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INTRODUCTION.
General Principles of Government-Causes of the Commercial Pros-

perity of England - The Revolution of 1688, and successive Ad-
ministrations from that Period— The Dangers of Reform...

1

System of Parties-Recent Conduct of the House of Commons— The

Sinecure Pension BillThe Grenville Sale-- Apostacy of Public

Men.--Principles of the Borough Government,

TEB 1 4 1912

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On the Principles of Gooernment and the real Causes

of the Prosperity of England. That sagacious epicure, David Hume, remarked that all governments are founded on opinion ; a truth which no one can hardly deny. It is, indeed, obvious that, as in all

cases, the governors form a minority; the mere physical force of the community resides in the governed, and, consequently, that the former can only control the latter by opinion. Now this opinion may either be founded in truth or in error ; it may either originate in just notions of the utility of government or it may be bottomed in delusion.

Reason suggests, that the first alone should be the basis of public authority, but reason and practice seldom agree; and, accordingly, we find that mankind, for the most part, are kept in subjection by the aid of some gross error with which their Rulers have artfully enslaved their understandings. Thus, in the countries of the East, the chief engine of power is the impostures of Mahomet: by the aid of these the Turkish Sultan and his officers bowstring and plunder with impunity the inhabitants of the finest regions in the world.

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