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Key to the Lower House.
Whitbread, Samuel Charles, Middleser, brother to the member for Bedford.
Voted for both motions on Reform; for repeal of Six Acts, for Manchester inquiry ; 1822, for reduction of Postmaster, ditto Influence of the Crown, ditto Army, for repeal of Taxes; against young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill, for Civil-List inquiry, for Sir R. Wilson, for
Reform. White, Luke, Leitrimshire. Voted, 1821, for Mr. Lambton's reform;
1822, for Reform, for reduction of Postmaster on second division; against young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill; for reduction of Influence of
the Crown. Whitmore, Thomas, Bridgenorth, a Banker and Bank Director. VOTED
for reduction of one Postmaster on second division; against Catholic
Peers' Bill. Whitmore, W. W. Bridgenorth, son of the last Member. VOTED, 1821,
for Lord J. Russell's reform; 1822, for reduction of Lay Lords and Postmaster on second division, for Reform, for Civil-List inquiry; against young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill, for repeal of Salt Tax." The Whitmores have always shown great alacrity in putting forward ministerial addresses against Blasphemy and Sedition, when these sort of things were in vogue. They have been intimately connected with all the movements of the Paper System, one of them being Director at
the time of the Bank Stoppage. Wigram, Sir Robert, Lestwithiel, a Bank Director; has a son a Director of
the East-India Company; another a Fellowship at a College. When
he attends, votes with the Treasury; against Catholic Peers. Wigram, William, Wexford, a Banker. Always for Ministers. Wilberforce, William, Bramber, brother-in-law of Wetherellwhom see ;
relation of Lord Calthorpe-whom see in Peep at Peers; brother-in-law of Spooner of Birmingham, late Tax Receiver for Shropshire; brotherin-law of Stephens, a Master in Chancery, a relation of Lord Carring, ton. . VOTED for Reform, for reduction of one Postmaster on second division. Did not vote for popular motions of 182: nor 1822, for 'repeal of Taxes, for reduction of Lay Lords, ditto Army, ditto Influence of the Crown ; against young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill, ditto Civil-List. Wilberforce is a strange compound of cant weakness, selfishness, and aristocracy. Last year he voted for the restoration of the Queen's name in the Liturgy, yet voted against censure of Mi. nisters for the proceedings against her Majesty. Voted, 1821, for the repeal of Malt Tax, for a small reduction in the Army, for Catholic Emancipation; but did not vote against the grant of £18,000 to the
Duke of Clarence. Wilbraham, Edward Bootle, Dover, a well-known Lancashire Magistrate.
VOTED, 1821, against Reform; 1822, against reduction of Postmaster, against Catholic
Peers' Bill. Wildman, James B. Colchester, a West-India Merchant; three brothers in
the Army. Votes with the Treasury; against Catholic Peers. Wilkins, Walter, Radnorshire. For reduction of Postmaster, ditto of
Army, for repeal of Salt Tax, Williams, Owen, Marlow, brother-in-law of Pascoe Grenfell. For reduc
tion of one Postmaster. Williams, Thomas P, Marlow, son of the last Member. Voted for repeal
of Salt Tax, for reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords.
Key to the Lower House.
ese sort a
with a rector
er Bedford Williams, Sir Robert, Carnarvonshire. For Reform, for Civil-List inquiry; - for Mar
against Catholic Peers.
Williams, Robert, Dorchester, a Banker in London. Always for Ministers, ng W against Catholic Peers. ilson, Williams, William, Weymouth, a Banker in London. Voted, 1821, for
both motions on Reform, for Manchester inquiry, for repeal of Sir Acts; s reform 1822, for reduction of Lay Lords and Postmaster, ditto Army, for repeal
of Salt and Window Tax, for Sir R. Wilson; against young Wynn, Huence d ditto Alien Bill. : DID NOT VOTE for Civil-List inquiry, for reduction
of Influence of the Crown. VOTED Williams, John, Lincoln, Barrister-at-law. Voted for reduction of PostCatholic master, ditto Influence of the Crown, for Civil-List inquiry; against
young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill; for repeal of Window Tax. The
Member was only returned Easter, 1822.
Willoughby, Henry, Newark, relation of Lord Middleton; cousin married inquit a daughter of Eyre, Archdeacon of Nottingham, Prebend and Canon
of York, also a Church living.. The Member votes with the Treasury; ward mi
against qualification of Catholic Peers. Wilmot, Robert J. Newcastle, cousin of Lord Byron, whose mother has a
pension; a cousin Captain in the Navy, whose son is in the Church ; another cousin Captain in the Navy; a relation with a living in the Church. Wilmot" is Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies, and one of the Treasury phalanx. He is. put in by the Marquis of Stafford, whose family get about £5000 among them; but in their family connexions with the Grenvilles, the Beauforts, and the Har. rowbys, th
btained is probably much more than twice the amount of the whole expense of the government of the American
United States. protbe Wilson, Sir Henry W. St. Albans, brother-in-law of the Marquis of Ayles.
bury, uncle to the Earl of Harewood. Always for Ministers; against
Catholic Peers. 1829, Wilson, Sir Robert, Southwark, late Major-General in the Army. VOTED, ditto
1821, for both motions on Reform, for repeal of Six Acts, for Manchester inquiry ; 1822, for reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords, ditto Influence of the Crown, ditto Army, for Civil-List inquiry; against young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill; for repeal of Window and
Salt Tax. DID NOT vote against Irish Tithe System. or the Wilson, Thomas, London, a Merchant of London. VOTED, 1821, against
Reform, against reduction of one Postmaster ; for reduction of Lay
on second division ; against Catholic Peers,
VOTED for reduction of Postmaster, for repeal of Salt Tax; against
Alien Bill; for Reform. od Wodehouse, Edmond, Norfolk, nephew of Lord Wodehouse; Recorder of
Falmouth; a cousin Captain in the Navy, and Commissioner of the Navy Office at Halifax, Nova Scotia ; thrée, cousins with EIGHT livings in the Church; a relation an Archdeacon, with THREE church livings; another with two livings; another relation a Major, and another Captain in the Army. VOTED, 1821, against Reform ; 1822,
om seci -r-in-las
ditto -ness, on of
Cholic to the
Key to the Lower House.
for reduction of Postmaster, against repeal of Salt Tax; against Civil. List inquiry; for young Wynn; never supported Mr. Hume. It is not surprising there is a great deal of vascillation and inconsistency in the conduct of this Member; he is really placed in very awkward circumstances.. On one side his constituents are clamouring for relief, on the other his relations for preferment and patronage ; he cannot serve both :-we would advise him to accept the Chiltern Hundreds give up the county representation-buy a rotten borough- and stick to Church and State--it is there his interest lies : what would relieve
his constituents would impoverish his relations. Wodehouse, John, Marlborough, son of Lord Wodehouse, and cousin of
the last Member; a Colonel of the Militia. Votes always for Ministers;
against qualification of Catholic Peers. Wood, Matthew, London, Alderman and twice Lord Mayor of London.
Voted, 1821, for Manchester inquiry, for Lord J. Russell's reform; 1822, for Reform, for reduction of Postmaster and Lay Lords, ditto Army, ditto Influence of the Crown, for Civil-List inquiry; against young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill, ditto Irish Tithe System ; for repeal of Window and Salt Tax; moved inquiry into the treatment of Sheriff Waithman, at Knightsbridge. DID NOT vote for repeal of Six Acts,
nor for Mr. Lambton's reform. Wood, Thomas, Breconshire. Always for Ministers. Worcester, Marquis of, Monmouth, son of the Duke of Beaufort ; Lieute
nant-Colonel in the Army:. A Treasury man. Wortley, James Stuart, Yorkshire, cousin to the Marquis of Bute, and son
in-law to the Earl of Erne. Voted, 1819, for the THREE MILLIONS of new taxes, for the grant of £10,000 a year to the Duke of York; 1821, against repeal of Malt Tax, against the Queen; 1822, for reduction of Lay Lords; against reduction of Postmaster on first division, for reduction of Postmaster on second division; against repeal of Salt Tax., DID NOT VOTE, 1821, for reduction of any Estimates or Establishments, for repeal of any Taxes but the Wool Tax, for Manchester inquiry, for repeal of Six Acts, for Reform; 1822, for reduction of Army, ditto Influence of the Crown, for Civil-List inquiry; against young Wynn, ditto Alien Bill, ditto Irish Tithe System.
Mr. Wortley is connected with the Thing in various ways. He is patron or proprietor of the rotten borough of Bossiney, in Cornwall. The grandfather of his cousin Bute had a pension of £7000 for forty years. This same pensioned Bute was the first minister of George III. and it is to his influence over the mind of the late King, and his mother, the Princess Dowager, with whoin Bute was said to be on most gracious terms, that the Toryism of George III. may be ascribed, and which Toryism obtained such an ascendency in Church and State during the long life of the late King, that it seems probable the same narrow and arbitrary principles of government will predominate in the councils of his successor. Cousin Bute's wife has a sinecure in the Custoins is a daughter of the late Earl of Guildford, and a cousin of the Dowager Marchioness of Londonderry and the Duke of Buckingham. Cousin Bute has relations in the Army, the Navy, and the Church-one lately an Irish BISHOP; another cousin is Ambassador at Paris. The Bute family, in all its ramifications, exclusive of the late Marquis's pension, share among them upwards of £65,000 a year. Wortley's father-in-law
Key to the Lower House.
is Governor of Fermanagh, and has a son Lieutenant-Colonel and Major of Foot, and Governor of Hunt-Castle. The father-in-law's brother is Registrar of Forfeitures. Wortley himself is Lieutenant-Colonel of the Yorkshire Hussars and South York Yeomanry Cavalry, and, like Macqueen, receives an annual bonus under the head of fees for the “Suppression of Riots." Besides these sources of influence, Mr. W. must be gratified in all appointments in the Church, the Magistracy, and the collection of the Revenue, in the county of York.
After this statement, the Member's votes will not appear surprising: like Mr. Wodehouse, he is divided betwixt his allegiance to the 'Treasury team, family ties, and his duty to his constituents. He manages, however, with great dexterity, to conciliate both parties: to his constituents he now and then throws the sop of an unmeaning speech-to Ministers he constantly gives the more solid pudding of his votes. The following extract illustrates our meaning:-March 6, 1816, he delivered himself thus: “ He thought that the salaries of the Adjutant-General and Deputy Adjutant-General, Quartermaster-General and Deputy Quartermaster-General, might be left out. These officers held other ranks in the Army, and their pay in those offices was an unnecessary expense. If ever money was uselessly thrown away, it was on the local militia, which could only lead to the extension of military habits. The Yeomanry Cavalry ought to be done away with: the Military College and Military Asylum were items which he conceived might well be omitted : they had been created for a time of war, and were not necessary in peace. He did not APPROVE of a force of household troops so much exceeding that kept up in 1791. In the Commissariat and Barrack Departments, he could not take uponhimself to say that the expense was too much, but it appeared to him to have reference more to a state of war than of peace.”-Five days after this speech, and a vote for a small reduction which followed the speech, Mr. Calcraft moved the reduction of the Household Troops to a scale nearer that of 1791; but Wortley did not support the motion! Six peace have elapsed since Mr. Calcraft's motion was negatived; during this interval, Wortley has never voted for the abolition of these establishments, the maintenance of which he so decidedly condemned in 1916. It is true he has made a cajoling speech or two, but that is all; this is what Ministers allow their most strenuous supporters to do, so that they may not, by losing their seats, lose the power of serving them more effectually. It was with this view the Member supported the repeal of the Wool Tax, a tax of trifling amount, and for the repeal of which, there was not so much reason as fifty others; but Wortley's voting for the repeal served the purpose of "conciliating his constituents, at a small expense to the Treasury.
Mr. Wortley prides himself on being an independent country gentleman; but in his public conduct we cannot perceive his claim to the character. Real' independence consists in acting from public motives, from enlarged views of the interests of the majority not of the minority of the community. Mr. Wortley, we believe, never voted but with an eye to himself, his family, or the class to which he belongs. He is, in short, a man selfish, aristocratic, and of limited information ;
Key to the Lower House.
and we wonder the freeholders of the county of York did not choose
a more liberal and enlightened representative. Wrottesley, Henry, Brackley, Barrister-at-law, Commissioner of Bankrupts,
and Cursitor in Chancery; a relation a late maid of honour. One of the Treasury phalanx. The rotten borough of Brackley, in Northamptonshire, is one of the oldest boroughs in the kingdom, and many remains of its former greatness are still visible. It is now reduced to a small town, with only 256 houses in it. The right of election is confined to the corporation, which consists of the Mayor, six Aldermen, and twenty-six burgesses, under the absolute controul of the Bridgewater family; they receive their nomination from the Marquis of Stafford, nephew of the last Duke of Bridgewater. The Bridgewater (Egerton) family, and connexions get at least £13,000, while the Stafford (Gowers) get about £5000 of the public money, of course,
yearly. Wyndham, Wadham, New Sarum. Against reduction of one Postmaster, Wynn, Charles Watkin Williams, Montgomeryshire, nephew of Lord
Grenville; a brother, Henry, who married a daughter of Lord Carrington, has a pension, and is the famous young Wynn who got the four thousand a year embassy to Switzerland ; President of the Board of Controul, Colonel of Yeomanry Cavalry. For an account of this
man, and the Grenville Sale, see page 127. Wynn, Sir Watkin Williams, Denbighshire, brother of the last subject,
cousin of the new Duke of Buckingham, and son-in-law of Lord Powis; Colonel of Militia, Lord-Lieutenant and Custos-Rotulorum of the county of Denbigh; Steward of two Welsh manors.
Three Wynns in the Church with SEVEN livings. Votes with the Treasury. This Member appears, also, to share largely in the sums paid out of the taxes for the support of the Volunteer Yeomanry. Throughout Wales, we find, in the late return, no Riot Fees allowed, till we come to Sir W. W. Wynn, who commands the Denbigh corps, and this corps consumes, in riot fees, one thousand three hundred pounds. The whole of their expenses are near three thousand! We noticed Mr. Wortley as being gratified in a similar manner, In the county of York there are nine volunteer corps, yet there is little allowed for the suppression of riots and permanent duty, till we come to the Yorkshire Hussars and South York, commanded by Lord Grantham and Mr. Wortley, and their joint suppression of riot fees amount to near three thousand pounds. We ought, also, to have noticed, that Colonel Bastard, Ñ.P. Coinmandant of the South Hams Devon Yeomanry Cavalry, and Mr. Bradley, Commandant of the Newcastle Yeomanry, draw a heavy bonus, as riot fees, though no one ever heard of any rioting in these counties.
When Lord CASTLEREAGH was pressed to give something in the nature of an excuse or palliation for the Swiss Joh of £4000 a year to young Wynn, he informed Parliament that the salaries of diplomatic agents had been increased that they might be better enabled to keep up the dignity and honour of Great Britain among foreign nations, and exercise a liberal hospitality towards their countrymen abroad. The hospitality alluded to, we suppose, was meant for the better entertainment of the 100,000 patriotic Absentees, who spend no small