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DISCUSSIONS

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PHILOSOPHY AND LITERATURE, EDUCATION AND UNIVERSITY REFORM.

DISCUSSIONS

ON

PHILOSOPHY AND LITERATURE,
EDUCATION AND UNIVERSITY REFORM.

CHIEFLY FROM THE EDINBURGH REVIEW;
CORRECTED, VINDICATED, ENLARGED,
IN NOTES AND APPENDICES.

BY

SIR WILLIAM HAMILTON, BART.

Truth, like a torch, the more it's shook it shines.

THIRD EDITION.

WILLIAM BLACKWOOD AND SONS,

EDINBURGH AND LONDON.
MDCCCLXVI.

Vidi eguidem motat eubito Jlammescere prunai; Et ttnsim, nulla discuiiente, mori.

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PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION.

This publication mil not I hope be deemed superfluous. Its contents have, in great part, been collected and translated in France and Italy; in Germany many of the discussions have been separately translated; and their general collection has once and again been recommended in the _Wfling firitical_Journals of AmerjcA. In this country also, a considerable number are comprised in the "Selections from the Edinburgh Review" by Mr Crosse. —M. Peisse, the learned French translator, has added to the articles, published by him under the name of "Fragments de Philosophic," sundry important contributions of his own,—an Introduction, an Appendix, and Notes. Of the last especially I have frequently availed myself.

In reprinting these criticisms, I have made a few unimportant corrections; and some not unimportant additions,—in length at least, for the new extends to above a half of the old. At the same time, I was not averse from evincing, by the way, the punctual accuracy of certain statements advanced in them, whieh had been variously and, sometimes even, vehemently assailed. In one instance, the counter criticism was indeed of such a character and came from such a quarter, that I could not in propriety let it pass without a full and formal refutation. (P. 506—p. 524.)

In preparing an Appendix, supplementary of the previous discussions relative to the English Universities, I

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