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of my country; I ahull speak without hatred and without fear . I shall relate the whole truth.
"M. Mauguin spoke first. Heis the man to con. front danger: he is the orator of revolution; nature has made him a tribune of the people. He traces in broad outlines a frightful picture of the situation of Paris; he speaks of the wicked attempts of the court, the resentment of the people, their combats, their success**s, their reverses, their fears, and their hopes. 'Listen,' said he, with enthusiasm, 'listen to the roar of the cannon and the groans of the dying j tliey reach you even here: it is a great people effecting a revolution which you ought to direct; it is no longer permitted us to hesitate: our place, gentlemen, is between the popular battalions and the phalanxes of despotism; beware of losing time; the royal guard loses none, be assured: once more, I say, this is a revolution which calls upon us to act.'
"At this word revolution, several deputies rose and threatened to retire immediately. It was an explosion of all the fears that had found their way to this assembly. Messieurs Charles Dupin, Sebastiani, and Guixot distinguished themselves among the most zealous advocates of legal order. 'I protest against every act that goes beyond the bounds of legality,' exclaimed M. Dupin. • What speak you of resistance?' said M. Sebastiani, with heat and precipitation: 'we have only to consider how legal order may be preserved.' 'The slightest imprudence,' added M. Guixot, * would compromise the justice of our cause. Our duty is not, as is asserted, to take part either with or against the people, but to become mediators, to check the popular movement, and convince the king that his ministers have deceived him.'
"A voice well known to the friends of liberty now makes itself heard; it is that of Lafayette, always equally courageous and skilful in bringing back questions to their true principles. 'I confess,' said he smiling, 'that 1 find it difficult to reconcile legality with the Monitcur of the day before yesterday, and with the firing for the last two days.* Then assuming the calm and solemn tone suited to the solemnity of the occasion, he declared that a revolution certainly was in the case; and proposed the immediate creation of a provisional government; an idea which was adopted subsequently, but which as yet was too decided and patriotic not to be regarded by a good many of his colleagues as at least premature.
"At this moment, it was announced that the people had carried the Hotct-de-Ville after a terrible carnage; nut the conflict continued; the royal troops received reinforcements, and it was feared that they might again be victorious. This incident, however, seemed to revive the drooping courage of some of the champions of legality. M. Guixot, condemning thf rctpeclftU letter proposed to be written to his majesty Charles X., was willing to incur the risk of a protest of which he read the outline, and in which fidelity to the king was stilt professed.
"Thisprotest was adopted, notwithstanding the courageous observation of M. LafHtte, who declared it to be insufficient and below the rightful claims of a people who had already poured out so much of its blood.
"M. Perier proposed to send a deputation to the Duke of Ragusa, to obtain from him a truce, during which the deputies mii'ht carry their complaining! to the foot of the throne; but Lafayette demanded that the deputation should confine itself to ordering Marmont, in the name of the law, and upon his personal responsibility, to put an end to the firing. Howevw, this deputation was appointed; it was composed of MM. Perier, Laffltte, Mauguin, Lobau, and Gerard. Lafayette, visibly indignant at all these delays, whilst the blood of so many citizens was streaming around him, declared to his colleagues that his name was already placed, by the confidence of the people and with his consent, at the head of the insurrection : that he ardently wished his determination should obtain their approbation; but that, happen what might, he considered himself as pledged in honour to establish on the following day his headquarters at Paris.
"Thus ended this first sitting, its whole result, a proclamation without energy, without meaning,
and which was to be published—ON THE MORROW. It was two o'clock ; they adjuurued to four at M. Berard's.
"At four o'clock the deputies re-assembled at M. Berard's. Here, my historical task becomes more painful. 1 have to retrace scenes which it would probably be better to obliterate from our parliamentary annals, but that they must be preserved for the instruction of posterity. My pen shall do its duty. In the short interval of time between the first and second assembling ot the deputies on the day of the 28th, affairs had taken another turn. The patriots'had been beaten at several points; the HoteLde-Ville, already twice taken and retaken, had remained, at last, in the power of the royal troops, with whom some brave citI. zens were again contesting it, but the combatants began to feel discouraged; their energy, for want of proper direction, was becoming exhausted; anxiety was at its highest point, and the defeat of the people generaily considered as inevitable. Shall 1 declare it! Scarcely one-half of the deputies who had been present at the meeting in the morning attended at that in the afternoon. The deputation scut to the Duke of Ragusa now re ported to the assembly the insolent reply of that cut-throat, who required the tuumistiou of the people as a preliminary to any negotiation. This answer excited the Indignation of those deputies who were faithful to their country; but it tVcce with fear the greater number of those gentlemen who, in the midst of the misfortunes of France, thought only how to escape individually the consequences of the ordonnance which declared Paris in a state of siege. At this moment was brought in the proclamation agreed ujwn in the morning, and which several of the journalists had printed, after divesting" it of the servile cxprossinns in which fear had clothed it. And here, I have fresh weaknesses to record: this protest, so feeble, so unmeaning, was rejected, through the consternation which had seized upon MM. Villetnain, Sebastiani, and Bertin.de-Vaux: not one of these gentlemen now dared to entertain it; they withdrew, notwithstanding the earnest entreaties of several of their colleagues, who implored them not to abandon their country on the brink of a precipice. At that moment Lafayette declared, as he had already done in the morning, his firm resolution to throw his life and fortune into the movement, andto establish his headquarters, at daybreak, at the Hotel-de-Vi lle, or at some other point in possession of the people.
"The number of the deputies assembled was reduced to ten, when this happy intelligence was brought them. It revived some nearly-extinguished patriotism; and even M. Guixot proposed to affix to the proclamation the names of all the deputies, whether absent or present, whose opinions were known to be liberal. This gave rise to fresh protestations on the part of M. Sebastiani, who had again made his appearance; and this dilalory measure might again have been rejected or postponed, but fur M. Laffittc, who, with that tru ly civic disinterestedness and courage for which he is distinguished, cut the question short, by saying, * Let us adopt this proposal, gentlemen; if we are vanquished, they will charge us with falsehood, and prove that we were only eight in number; if we conquer, be assured they will be emulous to acknowledge the signatures.'
"The declaration was adopted, and subscribed, on presumption of patriotism, with sixty-three parliamentary names, out of the four hundred and thirty which compose the Chamber of Deputies. The name of M. Dupin was inserted at first; but it was erased, on M. Mauguin's observing, that it would only be exposing themselves to certain and disagreeahle remonstrances.
'* Another meeting was appointed for eight o'clock in the evening, at the house of M. Audry de Puyraveau. This meeting reproduced all the proofs of courage, and all the symptoms of weakness that had marked those which preceded it A contest, which will never be effaced ftom my recollection,was waged between MM. Lafayette,DeI-aoorde,Laftitte, Mauguin, and Audry de Puyraveau, on one side; and Messieurs Sebastiani and Meehin on the other. The former demanded that, cutting short so many shameful tergiversations, the de. jority in his favour. It was at this decisive moment that M. Sebastiani was heard to exclaim, speaking of the tri-colourcd flag that had been hoisted at the Hotel-de-Ville: The only national flag at this time was the white Jtag! It was also upon this occasion that M. de hussy, unsuccessful at the Hotel-de-Ville, came to present to the Chamber the revocation of the ordonnances and the formation of anew ministry, insisting, but to no purpose, as it may be supposed, upon M. Laftktea delivering these appointments to those for whom they were intended. The principal object of this meeting was to pass the declaration which was to
puti« now at Paris, clothed in their Parliamentary contume, and mounting the tricolourcd cockaile should place themselves boldly at the head of the people; the latter ventured ajtain to speak of legal
order, of mediation, andof conccioTto beL M&SuSJZ"SZSfi&jS
I from Charles X. This was more than the i soul of I,afayetto could bear; he rose and ..-—.Kled of his colleagues what post they a-ssi 'tied nim in the name of the country; for that he was ready to occupy it on the instant The icceden tiad departed; and the patriot deputies, now re duced to five only, but resolved to raise again gloriously the tricoloured flag, separated, otter
.'ti'i■iIfitmiT to mpol m^iii «t fiua.i,,. t
""'" wieu nag, separated, alter meeting wa« tn ■ ■
The courage of the Deputies ebbed or flowed Pm ,,.ted l« present a report to the Chamber upon ractly in accordance with the reports of the heir* "1 ^ ,"
evening V1 lllC WM' luey ,, redlining the Hotel de Ville
Thus events progressed. ... ■ „,,., „,.-„,,. room for one short extract of a very different character from the dbov
•* Hie struggle continued during the day of the 28th. 1 here, around the barricades, in the streets in the houses, under the porticocsof thechurenes' everywhere, were profusely repeated that multitude of acts ol heroism, magnanimity, and con. tempt of death, which had already made of the precepting days the finest peri od that has ever en
liobled thf hum-in inwim th,t ,n',ct ,.l"«: .,
.vw. i . ,..ii,u<U|'HJ HSTL UUMt, \ * nertj
. I we And a pencil to pourtray with truth, or even to render credible that multitude of xublimc traits, any one of which would suffice to iminortalixe an age, but which now pass undistinguished amid the mass of lofty deeds which absorbs them and exhibits in prominence only a population radiant, as one man, with courage and virtue,! There we find barricades rising as it by enchantment, behind the soldiers, occupied in attacking the barricade which intercepts their progress; there we see women hurling from the windows paving-stones, furniture, burning brands, in contempt of the balls which strike them beside their "'-'cradles; children waving the tricoloured
tul tha- •aum «F * — 1
„ de}iuties and \,cers, as to the principle upon which the throne was to be declared vacant: We must make * the peers and some deputies insisted upon theab, wru ifilTipi*»» solute necessity of taking as an exclusive basis the alxlicarion of Charles X., and the renunciation of the Duked'Angouleme.
"Violent agitation prevailed without as well as within the Chamber. New machinations, darkly preparing, were rumoured about in order to make the Chamber postjrone its decision: it.was as. sorte:! that an Important personage, recently raised by Charles X. to the presidency of the council of ministers, had been met upon the road to Saint-Cloud: and, indeed, this report had been
•la^ sujiu Mic Iuucjb ui gispe-snoi, ana running amongst the enemy's squadrons to poinard the none of the cuirassier whom they cannot reach: I have seen them go gliding under the horses, and find out the lower extremity of the cuirass of one the enemy, and thus kill one of those soldiers cased in steel, the weight of whom alone was sufficient to crush them: I have seen others hook themselves on the stirrup of a gendarme; and get themselves hacked in that 1tosition, while endeavouring to discharge a pocket-pistol at his breast. ** And bow many instances of generosity and humanity were seen among these miracles ot heroism! The wouudedenemy,oi the prisoner, ceases to be an enemy: he becomes a citizen, a brother, whom the people do not distinguish from tliote who defend him, and towards whom they entertain the same anxious feeling. Who can ever forget the conduct of those excellent females belonging to the lower classes, who either in their - ">T at the corners of the streets, and ex the grape shot, hasten to bind up the if the workman struck by a royal bullet, and the soldier who has mutilated this brother or that friend! And then when fortune had declared iu favour of the people, what an affecting sight to behold tlte number of dwelling-houses, churches, , which the piety of the citizens had into hospitals! Here you would see
To the efforts and intrigues of Lafayette to place the Duke of Orleans on the vacant throne we can only advert. They first became apparent to the Deputies on the 29th though the attachment of Lafayette to the Duke, and his desire to see his patron wear the crown of the Bourbons, had Ion* been suspected. From and during the Thhei
posed Ui wound
with Neuilly. We give two more extracts. The last is sufficiently curious,
*' About ten o'clock, almost all Hie deputies present in Paris assembled at M. Laffltte's; some peers also repaired thither; among them was the Duke de Broglic, who spoke at great length upon the excited feelings ot the peopie, and ttie dangers of a republic . These dangers, intentionally exagger. ated by M Dupin, produced general anxiety, of which M Lufh'tte skilfully took advantage, in order to propose the election of the Duke of Orleans, as the only means of settling uncertainties, and arresting the torrent. Ttmopinion,expresse1 for the first time in an official manner, produced some astonishment, and met with opposition; but M. Dupin supported it with so much eloquence and energy, that from this moment it became evident that the measure which had the appearance of being merely deliberated upon, was nothing less than a plan already settled between the prince and a party, at the head of which M, Lalfittc had placed himself. Nevertheless, much indecision prevailed, and the discussion was becoming more animated, when the dexterous champion of the house of Orleans observed, in a solemn manner, that the proper place for the deputies of France,
ii iii.'iunoui inio uosp.uus; nere you would see •«■-• v***.* ...iv Ul-|iuuvi Ui r ranee,
themustached, wouuded Swiss lying between two reconstituting the government of a great empire, beds in which were young patriots who treated • was the I'alais-Bourbon, and not the cabinet oi a him as a friend, and to whom the surgeons af- private individual. This advice prevailed; it was forded the same assistance. settled that in two hours they should meet in their
forded the same assistance. settled that in two hours they should meet In"their
"• However, on the opening of this memorable ordinary place of sitting, and the Orleanists took ions appeared more divided than ever; advantage of this interval to redouble their elforti
nunriWi mi uie opening oi una memoraole sitting, opinions appeared more divided than ever; every system, with the exception of the republic, found partisans; they spoke, by turns, of the Ouke of Orleans, the Duke de Bourdeaux, the Duke of Angouleme, and even Charles X., who, incredible as it may seem, still had an evident ma
and their bribes."
At last it was but the turn of u feather between the elder and younger branch of the Bourbons. The gratitude of kings is pro
verbial, though there are lew instances of this royal virtue more striking than the following: —
** One of the first cares of I«ifayette was likewise lo ascertain the intentions of the new authorities with respect to the patriots condemned for politI. eal offences during the reigns of Louis XVIII. and Charles X. lie saw in the decision which he was endeavouring to draw from the government on the subject of these noble victims, not only an atonement to be made to justice, but a fresh con. secration of the principle of resistance to oppression, and to violation of the laws. Therefore, it gave great scandal to the doctrinaire taction which had already engrafted itself ujion the newborn court of Ixniis Philippe, that, on a certain day, when the saloons of the Palais Royal were crowded with deputations from all parts of France, an aide-de-camp on duty was heard to call out with a loud voice, TAf gentlemen condemned for political tiffsncfit and Lafayette, advancing at their head, said to the king: * Here are the political convicts; they are presented to yau by an accomplice.' The king received themwitTia most touching affability, and. reminding several of those generous citizens of the persecutions which, to his great regret, they had experienced, he promised them ail the most solicitous attention to their interests, and a prompt indemnification for their long sufferings. Wh'tt have those promises produced? The complaints of those brave men nave told it to the country; their misery rcl-sats it every day: repulsed by every administration, exposed to the scorn of the sycophants of every hue that beset the royalty of the barricades, the condamnes politique arc dying of hunger, under the eyes of that monarch to whose throne they had nerved as the stepping-stone. History will have tit relate that men who, during fifteen years, had sacrificed their nil lor their country, found in it for themselves only water and earth, after the glorious Revolution of July. What a monument of the gratitude of kings!"'
We commend this work to every one interested in public affairs but especially to those who " put their faith in princes," or are r;tptivuted by the original and splendid idea of "a monarchy surrounded by republican institutions." It is proper to add, since there arc different translations in the field, that this published by Wilson is executed with fidelity aud spirit. Our extracts shew as much.
Address To Tin: Landowners Of EngLand On The Corn Laws. By Viscount Milton. London, W'i.jway, 1832. — An important alteration in the Corn Laws cannot be far distant, when one of the great st landholders in the kingdom takes up the pen, to advocate the removal of the restrictions on the importation of grain. Lord Milton was a supporter of the Corn Law of 1813 ; but he is not now ashamed to acknowledge the error he then committed. He has for some years advocated in Parliament a change in the present system; aud he haa published in the newspapers his views on the Corn Laws; and the present address, though short, evince a careful study of the subject, and a laborious investigation into all the circumstances which are necessary to arrive at a sound conclusion. Mis Lordship shews most clearly, that the restrictive system has been most injinv'us to the farmers, and that the benefit derived from it by the landholders is very inconsiderable. By means of tables, in which the rate of wages and the price of j;rain at different periods are compared, it
is shewn, that the statement so often and Mi confidently made, that the working classes are in a more favourable situation when grain is dear, than when it is cheap, is utterly unfounded; aud he proves that the prosperity of our manufactures is of the last importance to the landowners themselves. Coming from the quarter which it does, this address cannot fail to be attended with beneficial consequences. Many of our legislators are moie influenced by the name and rank of a writer, than by his arguments; but to high rank and deep interest in the matter under discussion, we have here added impottarit facts, and clear and unanswerable reasoning. In every point of view, the address is ino&t honourable to Viscount Miltou; and did the peerage contain a few such members as his Lordship, it would go far to redeem it from the bad odour into which it has lately fallen.
Sunshine ; Or, Lavs For Ladies. Witlouyhhy, London.—This is a pretty little tome, of which the principal part is dedicated to fashionable themes, the nature of which may be judged of, from such titles as,—"I'm not a Marrying Man," " Lay of the Younger Son," ii Lay of a Spinster," *' Offer of Marriage," and so forth. The verses are airy and sprightly, aud will, we dare say, be greatly admired by the class for which they are meant. Some of them have humour and point. "The Excursion," an epistle from a managing sister to a brother for his guidance in securing a friend with a fortune of fifteen hundred a-year, is one of the liest. Better than this sort of badinage,—for it scarcely reaches satire,—do we like the serious " Occasional Verses," at the close of the volume. Some ot them arc really beautiful.
Letter To Lord Brougham On The Subject Of Thf. Magistracy Of EngLand. Cawthome, London—The Great Unpaid are once more shewn up in goo*l style, and an array of facts placed under the eye of the Lord Cuancellor, which, if they cannot inform his judgment on this subject, for it must be made up already, may help to stimulate his activity. For this, and for great painstaking on a point most important to the country, the author of this letter deserves its gratitude.
Address To The Mechanics or ManChester. By Josf.rH John Gurnet. Manchester—A sensib'e, well-meant tract, which"deseives piuise for its purpose.
Mkmoir Of The Latk Captain Petfr Hnywood. By Edward Tagart. EfJinffham Wilson, London.—This memoir of a worthy and deserving naval officer will be read with great interest by all his personal friends and acquaintances, and with advantage by every one that chances to peruse it. It is iudeed the record of a good man's life, and than this what can be more instructive? Captain Hey wood, when a lad, Whs a midshipman on board the Bounty, at the time of the memorable mutiny against Bliyh. Tinic,
which sets every thing right at last, has cleared the mutineers of the Bounty of much of the moral obloquy attached to their conduct. But Hey wood was in no degree implicated, save by his incidental presence in the ship. Professional etiquette made it, however, necessary that he should be both tried and condemned, though he was immediately pardoned. His adventures in Otaheitc, and the anxiety and enthusiastic attachment of his mother and sister during three years of suffering and vicissitude, give a sort of romantic interest to the work. There never was a stronger picture of family affection. Young Heywood again entered the navy, and became eminent m thcscientific part of his profession. The close of his life was tranquil and happy. The most remarkable circumstance attending his latter years was adoption of the Unitarian belief, from the irresistible convictions of his own mind, before he had become acquainted with the Unitarians as a sect. From his earliest years Captain Heywood had been of a religious and reflective disposition, and had long entertained Unitarian tenets without properly understanding what they meant, or by what name they were designated among Christian wets. In his latter years he attended a Unitarian chapel, without, however, connecting himself with that body, his religion being mure practical than speculative.
Memoirs Of Sir Walter Scott, With Critical Notices Of His Writings, ComPiled fROM VARIOUS AUTHENTIC SOURCES.
By Mr Veddf.r, Author Of Orcadian Sxftchcs. Allardice, Dundee.—A pott should write the life of a poet, is a common sayiag; and Mr Vedder's poetical bias has certainly helped his qualification for the labour of love he has undertaken. His Memoir is a cheap compilation in a neat form, detailing the leading events of Sir Walter Scott's life, but attending chiefly to "bis life of life," his works. Of these we have an interesting detail, and criticisms, in the right spirit, warm and revert ntial. Mr Veddtr has given immense value to his publication by embodying in it some of the ablest critiques that nave appeared on the Waverley Novtls. This of itself, we eonreive, entitles his work to attention; for where else can we find the eulogiutns of Byron, and of Jeffrey, and Hazlitt under the same wrapper? Mr A'edder is indebted to an American biographer for some curious details relative to Sir Walter's commercial involvements, which will be new in this country.
The Edinburgh Cabinet Library: Oliver and lioyd, Edinburgh. Vol. IX. —Progress Of Discovery On The NorThern Coasts Of America Tins is
the only Library of the dozen now publishing,* which appears in Scotland; and, B% a matter of national pride, it is gratifying to us to see Edinburgh holding the tame high or exclusive place in a series
of this useful and solid kind, that " our town" has done for so many years in Encyclopaedias, Quarterlies, and Monthlies. The subject of this new volume is only inferior in interest to the first of this series; and in real importance is much higher. The one refers to desolate and barbarous regions, which nature has doomed to sterility and solitude; the other to the laying of the foundations of what is hastening to become the mightiest empire, or cluster of empires, on the face of the globe. The author, Air Tytler, the HisTorian of Scotland, having first carefully collected an immense store of rich materials, has selected, condensed, and arranged them with great paius, judgment, and discrimination. He sets out with Cabot the elder's discovery of the northern parts of the vast continent of America; traces the progress of discovery through successive ages, under the Portuguese, French, English, and Spanish early navigators; and thence issues on the wide field of modern and contemporary enterprise — the perilous adventures of the individuals who established the fur trade— the journeys of Hearne — the expeditions of Mackenzie and of Franklin, and the recent voyage of Captain Becchey. We have here, in snort, the substance of many ancient tomes and modern volumes of great interest, condensed into one volume of clear succinct narration; comprehending all that general readers need know, and a hundred times more than they could ever learn, unless indebted to the skill and high-pressure power of such writers as Mr Tytler. The Natural History is written by Mr James Wilson. We hope it may at once be appreciated. It is like every thing Mr Wilson has written for this Library, (all of his writings with which we are acquainted), so living and teeming, that we can only wish the author had larger space, to give the world the most vital and picturesque popular Natural History it has yet received. What he has given to this Library are important contributions to a great whole. In an appendix to the work, Mr Tytler has defended the reputation of Richard HakLuyt in a generous and (concerning the commonwealth of letters) patriotic spirit. The world at large cannot understand a tithe of the merit of this labour of love; but if, some five centuries hence, the Historian of Scotland shall be attacked with the same injustice, let us hope that some enthusiast may arise, with like disinterested zeal, to do battle for him.
Lives Of Eminent Missionaries. By John Carne, Esq. Forming Vol. VI. of The Select Library. Fisher* San, and Jack«on, London.—A pleasant, instructive, and companionable volume have we found this of Mr Carne's by the quiet fireside on these long October evenings. Nor can we bestow higher praise on any book, than to call it companionable. When a work is so found, it attains its best end, for there is no fear but it will then be instructive. The Lives of Eminent Missionaries must of necessity be a compilation; but compilations may differ vastly in merit. Tin-., if not laboured with much care, is written with liveliness and spirit; and though neither the most brilliant nor powerful of books, is of the number which impart more pleasure of a safe and gentle kind than more ambitious performances. And is it nothing to lie presented with views of life, exact portraits of Man, in his indoor easy undress, and in his costumes of ceremony, from "Indus to the Pole." In the Life of Eliot we have the American Indian, "the Stoic of the Woods;" in that of the apostle Swartz, the mild and polished Hindoo; and in the interesting history of the northern Moravian mission, the rude Oreenlander. And these are not the passing sketches of the traveller, hasty and often illinformed, but of the patient, indefatigable, pious missionary, narrating the observations of half a lifetime spent in constant intercourse with the natives and in anxious inspection of their manners. More volumes of lives of missionaries are to follow the present; and if as interesting as this, which is, we think, likely to ln-come very popular, there cannot be too many.
Birmovhobia, or Remarks on the present languid and depressed state of Literature and the Book Trade. In a £,etter, addressed to the author of Bibliomania. Rohn: Ijondon.—This same bibliophobia is the very distemper we are groaning under. Heaven forfend that it prove chronic, though the recent symptoms are alarming. "Fear," says our author, " is the order of tne day. To those very natural and long established fears of bailiffs and tax-gatherers, must now be adder! the fear of reform, of cholera, and of BOOKS." One evil is conqueied — the second is about to disappear—and for the third, surely time, if nothing else, will find a remedy. This pamphlet is written with great humour and liveliness, and felicity of allusion, by one who, if not a genuine brother of the craft, or the great Dibdin himself, is deep in the mysteries of the How. lie makes a tour of the booksellers and print shops—most praphic and picturesque in its progress, but frightful and melancholy in the results. Our inquirer has coursed through the Row and Chancery have and then we have him just out of Mr Bonn's, who is in as awful a plight as his neighbours, and next popping in to Mr Sharpe's, every place worse than the last.
His account of Magazine and Almanack days is curious as a matter of commercial economy.
Mercurius Rusticus, the author of Bibliophobia, tries to encourage the traders in book merchandise, before he takes leave of them, with the awurance that better days are at hand. So be it.
The Destinies Ok Man. By Robert Millhousr. Simpkin and Marshall, London— Another self-educated poet of the kind that may put universities to the blush. Mr Millhouse is, we understand, an artizan in Nottingham. This is not his first public appearance; but wc hope it may prove his
most successful one, though the subject of his poem is not calculated for extensive popularity. It is a piece of religious and philosophic musing and retrospection, extending from the creation of the world to the Christian era, and touching upon all the momentous events of this succession of ages, — the Flood, and the rise and decay of the mighty empires of the old world. On these lofty themes, the self-educated poet descants in a lofty tone. We take leave of Mr Millhousef with great respect for his talents, and affectionate wishes for his success.
Becket: An Historical Tragedy,The Men Of England, and other Roems. Moxon, London.—This is after the manner of those respectable productions which welleducated English gentlemen, professional or of fortune, publish at, or about, the conclusion of their learned studies, as a sort of inaugural dissertation, which shall make them free of the corporation of men of letters, or of that of gentlemanly authors; though they may never again exercise the honourable privilege thus gained. Such dissertations come abroad in all forms of essay, novel, poem; or, if tlie youth enjoy hopes of being "pushed in the diplomatic line," a thin tome of political economy, or a pamphlet on the " Crisis," or "thecubrency.' Sometimes these specimens of mental accomplishment take, as in the present instance, the more ambitious shape of a tragedy. As a drama, we cannot say more for Becket than for ninety-nine of the hundred tragedies that appear. The action is often languid, the characters, in general, feeble; ana though history has made the attendant circumstances highly picturesque, and susceptible of high poetic embellishment, the author has but scantily availed bin self of these resources. The opening is languid — the closing scenes attenuated to a mere thread of interest; and, with singular unskilfulness, the writer has expended his strength before it is required to concentrate all his power for the final thrust. The third acr is full of bustle and interest. The character of Becket, the haughty, domineering priest, is lietter conceived than executed. The king's is more successful, and perhaps the best drawn character in the play. Of Queen Eleanor, a character of that passionate and mixed kind which nature has laid, ready made, before the dramatist, nothing is made. Prince Henry, and Idonea, the sister of Becket, with her lover Reginald, are personages more within the range of the writer's spells. With this much of blame, there is a good deal to praise in Becket. The choice of the subject is high merit; the moral tone is unexceptionable; and, if the language never rises to poetry, it is often pleasing, nervous, and always correct.
The spirit of the Men or England is excellent.
Foreign Quarterly Review, No. XIX. — This work was started under the auspices of as many screech-owl prophecies of failure, as could well be imagined. It had to contend,