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tulations, that they may be made in some liever will always be equally awakened by degree applicable to other cases. His di- doctrines which will equally apply to their rections are minute, as well as general, so consciences, by principles which will. al. as scarcely to leave any of the incidents of ways have a reference to their practice, by life, or the exigencies of society, totally promises which will always carry consola. unprovided for.
tion to their hearts. By the Christians of
all countries Paul will be considered as a “ There are, it is obvious, certain things cosmopolite, and by those of all ages as which refer to particular usages of the a contemporary. Even when he addres, E' general cburch at its first institution, which ses individuals, his point of view is man.
no longer exist. There are frequent refe. kind. He looked to the world as, bis rences to the extraordinary gifts of the scene, and to collective man as the actor." Spirit, and other circumstances, which Vol. i. pp. 247-252. thougb they have now ceased, are of great importance as counected with its history,
“ Tenderness of heart," and "heaand assisting in its first formation ; and
venly-mindedness," are the next the writer who had neglected to have recorded them would have been blameable, qualities to which our author adverts and the Epistles which had not alluded to in the great character which she has them, would have been imperfect.
undertaken to delineate ; and it is
but justice to her to say, that she " While the Apostle made adequate describes them with a sensibility of provisions, such as the existing case required, or rather permitted, he did not ab. heart, and an elevation of spirit,
solutely legislate, as to external things, for worthy of the subject. We could * any church; wisely leaving Christianity at present our readers with many pas
liberty to incorporate herself with the laws sages of exquisite beauty from each of any country into which she might be.in. of the chapters in which these quali. troduced ; and while the doctrines of the ties are respectively treated, but we
new religion were precise, distinct, and i definite, iis ecclesiastical character was of shall confine ourselves to a single
that generalized nature which would allow extract from that on “ heavenly. it to mix with any form of national govern. mindedness, We are aware indeed,
This was a likely means both to that in speaking of “ heavenly-mind. promote its extension, and to prevent it from imbibing a political temper, or a spirit
edness," we lay ourselves open to of interference with the secular concerns of the charge of enthusiasm from some any country.
who “profess and call themselves
Christians." Such persons must “The wonder is, that the work is so lit. allow themselves to be reminded, tle local, that it savours so little of Antioch that to elevate the soul above the inor Jerusalem, of Philippi or Corinth ; but that almost all is of such general applica. fluence of the body was declared by tion: relative circumstances did indeed the wisest of the heathens to be the operate, but they always operated subordi. aim and the perfection of philosophy. Rately. The Epistle to the Ephesians is It was necessary, however, to be betnot marked with one local peculiarity. ter instructed than the wisest of the There is not a single deduction to be made from the universal applicableness of heathen, to know how to accomplish this elegant and powerful epitome of the this desirable end. Heavenly-mindGospel.
edness expresses what pbilosophy “Saint Paul belongs not particularly to
incuicated, but could not teach; and the period in which he lived, but is equally he is in fact the most consummate the property of each successive race of philosopher who has learnt from beings.' Time does not diminish their in- Christianity to have bis conversation terest in him. He is a fresh to every in heaven. But to return; our aucentury as to his own; and the truths he thor having described the quality preaches will be as intimately connected with that age which shall precede the dis under consideration to be "the unit'.
solution of the world, as that in which being link between doctrinal and practi. d wrote. The sympathies of the real be. cal piety," and to consist " in an en. Christ. Obsery. No. 161.
fire consecration of the affections, a After having exhibited (in chap. voluntary surrender of the who'e xii.) “a general view of St. Paul's man to God," points out its influence qualifications," and detailed (in chap. on this grea Apostle, in a variety of xiv.) bis masterly exposure of the striking par iculars. The following love of money ;" our author presents passage is among the number: us (in chap. xv.) with a luminous es
timate of “the genius of Christiani. “ His spirit seems most intimately to identify itself with the church of Ephesus.
ty," as it appeared in her favourite What an improbable union! The late Apostle. The mention of Philippi
, idolatrous worshippers of Diana, and the as connected with St. Paul, awakens late persecutor of the saints of Jesus, have in her classical memory the recollec. now but one heart and one soul! These tion of another distinguished person recent enemies to Christ, and to each with whose name and character, alother, now meet in one common point of attraction. With what holy triumph does though from a very different cause, he dilate on their common faith! that love that city is also associated. The of God in Christ Jesus which is their como contrast to which these combinations mon centre and bond of union !
give occasion, is very happily im.
agined, and executed. “Still, as we have such frequent occa. sion to observe, he does not sacrifice practical duty to the indulgence of his rapture.
“How little, in the eyes of the sober sians to rest satisfied with the grace they his life to his disappointment, at this very Still he does not allow even these Ephe: Christian, does the renowned Roman, who,
scarcely half a century before, sacrificed have received. It is not enough that they Philippi, appear, in comparison of the isar bave been tavoured with a vocation ; they who addressed this Epistle to the same must walk worthy of it.' •The perfecting of the saints' must be carried on : "they city Saint Paul was not less brave than must reach to the measure of the stature Brutus, but bis magnanimity, was of a of the fulness of Christ' No such perfec. higher strain. Paul was exercised in a long tion had been attained as would allow them series of sufferings, from which the sword to rest in their present position. Even in of Brutus, directed by any hand but that of this highly favoured church, progress is en
Paul himself, would have been a merciful joined, pressed, reiterated.' 'No elevation deliverance. Paul, too, was a patriot, and of devout feeling sets him above attention
set a proper value on his dignity as a Roto moral goodness.
man citizen. He too was a champion for
freedom ; but he fought for that bigher “ Nothing can be more beautiful than species of liberty, the abrupt apostrophes of praise and grati. tude into which, in the midst of sorrow, of
• Unsung by poets, and by sepators un. exhortation, of reproof, he unexpectedly
prais'd. breaks out. The love of his Redeemer so fills his soul, that it requires an effort to
“ Was it courage of the best sort, in the restrain its outward expression. Even Roman enthusiasi for freedom, to abandan when engaged in the transaction of busi. his country to her evil destiny, at the very ness, and directing the concerns of others,
moment when she most needed his sup. which, by an ordinary mind, would have port? Was it true generosity or patriotbeen pleaded as a valid reason for suspend. he owed his fortune and his life, * -usurper
ism, after having killed his friend, to whom ing spiritual ideas, and dismissing spiritual feelings, they yet mix themselves, as it though he was.--voluntarily to leave this were involuntarily, with his secular
adored country a prey to inferior usurpers ?
cares ; there is not only a satisfaction but a joyful Though Cæsar bad robbed Rume of her ness in these escapes of affection which liberty, should Brutus rob her of his own seem to spring from his soul, in propor. Romans, as Paul did to the Philippians
guardian virtues? Why not say to the tion to the depression of his circumstances, to the danger which surrounded, to the
Though I desire to depart, nevertheless to deaths which threatened him." Vol. ij. pp. 53–55.
0* At the battle of Pharsalia."
abide in the flesh is more needful for you.,? xvii, we are inyited to consider him This would bave been indeed patriotism,
as contracting his greatness to the because it would have been dismierested. Was not Paul's the truer heroisın? He also
dimensions of ordinary life, and.con, was in a strait becqueen iwo events, life and descending with grace to the care of death. He knew, what Brutus, alas ! did inferior concerns." Nothing can not know; that to die was gain ;' but, in- be more true than the follo viog asstead of deserting his cause, by a pusillani. sertion ; yet of whom, may we ask, mous self-murder, he submitted to live for St. Paul himself excepted, could its interest. The gloomy despair of the Stoic, and the cheerful subnuission of the such an assertion with truth have Saint, present a lively contrast of the been made ? effects of the two religions on two great souls.
“ Amidst all the higher parts of spiritu.
al instruction; amidst all the solidity of « It is a coincidence too remarkable to deep practical admonition, there is not, per. he passed over in silence, that Paul was di. haps, a single instance in which this author i rected by a vision from heaven' to go to has omitted to inculcate any one of the
Philippii-that Brutus was suminoned to little morals, any one even of what may be the same city by vis evil genius. The hero called those minor circumstances, which obeyed the phantom ; the Apostle was not constitute the decorums and decencies of disobedient to the heavenly vision ;'-o life. Nor does his zeal for promoting the
what different ends let the concluding his greatest actions, ever make him unmind. di tories of the devoted suicide and the devot. ful of the grace, the propriety, the manner Ren ed martyr declare !-Will it be too fanciful with which they are to be performed."
to add, that the spectre which lured the Vol. ii. pp. 183, 184. Roman to his own destruction, and the vision which in the same place invited the There are many exquisite touches Apostle to preach salvation to others, pre in this part of the portrait, to which, sert no unapt emblem of the opposite ge if our limits would have permitted, nius of Paganism and Christianity." Vol. ii.
we could with great pleasure have pp. 149–152.
adverted. But we must satisfy ourSt. Paul's “ respect for constitut. selves with recommending to our ed authorites," furnishes our author readers, that portion of the chapter Twith an opportunity of demonstrating which exhibits St. Paul in his Epis
the correctness of the Apostie's no- tle to Philemon, as under " the tions on the origin and uses of civil heavy load of cares, and sorrows, and government, and the close alliance persecutions; with the addition of
between political obedience (proper. ecclesiastical affairs, the most exten* ly understood) and genuine Chris. sive, and the most complicated,"
tianity. Adverting to the experience attending minutely to an object só of the late revolucionary times, Mrs. inconsiderable, as the concerns of a More very justly observes it to have poor run-away slave, “the son of his been not
the least considerable bonds."." The commentary on this among the triumpbs of Religion re- transaction is exceedingly ingenious, cently witnessed, 6 that whereas and is followed by some strictures Christianity was originally charged upon the injudicious reports of conwith a design to uverturn states and yerted criminals, in which “ the bas. empires, we have seen the crime kets of the hawkers are said this year completely turned over to the ac. to have abounded," on the justice of cusers; we have seen the avowed which we are not able, from our own adversaries of Christ become the observation, lo pass sentence. strenuous subverters of order, law, The two succeeding chapters unand government."
fold the sentiments of this Apostle Hitherto we have been engaged in “ on the resurrection;" and « on contemplating St. Paul in high and prayer, thanksgiving, and religious commanding positions ; in chapter joy;" and the iwentieth chapter,
with which the immediate subject of must he search? Would not the two antago. the work concludes, holds him up as nists, when they net in the field of contro. « an example to familiar life.”
versy, each in defence of bis favourite tenet,
find that they had fixed on the same man, The two reniaining chapters are -Paul the Apostle of the Gentiles! If devoted to the consideration of "the then we propose him as our model, let u *superior advantages of the present not rest till something of the same combi period for the attainment of know. nation be formed in ourselves. ledge, religion, and happiness," and
“ To this end let us diligently study his “ some of the causes which impede Epistles, in winch the great doctrines of general improvement.” How bighly salvation are amply unfolded, and the mode our author appreciates the advantages of its attainment completely detailed. In of the present period, will appear contemplating the works of this great masfrom the following statement :
ter of the human mind, we more than per.
ceive, we feel, their applicableness to all “ Had any patriarch, or saint, who was
times, places, circumstances, and persons;
and this, not only because the Word of permitted only some rare and transient
Eternal Life is always the same; but be: glimpses of the promised blessing, been allowed, in prophetic vision, to penetrate reveals to itself, is still the same also.
cause the human heart, which that Word through the long vista 'of ages, which lay
We behold, as in a mirror, the fidelity, we in remote futurity before him-had he been
had almost said the identity, of his repre asked, whether, if his power concurred with his choice, in what age and in what feel that we are personally interested in
sentation,-face answering to face. We nation he would have wished his lot as. signed him-is it not more than probable into the secrets of our own bosoms. He
every feature be delineates. He lets us that he would have replied--IN GREAT
discloses to us the motives of our own con BRITAIN, IN THE BEGINNING OF THE
duct. He touches the true springs of right NINETEENTH CENTURY !"
Vol. ii. p. and wrong, lays bare the moral quality of 300.
actions, brings every object to the true This exalted estimate does not,
point of comparison with eacb orber, and
all to the genuine standard of the unerring however, prevent our author from Gospel. By him we are clearly taught discerning the melancholy dispropor. that the same deed done from the desire tion between our attainments and our
of pleasing God, or the desire of popular privileges. After animadverting with
favour, becomes as different in the eye of
religion, as any two actions in the eye just severity on different errors both
of men. speculative and practical, which operate as impediments to general im “ There we shall see also, that Saint provement, Mrs. More returns to St. Paul evinced the sincerity of bis eternal Paul and his writings; and concludes hopes by constantly preparing himself for
their fruition. her Essay with the following ener- conduct, and moulded his spirit to a resem:
These hopes shaped his getic and animated passage : blante of the state he hoped for : and he
best proved his belief that there really was " Let us close our frequent reference to such a state, by labouring to acquire the Saint Paul as a pattern for general imita. dispositions' shich migbi qualify him for tion, by repeating one question illustrative its enjoyment. Without this aim, without of those opposite qualities which ought to this effort, without this perseverance, bis meet in every question if the most zeal. faith would have been fruitless, his hope ous advocate for spiritual influences were to delusive, his profession hypocrisy, and his select, from all the writers of sacred anti. preaching vain. quity, the most distinguished champion of his great cause, on whom would he fix his “Let us image to ourselves the sa: choice? And if the most strenuous as rinur of the world, holding up professing sertor of the duty of personal activity in Christians as a living exemplification of moral virtue were to choose from all man. his religion ; of that religion which he kind the man who most completely ex. taught by his doctrines and ratified by emplified this character in himself, where his blood. Let us represent bim to OUT
imaginations as referring to the lives of his cannot forget how much we are inollowers for the truth of his word. Do we debted to ber for the seasonablebess, i pt tremble at such a responsibility? Do the variety, and the extent of her nu
not shrink from such a comparison ? A e we not alarmed at the bare idea of merous literary exertions. Least of biging reproach on his Gospel, or dis. all can we overlook our obligations ha pur on his name?
to her, both as Britons and as Chris.
tians, for those admirable effusions Christians ! why would you wait till of patriotism, and piety, and talent, you , 'rive at heaven, before you to the great end of every dispensation, which, under the name of “The pamel,, ibat God may be glorified in his Cheap Repository Tracts,” circusaints, and admired in all tbem that be- laled so much useful truth among the liede? Even now, something of that assi. lower orders of the conimunity, and milation should be taking place, which will contributed so essentially, ihrough be perfected when we shall see Him as He is,' and which will never take place if the blessing of God, to fix the waver. the resemblance begin not bere. Bearifi ing principles of loyalty and religion cation is only the finishing of tbe likeness. in the hearts of the people. Our Intuition will only complete the transfor- readers will bear with us, if, actualed mation.” Vol. j. pp. 344-348.
by these considerations, we
fail, when speaking of Mrs. More, to We have now brought our Review employ the language of reverence of these volumes to a close ; and as and affection. We wish her to know, we have allowed ourselves conside- that the gratitude of the public bears
rable latitude both in the way of apa some proportion to the zeal with die lysis and quotation, we shall des- which she has laboured in their ser
paich what remains to be said in a vice; and that she is now regarded very few words.
Of the merits of among the brightest ornaments of the work we have spoken strongly; her country, as she will be bereafter and of its faults, whatever they may remenibered among iis greatest be. be, we freely confess ourselves to nefactors. have no disposition to speak at all. It is reported to the honour of the law of the land, that it does not concern itself about trifles; and we can. Practical and Familiar Sermons; denot but think, that it would be to the
signed for Parochial and Lomestic advantage of the commonwealth of Instruction. By the Rcr. EDWARD letters, if the law of criticism were COOPER, Rector of Hamstali-Rid. to follow, on some occasions at least, ware and of Yoxall in the County so generous and dignified an exam of Stafford ; and late Fellow of All. ple. We have considered the pre. Souls College, Oxford. Vol. III. sent to be one of those cases, in London : Cadell and Davies, 1815. which our duty to the public is bet 12mu. pp. 329. ter discharged by pointing out the excellences of the work, which we We doubt not that most of had undertaken to review, than by readers have participaled in the minutely striking a balance between satisfaction which we felt when the its merits and its defects. If it should volume now before us
an. be thought, that respect for the au. nounced to the public. Crowded thor has had some influence in in. as our shelves already were with clining us to the course we have puro publications of this description, sued, we shall not be over anxious to were in no ordinary degree vindicate ourselves from the charge. desirous, of adding this to their The name of Hannah More is cer- number; not only from having had tainly associated in our minds with a such complete proof of the ex el. degree of respect which would not lence and usefulness of Mr. Cooallow us 10 trifle with her feelings, or per's sermons, but also becouse we tamper with her reputation. We concur in the opinion which is, we