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presentation. How loudly are gen. volution, when declaiming against the erous sentiments applauded; how en- corruptions of power, that their hearts thusiastic is the ardour produced by might be thought to have opened patriotic emotion; how strongly does within them the springs of heaven, the very air of the theatre seem im- became so utterly seltish, corrupt, pregoated with the most generous and and cruel, when exposed themselves patriotic sentiments! How many in- to its temptations, that they appeared experienced observers have been led to have been steeped in heil. to imagine, when witnessing these This observation forms the true bursts of lofty enthusiasm, and seeing explanation of the facts which have how uniformly they commence with the been so clearly evinced, and which humblest classes of society-how many have excited such unbounded astonishhave been led to conclude that human ment since the commencement of nature is at bottom virtuous and pure; democratic ascendency in this counthat selfishness and vice are the growth try; viz. that the Liberal party, not only of riches and palaces; and that only have themselves fallen into the ample security for a pure and salutary very vices which they complained of administration of affairs, is to be found in their predecessors, but pushed corin the admission of the masses of man- ruption in every department of the kind into the uncontrolled direction of state to an unheard of excess, and public affairs !

Follow out the as. perverted the whole influence and sembled multitude who have been power of Government to the promoswayed by such generous emotions in tion of the interests of their own party the theatre, and see who they are, and adherents, and the whole powers of what they do when exposed to the se- legislation to the prosecution of party parate influence of the sins which ambition. If we compare the lanmost easily beset them. Among the guage of the Whigs before they came so-recently generous and elevated into office, ten years ago, with their crowd, will be found the profligate actions since that time, the difference husband and the faithless wife-the will appear so enormous, that it would hard-hearted creditor and the fraudu- seem as if we had passed, in a few lent debtor – the reckless prodigal years, from the most virtuous to the and the depraved libertine-the be. most corrupt stage of society. Only sotted drunkard and the abandoned reflect on what they have done. In sensualist—the cruel enemy and the Opposition, they declaimed incessantly perfidious friend — the bard-hearted upon the sufferings of the poor, and egotist and the rancorous foe. bewailed, in pathetic terms, the hardAmong the many who, but the even- ships and the miseries of the humbler ing before, seemed animated only classes of society, upon whose exerwith the most pure and generous tions the whole fabric of national sentiments, will be found every form greatness is rested; and no sooner and variety of human wickedness, were they fairly seated in office, than and by them will be practised every they directed the whole influence of deed by which mani can inflict misery Government to force through a mea

Such, and so different is sure which deprived the poor of Eng. man, when judging of others accord- land of their best inheritance—which ing to his reason and his feelings, and punished poverty with the pains of man, when acting for himself under guilt-which burdened female innothe influence of his reason, his feel- cence with the consequences of liberings, and his passions. Hence it is, tine depravity; and separated from that during the worst periods of the each other, in the last stage of existFrench Revolution, the sanguinary ence, those of whom it had been said mob who had been entranced in the at the altar, “ Those whom God hath evening by the noble and elevated joined, let no man put asunder.” In sentiments of Racine or Corneille, Opposition, they held up nothing so arose in the morning with fresh vis strongly and universally to public abgour, to pursue their career of selfish. horrence, as the baseness of a party dess and the work of blood ; and which should maintain itself in office hence it is, that the enthusiastic by Court favour, and loudly proclaimmasses, whose sentiments appeared so ed the constitutional principle that pure, and their feelings so exalted, in no crime could be so great, because the commencement of the French Re- none was so obviously subversive of public freedom, as the admittance of office, by a sum not less than two milback-stairs influence into the direction lions a year.* They contended, when of public affairs; or the maintenance in Opposition, for nothing so strongly of the reins of power by a party who as the remission of taxation, the pre. had ceased to retain the confidence of servation of public credit, and the the House of Commons. When in maintenance of a surplus revenue by office themselves, however, they acted economical reduction, to the gradual in a very different manner. For more liquidation on sure principles of the than two years after they had them- national debt, and they have, while selves admitted they had lost the con- in office, contrived not merely to de fidence of the House of Commons, and stroy altogether the surplus revenue of had actually resigned office in con- £2,667,000 a-year, which the Duke of sequence, they returned to office, and Wellington's government left them, retained it, not because they possessed but converted it into a steady deficit, the confidence of the Crown, but be- which has now reached the enormous cause they possessed the disinterested amount of £2,450,000 annually,f and support of the ladies of the bed- which has amounted, in the last five chamber. In Opposition, their inces. years, to no less than £7,500,000. sant theme was the necessity of eco- In Opposition, they incessantly denomy in every department of the state, claimed about the enormous magnitude and they denounced nothing so much of the public debt, the insupportable in their political opponents as their al- load which it imposed upon the indusleged lavish profusion in the adminis. try of the nation, and the enormous tration of the exchequer, and the re- profligacy of the preceding govern. gulation of the public expenditure. ments, under whose auspices it had How have their deeds kept pace with been constituted. But, alas ! how are these professions ? Why, they have the mighty fallen! From the details increased the public expenditure du- given in the preceding and following ring the ten years of their tenure of notes, all of which are founded ou

on man.



WHIG EXPENDITURE. Interest of debt, funded and

Interest of debt, funded and unfunded,.. £29,118,858 unfunded......

- £29,381,717. Civil List,


Civil List, Pensions,.....

Pensions Salaries,.. 2,031,898 Salaries

2,433,526 Courts of Justice and Mis.

Courts of Justice and Miscellaneous,....

cellaneous.......... Army,.. 6,991,163 Army,...

6,890,267 Navy,...... 5,309,606 Navy,

5,597,511 Ordoance, 1 613,908 | Ordnance,

1,631,640 Miscellaneous, &c...... 2,077,500 Miscellaneous,

2,523,625 Canada,...

553,219 China,





WHIG TEN YEARS. 1821-30.


Taxes remitted, deducting Taxes remitted

..........£15,883,000 new taxes laid on.......... £3,124,000 Debt paid off........... 47,772,564 Debt paid off ......... None.

(but a large increase--the exact sum not easily dis

coverable) Reduction of the Annual

Increase of the annual inte. Interest of Debt............ 3,451,354 rest ....


Deficiency in the revenue, Şurplus revenue, 1831...... 2,667,000 1841..........


official returns laid before Parliament, our former discreditable submission to it appears that while the Tories, from Russia. The Whigs constantly assert1820 to 1830, had paid off £47,000,000 ed while in Opposition, that the great of the national debt, and reduced its increase of crime which has taken interest by £3,450,000, the Whigs, in place during the last half century in the next ten years, have not only not the British isles, and particularly in paid off one shilling, but, on the con- Ireland, was the result of Tory mistrary, have made such large additions government, and the neglect of the to the public debt, that its annual moral cultivation of the great body of charges are no less than £110,000.* the people, and the result of their ten

In Opposition, the Whigs declaimed years' government has been to raise incessantly upon the ruinous effects of up crime in England from 18,675 comformer warfare upon the best interests mittals a-year in 1829, to 24,443 in of the state ; and, while in office, they 1839; in Scotland, from 2,063 in have combined reduction in the na- 1829, to 3,409 in 1839; and in Iretional defences with arrogance in na. land, from 15,271 in 1829, to 26,392 tional diplomatic relations to such a in 1839.7 And of the crime in Iredegree, that our national character land

appears, from the official rewas lowered, and our national honour turns, that in 1839, after nine years of tarnished in every quarter of the globe, the blessings of Romish ascendency and war has been forced upon us in and Whig conciliation, the number of China, Affghanistan, and Canada, capital and atrocious crimes has infrom the wretched fatuity with which creased in a degree at once fearful and our national ascendency in these quar. alarming, and demonstrating, in the ters of the globe has been lost; and most decisive manner, both the savage we were brought to the very verge of character which the Romish priesthood a desperate war with France, in con- have retained in that unhappy people, sequence of the necessary effects of and the total inadequacy of Whig le

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..£793,031 1810..........

856,701 Increase,

£63,670 † Porter's Parliamentary Tables. Part III. P. 430.


gislation or Romish ascendency, either a million and a half of the public to ameliorate it or prevent its steady money. increase.*

We have said, and we say it ad. The Whigs repeatedly told us, when visedly, that falsehood reiterated in in Opposition, that the navy was the every possible shape, and clothed in true strength of England--that the every possible form, has from first to wooden walls were alone not formi- last constituted the constant system of dable to freedom-and that the Minis. Whig Government; and that but for try deserved to lose their heads who the way in which they have contrived should let down that great and import- to delude the public mind by the con. ant element of national defence; and, stant exbibition of fallacious promises, nevertheless, they have starved the erroneous theories, they never fileet so disgracefully, in order to pro- could have maintained themselves vide funds for the extension of their more than a few months in power. Ministerial corruption at home, that Experience has now completely de. whereas Great Britain, in 1792, when monstrated the fallacious nature of its colonial empire and national re- almost all these promises and specu. sources were little more than a third lations, and proved that the deepest of what they are now, had 154 ships wounds bave been inflicted upon the of the line in commission, or in the best interests of the empire by the royal dockyards—she now, including adoption of the theories for which those building, has only ninety! The they so strenuously contended. But Whigs, in Opposition, were loud in the Liberals are not a whit discou. their declamation against the needless raged by the demonstrated failure of multiplication of offices, and the crea- all their schemes; but, calculating tion of commissions, or other jobs, to largely, and, it would appear, not favour the purposes of Ministerial cor. without success, upon the ignorance ruption; and they themselves have car and credulity of their democratic folried that engine of abuse to an unheard lowers, they incessantly bring forof extent, and overspread the land for ward new projects and devices, in the ten years with a host of commissions, confident hope that, as fast as one is which have served little other purpose proved to be fallacious, the public but that of accumulating a vast mass may be deluded and beguiled by auof prejudiced or ex parte evidence, other. It may justly be asserted, that and spending among the younger their political existence has been scions of the Whiy aristocracy about nothing else but an endeavour to keep

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themselves afloat by the sending up ing the passions and diverting the one bubble into the air after another. ambition of the people, it has filled True, these bubbles are not long of them with painful beart-burnings, bursting, and the intelligent and general discontent, and fruitless asreally educated classes of society are pirations after ideal and long pronow almost unanimously convinced nised perfection. A change which, of the utter hollowness of their pro- it was confidently predicted by its fessions and fallacy of their princi- promoters was to establish peace and ples. But what then? Another harmony throughout the land, and bubble is sent up, and another, and enable government to dispense with another; and although every rational the expense, so far as internal affairs independent man in the country is are concerned, of a standing army, Dow utterly disgusted with this min- has been followed by an unavoidable isterial system of trickery and delu. augmentation of its forces from ninetysion, yet their interested followers one thousand in 1830, to one hundred in every rank give it their most and twenty-eight thousand in 1841; strenuous and effective support; and Bristol and Nottingham have been their mob followers in the cities, half consigned to the flames ; Birmingham interested half deluded, make the air and Newport with difficulty rescued resound with acclamations at every from pillage and couflagration, and new bubble that is sent up to dazzle more property has been destroyed and the eyes of the multitude by glitter- blood shed during the last ten years ing for a few seconds in the sun. of Whig conciliation, indulgence, and

The first grand Whig bubble which concession, than during the preceding was thrown up was the Reform Bill. century of constitutional or conserva. This great healing measure, we were tive government. told, was to put an effectual end to all The next bubble which the Whigs the disorders and miseries of society; threw up, and which, like an unsound was to spread a healthful and purify- paper currency, was attended with ing influence over every department marvellous strength in the outset, and of government; and, by bringing the woeful weakness in the end, was that legislature into harmony with the of negro emancipation. Availing masses of the community, was to ren- themselves of the humane and beneder the armed force unnecessary, and volent spirit of the British people, the establish a perfect unity of feeling, Liberal leaders blew into an absolute interests, and desires between the flame the amiable but delusive passion different classes of society. What for negro emancipation. Free labour, has been the result of the great heal. it was said, is, in the end, infinitely ing measure? Has it been to restore cheaper than that of slaves; industry, concord and unanimity to the empire; prosperity, and peace, may be antito extinguish all feuds which had for- cipated from the immediate abolition merly arrayed class against class, and of the fetters of slavery throughout interest against interest; and to esta- the whole British dominions, and the blish universally that concord and supply of sugar for the British islands unanimity of feeling between govern- be rendered both more steady and ment and the working classes, which more abundant by the blessed substiunquestionably forms so important an tution of the voluntary labour of freeelement of public prosperity? The men for the compulsory toil of the result has notoriously and avowedly slave. The argument was pleasing ; been the reverse. Instead of produ- the principles to which it appealed cing unanimity and concord among all were benevolent; and the conclusion, the ranks of society, it has induced to those acquainted only in the supernothing but strife and variance; in- ficial way with human affairs, appeared stead of calming the passions and irresistible. But the result bas now soothing the discontent of the work completely demonstrated both the ing classes, it has arrayed them in utter fallacy of the views on which fierce hostility or sullen indignation this grand delusion was founded, and against the government; instead of the total hypocrisy of the humane and establishing concord and unanimity philanthropic views with which the between the legislature and the masses, Whigs announced it to the people. it has thrown the apple of eternal dis- Such has been the effect of the cord between them; instead of calm, diminution of the produce of West

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