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good order, and for the security of the lives and properties of the inhabitants of this colony, we conceive ourselves reduced to the necessity of establishing a Form of Government, to continue during the present unhappy and unnatural contest with Great-Britain; protesting and declaring, that we never sought to throw. off our dependence upon Great-Britain, but felt ourselves happy under her protection, while we could enjoy our constitutional rights and privileges; and that we shall rejoice, if such a reconciliation between us and our Parent State can be effected as shall be approved by the Continental Congress, in whose prudence and wisdom we confide.
Accordingly, pursuant to the trust reposed in us, we do Resolve, That this Congress assume the name, power, and authority of a House of Representatives or Assembly for the colony of New-Hampshire; and that the said House then, proceed to chuse twelve persons, being reputable freeholders and inhabitants within this, colony, in the following manner, viz. five in the county of Rockingham, two in the county of Strafford, two in the county of Hilsborough,
two in the county of Cheshire, and one in the county of Grafton, to be a distinct and separate branch of the legislature, by the name of a Council for this colony, to continue as such until the third Wednesday in December next > any seven of whom to be a Quorum to do business.
That such Council appoint their President; and in his absence, that the senior Councillor preside.
That a Secretary be appointed by both branches, who may be Councillor, or otherwise, as they shall choose.
That no act or resolve be Valid, and put into execution, unless agreed to and passed by both branches of the legislature*
That all public officers for the said Colony, and each county, for the current year, be appointed by the Council and Assembly, except the several clerks of the executive courts, who shall be appointed by the Justices of the respective courts.
That all bills, resolveS, or votes for raising, levying, and collecting money, originate in the House of Representatives*
That at any sessions of the Council and Assembly, neither branch shall adjourn for any longer time than from Saturday till the next Monday, without consent of the other.
And it is further resolved, That if the prer sent unhappy dispute with Great-Britain should continue longer than this present year, and the Continental Congress give no instructions or directions to the contrary, the Council be chosen by the people os each respective county, in.such manner as the Council and House of Representatives shall order.'
That general and field officers of the militia,' on any vacancy, be appointed by the two Houses, and all inferior officers be chosen by the respective companies.
That all officers of the army be appointed* by the two Houses, except they should direct otherwise in cafe of any emergency. .'. .
That all civil officers for the colony and for tach county be appointed, and the time of their. continuance in office be determined, by the two Houses, except clerks, and county treasurers, and recorders of deeds.
That a treasurer, and a recorder of deeds, for each county be annually chosen by the people of each county respectively; the votes for such
officers to be returned to the respective courts of general sessions of the peace in the county there to be ascertained, as the Council and Assembly shall hereafter direct.
That precepts, in the name of the Council and Assembly, signed by the President of the Council and Speaker of the House of Representatives, shall issue annually, at or before the first day of November, for the choice of a Council and House of Representatives, to be returned by the third Wednesday in December then next ensuing, in such manner as the Council and Assembly shall hereafter prescribe.
In the House ^representatives, Sept. 10,
1776. Voted and Resolved,
THAT as any new towns or settlements in this State (hall increase in their number os inhabitants from year to year, or from time to time, precepts shall issue for their sending Delegates to Council and Assembly, so as to be fully represented, according to their numbers, proportionable with Other parts of the State. Sent up for concurrence, P. WHITE, Speaker.
In Council, Eodem Die. Read and concurred, E. THOMPSON, Sec: . Copy examined per E. THOMPSON, Sec. Da
MAS SAC HU S ETTS.
FRAME Of GOVERNMENT. AGREED UPON BY THE DELEGATES OF THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS-BAY, IN CONVENTION, BEGUN AND HELD AT CAMBRIDGE, ON THE FIRST OF SEPTEMBER, 1779, AND CONTINUED BY ADJOURNMENTS TO THE SECOND OF MARCH, 1780.
THE end of the institution, maintenance and administration of government is to secure the existence of the body-politic, to protect it, and to furnish the individuals -who compose it, with the power os enjoying, in safety and tranquility, their natural rights, and the blessings of life: and whenever these great objects are not obtained, the people have a right to alter the government, and to take -measures necessary for their safety, prosperity «nd happiness. 1
The body-politic is formed by a voluntary association of individuals; it is a social compact,