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Russian Dutch Loan, 55 Geo. III. c. 115. 119,517 19
Deficiency of Profits to the South Sea

Company, 55 Geo. III. c. 57........ 2,200 17 3
Contingencies in the Office for inquiring
into Charities

14,000 0 0 Irish Life Annuities

38,978 17 0
Commissioners of Roads to Holyhead.. 25,000 0 0
Duke of Wellington, 54 Geo. III. c. 161. 20,000 0
Commissioners for the improvement of
Port Patrick Harbour ..

5,000 0 0

224,896 16 0

£ 1,548,478 11 15

Economy and Retrenchment.




THE labours of Mr. Hume are an instance of what the ability and perseverance of a single individual may accomplish even in the House of Commons as at present constituted. The Opposition must be heartily ashamed of their former inefficiency, and, doubtless, feel some mortification in beholding an obscure member effect in one or two sessions all they had been talking about for years. It is not, however, so much the good Mr. Hume has effected as the evil he has prevented that entitles him to the gratitude of the country. From 1817, all the great branches of public expenditure had been annually augmenting; the army, the navy, and ordnance had all increased, and the estimates for 1821 were greater than in any preceding year, except 1820. How far this progression would have extended, had not Mr. Hume, supported by a small phalanx of honest members, commenced his exposures, it is impossible to say. His mode of attack could not be resisted : though an unofficial man himself, he showed as intimate acquaintance with the details of the public accounts as those who had been all their lives in office. Even Mr. Gooch and Stuart Wortley were constrained to adınit the value of his services, and the reductions of the present session may be ascribed entirely to his exertions.

To judge of the value of these reductions, and the importance of Mr. Hume's labours, it will be necessary to advert to the state of the expenditure when he undertook to shame Ministers into some sort of economy by

Economy and Retrenchment.

an exposure of their profusion. The great object of his exertions was to show the immense disproportion betwixt the peace expenditure of 1792 and the present time, and to establish this point he brought forward, in his memorable speech of the 27th June, 1821, numerous statements illustrative of the expenditure of the two periods. As these documents must be extremely valuable for reference in all future discussions on the subject, we shall incorporate the most important in the SUPPLEMENT, with a few observations.

The first subject of comparison was the disproportion betwixt the military and naval establishments. It appears that, in 1792, the whole charge for the army, navy, and ordnance, was £4,760,694, and that, in the past year, it amounted to £16,715,408, making an increase of £11,954,714; as appears by the following statement :

Abstract of the Expense of the ARMY, Navy, and ORDNANCE

of Great Britain and IRELAND, in the Years 1792 and 1820.

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Economy and Retrenchment.

The comparison of the numbers of the army was not less striking. The total number of the troops regular and irregular in 1792 was 86,807. In 1821, the number of regular troops was 101, and the irre

lar, 162,328; making a total of 263,867, and giving an increase of 177,060 men above the rumbers of 1792.

Statement of the MILITARY FORCE, regular and irregular (Men and Officers

included), in GREAT BRITAIN, IRELAND, and the British COLONIES, (exclusive of the East Indies), in the Years 1792 and 1821, made up from Returns before Parliament.

Regular Cavalry and Infantry in Great Britain ... 15,919
Do. Ireland

Do. Colonies

17,323 (Including the Corps at New South Wales)

-45,242 Royal Artillery

3,730 Do. Marines



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Economy and Retrenchment.

Militia of Great Britain disembodied in 89 Regiments 55,092
Do. Ireland
Do. 38 Regiments 22,472

Yeomanry in Great Britain, Men and Officers 36,294
Do. Ireland

30,786 Volunteer Infantry, in Men and Officers, Great Britain 6,934

-74,014 East India Company's Regiment

750 Veteran Battalions disembodied and ready to be called 10,000


Total Irregulars
Men in Arms, or may be in Arms in a few hours or days:

Total of Regular and Irregular, 1821

in 1792

263,867 86,807

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In this enormous increase was included nearly 10,000 dragoons and household troops, the most expensive class in the army. The following statement shows the increase of life and foot guards and cavalry at the two periods.

RANK and FILE. officers and Non- Total of Men Increase in Rank

Commissioned and Officers in and File in
Officers in 1821. 1821.

1792. 1821.

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Lord Castlereagh defended the large establishment of the army on the pretext that they were necessary to the relief of foreign stations; but this cannot apply to the household troops, as they are never sent abroad 'in peace. The sums saved by their reduction would be considerable, since the expenses of every horseman is nearly as great as those of the junior clerks in the public offices, some of whom have been so unsparingly, reduced, that their superiors might enjoy undiminished their overgrown emoluments. The expense of a dragoon and horse, exclusive of forage,

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