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through the ivy, with one hand to his throat, while

PARTING BREATH. Gentlemen of the jury, you will find then fell in the other he grasps a knife, and a figure below

back on his pillow and expired. holds a ladle as if to catch the blood from his selfinflicted wound. Not far from these is a group of " THE

HE ruling passion strong in death" is a The past pursuits and events of life are usually poetic phrase founded on practical expe

those which most influence the mind of the dying. merry musicians ; and blended with some of the rience

. Even while the body is on the brink of dis- Napoleon's muttered exclamation of “ Téte d'armost highly-wrought tracery in the windows is the solution, and life is fast fleeting,—while the senses me !" (head of the army), was a striking exemplififigure of a sow playing the bagpipes.

are dim, and the power of voluntary motion is already cation of the ruling passion strong in death. Nelson's The latter part of the day we devoted to Dryburgh dead, the mind fickers up like the last glimmerings last words to Hardy were—“I thank God I have Abbey. The scenery between Melrose and Dryburgh of the expiring taper in the socket, and the parting done my duty.” And Captain Lawrence's last exis exceedingly beautiful. The road overhangs the breath of the dying is often a striking commentary

clamation was—" Don't give up the ship." Tweed, fringed with rich plantations to the water's or illustration of their entire past life.

characteristic as these was the saying of Dr. Adams, edge; and as it crosses the hill of Bennerside it

In cases of ordinary natural dying, there is often a master of the Edinburgh High-school, who, when commands a lovely view of the river winding round momentary exaltation of the mind, in which it seems dying, supposed himself to be in the midst of his an island, with a solitary house upon it-the only to survey the past, or to anticipate the future, with a class, and muttered, " It grows darkthe boys may remains, our cicerone told us, of “old Melrose." A low gateway at one side of a narrow lane, at

lightning glance-exhibiting the triumph of mind dismiss"—then fell back, and expired.

over matter at the very moment of their final separa- Often, however, all the later events in life seem to the foot of which runs the Tweed, admitted us into tion. Physiologists informs us that this preternatu- be blotted out from the mind of the dying; and the the wooded grounds of Dryburgh; and after passing ral exaltation of the mind at such a moment resem- vivid life of youth and childhood springs into memory the residence, which we did not pause to examine, bles dreaming more than any other known mental again. The forgotten patois of some far remote nawe came to a wooden fence round the abbey. It is a beautiful ruin, embosomed in dense foliage, and state ; and yet the ideas passing in the mind seem tive village is now well remembered; the names of

to be also suggested to some extent by external cir-old acquaintances, the companions of youth, are sudhaving a very fine radiated window covered with

cumstances. As in the case of the death of a dis- denly remembered ; and the voice of the skylark, the ivy. It contains little, however in the way of

tinguished judge, who, seeing the mourning relatives babbling of the brook, and the rustling of the trees, architectural remains, to attract the notice of those standing round his bed, raised himself for a moment salute the dying man's ear, as he parts with life in who have previously visited Melrose. Our thoughts from his couch, and said with his wonted dignity, I the centre of the crowded city, where he has long were all upon the one spot, the aisle called St. Mary's, beneath the right hand arch of which is the last resting-place of him whose spell had been on us all the day. The spot is marked by a plain flat stone, about three feet from the ground, with the simple inscription, “ Sir Walter Scott, bart.” Our hearts and eyes were full, some at all events to overflowing: the mighty genius, and the broken heart—the lordly mansion, and the lowly grave-the contrast was painfully oppressive ; and “ Poor Sir Walter !" burst in broken accents, almost simul. taneously from our lips.

“ The last abode,
The voiceless dwelling of the bard is reached ;
A still majestic spot; girt solemnly
With all the imploring beauty of decay ;
A stately couch 'midst ruins! meet for him

With his bright fame to rest in."
These are the recollections of many years ago.
What changes in the poet's home, or around the
poet's grave, may since then have taken place the
writer seeks not to inquire. He knows, however,
that many an “added stone" within the ruins of
Dryburgh, inscribed with the names of children
summoned in their prime to the “ narrow house
appointed for all living," bears still further testi-
mony to the utter vanity of that chief desire to be
the founder of an illustrious house and family ; but
no further knowledge is capable of adding to the
impressiveness of the lesson, which it is difficult to
conceive how any one who has ever visited or me-
ditated upon Abbotsford and Dryburgh can have
failed to learn, or, having so learned, can forget
the lesson so well expressed in the one line of a
Christian poet :-

"He builds too low who builds beneath the skies !"

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La Bruyere says : A slave has but one masterthe ambitious man has as many masters as there are persons whose aid may contribute to the advance. ment of his future.

There is this paradox in pride it makes some men ridiculous, but prevents others from becoming so.


Engraved expressly for the New York Journal.

lived. Sir Astley Cooper once, in passing through Cardinal Beaufort, too, the murderer of the Duke of Many of the last words of our great men have been the wards of Bartholomew Hospital, heard one of Gloucester, suffered frightful mental tortures~"Will very characteristic. his patients talking in a strange language, having not all my riches,” he exclaimed, “ save me? What ! Daniel Webster was lying quite unconscious on ceased to speak in his wonted English. A Welsh is there no bribing death ?" In like manner, Queen his death-bed, when suddenly he broke forth in a milk-woman discovered it to be Welsh—the language Elizabeth's last words were—“All my possessions piercing voice, which reached the farthest corner of in which the man had learnt to speak when a child, for a moment of time !" But in vain. How different the house, Life! life! Death! death! Horo but which he had long forgotten.

the quiet parting words of Washington—" It is curious it is !" The visual conceptions reproduced in some minds well !

Neander, the German theologian, died of a kind during their last moments, often appear to have been In nearly all cases, however, if not in every case, of cholera. After his seizure he suffered a day or derived from poetical readings and musings, little the moments which precede death are absolutely two's pain, which was followed by a quiet interval, suspected even by those who best knew them. Dr. painless. Dying, when disease has done its work, when his physicians hoped for his recovery. DurSymonds says he remembers hearing a young man, and nature has ceased to offer further resistance, is ing this interval he dictated a page in his Church who had been but little conversant with any but no more painful than falling asleep. It is entirely History, and then said to his sister, Let us go civic scenes, discourse most eloquently a short time an unconscious act; and our consciousness leaves home." These were his last words. before death, of “sylvan glen and bosky dell,” purling us so imperceptibly, that before our life is terminated, When Nieubhr was far gone, and in extreme streams and happy valleys; “babbling of green we have become insensible to its value. When lifo danger, a potent medicine was given to him. Shortly fields," as if his spirit had already been recreating passes, it is with a gentle sigh,—and

after he said, “What essential substance is this? itself in the gardens of Elysium. And in another

Am I so far gone ?" He spoke no more. When case of a phthisical patient, every person who came

Like a clock worn out with eating Time,

Fichte's son approached him with medicine, in his to the dying youth's bedside was sure to receive a

The wheels of weary life at last stand still.

last moments, he answered, “ Leave it alone ; I need distich in honor of his name; nor could any remark

no more medicine ; I feel that I am well.He then be made without his seizing one of the words uttered, Although the appearances upon the features of the

went to sleep, and slept on. The last words that and finding a rhyme for it, in doing which he exdeparting sufferer may indicate anguish, relatives

Richter could utter were, on touching a wreath of may be comforted with the assurance that when the Aowers that a lady had sent to him, “ My beautiful hibited great ingenuity. Recitations of poetry appearing to recur from a passive process of memory, changes begin in which death consists

, all pain is flowers, my lovely flowers !The words he had with perfect unconsciousness of what is passing really at an end. Muscular spasms and convulsions uttered just before these were, “ It is time to go to around, are frequent occurrences; and the passages are at that stage quite independent of all feeling, and


Death is the gentlest selected have often a singular coincidence with the are mere unconscious acts.

Byron's last words were, “I must sleep now;" events in the life of the moribund rehearser. Sir possible separation of life from matter; in many, if Goeth's, “ Light ! more light ! Tasso's, “ Into thy Walter Scott's touching picture of the death of not in all cases, it is accompanied by the sensation hands, O Lord !" Burn's last concern was, lest the

described in the beautiful lines of Spenser :Madge Wildfire has had, many unfictitious counter

Dumfries volunteers should honor him with a salvo, parts.

for he said, “ Don't let that awkward squad fire over

Sleep after toil, port after stormy seas, Shakspeare, whose knowledge of life in all its Ease after war, death after life, doth greatly please.

my grave.” When Schiller was dying he was asked phases seems to have been something almost super

how he felt ; “ Calmer, and calmer," was his reply. human, has touched upon the subject with his The fear of death is, after all, an imaginary terror ; And shortly after he looked up with a lively air and accustomed skill. In the death-scene of Catherine and those whose lives are good need never fear it. said. “ Many things are growing plain and clear to (Henry VIII.) the queen mother's soul is cheered Many have longed for it, and welcomed it with grati- me.” And then he closed his eyes in the sleep from with beatific visions and communion with heavenly tude. The deaths of many great and good men which there is no awakening. visitors, such as so often visit the dying, whose lives abundantly illustrate this. Alexander Cruden, the Haydn's dying words were, “ God preserve the have been spent in the contemplation of future author of the Concordance, was found dead on his Emperor,"—the name of one of his grandest airs. existence :

knees, while in the attitude of prayer. Petrarch Mozart's last work was his Requiem, which was

died quietly in his library, leaning upon a book. sung around his death-bed : and his last words were Saw you not, even now, a blessed troop Invite me to a banquet ; whose bright faces

Leibnitz was found dead in his chamber, with a these, as he looked over its pages, with tears in his Cast thousand beams upon me, like the sun ? volume in his hand. Gesner, when near his last eyes, Did I not tell you that I was criting this for They promised me eternal happiness ;

moments, desired that he might be carried into his myself ?And brought me garlands, Griffith, which I feel

library, where he expired in the midst of his books. Among the ever-memorable words of great men I am not worthy yet to wear : I shall, Assuredly.

Dr. Haller was watching his pulse in his last mo- spoken on their death-beds, are those of Johnson,

ments, and turning to his friends, he said, " The " Live well !Sir Walter Scott, who addressed But, in the death-scene of Falstaff, described by artery ceases to beat,” and expired. Lucan died these to his son-in-law, “ Be virtuous, bc religrous, Dame Quickly, Shakspeare gives the signs of death reciting verses from his Pharsalia. Judge Talfourd's be a good man ; nothing else can give you any comso accurately, that we have heard the passage quoted death was most characteristic. His last words were fort when you come to lie here." Sir Walter by a lecturer on physiology, as entirely characteris- the enforcemement of sympathy between the richer Raleigh's was fine. When the executioner told him tic of the parting scene in many instances : and poorer classes of society,—and he was carried to lie down at the block with his head to the east,

"A made a finer end, and went away, an it had from off the bench into an adjoining room, where he he said, “ No matter how the head lie, so that the been any Christom child ; 'a parted even just be- expired. Roscommon was repeating two lines from heart be right.Sir Philip Sidney's last act was as tween twelve and one, e'en at turning o' the tide; his own Dies ire, when he died. Addison called noble as his whole life was. When lying wounded for after I saw him fumble with the sheets, and play his dissolute son-in-law to his bedside, that he might on the fatal field of Zutphen, he caught the eye of a with flowers, and smile upon his fingers' ends, I see "with what tranquility a Christian could die.” dying soldier fixed on the water at which his own knew there was but one way, for his nose was as Nicolas Gogol, one of the most distinguished of parched lips were placed, “ Take it,” said he, thy sharp as a pen ; and 'a babbled of green fields,” modern Russian authors, died not long ago, and just need is greater than mine.” There spoke the hero &c.

before breathing his last he exclaimed, “Ah! if as well as the poet. Somewhat similar in character If it be true, as Dr. Fletcher was of opinion, that people knew how pleasant it is to die, they would not were the dying words of the hero of Corunna. at the moment of dying, the mind is occasionally in fear death.” Unlike Gogol, who regarded his past When the surgeons hurried to his aid, Sir John 80 exalted a state that an almost instantaneous sur writings as a deadly sin, and unlike Tasso, whose Moore said, “ You can be of no service to me; go to vey is taken of the whole of a past life, we can then dying request to Cardinal Cynthia was that his poeti- the soldiers to whom you can be useful ; I am beyond easily understand the horrors that haunted the mind cal works might be collected and burnt,—unlike your skill.of Charles XIV. of France on his death-bed, who them, Chaucer died ballad-making : Bede died dic- Of great royal sayings, one of the royalest was fancied that he still heard the groans of his subjects, tating ; Herder died writing an Ode to the Deity, that of Gustavus Adolphus, when found mortally who were massacred on St. Bartholomew's day. I his pen upon the last line.

wounded by his enemies on the field of battle, “I


am the King of Sweden,” he cried out, “and I seal equally sheltered situation : and accordingly selected familiarly, as if aware how safe from peril it was at with my blood the liberty and religion of the whole the dining-room, which, as the family never entered such a moment, upon our own Bible as it lay open German nation.” Another grand saying was that it till luncheon-time, she had all to herself from the before us, whilst we were reading the lessons on a of the Emperor Rodolph, who said, when dying, “I moment the housemaid had done her duty in the Christmas Day. am on my way to Spires, to visit the kings, my pre- morning, and retired, leaving, as she was accustomed We will close our anecdotes of singular situations decessors." The last words of Frederic V. of Den- to do, the window open. How long the bird had chosen for building nests in, with the instance of a mark were, “ There is not a drop of blood on my carried on her operations unnoticed we know not; sparrow, who, like the preceding robin, attached her. hands." The beautiful Anne of Austria, Queen of but a servant, accidentally moving the drapery of self to a church_but instead of the parish Biblo, France, when her hands, the finest in the world, one of the window-curtains, discovered in the folds selected the middle of a carved thistle, which decobegan to swell in her last illness, said, It is time of a festoon the robin's nest.

rated the top of the pulpit in a chapel at Kennaway, for me to depart.The mind of Charles II. was In this instance the bird availed itself of a situation in Scotland. It found free ingress and egress by occupied to the last with thoughts of Nell Gywn; in which, during the greater portion of the day, she means of the windows, which were left open, for “Let not poor Nelly starde,” said he at parting. was in solitude and silence ; but solitude and silence airing the chapel, upon week-days. Here indeed was the ruling passion strong even in do not seem to be essential to all robin adherents, for death.

we lately heard of a pair which took possession of a
pigeon-hole book-shelf in a school, which was con-

stantly frequented by seventy children. The hole
BIRDS' NESTS. selected was at the furthest extremity of the room,
immediately above the heads of a junior class of little

COME, fill a pledge

to sorrow, “HE interior of a skull, as well as the interior of girls from four to five years of age, who, much to

The song of mirth is o'er, TH

And if there's sunshine in our hearts, a magpie's nest, were—however singular--at their credit, never disturbed the bird. There she

'Twil light our theme the moro. least better suited to the sedentary life of a bird laid and hatched five eggs

One of the young ones

And pledge we dull life's changes, when sitting upon her eggs, than the noisy work. died in a few days, and the body was carried off by

As round the swin hours pass

Too kind were fate, if none but gems shop of a brass-founder's factory ; yet, in such an the parent birds. The remaining four were reguunlooked for place did a female water-wagtail once larly fed in the presence of the children, and in due

Should sparkle in Time's glass. build her nest, within a foot of the wheel of a lathe, time reared. Soon after their departure, the old bird

The dregs and foam together in the midst of the diu of hammerers and braziers, repaired the nest and laid three more eggs, which she

Unite to crown the cup,

And well we know the weal and woo There, unmolested and unconcerned, she hatched attended to with the same perseverance and success.

That fills life's chalice up; four young ones. The cock, not reconciled to such We have often alluded to the frequent return of

Life's sickly revellers perish, . a scene, instead of taking his part in feeding the birds to the nests, and perhaps the most singular fea

The goblet scarcely drained: ture of this anecdote is, that about twelve years ago nestlings, carried the food he collected to a spot on

Then lightly quaff, nor lose the sweets the roof, where he left it till the hen fetched it when a robin built in that identical pigeon hole. Why the

Which may not be retained. wanted. She became quite familiar with the men visits were not renewed every year, it is impossible

What reck we that unequal who were constantly employed in the shop, and flew to conjecture ; but that the pair of the present year

Its varying currents swellin and out without showing signs of fear ; but if a were either the same old birds or young ones of the

The tide that bears our pleasures down,

Buries our griefs as well. stranger approached, she immediately flew off her brood then reared in it, is more than probable, from

And if the swift-winged tempest nest, or, if absent, would not return till he had de- the circumstance of the pigeon-hole being selected;

Have crossed our changeful day, parted. when others, forming the school library, within the

The wind that tossed our bark has swept We once found a wagtail's nest under the half- same framework, would equally have suited the

Full many a cloud away! deck of a pleasure-boat, which was anchored on a purpose.

Then grieve not that naught mortal sheet of water. Several times from the discovery of Another nest was constructed, and for two succes

Endures through passing years ; * the nest to the final departure of the young ones, we sive years, in a still more extraordinary situation, Did life one changeless tenor keep, embarked and sailed about, the old birds keeping a which we give not on our own authority, but fully be

'Twere cause, indeed, for tears.

And ill we, ore our parting, look-out upon our motions, and frequently alighting lieving it. A few years ago, a pair of robins took up

A mantling pledgo to sorrow; upon the gunwale. Finally the brood was reared, their abode in the Parish church of Hampton, War

The pang that wrings the heart to-day and flew away with the old ones. wickshire, England, and affixed their nest to the

Time's touch will heal to-morrow' The redstart—one of the prettiest summer birds of church Bible, as it lay on the reading desk. The passage—though in its general habits very shy, is vicar would not allow the birds to be disturbed, and frequently, in the choice of position for its nest, the therefore supplied himself with another Bible, from

Τ Ο Ε Μ Μ Α.
very reverse. We remember one which built on the which he read the lessons of the service.
narrow space between the gudgeons or upright iron A similar instance occurred at Collingbourne,
on which a garden door was hung; the bottom of Kingston Church, in Wiltshire, England, on the 13th
the nest, of course, resting on the iron hinge, which of April, 1834: the clerk, on looking out for the les-

R in cloudland, distant far,

Lies the bliss I once o'ertook , must have shaken it every time the door was opened. sons of the day, perceived something under the Bible

Only on one brilliant star Nevertheless, there she sat, in spite of all this incon- in the reading-desk, and, in a hollow place, occa

Lingers yet my loving look,

Ah! the star but lights the gloom, venience and publicity, exposed as she was to all sioned by the Bible's resting on a raised ledge, found

And thus shadows forth my doom. who were constantly passing to and fro.

a robin's nest containing two eggs. The birds not Among robin redbreasts, many instances of strange having been disturbed, laid four more, which were Tho' the sleep of death should hold theo selection have come to our knowledge quite as singu- hatched on the 4th of May. The still more extraor

Tho' thou in the grave should'st lie ; lar as those hitherto mentioned. Thus, we know of dinary part of the story is, that the cock-bird actually

Should the arms of grief enfold theo

In my heart thou could'st not die. one which attempted to build in the library of a gen-brought food in its bill, and fed the young brood dur

But my love is quite forgot tleman's house—at least so it was suspected, from a ing divine service, which was performed twice every

In the splendor of thy lot. few suspicious materials, such as dried leaves, &c., Sunday; and it is further highly creditable to the having been occasionally found amongst the shelves, parishioners-particularly the junior portion of them

Emma! can the heart's fond longing

Pass away, and leave no trace ? without anybody having been able to ascertain that the birds were never molested, and not an at

Say not so for it is wronging whence they came. Probably disappointed by per- tempt ever suspected to have been made on the nest

Hearts in which true love hath place ceiving that they were swept away as soon as and eggs deposited in so hallowed a spot. We can

Can the name of heavenly birth deposited, the domestic bird determined to try another remembor a robin, indeed, hopping, more than once,

Perish like a thing of earth?



the 13th of the following May, he received his com- contact with the Duke, and he could not help imbib. mission as a lieutenant. In three years more, he ing some of the principles of that extraordinary man.

obtained the command of a company, and in 1809, He has therefore served an apprenticeship to the THE THE Subject of this sketch, known generally as when only twenty-one, had rendered himself so de- trade of arms, and as he is now called upon to com

Lord Fitzroy Somerset, Commander-in-Chief serving of notice, that Wellington was induced to mence business on his own account, considerable of the British forces in the East, served under Wel- | appoint him one of his aides-de-camp. The follow anxiety will naturally be excited to see whether he lington in the late war in the capacity of Military ing year saw him raised to the military secretaryship will succeed. The gallant nation against whom he Secretary. At the close of the war he was only of his chief. He next became a major ; and in 1812 was formerly called to fight, now goes to combat twenty-six years of age but he had seen a great deal received a lieutenant-colonelcy.

side by side with his own troops against an antagoof service, and had taken an active part in many of When Napoleon escaped from Elba, and once nist whosc military power, discipline, and inscxithe hard-fought battle

bility were sufficiently fields in which the his

proved by the French, in tory of the beginning of

1812: and in these qualithe present century is so

ties they have by no prolific. He is now six

means become less disty-six, and notwithstand

tinguished. ing the loss of an arm

It will, in all likeliand the accumulation of

hood, be in tlie province years, he has been deemed

of Bulgaria where the suitable to fill the present

English troops will first high position. His his.

unite with the Turks in tory, which is identical

endeavoring to drive tho with the military feats of

Russians back to the the British army under

country from whence Wellington is as honor

they came, and where able to himself as it is to

the first duties of Lord the country which gave

Raglan, as a General-inhim birth.

Chief, will be called into “ He took part,” says

operation. Wherever he a biographer, “in the

has yet been, he has disbattles of Roleia, Vimie

tinguished himself by ra, Talavera, and Busaco

personal bravery--which, - where he was serious

however, is a merit no ly wounded; in the attack

higher than belongs to upon Oporto, and its cap

the British soldier in ture; the operations

general. against Soult; the retreat

It was the opinion of to the lines of Torres

Wellington, and it is Vedras, and their occu

ours, that there is no pation ; the pursuit of

such thing as a coward Massena; the battle of

in human nature. Every Fuentes d'Onor; the first

man is brave, according siege of Badajoz; the

to the position in which affair of El Bodon; the

his predominant organisiege of Ciudad Rodrigo ;

sation is called upon to the capture of Badajoz ;

act. Thus, the man who the battle of Salamanca ;

may be firm in the field the capture of Madrid,

of pbysical conflict, may and the Retiro ; the driv

tremble to deliver his ing of the French from

sentiments before an auValladolid to Burgos ;

ditory, or to place himthe siege of Burgos; the (TIE COMMANDE R-IN-CHIEF

THE EAST.) selfin a situation wherein affairs contingent upon

his moral nature might Engraved expressly for the New York Journal. it, and the retreat to the

be wounded. Demosfrontiers of Portugal;

thenes roused the Greeks the final advance in 1813; the battle of Vittoria ; the more summoned the British army to the field, Lord | against Philip of Macedon by the tremendous force battle of the Pyrenees ; the affair at Irun ; the pas- Fitzroy Somerset was still attached to the Duke of of his undaunted oratory; but he saved his life only sage of the Bidassoa ; of the Nivelle, of the Nive; Wellington, in the capacity of Military Secretary. by a pusillanimous flight at the Battle of Cherunaëa. the advance, in 1814; the battle of Orthes ; the He took his share in the affair of Quatre Bras, and Thus was be brave in the senate, but timid in the battle of Toulouse, and in the other affairs which at Waterloo was so severely wounded, that he was field : the one arena being proper to his nature, and took place before the surrender of Napoleon." compelled to have his right arm amputated. With the other opposed to it.

Throughout these campaigns, Lord Fitzroy Somer- this disaster, his military career up to the present That high expectations are entertained from tho set superadded to the usual duties of an officer, ended.

ability of Lord Raglan, is a thing no more than just, acted in other situations of the most difficult and In tracing the remarkable career of Lord Raglan, when we consider the brilliant exploits which were responsible kind. The circumstance of being in there is one circumstance which cannot escape performed by the chief under whose auspices he was trusted with these, at his early age, is in itself a notice—and that is, thc early development of facul initiated in the art of war, and from whom he must great testimony to his merit. He was gazetted in ties suitable for the situation which the unerring have imbibed those lessons which, we trust, he the 4th Light Dragoons, on the 4th of June, 1804, sagacity of his leader chose him to fill. The duties will now be able successfully to put in practice, when he was only sixteen years of age ; whilst on of this situation necessarily brought him much in should necessity demand it.









PRINCE NAPOLEON BONAPARTE. have an existence. But if this amounted to his

“ When the nation takes up arms," says he, estimate of these monarchs and their appendages, your majesty, will find, I hope, that my place is in THE HE head and countenance with which this then it must have undergone a wonderful change the midst of the soldiers ; and I pray you to permit

page is illustrated—and in which a striking since he has for some time been an able seconder of me to join them, in order to support the rights and resemblance to the portraits of the great Napoleon, the designs of his cousin the Emperor, whilst he sus- the honor of France. My place is in the midst of so familiar to the public, is at once perceptable- tained his authority with every exemplification of the soldiers.” represents the son of Jerome Bonaparte, by his cordiality and loyalty. Such sudden revolütions in " That such a letter should have been written by second marriage with the Princess Frederika of the sentiments—or rather conduct-of political ad- the person whose signature is affixed to it,” says a Wurtemburg. He is the cousin of the present venturers, however, are by no means uncommon. correspondent, “is not the least of the extraordinary Emperor of the French, and has taken an active part | In many instances they take place by a gradual pro- | events which have occurred in France of late. That in many of the political

a man whose political proceedings which have

hostility to Louis Naposucceeded the return of

leon — all the his family to France,

bitter from the closeness and which are being

of the relationship becontinually agitated in

tween them—whose rcthe capital of the grand

publicanism was of the empire. He was born

reddest hue-in whose in Trieste, on the 9th

eyes royalism was a of September, 1822.

crime not to be forgiven When he first saw the

—and whose outbreaks light his father was

of temper in the Nationsuffering under the

al Assembly surprised cloud of adversity; but,

even those who had as if the name of Bona

their seats on the sumparte had an exalted

mit of the Mountain, of destiny to fulfil, that

which he was named was fated to be dissi

the prince,—that such pated, and the gloom

a person should live to which overcast the

address his cousin by dawn of his existence

the style and title of gradually dissolved, and

Sire and Majesty, and left his path compara

express the devotedness tively clear. His early

of the most attached days, however, were

subject, realises the passed in neitrier mental

truth of the vulgar nor physical inactivity.

maxim, On doit Whilst the mind was

jamais jurer de rien !” receiving the discipline

True, but as we have of study through the

already remarked, ho medium of books, his

does not stand a solitary views were enlarged

monument of the reand his health preserved

volutionary nature of by travel. His youth

political sentiment, has therefore been

opinion, conduct, passed in a continual

whatever, in his case, it change of scene. Trieste

may be called,

Nor Vienna, Florence,

does he stand alone, Rome, America, have at

even in the extraordidifferent periods shared (PRINCE NAPOLEON, COMMANDER THE FRENCH RESERVE IN THE EAST.)

nary character of his a portion of his time. Engraved expressly for the New York Journal.

request. George IV., Like many of the other

when Prince of Wales, members of his family,

and holding the same he took no active part in the political arena of his cess, which apparently has led to a carefully de- relationship to the crown of England as Prince Nacountry until the last revolutionary period afforded liberated conviction ; but in some they come upon poleon at present holds to that of France, made a the opportunity of presenting himself conspicuously the political hemisphere like a clap of thunder, similar demand to his father, when England was as a candidate for public honors. Ho was then astonishing the world by the rapidity with which threatened with invasion by the uncle of the present elected to the Constituent Assembly-in which, they have been achieved. This, in some measure, Emperor of the French, Were we inclined to from motives which we have no means of explaining, was Prince Napoleon's case. From democracy to speculate upon the evidences which his disposition he became the leader of the extreme republican party autocracy in his opinions, he made it but a step. has discovered, during the brief period he has perknown as the Mountain. In this position his Since the elevation of his cousin to the Emperor- formed his parts upon the political stage, we should violence in favor of the principles he professed was ship, Prince Napoleon has received all the honors set him down as a person of an ardent temperament, frequently manifested. He was the sworn foe of due to his distinguished position. When it was de- a daring ambition, and unscrupulous in the means of kings and emperors. These, no doubt, were in his termined that the difficulties with Russia should be effecting the object he seeks to attain. Fame may estimation so many puppets ; unnecessary titled decided by the sword, he addressed a communication be his object; but whatever it be, he seems a dignitaries, with crowns on their heads and sceptres to the Emperor, which consisted of a request to be spirit who must be kept employed, and who will in their hands, to be ridiculed as mere emblematic permitted to take part in the expeditionary army create employment for himself, if the state cannot devices of a power which had a name, but should not I against the Russians in Turkey.

find it.





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