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to give over their tormenting office; and sent the starting culprit, as he was, and without any application whatever to his wounds, to continue the laborious duties of his station. On remonstrating with the master of the hotel, for this cruel and barbarous trčatment of his servant,-he answered, that the Malays were so extremely wicked, that neither the house, nor any one in it would be safe for a moment, if they were not kept in a state of continued terror, by the most rigid and exemplary punishment: but this was not all, for another act of necessary severity, as it was represented to me, though of a different kind, immediately succeeded. Two slaves, in carrying off the breakfastequipage, contrived to break a plate, as he alleged; for which offence, as it could not be precisely fixed upon either, they were both ordered to suffer. They were accordingly, each of them, furnished with canes, and compelled to beat each other; which they did with reciprocal severity, as two other slaves stood by with bamboos, to correct any appearance of lenity in them. The city of Batavia is situated in the island of Java, and is the capital of all the Dutch settlements and colonies in the East Indies.
Further on, in the prosecution of his work, this gentleman observes, the Chinese have no purchased slaves throughout the whole empire ; and some of them, in the interior parts of the country, were with difficulty made to comprehend the nature of such a character as a slave; “When,” says he, “I illustrated the matter, by explaining of a negro-boy, called Benjamin, whom Sir George Staunton had purchased at Batavia, they expressed the strongest marks of disgust and abhorrence. The conversation to which I allude, took place at Jehol, in Tartary; but at Canton, where the communication with Europeans gives the merchants a knowledge of what is passing in our quarter of the globe, poor Benjamin was the cause of some observations on his condition, that astonished me when I heard, and will, I believe, surprize the reader when he peruses them.
«The boy being in a shop with me in the suburbs of Canton, soine people were very curious in making inquiries concerning him ; when the merchant, to whoin the . warehouse belonged, expressed his surprize, in broken English, that the British nation should suffer a traffic so disgraceful to that humanity which they are ready to profess: and on my informing him, that the British Par. kament intended to abolish it, he surprized me with the YOL. X.
following answer, which I give in his own words: 6 Ave; aye, black man, in English country, have got one first chop, good mandarin Willforce, that have done much good for allau blackie mån, much long time: allau man makie chin, chin, hee, because he have got more first chop tink, than'much English merchant-men ; because he inerchant-man rinkee for catch inoney, no tinkee for poor blackie nan: Joshi, no like such fashion.”-The meaning of which expressions, is as follows:-“Aye, in England, the black men have got an advocate and friend in Mr. Vilberforce, who has for a considerable time been doing then service; and all good people, as well as the blacks, adore the character of a gentleman, whose thoughts lave been directed to meliorate the condition of those inen; and not like the West India planters, or merchants, who,' for the love of gain, would prolong the misery of so large a portion of his fellow-creatures as the African slaves; but God does not approve of such a practice." ...
" That some general knowledge of the politics of Europe may be obtained by the mandarins and inerchants in the port-of Canton, might be naturally expected from their continual communication with the natives of alınost every European country; and many of them understand the languages of Europe. They may, perhaps, sometimes read the Gazettes that are published in our quarter of the globe. But that the question of the slave trade, as agitated in our- Parliament, should be known in the suburbs of Canton, may surprize some of my readers, as it astonished nie. Nor will it be unpleasing to Mr. Wilberforce to be informed, that, for the active zeal which he displayed in behalf of the natives of Africa, in the senate of the first city in Europe, he received the eulogiun of a Chinese merchant beneath the walls of an Asiatic city.”
NECDOTE :' OF THE LATR REV, MR. THOROWGOOD. , A. GENTLEMAN conversing-withhina in his illness, conA cerning the influence of divine truth on his own mind; he replied, “ I have made the investigation of truth the grand business of my life, and am fully persuaded of the truth of the Gospel. I know that I deserve destruction as a. sinner, ibut rely with confidence on the divine mercy'as displayed through Christ Jesus. My lieart is full with what I wish to say to my people; should I ever again address them.” Soon after, he added, with grēất emphasis, “ I am as happy as a man can be." On-its being
said; That nothing but the truths of which he had been speaking, could support a person in such a situation, he answered, “ Ah! Sir, nothing but these things ought to satisfy a person before he comes to this situation.
PRACTICAL CRITICISM. A PLAIN country man, who was effectually called by Divine grace (under a sermon on Zech. iii. 9. Is not this a brand plucked out of the fire ?) was, some time afterwards, accosted by a quondain companion of his drunken fits, and strongly solicited to accompany him to the alehouse : But the good man stedfastly resisted all his arguments, saying, “ I am a brand plucked out of the fire." His old companion not understanding this, he explained it thus : “ Look ye,” said he, “ there is a great difference between a brand and a green stick; if a spark flies upon a brand that has been partly burnt, it will soon catch fire again; but it is not so with a green stick. I tell you, I am that brand plucked out of the fire, and I dare not venture into the way of temptation, for fear of being set on fire again.'
was not this good practical divinity?
REVIEW OF RELIGIOUS PUBLICATIONS.
Ar Essay on the Divine Authority of the New Testament. By David Bogue,
This ingenious and valuable work has accidentally remained too long unnoriced by us. It was composed at the request of the Directors of the Missionary Society of London, for the purpose of being, when translated, prefixed to a French New Testament, in order to be circulated in that nation. One of the reasons assigned by the author for first publishing it in English, is the following: -- " It was giving me an opportunity of submitting it more fully to the friends of the institution, from whose remarks I promise myself much assistance; and hope that I shall thus be enabled to render it more fit to answer the proposed end, and less unwortlıy of being translated into the French tongue. On a perusal of the Essay, faults and defects are perceived in the printed copy, which were not so obvious in the manuscript. Those which the writer has remarked, and such as are observed and communicated to him by others, there will be an opportunity of altering, before it assumes a French dress; and likewise, perhaps, of leaving out a few things which, though they suit England, may not be needful for France." Dedication, p. xvii.
The modesty and the good sense of this remark, promise that suitable communications will be well received by the author. It is, therefore, incumbent upon us to suggest some points, in which his work might, accord. jag to our apprehension, adinit of improvement: but we shall first in dulge ourselves in noticing its contents, and some of its excellencies. ?
Of the matter compressed into this volume, the reader may form some judgment, by observing, that eighty-four sections, different in their subjects, are contained in less than 300 pages. “These divisions, Mr. Bogue observes, "inay appear formal; but he thought they would rcnder an Essay of this kind more distinct ; and likewise, that a person who would nor venture on any undivided book, might be induced to read a short section; and from one be led on to another. The heads, under
which which he has arranged his subdivions, are, 1. Of the Evidence for the Divine Authority of the New Testament, arising froin the Principles Chich it contains; 2. From considerations suggested by its Contents; 3. From the Testimony of the Apostles ; 4. From some additional Con: sideracions, which further confirm their Testimony; 5. From Miracles; 6. Froin Prophecy; 7. From the Success of the Gospel ; 8. Objections against the Divine Authority of the New Testament considered ; 9. The Sentiments and Conduct of the Deists briefly considered; 10. Some Mis. cellaneous Considerations.
These heads afford but little insight into the strain of Mr. Bogue's arguments; but they shew what topics of the evidence of Christianity hc has principally discussed. The direct historic evidence, which forms the chief substance of most treatises on the subject, Mr. Bogue has passed in silence; perhaps, because it was deemed unlikely to gain the attention of French Deists. To them he constantly addresses himself, in a familiar and conciliatory style ; giving up Atheists as incurables, and disregarding the offence which French Catholics must take at the freedom with which popery is treated in this work.
The simplicity and ease of language, the flow of ideas, and the beautiful illustrations which characterize Mr. Bogue's manner, are conspicuous in this volume. Though his mode of discussing the subject is, as it should be, better calculated for the meridian of Paris than that of London, we fear there are but too many individuals, especially ainong the genteeler youth of this country, who stand in need of a work like this. May thcy be inclined to give ii the serious attention which both the subjects and the arguments deserve ! They may indeed peruse it to greater advantage than our Gallic neighbours : for we apprehend that a translation, in which much of its beauty will not be lost, can hardly be made; especially as it is not to be expected that either an Infidel or a Roman Catholic will cxecute the task.
In pointing out what we think might be improvenients of this valuable production, we would recommend to the author to treat the latter of these denominations with the same candour that he has abundantly exercised toward the former; to express less complaisance for that equirocal terin, and still more equivocal thing, Natural Religion ; to be more explicit on the proper deity of Jesus Christ ; and to relinquish any attempt to reconcile che precepts of Scripture with the maxiins of the French Revolurion. We are confident that such concessions to his opponents will do no good; and it is possible they may do some harm. Whether the respectable author avails hinself of these hints, or rejects them, he has, at the close of his Dedication to the Directors of the Missionary Society, exonerated them from the imputation of any sentiment in his work that may appear exceptionable. It, however, by their order, any such sentiment should be circulated in France, it would certainly be laid to their charge. Some of the author's ideas, which are congenial with our own happy constitution, may be obnoxious to the present government of that country, and may preclude the circulation, both of this excellent summary of evi. deuce, and of the word of God, to which it is designed to be prefixed.
We must not omit an observation that may probably have occurred to every one who has handled Mr. B's volume. It is too copious for an Introduction to the New Testament; though small, when compared with the extent of its subject. Almost every page of it is highly valuable; but wę think that, if reduced to half its size, it might he better adapted to its pure pose, and would have a greater chance of being read by a superficial freechinker. At the same time, it is to be regretted that no notice is taken of the Divine Authority of the Old Testament. If a person, inclined to sceptiGusam, thinks he can juvaluate this, he will disrega:d all that can be urged in defence of Christianity, which rests upon it as a foundation. We hope that Mr. Bogue will fulfil his intention of favouring the public with a treatise on this subject. If he should coinpress the more striking evidences of the Jewish Canon into a single chapter, to dispose a Deist to attend to those of the New Testament, it inight be advantageous to prefix it co the proposed version of the present work.
A Circumstantial Narrative of the Stranding of a Margate Corn Hoy, near the Village of Reculver, on the 7th of February, 1802. Written with a
Design to improve a Catastrophe as auful as it is unparalleled in the Maritime Annals of that Neighbourhood. The affecting narrative contained in this small pamphlet, is of that kind, that it will enter very deeply into the feelings of every individual who is at all accustomed to sympathize with the afflicted, as it exhibits a scene of the most melancholy complexion, and an event which, happily, but very seldom occurs; it being 167 years since one of these Margate
hoys was lost before. The relation is prefaced and accompanied by some just and serious re
flections; and it concludes with a suitable address to various classes of persons, especially those who escaped, on whom this eveatful providence naturally urges lessons of instruction. We shall present our Teaders with an abstract of the narrative, not with a view to supersede the perusal of the tract itself, which is published for the advantage of the widows and orphans, and other relatives of the deceased; but rather in hopes of interesting the benevolent feelings of our numerous senders, in aid of the subscription opened at Margate for the distressed survivors, whose friends have found an untimely and a watery grave t.
« The dreadful catastrophe of the foundering of the hoy, named the Margate, of Margate (John Goodborn, master; Mr. J. Sackett, owner) happened in the night between the 6th and 7th of February, 1802; having left the port of Margate only a few hours. She was deeply laden with corn for the London market, and had on board ewenty-eight passengers, besides the crew, consisting of four men.
“ They sailed about three o'clock in the afternoon of Saturday the 6th, though not with very hartering appearances as to weather ; yet all of them apparently in the greatest cheerfulness, except Goodborn the cap. tain, whose dull countenance seemed to indicate a presentiment of the succeeding calamity ; and who, during the whoie scene, gradually sunk under its horrors. 'Indeed it hath appeared since, that the four mariners had all of them a foreboding depression of spirits, which, however, they prudently concealed from cach other in the time of danger; wisely avoid. ing what they apprehended might tend to relax their exertions in attempt. ing to save the vessel, and the lives of the passengers.
" As the tide was on the ebb, and the wind unfavourable when they sailed, they were obliged to come to an anchor at a little distance from Margarc ; where they remained till eight o'clock, waiting the return of the tide ; but as the wind blew fresh from the N.N. W. and the night was dark, they thought it adviscable to run up, and shelter under the book of Margate sands. However prudent this resolution might be, it was totally disconcerted, as will appear in the sequel. After conflicting with the wind and waves until about eleven o'clock, upon making their last rack inward, and sounding, the strap of the sounding lead broke : an accident which very rarely happens ; and, what is more remarkable this strap had not been in use more than two voyages. This disaster
+ Subscriptions, we understand, are received by Messrs. Esdaille and Co Embard Street, London.