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CHEVRÆANA.

MEMORY

Is ani

an inestimable gift. No one (says Plato) without this faculty can attain any emipence in philosophy. I know some persons who boast of having a bad memory, and hope to establish a character of superior judgment on this defect. Others complain of possessing too tenacious a memory, because it retains the recollection of past misfortunes. Some authors relate, that Selim, the son of Bajazet the Second, and father of Soliman, took into his mouth every day a grain that grows in Turkey, and has the quality of expurging the memory from all disagreeable reflections. If the tale be true, Turkey possesses one of

the greatest rarities and treasures in the world.

A SPARTAN BON MOT.

There are many persons of weak intellects who place great value on very frivolous accomplishments, and become very vain of possessing them. A stranger came to Lacedæmon to see the city, who had acquired the habit of standing a long time on one leg. Exhibiting this trick to a Spartan, he told him vauntingly, “You could not preserve that posture so long." I know that, replied the Lacedæmonian, but a goose can.

AN HEBREW SAYING.

To preserve a regular connection with our friends, it is prudent to renew our visits at distant intervals. Continual rain, says the Jewish axiom illustrating this position, is unpleasant; and most welcome when wished for and expected. Familiarity, the bane of friendship, is strongly and wisely condemned in the following lines at the end of an epigram, in the xiith book of Martial

Si vitare velis acerba quædam
Et tristes animi cavere morsus :
Nulli te facias nimis Sodalem;
Gaudebis minus et minus dolebis.

EPIG. 34.

Friendship’s fair commerce to enjoy,
And keep the bright ore from alloy,
E’en with your warmest friend preserve
A cautious and discreet reserve.
Each fond encroaching thought restrain,
Your pleasure less, and less your pain.

QUEEN ELIZABETH OF ENGLAND.

Various have been the accounts of the moral and religious character of this Princess. Whether she sacrificed her religion to her politics; whether she was guilty of ingratitude to her friends; whether her private conduct was modest or intriguing; may still be doubtful questions. Yet such was the high opinion the nation entertained of Elizabeth, that in the succeeding reign, the appellations of King Elizabeth and Queen James were familiar in the mouths of many Englishmen.

HYPERBOLE.

Aristotle describes this figure of speech as peculiar to persons under the influence of anger, or young people, who relate every thing with exaggeration. An acquaintance of mine, feeling indignation at the boasts of wealth uttered by a man whose poverty he well knew, exclaimed in anger, “ Here this man says he has a large house, encircled with an extensive wood, when I am certain that a tortoise would walk over his house in ten minutes, and that he has not wood enough to make a toothpick.”

CICERO'S EXILE*.

The following circumstance shews with how great respect and veneration this great Roman Orator was held by his fellowcitizens. When Cicero was banished from his country by the intrigues of Clodius, twenty thousand persons of the first rank,

* See Plutarch's Life of Cicero,

and almost all the knights, put on mourning on that occasion.

BON MOT OF THE EMPEROR MAXIMILIAN.

An impudent beggar, on the authority of the words in the twelfth chapter of Malachi, “ Have we not all one God, our common father?” asked alıns from Maximilian, addressing him by the title of Brother. Not satisfied with the sum given him by the Emperor, he further importuned him. “Retire," replied Maximilian in a gentle manner, “ for if all

your brothers gave you as much as I have now, you would soon be richer than I am.”

FORTUNE.

Epictetus compared Fortune to a woman who granted favours to the meanest of her servants. The following madrigal pursues this idea:

Dans l'amour comme dans le jeu,
Rien n'est certain, rien n'est solide :
Et le mérite sert bien peu
Où sans ordre, et sans choix la Fortune

préside.

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