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The Church.


10,536,000 50,000 527,000 German Small States

12,763,000 60,000 765,000 Holland

2,000,000 80,000 160,000 Netherlands

3,000,000 35,000 105,000 Denmark

1,700,000 70,000 119,000 Sweden

3,400,000 70,000 238,000 Russia, Greek Church

34,000,000 15,000 510,000 Catholics and Lutherans ... 8,000,000 50,000 400,000 Christians in Turkey.....

6,000,000 30,000 • 180,000 South America .

15,000,000 30,000 450,000 Christians dispersed elsewhere ..... 3,000,000 50,000 150,000 The Clergy of ..

198,728,000 people, receive £8,852,000 Expenditure on the Clergy of the Established Church of England and

Ireland. England and Wales

6,000,000 £1,266,000 £7,596,000 Ireland ...

400,000 3,250,000 1,300,000 The Clergy of..

...6,400,000 people, receive £8,896,000

OBSERVATIONS. 1. Of the different forms of Christianity the Romish is the most expensive. A Roman Catholic clergyman cannot go though the duties of his ministry well for more than 1000 persons. The masses, auricular confessions, attendance on the sick, and other observances make his duties more laborious than those of a Protestant clergyman with double the number of hearers: add to which, the cost of wax lights, scenery, and other accompaniments peculiar to Catholic worship. Notwithstanding these extra outgoings, we find that the administration of the Protestant Reformed Religion in England to one million of hearers, costs the people twelve times more than the administration of Popery to the same number of hearers in Spain or Portugal, and more than thirty-four the administration of Popery in France.

2. The administration of Church of Englandism to 6,400,000 hearers costs more than the administration of all other forms of Christianity in all parts of the world to 198,728,000 hearers.

3. In toleration, discipline, and morality, the Established Religion of England appears inferior to the Established Religion of other countries.

4. In France religious liberty is complete, while in England religious intolerance and exclusion are allowed to remain. In France all religions are maintained by the State without distinction; all persons have access to the

The Church.

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Universities, and to every civil and military employment; in England only one religion, and that the religion of the minority, is maintained by the State. All Dissenters from the State religion suffer more or less in the enjoyment of their civil rights. They are excluded from the universities, magistracy, and corporations, and some are even excluded from a seat in the legislature, and military and naval employments.

5. England, hitherto esteemed the most enlightened and tolerant of countries, is the only one where a large mass of the population are denied the exercise of their civil rights on account of religion. Even in the superstitious countries of Spain and Portugal, no one suffers from Teligious disabilities. In Italy, the people are all Catholics, consequently there can be no religious proscription. In Sweden, Denmark, and Norway, the people are all Lutherans, consequently no religious disqualification. In Prussia, there are various religions, but all sects are on an equal footing. All offices, civil and military, corporate and magisterial, are indiscriminately filled with men of every form of Christian worship. No sectarian inventions to prevent the public enjoying the services of any person of superior merit, or fitness for office. In the case of Prussia, it is remarkable, that the King and Royal Family are Presbyterians, of whom there are only three hundred thousand, while there are one million of Lutherans, and four millions of Catholics. Another fact may be mentioned of Switzerland, contrasting strangely with the selfish intolerance of Church of Englandism. At Berne and Lausanne, two opposite sects, Calvinists and Catholics, use the same church alternately, at different

hours. There is a communion table for the Protestants, and an altar for the the Catholics; and one congregation retiring, frequently meets the other coming

to the same house of prayer. We need not refer to the United States of America, where, it is known, every religion is tolerated, and every mode of worship maintained by its respective followers.

6. England is the only country in the world where a tenth of the produce is claimed by the Clergy. In Popish Italy, the ecclesiastical tithe is only a fortieth, and is taken in kind : a prosecution by a clergyman for tithe is nearly unknown. In France, the expense of all religions is defrayed out of the taxes, like other branches of public service. The pay of the English Clergy vastly exceeds the pay of the Clergy of other countries. In France, an Archbishop has only £1041 a year; a Bishop £625; a Rector £48; a Curate £31. In Rome, the income of a Cardinal, the next in dignity in the Church to the Pope, is £400 to £500 a year; of a Rector £30; of a Curate £17. Compare these stipends with the enormous incomes of the English Clergy.

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An Alphabetical List of all the PLURALists in England

and Wales, showing the Number of Livings, Dignities, and other Offices held by each ; the Names of their Patrons, their Families, Connexions and Influence, so far as the same can be ascertained.

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depe EXPLANATIONS. The name of the Pluralist comes first. After the name comes the first living of the prod Pluralist, and an initial letter denoting its title-namely, r. for rectory, v. for vica

the rage, c. for curacy, p.c. for perpetual curacy, and d. for donative. The name of the Patron is in italics, and put after the living or livings, supposing more than one living, of which the same person is patron. Abp. is put for archbishop, Bp. for bishop, Archd. whe for archdeacon, Dn. for dean, Ch. for chapter. When a living is in the gift of the top University of Oxford, Oxon is put ; when of the University of Cambridge, Camb. When a noble, as the Duke of Devonshire, or the Duke of Northumberland, is ligio patron, the of in their title is omitted both for brevity and propriety. The “of” ex wbie presses territorial jurisdiction, but as they do not possess such authority at the present day, the term by which it is implied may be properly dropped. By a living is meant any parochial preferment, as rectory, vicarage, or curacy. A curacy may be pro guerr perly styled a living, as a stipend is annexed to the office equal to the maintenance of at least one individual. In the disposal of every living three parties are principally concerned : first, the patron ; second, the incumbent ; third, the bishop. The patron fart is the person or persons in whom the right of presenting to a living is vested. The person nominated by the patron is the incumbent. The right of presentation to a living is technically called an advowson. The office of the bishop is to grant institution to the living to which the incumbent is presented. By refusing institution, the bishops have a negative on all appointments by patrons: this negative, however, is

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The Church.

rarely exercised, and it is seldom that the patron and the diocesan are at issue. The most important personage in the affair is the Patron. It will be seen from the List that the patronage is sometimes in individuals—sometimes in public bodies. Sometimes the incumbent is his own patron, and presents himself; sometimes the incumbent's wife is patron, and presents her husband ; sometimes the husband and wife are patrons jointly. There are many Misses and Mistresses patrons, and no doubt well qualified to select spiritual persons for the cure of souls. In some instances the patronage is divided, the nomination being in one party and the appointment in another. Nearly all the livings in the metropolis, and the most valuable livings in the large towns in the country, are in the gift of the Crown, which adds enormously to its influence. The patronage not in the Crown is chietly in the Aristocracy, the Universities, and the Bishops. The patronage of the Aristocracy is chiefly bestowed on the “ honourable lumber” of their own families: the patronage of the Universities on the members of those places ; the patronage of the Bishops on their connexions and relations to the huudreth degree. For instances of the last see the Norths, the Sparkes, and the Pretymans. A great mass of patronage, however, remains, which cannot be disposed of in any of these ways. The families of the patrons, though numerous enough, are not sufficiently so to fill all offices iu the Army, the Navy, the Law, and the Church. A surplus patronage remains above what is necessary to satisfy the connexions and dependents of the Patrons. This surplus is brought into the market, and sold, like other commodities, to the highest bidder. The value of patronage is equal to its annual produce, deducting the stipend of the curate, or other efficient person who performs the duties of office. As the Working Clergy are kept at low wages, the value of patronage is proportionably great. Probably the total worth of Church Patronage is six MILLIONs annually. Nearly the whole of this revenue is in the disposal of laymen, who can have nothing to do with spiritual matters ; consequently, it might be applied to public uses, to the liquidation of the National Debt, and the Poor-Rates, without interfering with the fund really necessary to the maintenance of the Established Religion.-With respect to the PLURALISTS, we have given all the information on wbich we could rely. In so great a number as THREE THOUSAND there are, of course, many with whose families and connexions we are unacquainted. The cases we have selected appeared the most remarkable and most deserving attention. Frequently no illustration was necessary : where the names of the patron and the pluralist are the same it is pretty certain both belong to the same family. It will be often useful to turn to the Key to the Lower House and to Cobbett's Peep at the Peers for more particular details of families and connexions. As a general rule it may be inferred that all CLERGYMEN are warmly attached to the “THING :"all patronage being directly or indirectly in the Crown, they will naturally keep a steady eye on the source of emolument and promotion.— It were desirable to state the yearly value of livings, but there is no certain data for this purpose : parliamentary returns, it is true, have been made of the poor livings, but none of the rich ones. The only authentic statement of

The Church.

the value of church-property is the King's Book ; but this is of little use at the present day. Some of the richest livings in the kingdom are not included in the Survey of Henry the Eighth, and others are not stated at one hundredth part of the present value. The rectory of Stanhope, for instance, is only rated at £79 in the King's Book, though it is said to be the richest in England. The only means of obtaining an authentic account of the amount of the ecclesiastical revenues is, an inquiry, like that alluded to at page 216.

Abbott, P. Colne, c. Dr. Whitaker. Downham, c. P.W. P. Curzon.
Abbott, W. Worstead, r. Colteshall, v. Camb.
Abraham, R. Chattcombe, r. Earl Powlett. Ilminster, r. Earl of Guild-

ford. See North. Ackland, T. G. London, St. Michael Mildred with St. Margaret Moses,

1. The King Adams, H. Bradwell, r. Bondwell, r. Oxon.

As these are the first college livings we have met with, we shall make a remark or two on University Patronage : 257 livings are in the gift of the University of Oxford, and 292 in the gift of Cambridge. The livings are situate in different parts of the country; many of thein in the metropolis. Some of the livings are annexed to the provostships and professorships of the different colleges, but for the most part they are in the gift of the Fellows. By the statutes of the Universities the holding of a tellowship is incompatible with the holding of a college living. When, however, a living is more valuable than a fellowship, a fellowship is vacated for the sake of being eligible to the living. Sometimes the statutes are evaded by the college livings being exchanged for others, which the Fellows can hold with their college emoluments. Adams, R. Deepham, v. p. Dn and Ch. of Cant. Edingthorpe, r. The King. Adams, S.L. Blackauton, v. Lyd Newsome. Morley, r. 1. Scale. Adams, T.C. Anstey, c. The King. Saxleby, r. Earl of Aylesford. Shel

ton, c. The King. Adams, W. Abingdon, r. G. Pigot. Halstead, v. Bp. of London. Adamson, I. Altham, c. A. Curzoz. Padiham, c. L. G. Starkie. Addison, E. Cambridge, St. Benet, c. Landbeach, r. Camb. Addison, J. Fangfoss, c. Barnby Moore, c. Dn. of York. Addison, W. Middleton, St. George, r. with Egglestone, c. W. Pember

ton. Affleck, R. Silkstone, r. with Stainborough, c. Abp. of York. Affleck, Robert, Tockerington, c. The Prebendary. Tresswell, r. Dn. und

Ch. of York. Westow, v. Marq. Cornwallis. Ainger, W. St. Bees, c. Earl of Lonsdale. Sunninghill, v. Camb. Aitkins, R. E. Stanley,,c. Trustees under Act of Parliament. Atlow, c.

H. F. Pakover. Alban, T. Llandrillo, v. Bp. of St. Asaph. Eaton, v. H. and W. Lloyd.

Snead, c. P. Morris. Alderson, J. Hawthill, Duke of Leeds. Hornby, v. Dn. and Ch. of York. Alderson, Jos. Oxwick, r. Rev. Jos. Alderson. Hevingham, r. Geo. AnAlderson, W. Aston, r. Duke of Leeds, Everingham, r. Rev. W. Alder



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