Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 5, Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Part 7, Military Technology: The Gunpowder Epic
The Gunpowder Epic is one of three planned publications on military technology within Dr Needham's immense undertaking. The discovery of gunpowder in China by the 9th century AD was followed by its rapid applications. It is now clear that the whole development from bombs and grenades to the invention of the metal-barrel hand gun took place in the Chinese culture area before Europeans had any knowledge of the mixture itself. Uses in civil engineering and mechanical engineering were equally important, before the knowledge of gunpowder spread to Europe in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Dr Needham's new work continues to demonstrate the major importance of Chinese science and technology to world history and maintains the tradition of one of the great scholarly works of the twentieth century.
MILITARY TECHNOLOGY continued
ii The Sung formulae 1
8 Firecrackers and fireworks p
9 Gunpowder as incendiary p
10 Bombs and grenades p
11 Land and sea mines p
12 Bizarre delivery systems p 21
14 The eruptor ancestor of all cannon
17th century Arabic Arima arquebus arrows arsenic artillery auct bamboo barrel Blackmore bombards bombs breech-loading bronze cannon century Chao Chen Cheng Chhen Chiao chien Chin China Chinese Ching Tsung Yao co-viative projectiles composition dynasty emperor enemy engine eruptor Europe European explosive Feng Chia-Sheng fire-lance fire-weapons firearms fireworks flame-thrower flames fuse Greek Fire gunpowder weapons hand-guns History history of gunpowder hsiao Huo Lung Ching ignition illustration incendiary invention iron Jurchen khou Kung later London matchlock mentioned metal-barrel military Ming Dynasty mixture Mongols Museum musket naphtha Needham nitrate Partington Peking phao Pien Ping Ping Lu powder probably reign-period rocket-arrow rockets saltpetre shen siege sulphur Sung Technology Thang Thien Thung translation trebuchet Tshao tube Wade-Giles Wang Wang Ling WCTY Wu Ching Tsung Wu Pei Chih Yuan Yuan Dynasty
Page 693 - Travels in China, containing descriptions, observations, and comparisons, made and collected in the course of a short residence at the imperial palace of Yuen-Min-Yuen, and on a subsequent journey through the country from...
Page 640 - In like manner they (the Chinese) are well acquainted with the effect of steam upon certain bodies that are immersed in it; that its heat is much greater than that of boiling water. Yet although for ages they have been in the habit of confining it in close vessels, something like Papin's digester, for the purpose of softening horn, from which their thin, transparent and capacious lanterns are made, they seem not to have discovered its extra-ordinary force when thus pent up; at least, they have never...
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Trust: Human Nature and the Reconstitution of Social Order
No preview available - 1996