Page images

tiou was signed at London, between Lord Falmcrston on the part of Great Britain, and Talleyrand nu the part of France, which, after setting forth that Great Britain and France had been requested by the King of the Belgians, to carry into execution the Articles of the Treaty relative to the Netherlands, concluded ut London on the 10th November, 1831, the execution of which was jointly guaranteed by Great Britain, France, Austria, Russia and Prussia, and that all attempts to obtain the execution of the Treaty by negotiation had failed, stipulates, as a first step towards the accomplishment of that object, that Great Britain and France should require the King of the Netherlands to enter into an engagement, by the 2d of November, to withdraw, on the 12th of that month, all his troops from the territories which, it was agreed, by the Treaty of November 1831, were to form the kingdom of Belgium. The King of the Belgians was, in like manner, to be required to withdraw his troops from the Dutch territory. It was, at the same time, declared, that, if either party should refuse compliance with the above requisition, Great Britain and France would proceed, without farther notice or delay, to the measures which might to them appear necessary to compel the execution of it By the second article of the Convention, it was stipulated, that, if the King of the Netherlands refused to agree to the proposition to evacuate the Belgian territories, an embargo should immediately be put on the Netherland vessels in the ports of Great Britain and France, and an order issued to the cruizers of the respective countries to stop and bring into their ports all the Netherland vessels which they might meet with at sea; and for the more effectual execution of this measure, that a combined French and English squadron should be stationed on the coast of Holland. By the third article, it was agreed, that if, on the loth of November, the Dutch troops should be still in the Belgian territory, a French corps should enter Belgium, for the purpose of compelling them to evacuate the territory, on the understanding, however, that the King of the Belgians should have previously expressed a wish for the entrance of the French troops for the above purpose. By the fourth article, it was stipulated, that, if the measure pointed out in the preceding article became necessary, its object should be limited to the expulsion of the Dutch troops from the citadel of Antwerp, and the forts and places dependent upon it; and France expressly engaged not to occupy any of the fortified places in Bel gium by the French rmops employed in the above service, and

that, when the citadel of Antwerp should be evacuated by the Netherland troops, it should be forthwith delivered up to the Belgians; and the F"rench troops should immediately retire within the French ter. ritory.

In terms of this convention, a requisition was made by the British and French Charges d'Affaires, at the Hague, on the 29th October, to the Dutch Government, to evacuate the Belgian territories, and on the 2d November an answer was returned, refusing to consent to deliver up the citadel of Antwerp. On the 6th November, therefore, an embargo was laid on the Dutch vessels in the British forts, and orders were issued to our cruisers to seize all Dutch vessels at sea. A similar step was taken by the French government. This measure having been anticipated for some time, few vessels were detained in the British ports. At Liverpool, there were only two, several others having escaped on the first intelligence of the embargo. A Dutch East Indiaman having sailed into Coves, in the Isle of Wight, ignorant of what had taken place, was detained, and several Dutch vessels have been seized by our cruisers at sea. At Bourdeaux, a considerable number of Dutch vessels were detained.

Meantime, great preparations were making by the British and French Governments to enforce the Convention. Much activity prevailed at the nival arsenals of both countries in the fitting out of ships of war. On the 29th October, part of the French fleet, which was to cooperate with the British in the blockade of the Dutch coast, arrived at Spithead. On the 4th of November, the British fleet, commanded by Sir Pultency Malcolm, and the French fleet, under the command of Rear-Admiral Ducrest de Villeneuve, in the Suffren, of 90 guns, sailed from the Downs. This was the first time that the people of England had seen, from their own shores, the tri-color sailing in union with the British flag; and it is difficult to describe the sensation it occasioned among the numerous spectators who had assembled to behold the gratifying spectacle of the two most powerful and most enlightened nations of Europe uniting, not for the purposes of conquest or aggrandisement, but, to obtain, for a less powerful nation, the blessings of freedom from a yoke, which they, in less auspicious times, had been the means of imposing and rivetting on the necks of the Belgians. By an arrangement with the French government, it has been arranged that Sir Fulteney Malcolm is to take command of the combined fleet.

Portugal.—Don Pedrcstill remains at Oporto. His force is now estimated at 16,000 men, and reinforcements are daily arriving from France and England. It is said that he is to assume the command of his army, a step by which the petty jealousies which lias hitherto existed among his officers, and proved very prejudicial to his cause, will he eradicated. On the 11th October, the Miguelites made an attack on the Serra Convent, with a body of from 4000 to 6000 men, which were repulsed with great slaughter. The loss on Don Pedro's side did not exceed 100 men. The hostile fleets also had an engagement off Vigo, in which Admiral Sartorious, and twenty-seven men on board his vessel, were wounded, and ten killed. His flag ship, the Donna Maria, had 82 shot-holes in her sides. None of his other vessels suffered so severely- The Miguelite fleet, under Admiral Felix, succeeded in effecting its retreat, without the loss of any of its vessels. On the 24th October, another assault was made on the Serra Convent. The object seemed to be to take the garrison by surprise; but having failed in this attempt, the Miguelites hastily retreated. Don Miguel has at length joined his army with a reinforcement. His troops, of all arms, are estimated at 25,000; and another attack is anticipated before the troops retire into winter quarters. The Fiench Government has of late been strongly pressing our cabinet to join with them in adopting some decisive measure in favour of the constitutional cause in Portugal; but no decision has yet been arrived at on this matter.

Prussia.—The Prussian States Gazette contains a declaration of the King, which, :if:er noticing the determination of England and France in respect of Holland, proceeds to say—

"His Majesty, the King, conformably to the declarations that he has made on every occasion, and in concert with Austria and Russia, has caused notice to bo given to the Governments of England and France, that he must refuse to these coercive measures, not only all kind of co-operation, but also his assent; and that, on the contrary, he has resolved to place a corps of observation on the Maese, in order to be ready, on the entrance of a French army into Belgium, to avert the eventual consequences which the intended military operations might have with respect to the tranquillity of Germany, and of his Majesty's dominions, and to the general peace."

Turkey Sultan Mahmoud is making a vigorous rally, and has got together an army of 40,000 men, principally Albanians, who are to march under the Grand Vizier against Ibrahim Pacha. The latter still continues to advance ; but unless hepass Mount Taums immediately, his farther progress must be stopped till spring. Jean de Maurajeni, a distinguished individual at the Court of the Ottoman Porte, has arrived in London, charged with a special mission to solicit the mediation of the British Government, in connection with that of other European Powers, to effect terms of pacification between the Sultan and the Pacha.

November, 1832.

The threatening aspect of the political horizon has had less effect on the commercial and agricultural markets than might have been anticipated. In the west of England, a great deal of business is doing in the woollen trade, without much speculation. Low stout broad cloths, about eight shillings per yard, are a little advanced in price, and the demand is increasing. The worsted stuff trade is still in a better state than the woollen trade, and has admitted of an advance both of prices and wages. The prices for six quarters wide merinos and other fine light goods are advancing. The hosiery, and other businesses connected with it, are in a greater state of activity at the present time than has been known during the same season for several years past. The blanket trade, after some months of deep depression, has become uncommonly ac

tive. The cotton manufacturers are also well employed, and the large demand they now have for the home market is clearing off the heavy stock of goods they had accumulated. At Sheffield, trade is in a very depressed state; the American trade, which usually affords a considerable demand, being completely at a stand. This is attributed principally to the cholera. The sugar and coffee markets continue in a languid state. At the East India Company's periodical sale of raw silks, which commenced on the 22d October, the purchases, during the whole of its continuance, were made with great spirit. The total quantity offered was 5285 bales, consisting of 2600 bales of Company's Bengal, 2425 bales of licensed China, 235 bales of licensed Bengals, and 25 bales of Persian silks. The following is an accurate statement of the progress and result of the sale :—Out of the Company's silks about 480 bales of the most inferior qualities were refused at the taxed prices, and the remainder sold at an average advance of two and a half per cent on the quotations realized at the June sale. The demand was most active for the Company's finest and best silks. The private trade Bengals were all sold at prices realizing the same advance as the Company's silks. Of China silks, about 2500 bales were brought forward for sale, of which a large proportion was bought in, and the remainder was disposed of at about the same prices as those given at the June sale. The Persian silks were bought in at from 9s. 43. to 9s. 9d. per lb. The total stock of raw silk remaining in the East India Company's warehouse for future sale, amounts to 7917 bales, of which 7699 are Bengals (Company's), 151 bales of private trade China, and 97 bales of licensed Bengals.

At the East India Company's sale of saltpetre and spices, there was a full attendance of persons interested in the saltpetre trade. The quantity declared for sale was 612 tons, exceeding the last declaration by rather above 100 tons. The sale commenced very briskly at 38s. per cwt., but the price soon advanced to 39s. perewt. As the sale proceeded, the biddings were less active, and a portion of the quantity offered went at from 1J to 2J per cent. The result of the sale establishes an improved market. The saltpetre sold by the Company in August last went off at from 33s. tul. to 35s. per cwt. The Company's black pepper, consisting of 1014 bags, sold at from 3Jd. to 3|d. per lb., and nutmegs at from 4s. 3d. to 4s. 4d. per lb.

The contracts of the Lords of the Admiralty for rum, sugar, and other articles for the navy, were taken on the 1st November. The quantity of rum contracted for was 75,000 gallons. There was much competition among the trade to obtain the contract; which was ultimately taken at within a fraction of Is. 9$d. per gallon. The last contract was for 100,000 gallons, and was taken in July at a price equal to Is. 6|d. and j per gallon. Proof leewards are now 6d. per gallon dearer than at this time last year. The import of rum generally is 19,105 puncheons less than at this time last year; and although the home consumption and export trade have fallen off, the stock is now 12,000 puncheons less than last year.

The Wool Trade bas been brisk during the month, and prices have been rather advancing. There were extensive sales at Garroway's, which lasted several days. The sale-rooms were very much crowded,

and the biddtngs were unusually brisk, the manufacturers being in high spirits at the improved aspect of the trade. The quantity of wools announced for sale was between 2500 and 2600 bales, of which rather more than 1000 bales were New South Wales, 500 Van Diemen's Land, 240 bales of German, 342 bales of Smyrna, 90 bales of Cape, 50 bales of Spanish, 2 bales of Swan River, some English combing, and other wools. The manufacturers from Bradford, Halifax, Leeds, and other principal places in Yorkshire, bought largely. Some superior Australian fleeces sold as high as 3s. to 3s. 2£d. per lb.; fine from 2s. to 2s. lid.; and inferior from Is. to Is. lid. per lb. The finest Van Diemen's Land wools offered produced from 1s. 5d. to 2s. 2d., and inferior and middling from lOd. to 1s. 4,'d. per lb.—The German wools were sold at from Is. to Is. 10Jd. per lb.; the Smyrna at from 6d. to 10Jd.; the Cape at froui Is. Id. to Is. 6£d, and the English combing, from Is. to Is. Id. per lb. The woo! from Swan River was of good quality, and sold at 2s. Id. per lb—There was some competition for it on account of the novelty of the article, being the first imported from the colony. The results of these sales tend to establish an advanced market for colonial and most other wools. The wools from our possessions in Australia and Van Diemen's Land, showed that increased care and attention has been paid in the growth and packing, and were more free from the burr than heretofore, sheep shearing having commenced this se;ison earlier than usual.

At Paisley, the demand for Flushed Bordered Shawls continues pretty steady. Petticoats are considerably brisker, and the price of weaving has advanced from 10 to 15 per cent. Common Imitation Shawls have been rather dull for some time, but the manufacturers are all paying the table price. There are still a number of Angola shawls made, and the prices remain steady. Canton Crapes, both figured and plain, arc a good deal brisker. Flain Middles and Thibets are rather dull; the weavers find it difficult to get new engagements. The Silk Transparent Gauze trade has been very dull these two mouths past; but we arc glad to learn, that it is in the way of improvement, a number of weavers having got canes within these ten days. There are still, however, a number of the hands idle. It is the opinion of the manufacturers, that the prospect of trade being steady through the winter is a great deal more encouraging than it was at the beginning of the last or preceding season.

At Perth, for some time past, the wearers have been employed, but at very low wages; no advance having taken place for a considerable period, except in umbrella clothes, which were considerably advanced a few weeks ago; but a heavy reduction has lately taken place in the weaving of that article, which will press hard on the poor weaver at this season, when so much light is required. A good number of harness weavers are at present employed, but the price is still very low. On the whole, the weavers have but a poor prospect of getting through the winter with any degree of comfort.

At -Hawick, trade has not been better, nor have the manufacturing stocks been so low, for the last sixteen years.

East India Flour An extraordinary trade lias sprung up at Liverpool, in the importation of flour from Calcutta. 5000 sacks arrived there lately, and the price quoted is 26s. to 27s per 1961b. subject to a duty of 3s. per brl. This is the third or fourth importation made by the same house, Acninianand Still, within the List 1!l months. This flour is manufactured by means of steam engines lately erected on the Gauges. The engines, are of 32 horse power, and the daily produce of meal is about 35 tons. Of this a large proportion goes to supply the natives of Calcutta with a very superior cheap food, which no feeling of caste prevents them from consuming. Another portion supplies the demand of a biscuit bakery, from which ships are furnished for their homeward voyages with a fresh and very superior biscuit, at much less than the usual cost, and the fine flour is brought to this country for the supply of the power-loom weavers, bleachers, &c, forming, as it does, from the extraordinary strength of the flour, the best sizing material ever produced, and which is now used exclusively by some of the leading manufacturers of Lancashire. It cannot be used as bread flour, being too stale on its arrival in this country. The King of Holland has recently issued a decree, which must have a very injurious effecton the Belgian manufacturers. Up to the date of this new fiscal regulation, the Belgians were allowed to send their manufactured cottons by Dunkirk to Holland, where, being shipped for the Indies in Dutch vessels, they paid only a duty of 124 per cent; whilst English and German wares paid 25 per cent. The Belgians are now placed, in tiiis respect, on the same footing with the English and Germans, with whom they cannot for the present successfully couipete.

Thk Grain Markets have varied little during the month, and have been in a very depressed state. Agriculture was

indeed never at a lower ebb than it is in Scotland at present, and farming capital lms almost disappeared. At the present prices, the tenants cannot possibly pay the high rents for which they are bound to their landlords. The crop is great in bulk, but it is far from certain that the quantity of grain exceeds an average crop. Owing to the wet weather in the end of August, a great proportion of the wheat crop in Scotland was much injured. The weights range from 50 to 64 lbs. per bushel. Barley also suffered severely; and, although the crop exceeds an average, a large proportion of it, even on good land, turns out to be of inferior quality. Such of the barley crop as was exposed to rain in the sheaf, has been much injured for malting, a great part of it having sprouted, and is thus rendered unfit for the purposes of the maltster. The weights run from 51 to 54 and 55 per bushel. The crop of oats is good. They yield abundantly in proportion to the straw, and the return at the mill is likewise ample. Turnips, particularly the late sown, have greatly improved within the last six weeks. A good deal of business has been done in letting; three pence a-weck for hogs, and five pence for old sheep, the general rates. Many farmers have preferred letting a part of their turnips to be eaten by cattle in the straw yard, to buying in, thinking it a safer speculation, owing to the price of loan stock—five shillings per week may be stated as the usual rate. The weather has been favourable for the sowing of the wheat crop; and the braird is in general sufficiently luxuriant, though in some districts it has been attacked by slug.4. Young grasses look well. The potatoe crop is excellent in quality, but not so abundant as last year. Several cargoes of potatoes have been shipped in the Tay for the London markets. They were bought up by speculators at from 8s. to 9s. per boll, of 32 stone Dutch weight.

The exportation of grain from Ireland, during the last twelve months, has been unusually large, amounting, into London alone, to 100,000 quarters of wheat, upwards of 600,000 quarters of oats, and about 100,000 sacks of flour; and, we believe, nearly an equal quantity has been imported into Liverpool; and this, in addition to very large supplies into Glasgow, Bristol, and other ports, shows that a great increase, as compared with former years, must have taken place from the cultivation of land there of late. On an average, the crops this year, in that country, will turn out quite as well as the last, although there have been partial failures amongst them.

Cattle.—Owing to the'abundance of straw, and the improvement in the turnip crop, there has been a considerable demand for cattle, and prices have been risiug. At Doune Fair, cattle were 20s. a-head higher than last year. At Old Biggar Fair, cattle of the true Ayrshire breed sold readily at an advance of full 30 per cent over last year's prices. At Hallow Fair, held at Edinburgh on the 13th aud 14th November, there was a brisk sale. The quantity of cattle in the market was at least a fourth less than last year. During the first day all the best lots changed hands at least 30 per cent above last year's market, and 20 per cent above prices obtained at last Falkirk tryst,—the better description of cattle bringing an advance of about L.2 per head on the Falkirk and Doune prices. The principal part of the supply consisted of lean stock. Two-year-old Highland stots sold from L. I, 10s. to L.7, 7s. Three-year-old do. L,7 to L.ll. Twoyear-old Highland queys, from L.3, 10s. to L.5, 10s., quality inferior. There was but a poor supply of fat cattle in the market, prices from 5s. to 7s. per imperial stone.

Sheep have also been on the rise. At the October Spittal of Glenshee Fair,

held at Perth, the whole stock ns cleared off at an early hour. Prime black-faced wedders sold at from 20s. to 21s. and inferior down as low as 14s. Prime ewes were bringing from 7s. 6d. to 12s.

At Doune Fair, on the 6th November, there was a short supply, the demand particularly brisk, and prices from 2s. to 4s. a-head above last year's market, and from 2s. 6d. to 4s. 6d- above last October Tryst at Falkirk. Wedders were sold at L.17 to L.24; and ewes from L.8 to L-ll, per clad score, and were all sold.

Horses At the Newcastle Cow Hill

Fair, the first rate horses brought for sale were few in number, aud were disposed of before the regular fair commenced. There were a great many of an inferior description; such as were useful brought pretty good prices. Stags and ponies were numerous; the former varying from L.10 to L.20 each ; the latter bringing, according to age aud quality, from L.4 to L.12 each.

At Paisley Martinmas Fair, the best draught horses in the market were offered for L.35. At Hallow Fair, good draught horses brought good prices, but inferior animals were in little demand.


Legends Of The Library At LilLies. By The Lord And Lady There. 2 Vols.*—The title which Lord and Lady Nugent have chosen for their stories will be apt to mislead simple readers. It will be imagined that the scene of their Legends is some fancy literary shop, the summer or winter blossom of a London root, transplanted aud flourishing about the Pantiles, or the Marine Parade; aud that they are consequently tales of fashion, and of modern manners. Let us correct this mistake. Lillics, or more properly Lilies, is a charming spot thus describes: "Place yourself just midway between the three seas, which form the boundaries of Southern England, you will find yourself on a small knoll, covered with antique elm, walnut, and sycamore-trees, which rise out of a vale, famous in all time for the natural fertility of its soil, aud the moral virtues of its people. On this knoll, fitly callcdby our ancestors 'the Heart of South Britain,' stood, distant about half a mile

• Longman, Hces, Ornic, &c. London.

from each other, two monasteries, known by the flowery appellatives of Lilies aud Roses. These edifices have for many cen. turics been no more; but on the site of the former of the two, standeth a small mansion, of Tudor architecture, bearing still its ancient name. Of the monastery, little memorial beyond the name remains, save only that, under a small enclosed space, crewhile its cemetery, now a wilderness of flowers, the bones of the monks repose." But the pools, the glades, the shrubs and paths, aud sportive colts, and veteran steeds, we pass for " the warm cheer of the little oak library (at Lilies) —for the quaint coverings and tracery of other times which abound therein—for the awful note of the blood-hound baying upon his midnight chain; the pleasing melancholy of the hooting owl, from his hereditary chamber in the roof; and for the tunefulness of the cooing wood-quests and the morning rooks, which bustle and caw, and of the high winds which pipe and roar, daily and nightly, through the boughs; and for the deep, glossy verdure

« PreviousContinue »