. c. 5.
(E) c. 5.-No Prohibition where Tithe is demanded of a
new Mill. ALSO if any do erect in his ground a millof new, and after the
parson of the same place demandeth tithe for the same, the King's prohibition doth issue in this form : Quia de tali molendino “ hactenus decimæ non fuerunt solutæ, prohibemus, &c. et sententiam "excommunicationis, si quam hac occasione promulgaveritis, revocetis “ omnino." The Answer. "In such case the King's probibition was
never granted by the King's assent, nor never shall, which hath decreed • that it shall not hereafter lie in such cases.'
9 Edward II. stat, 1. c. 6.
(F) c. 6.-Where a Suit for one Offence may be prose
cuted both in Court Spiritual and Temporal. A
court spiritual, and shall be definitively determined before a spi“ritual judge, and doth pass into a judgment, and shall not be sus“pended by an appeal; and after, if upon the same thing a question is “ moved before a temporal judge between the same parties, and it be “proved by witness or instruments, such an exception is not to be ad“ mitted in a temporal court." The answer. • When any one case is • debated before judges spiritual and temporal (as above appeareth
upon the case of laying violent hands on a clerk) it is thought, Ubat 'notwithstanding the spiritual judgment, the King's court shall discuss * the same matter as it shall deem expedient,'
9 Edward II. stat. 1. c.7.
(G) c. 7.-In what only Case the King's Letters shall be
sent to discharge an Excommunicate.. A
LSO the King's letter directed unto ordinaries, that have wrapped "munication, that they should assoil them by a certain day, or else that " they do appear, and shew wherefore they have excommunicated No. III. " them.” The Answer. • The King decreeth, That hereafter no such 9 Edward II. “ letters shall be suffered to go forth, but in case where it is found that
'st. 1. c. 7. “the King's liberty is prejudiced by the excommunication.'
(H.) c. 8.—Clerks in the King's Service shall be dis
charged of their Residence, but shall be corrected by the Ordinary.
(I) c. 9.—Distresses shall not be taken in the Highways,
nor in the ancient Fees of the Church.
(J.) c. 10.—They that abjure the Realm shall be in peace
so long as they be in the Church or Highway.
(K) c. 11.- Religious Houses shall not be charged by
Compulsion with Corrodies, Pensions, Resort, or taking of their Horses or Carts.
(L) c. 12.-A Clerk excommunicate may be taken out of
the Parish where he dwelleth. AL
LSO if any of the King's tenure be called before their ordinaries
out of the parish where they continue, if they be excommuni“ cate for their manifest contumacy, and after forty days a writ goeth “ out to take them, they pretend their privilege that they ought not to “ be cited out of the town and parish where their dwelling is “ the King's writ that went out for to take them is denied." The answer. . It was never yet denied, nor shall be hereafter.'
9 Edward II. stat. 1. c. 12.
(M.) c. 13.-—The Examination of a Parson presented to
a Benefice belongeth to a Spiritual Judge. ALS
LSO it is desired that spiritual persons, whom our Lord the King 9 Edward II.
doth present unto benefices of the church (if the bishop will stat. 1. c. 13. “ not admit them either for lack of learning, or for other cause rea“ sonable) may not be under the examination of lay persons in the cases “ aforesaid, as it is now attempted, contrary to the decrees canonical, “ but that they may sue unto a spiritual judge for remedy, as right “ shall require.” The Answer. • of the ability of a parson presented • unto a benefice of the church, the examination belongeth to a spi• ritual judge, and so it hath been used heretofore, and shall be here• after.'
(N.) c. 14.-There shall be free Election of Dignities of
(O.) c. 15,-A Clerk fleeing into the Church for Felony,
shall not be compelled to abjure.
(P.) c. 16.–The Privilege of the Church being demanded