Gholson Road: Revolutionaries and Texas Rangers
GHOLSON ROAD is the well-documented story of one family's role in American history, from early Virginia through early Texas during the period of the Old West. Anthony2 fought with the Virginia militia in the Revolutionary War and leased land from George Washington. In 1801, at age 68, he moved his family west to Kentucky.
Samuel, son of Anthony2, fought in the War of 1812, participating in the Battle of the Thames and the Battle of New Orleans, moved to Arkansas Territory, then to Texas, arriving in 1832 with his son Albert. They were members of Robertson's Colony while Texas was still a part of Mexico and were among the early Texas Rangers. Albert fought in most of the battles of the Texas Revolution and survived many Indian fights, only to be killed by a neighbor. His sons, Sam and Frank, were also Texas Rangers, protecting the settlers and helping to retrieve several Indian captives. The brothers were persuaded to become Confederate soldiers by a lynch mob that threatened to kill them and their young wives if they did not. After the Civil War, they were involved in the cattle industry and the trail drives of the late 1800s.
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British Colonial Colonel Fig. 5.1 Daniel Boone Fig. 5.2 Cumberland Gap Fig. 5.3 Anthony2 Gholson home Fig. 6.1 Micah Taul Fig. 6.2 Henry Clay Fig. 7.1 Battle of Lake Erie Fig. 7.1d Detail of Fig. 7.1 Fig. 7.2 "Remember the River Raisin!
According to A Dictionary of British Surnames, variations of the name Gholson appeared as early as the Doomsday Book in 1066. The variations listed are Goldston, Goldstone, Gouldstone, Goulston, Goulstone, Colston, Goldson, Golson, ...
... grant of 992 acres in Kentucky 1780 Virginia invaded by British forces led by Benedict Arnold 1780-1801 Numerous land transactions for Anthony2 in Botetourt 1781 Richmond captured and burned by second British invasion - January 1 78 ...
... to rendezvous in August 1813 Perry defeated British fleet in Battle of Lake Erie - September 10 1813 Taul's company, including Samuel Gholson, arrived at Lake Erie 1813 Battle of the Thames - October 5 1813 Tribes signed armistice ...
As to terminology, the settlers who came to America from the British countries were called "imports" and were automatically citizens. Those who came from countries considered "foreign," such as Germany, were "immigrants" and had to ...
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