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question the proper reply is made, The Lord of Hofts, He is the King of glory.
This, if taken according to the letter of the history, was a grand and solemn transaction. But it was at the same time, a type of an event unspeakably more glorious. They who know that the Scriptures of the Old Testament testify of Christ, that it is he of whom Moses in the Law, David in the Psalms, and all the succeeding prophets did write, will I think, agree in considering this paffage as referring to his ascension in the nature in which he suffered, into the true holy place in the heavens, as the representative and high priest of his people ; when, after having by his own-self purged our fins, he sat down at the right-hand of the Majesty on high. Then having spoiled principalities and powers, he triumphed over them openly, tho' not in the view of mortal eyes. He lifted up his hands, and blessed his apostles, and while in this attitude he was parted from them *. He ascended gently and gradually, and they, admiring and adoring, beheld him with fixed attention, till a cloud concealed him from their sight it. The pomp and * Luke xxiv. 51. † Acts i. g.
triumph of his afcenfion were displayed in the invisible world. But this description, accommodated to our apprehensions, is given, to affist the faith of his people; that their hearts may be comforted, their meditations enlarged, and that in the exercise of grateful love, they may follow him in their thoughts, ascend with him into the heavenly places, and rejoice in his glory.
We conceive of him, therefore, from this fublime passage, as ascending to his Father and our Father ; to his God and our God; accompanied with a train of worshipping angels, who demand admittance for MESSIAH the Saviour and friend of finners, as the King of glory. The question is asked, who is he that claims this honour ? An answer is
and the justice of his claims--The Lord of hosts, the Lord strong in battle, he is the King of glory.
The principal points which offer to our confidertion, are,
I. His title the Lord of hosts.
II. His victories, implied in the expression, 'The Lord strong and mighty in battle.
III. His mediatorial title, the King of glory.
IV. His authoritative entrance into the holy place.
I. MESSIAH, who humbled himself to the death of the cross, is the Lord of hosts He is so, if the scripture be true; I attempt no other proof. This is a point not referred to the discussion of our fallen reason, but proposed by the authority of God in his word, as the foundation of our faith and hope. He is the husband of the church, and the husband of the church is the Lord of hosts *. It was the Lord of hosts whom Isaiah saw, seated upon a throne, his train filling the temple t. The vision filled him with astonishment, and he cried out, Wo is me, I am undone ; for mine eyes have seen the Lord of hosts. But the Apostle John assures us, that when Isaiah said these things, he faw þis glory and spake of him .. This is the title of God in the Old Testament; or, as some chuse to speak, of the Supreme Being. And it is ascribed to MESSIAH in many places. Therefore if he were not the Lord of hosts, the scripture would be chargeable * Ifa. liv. 5: Ibid. Ixi. 3. John xii. 41. B 3
with authorizing, yea with enjoining idolatry. But he is the true God, and eternal life * ; and they who give him the honour due to his name, have every thing to hope, and nothing to fear.
II. He is the Lord, strong and mighty in battle. It was in his human nature, he engaged in battle with his enemies and ours, But the battle was the Lord's. Therefore, tho'he trod the wine-press alone, and of the people there was none with him f, his own arm brought him falvation. He is conqueror of sin, satan, and death. We were under the power of these, therefore, for our fakes, he engaged in conflict with their united force. He fought, he bled, he died, but in dying, he conquered. The strength of fin is the law; this strength he subdued, by obeying the precepts of the law, and sustaining the penalty due to our transgressions. He destroyed death and disarmed it of its sting. He destroyed him that hath the power of death, satan. He shook, he overturned the foundations of his kingdom, broke open his prison-doors, released his prisoners, delivered the prey out of the hand of the mighty,
* 1 John v. 20. + Ifa. Ixiii. 3.
and having' Spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it *, that is, his cross. The Apostle alludes to the manner of a Roman triumph, in which the conqueror was drawn inachariot of state, attended by his officers and foldiers; the principal prisoners followed in chains, and all the treasures and trophies gained from the vanquished enemy, were displayed to adorn the procession. Thus MESSIAH fubdued the strength and policy of the powers of darkness, in the hour of his lowest humiliation, when he hung and expired upon thecross, and triumphed over them, gloriously leading captivity captive, when he ascended on hight. Satan, though still an enemy to his church and cause, is despoiled of his dominion; his power is only permissive, and in his fiercest assaults, he is limited by bounds which he cannot pass; by a chain which he cannot break. And all his attempts are controlled and overruled, to the furtherance of the cause which he would suppress, and to the good of the persons whom he would worry and destroy. They are made acquainted with his devices, furnished with armour sufficient * Col. ii. 15.
Pl. Ixviii. 18.