Page images

this passage fhews that the laughter of the Ephraimites was very considerable.

15. Gave them drink. ALS EROTITEV AUT8G . SV aburra holañ lxx. et potavit illos ut ex abylo magna. Syr. And all the versions seem to have read 707 non. Street.

19. And said.- in the beginning influences 17DN in the second claufe. Kennicott.

25. Angels food.-NINS 91700 0027 i.e. the food that descends from the dwelling of angels; or bread prepared from heaven. Wisdom xvi. 20. It is called the bread of beaven in Pf. 105.

31. The chief of them.--Mr. Mudge thinks it should be flew them in their fatnesses, or indulgences, which Dr. Lowth approves.

38. Their misdeeds.-Chald. peccatum eorum, Mudge and Kennicott.

41. Set bounds.--To his power, that is, doubted of its extent. See verse 20.

47. Their vines.-There seems to be some difficulty attending this passage, for Herodotus expressly says, that there were no vines in Egypt, & opuesos εν τη χώρα αμπελου. Lib. 2. Strabo however says, that the Mareotic wine is abundant and excellent, lib. 17. But again it is asserted, that these vines were planted in modern times by the Greeks.

49. Ministers of evil.--The Jews gave the appellation of angels to all means which God makes use


of to accomplish any purpofe. See Pf. xxxiv. 7.

civ. 4.

50. An even way. The Syriac sense of oss is Semitam fecit, aperuit.

51. Their strength. --So the ancient versions.

55. He divided them.—That is, the nations, and make the tribes of Israel to dwell in the tents of those nations, whom, that is, whose lands he thus divided among

the Israelites. Hammond. 61. His strength.—The ark of the law, which is so called, Pf. cv. 4. 2 Chron. vi. 41. See 1 Sam. iv. I, &c.

63. With fongs.--Aquila, Sym. and Theod. Targum.

64. Made no lamentation.--Did not survive to make lamentation for their husbands.

71. Sucklings.See Kennicott and the ancient verlions.

Shiloh.--A city in the tribe of Ephraim, one of Joseph's sons.


2. Before Ephraim, Benjamin and Manases. Because these three tribes followed immediately next after the Ark. See Numb. ii. 17--22. Hammond. The Psalmist prays, that God would go out with them to war as in former times before the battle of Ebenezer, in which the Ark was taken.

6. A Arife.-Thou permittest our neighbours that hate us, to assault and invade us, and that successfully. Hammond. This verse strongly indicates hat the Psalm was not written during the captivity ; for at that time, they could not be said to be a strife to their neighbours.

8. A vine.---The people of Israel.

10. The goodly cedars with the boughs thereof.—The author of the History of the Piratical States of Barbary informs us, that- some of the vines near Algiers, climb to the tops of the loftieft trees, and extending themselves to others, form natural bowers, page 163. And Beverley in his History of Virginia, p. 116. says that he has seen great trees com vered with single vines, and those vines almost hid with grapes.

See Merrick. Covered.-For 103 Kennicott, lxx. Vulg. and Arab. read 703.

11. The river.-7772 the river Euphrates : colonies were sent out even so far as the Euphrates, in the reigns of David and Solomon. 16. Let those.-Kennicott with the Arab. version

, et Spoliarunt eam, taking the sense of the latter from the Arab. Spoliavit opibus.

Burnt with fire.---This does not relate to the burning of Jerusalem by fire, for the vine denotes the Israelitish people at large ; but to the many evils they suffered from the incursions of their enemies.

qui eam combe / Jerunt igne ,שרפוה באש וכסחוה reads

17. Of tby right band.-Sufpicor, says Michaelis, za 24 pro fædere poni vel jurejurando ex more Arabum, with whom the Chaldee agrees, sit manus tua super viro cui jurasti manu tuâ dextrâ. The man therefore of the right band must be Hezekiah, to whom God may be considered as having sworn, inasmuch as he adhered to the covenant made between him and David ; that his feed should prosper, if they worshipped no strange Gods.

Whom thou madeft strong:-God had made all things profper under Hezekiah.


guage, Pf. cxiv. I.

5. He heard.lxx. and the other versions. The Egyptians are mentioned as people of a strange lan

See alfo Gen. xlii. 23. 6. Pannier.-777 was a large vefsel or basket, in which the earth was mixed and worked up for the bricks.

11. Obey mem7N, Arab. recordatus fuit, attentus:

16. Out of the rock.-Flowing copiously even out of the rocks.


1. Judges. See Ex. xxii. 28. the word rendered congregation signifies a court of justice, Numb. xv. 33.

5. Foundations. The laws, compare Pf. xi. 3.

7. One of the poor.-I could not forbear inserting the admirable emendation of Bp. Hare, who by the transposition of a single letter, has restored the text to its undoubtedly true meaning. The latter clause of this verse, like that of the preceding, is an echo or repetition of the first: to Gods and the children of the Supreme are opposed ordinary men and the poor. Wake, Abp. Secker also guessed that it should be ww which occurs in verse




3. Favoured ones.--Clients : a form of expression derived from the eastern right of hospitality, compare Pf. xxvii. 5. and Ezech. vii. 22. Dathius.

11. And their nobles.--Archb. Secker from the Targum conjectured the true reading was Snow 10424739; and Dr. Kennicott was of the fame opinion, Pone eos et principes eorum, Targum. Street,


5. Thy journies.-nison, Syr. and Kennicott. Here the word means the journey to Jerusalem thrice every year. This passage is thus explained by Geierus : In quorum animo femper hæret via ad templum, illud unum meditantur, exoptant, &c.

6. Moif valley. So Hammond, the valley of weeping literally. Vallies supplied with springs or

« PreviousContinue »