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1161 90

P R E F A CE.

Ολως μεν ουν αισχρολογίαν εκ της πόλεως ώσπερ άλλο τι δει του νομοθέτης εξορίζειν. έκ του γαρ ευχερώς λέγειν οτιούν των αισχρών, γίνεται και το ποιεϊν συνέγγυς. ARISTOT,

То

O institute a formal comparison between Horace, Persius

and Juvenal, and to enlarge with all the parade of erudition, on the origin of Satire, both with respect to its nature and its name, would be to travel in a beaten road, and to revive a fubjeft which has been nearly exhaxfied, Dryden has expatiated agreeably enough, though not without fome degree of prolixity, on the three great Roman Satirifts, and Casaubon has written a very elaborate and very excellent treatise on the Roman satire *.

I mall The following is Scaliger's account of the Satire." Satiram non effe Latinam rem suo loco monuimus. Eft autem poëma liberum, fimileque satiricæ naturæ; omnia fusque deque habens, modo aliquid dicat.

« Tribus modis fatirarum fpecies agnofcuntur: à generibus carminun, (scilicet vel fenariorum Da&tylicorum vel lambicorum :) à ratione poëmatis : à characteribus. A ratione poëmatis tres funt. Vel narratio eit fimplex, ex personâ Auctoris; ut prima juvenalis. Vel adiva et ex personis conftituta; ut prima Perti. V mista; ut illa Horatii pleniffima munditiarum : Ibam fortè viâ sacrá. A characteribus species duæ. Altera sedatior, qualis Horatiana, ac fermoni proprior : altera concitatior, quæ magis placuit Juvenali et Pertio. Hi ftrictam habent culpidem, illi veluti contectum fronde gerunt thyr. sum, Satirorum more, quo feriant imprudentes. Juvenalis ardet, intiat aperte, jugulat. Perfius insultat. Horatius irridet. Idcirců Satiras inscripsere illi : hic fermonis titulo contentus fuit.

6 Partes

I fall not repeat what they have quritten, but merely premise a few remarks on the characters of Horace, Perfius and Juvenal; such as lead to a subjekt vhich more immediately belongs 10 this preliminary address, the confideration of what is intended, and of what is done, in the present edition.

Of Horace Iba! have occafion to Speak on another occafion; and I Mal only obferve at present, that he is the genteileft and the politesi author of the three* ; and that he has the additional merit of being a great lyric poet as well as a satirist, a merit to which reither of the others made pretensions.

Quintilian gives a bigh character of Persius; and the judgment of Quintilian is entitled to peculiar respect f. Marticl also has written an epigram, from which it may

be fairly concludid, that Perfius was highly esteemed by the Romans I. Cajuubon, like the majority of Editors, has extolled his author in the highest terms of commendation. But notwithftanding the praises beflowed by very respectable writers, there are few authors of antiquity who have

been 66 Partes in Satirâ nullæ ; nullum proæmium, fi non vis. Abrupta omnia, non tamen non cohærentia. Nam aut ejufdem vitii multos damnas; aut multorum unum ; aut misces,

“ Verba vulgaria aut fordida interdum, éque macello petita.

“ Stylus tametfi pro re aut depreffior, aut lascivior, tenuis tamen at. que humilis, ac de medio fumptus; longè tamen meliùs arridet, fi cum Romanâ puritate juncturæ sint molliufculæ : quales Juvenalis feliciffimè eft confecutus. Duriusculus Perfius.” SCALIGER.

Every scholar knows that the word Satira fignities strictly and properly a miscelany, though it now conveys an idea of an invective only : fome of Juvenal's and many of Horace's Satires have little in them of invective.

* Multo est terhor, ac purus magis Horatius et ad notandos hominum mores præcipuus. Quint.

Lyricorum idem Horatius ferè folus legi dignus. Nam et infurgit aliquando et plenus est jucunditatis et gratiæ, et variis figuris et verbis feli. citime audax, Quint.

Scaliger, I think, is greatly mistaken, when he prefers Juvenal to Horace. - Juvenalis candidus ac fatiricorum facile princeps. Nam ejus versus longè meliores quam Horatiani: Sententiæ acriores, phrasis aperrior — The truth is, that the severity of Juvenal was more congenial to the disposition of Scaliger, than the gentleness of the polished Horace.

+ MULTUM ET VER A GLORIÆ quamvis uno libro Perfius meruit. Quintilian.

ISæpius in libro memoratur Persius uno

Quam levis in totâ Marsus Amazonide, Martial

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