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IX. That the Governor and Council (seven whereof shall be a Quorum) be the Court of Appeals in the last resort in all cases of law, as heretofore; and that they possess the power of granting pardons to criminals after condemnation, in all cafes of treason, felony, or other offences.
X. That Captains, and all other inferior officers of the militia, mall be chosen by the companies in the respective counties; but Field and General Officers by the Council and Assembly.
XL That the Council and Assembly shall have power to make the great seal of this Colony, which shall be kept by the Governor, or, in his absence, by the Vice-president of the Council, to be used by them as occasion may require; and it shall be called, T!he Great Seal of the Colony of New-Jersey.
XII. That the Judges of the Supreme Court shall continue in office for seven years; the Judges of the Inferior Court of Common Pleas in the several counties, Justices of the Peace, Clerks of the Supreme Court, Clerks of the Inferior Court of Common Pleas and Quarter Sessions, the Attorney-general, and Provincial Secretary, shall continue in office
for for five years; and the Provincial Treasurer shall continue in office for one year; and that they shall be severally appointed by the Council and Assembly in manner aforesaid, and commissioned by the Governor, or in his absence the Vice-president of the Council. Provided always, that the said officers severally, shall be capable of being re-appointed at the end of the terms severally before limited; and that any of the said officers shall be liable to be dismissed, when adjudged guilty of misbehaviour, by the Council on an impeachment of the Assembly.
XIII. That the inhabitants of each county, qualified to vote as aforesaid, shall, at the time and place of electing their Representatives, annually elect one Sheriff, and one or more Coroners; and that they may re-elect the same person to such offices until he shall have served three years, but no longer; after which three years must elapse before the same person is capable of. being elected again. When the election is certified to the Governor or Vice-president, under the hands of six freeholders of the county for which they were elected, they
shall shall be immediately commissioned to serve in their respective offices.
XIV. That the townships, at their annual town-meetings for electing other officers, (hall chuse Constables for the districts respectively » and also three or more judicious freeholders of good character, to hear and finally determine all appeals relative to unjust assessments in cases of public taxation; which Commissioners of •Appeal shall, for that purpose, sit at some suitable time or times to be by them appointed and made known to the people by advertisements.
XV. That the laws of the Colony shall begin in the following stile, viz. Be it enacledby the Council and GeneralI Assembly of this Colony, and it is hereby enacled by authority of the fame: that all commissions granted by the Governor or Vice-president shall run thus—The Colony of New-Jersey to A.B. &c. greeting; and that all writs shall likewise run in the name of the Colony: and that all indictments shall conclude in the following manner, viz. Against the peace of this Colony, the government and dignity of the fame.
XVI. That all criminals shall be admitted to the same privileges of witnesses and counsel, as their prosecutors are or shall be entitled to.
XVII. That the estates of such persons as shall destroy their own lives shall not, for that offence, be forfeited; but shall descend in the feme manner as they would have done, had such persons died in the natural way; nor shall any article which may occasion accidentally the death of any one, be henceforth deemed a deodand, or in any wise forfeited on account o£ such misfortune.
XVIII. That no person shall ever within. this colony be deprived of the inestimable privilege of worshipping Almighty God in a manner agreeable to the dictates of his own conscience; nor under any pretence whatever be compelled to attend any place of worship, contrary to his own saith and judgement; nor shall any person within this colony ever be obliged to pay tithes, taxes, or any other rates, for the purpose of building or repairing any other church or churches, place or places of worship, or for the maintenance of any Minister or Ministry, contrary to what he believes to be right, or has deliberately or voluntarily engaged himself to perform.
XIX. That there shall be no establishment of any one religious sect in this province, in preference to another; and that no protestant inhabitant of this colony shall be denied the enjoyment of any civil right, merely on account of his religious principles; but that all persons, professing a belief in the saith of any protestant sect, who mall demean themselves peaceably under the government as hereby established, mall be capable of being elected into any office of prosit or trust, or being a member of either branch of the legislature, and shall fully and freely enjoy every privilege and immunity enjoyed by others their fellowsubjects.
XX. That the legislative department of this Government may, as much as possible, be preserved from all suspicion of corruption, none of the Judges of the Supreme or other Courts, Sheriffs, or any other person or persons possessed of any post of profit under the Government, other than Justices of the Peace, shall be entitled to a feat in the Assembly; but that on his being elected and taking his feat, his office or post shall be considered as vacant.
XXI. That all the laws of this province con