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one thousand six hundred and nine, and by the public treaty of peace between the Courts of Britain and France, in the year one thousand seven hundred and sixty-three; unless, by act of this legislature, one or more governments be established westward of the Allegheny mountains. And no purchases of lands shall be made of the Indian natives but on behalf of the public, by authority of the General Assembly.

NO RTH

NORTH.CARO L INA.

THE

CONSTITUTION,

0 R

FORM Of GOVERNMENT,

AGREED TO AND RESOLVED UPON BY THE REPRESENTATIVES OF THE FREEMEN OF THE STATE OF NORTH-CAROLINA, ELECTED AND CHOSEN FOR THAT PARTICULAR PURPOSE, IN CONGRESS ASSEMBLED, AT HALIFAX, DEC. 18, 1776. ■

A
DECLARATION Of RIGHTS, &c.

I. fTp'HAT all political power is vested in
A and derived from the people only.

II. That the people of this State ought to have the sole and exclusive right of regulating the internal government and police thereof.

III. That no man, or set of men are entitled to exclusive or separate emoluments or privileges from the community, but in consideration of public services.

U 2 IV. That

IV. That the legislative, executive, and supreme judicial powers of government ought to be for ever separate and distinct from each other.

V. That all powers of suspending laws, or the execution of laws, by any authority, without consent of the Representatives of the people, is injurious to their rights, and ought not to be exercised.

VI. That elections of Members to serve as Representatives in General Assembly ought to be free.

VII. That in all criminal prosecutions every man has a right to be informed of the accusation against him, and to confront the accusers and witnesses with other testimony, and shall not be compelled to give evidence against himself.

VIII. That no freeman shall be put to answer any criminal charge but by indictment, presentment, or impeachment.

IX. That no freeman shall be convicted of any crime, but by the unanimous verdict of a jury of good and lawful men, in open court as heretofore used.

X. That

X. That excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel or unusual punishments inflicted. .,

XI. That general warrants, whereby an officer or messenger may be commanded to search suspected places without evidence of the sact committed, or to seize any person or persons not named whose offences are not particularly described and supported by evidence, are dangerous to liberty, and ought not to be granted.

XII. That no freeman ought to be taken* imprisoned, or disseized of his freehold, liberties or privileges, or outlawed or exiled; or in any manner destroyed or deprived of his life, liberty, or property, but by the law of the land.

XIII. That every freeman restrained of his liberty, is intitled to a remedy, to enquire into the lawfulness thereof, and to remove the

fame if unlawful, and that such remedy ought not to be denied or delayed.

XIV. That in all controversies at law respecting property, the ancient mode of trial by jury is one of the best securities of the rights of the people, and ought to remain sacred and inviolable.

U 3 XV. That

XV. That the freedom of the press is one of the great bulwarks of liberty, and therefore ought never to be restrained.

XVs. That the people of this State ought not to be taxed, or made subject to the payment of any impost or duty, without the consent of themselves, or their Representatives in General Assembly freely given.

XVII. That the people have a right to bear arms for the defence of the State; and as standing armies in time of peace are dangerous to liberty, they ought not to be kept up; and that the military should be kept under strict subordination to, and governed by the civil power.

XVIII. That the people have a right to assemble together, to consult for their common good, to instruct their Representatives, 'and to apply to the legislature for redress of

grievances.

XIX. That all men have a natural and analienable right to worship Almighty God according to the dictates of their own conscience. ;'.,.-, ,

XX. That for redress of grievances, and for

amending and strengthening the laws, elections

* ought tabe often held.

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