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their own Pastors or Clergy; and, at the fame time, that the State may have sufficient security for the due discharge of the pastoral office by those who (hall be admitted to be Clergymen, no person (hall officiate as Minister of any established church, who shall not have been chosen by a majority of the Society to which he shall minister, or hy persons appointed by the said majority to choose and procure a Minister for them, nor until the Minister so chosen and appointed shall have made and subscribed the following declaration, over and above the aforesaid five articles, viz.

"That he is determined, by God's grace, :out of the Holy Scriptures to instruct the people committed to his charge, and to teach nothing (as required of necessity to eternal salvation) but that which he shall be persuaded may be concluded and proved from the Scripture; that he will use both public and private admonitions, as well to the sick as to the whole, .within his cure, as need shall require, and occasion shall be given; and that he will be diligent in prayers, and in reading of the Holy Scriptures, and in such studies as help to the -knowledge of the same; that he will be diligent gent to frame and sashion his own self and his family according to the doctrine of Christ, and to make both himself and them, as much as in him Heth, wholesome examples and patterns to the flock of Christ; that he will maintain and set forwards, as much as he can, quietness, peace, and love, among all people, and especially among those that are or shall be committed to his charge."

No person {hall disturb or molest any religious assembly, nor shall use any reproachful reviling, or abusive language against any Church; that being the certain way of disturb* ing the peace, and of hindering the conversion of any to the truth, by engaging them in quarrels and animosities, to the hatred of the professors and that profession which otherwise they might be brought to assent to. No person whatsoever stiall speak any thing, in their religious assembly, irreverently or seditioufly of the Government of this State. No person shall, by law, be obliged to pay towards the maintenance and support of a religious worship that he does not freely join in, or has not voluntarily engaged to support: but the churches, chapels, parsonages, glebes, and all other property, now belonging to any Societies

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of the Church of England, or any other religious Societies, shall remain, and be secured to them for ever. The poor mall be supported, and elections managed, in the accustomed manner, until laws (hall be provided to adjust those matters in the most equitable way.

XXXIX. That the whole State shall, as soon as proper laws can be pasted for those purposes, be divided, into districts and'counties, and county courts established..

XL. That the penal laws, as heretofore used, shall be reformed, and punishments made, in some cases, less sanguinary, and, in general, more proportionate to the crime.

XLI. That no freeman of this State be taken, or imprisoned, or disseized of his freehold, liberties or privileges, or outlawed, or exiled, or in ay mm ne r destroyed, or deprived of his life, liberty, or property, but by the judgment of his peers, or by the law of the land.

XLII. That the military be subordinate to 'the civil power of the State.

XLIII. That the liberty of the press be inviolably preserved.

XLIV. That no part of this Constitution sliall be altered without a "notice of .ninety

*-' days

days being previously given; nor shall any part of the same be changed without the consent of a majority of the Members of the Senate and House of Representatives.

XLV. That the Senate and House of Representatives shall not proceed to the election of a Governor or Lieutenant-Governor, until there be a majority of both Houses present.

In the Council-chamber, the 19th day of March, 1778.

Assented to,

RAWLINS LOWNDES. Hugh Rutledge, Speaker of the

Legislative Council. Thomas Bee, Speaker of the General Assembly. In the General Assembly, the 19th day of March, 1778.

Published by Order of the House,

Peter Timothy, C. G. A.









WHEREAS the conduct of the legislature of Great-Britain for many years past has been so oppressive on the people of America, that of late years they have plainly declared and asserted a right to raise taxes upon the people of America, and to make laws to bind them in all cafes whatsoever, without their consent; which conduct being repugnant to the common rights of mankind, hath obliged the Americans, as freemen, to oppose such oppressive measures, and to assert the rights and privileges they are entitled to by the laws of nature and reason; and accordingly it hath been done by the general consent of all the people of the States of New-Hampshire,


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