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Algiers.

e

INDEX

To The

TREATIES BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES

and

FOREIGN NATIONS.

Treaty of Peace and Amity between the Dey
of Algiers and the United States of Ame-
rica. Sept. 5, 1795, - - . 133
Article 1. Peace established, - - 133
Art.2. Commercial intercourse regulated, 133
Art. 3. Wessels of each nation to pass unmo-
lested, - - - - - - 133
Art. 4. How passports of vessels and ships
of war shall be examined, and to whom be
granted, - - - - - 133
Art. 5. No Algerine cruiser may take any per-
son out of a vessel of the United States, 134
Art. 6. Vessels of United States stranded to
be relieved, - - - - - 134
Art. 7. Algerines not to sell vessels of war to
the enemies of the United States, - 134
Art. 8. When passport is not necessary, 134
Art. 9. When other Barbary States not to be
allowed to sell prizes in Algiers, - 134
Art. 10. United States may send prizes into
ports of the Regency, - - - 134
Art. 11. How ships of war of United States
shall be treated in the ports of the Re-
gency, - - - - - - 134
Art. 12. How slaves shall be redeemed, and
when captured persons shall be lawful
prize, - - - - - - 135
Art. 13. How the estates of citizens of United
States dying in the Regency shall be set-
tled, - - - - - - 135
Art. 14. No citizen of United States to be
compelled to purchase goods or pay debts
of another, - - - - - 135
Art. 15. How disputes shall be settled, - 135
Art. 16. How crimes shall be punished, 135
Art. 17. Privileges of the Consul of the United
States, - - - - - - 135
Art. 18. In case of war citizens of United
States may embark unmolested, - 136
Art. 19. Citizens of either nation captured by

the other to be set at liberty, - - 1
Art. 20. Wessels of war to be saluted, - 136
Art. 21. Consul not to pay duty, - 136

Art. 22. War not to be declared in case of
breach of treaty. Sum to be paid to the
Dey, - - - - - - 136

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American Consul, - - - - 224
Art. 5. Enemy's property to pass free in ves-
sels of each party, - - - - 224

Art. 6. Citizens or subjects taken on board
an enemy's vessel to be liberated, - 224
Art. 7. Passports to vessels of each party
and right of visit restricted. Offenders to
be punished for abusing the right of visit.
Wessels of war of United States to suffer
Algerine cruisers to pass unmolested, 225
Art. 8. What shall be a sufficient passport, 225
Art. 9. Provisions to be furnished to vessels
in need at market price, - - - 225
Art. 10. Assistance to be given to the crew,
and protection to the property of vessels
cast ashore, - " - - - - 225
Art. 11. How vessels may be protected, 225
Art. 12. Commerce on the footing of the most
favoured nations, - - - - 225
Art. 13. Consul of United States not respon-
sible for debts of citizens, &c., - 225
Art. 14. Salutes to vessels of war of the
United States, - - - - 225
Art. 15. Pretexts arising from religious opi-
nions not to interrupt harmony, &c. Con-
suls may travel within the territories of
each party, - - - - - 226
Art. 16. How disputes may be settled, &c.,226
Art. 17. Prisoners of war not to be made
slaves, but to be exchanged within twelve
months, - - - - - - 226
Art. 18. Powers at war with United States
not to be empowered to sell American ves-
sels captured at Algiers, - - 226
Art. 19. Consuls of United States to decide
disputes between American citizens, 226

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Article 1. Peace and friendship established.
Favours in navigation and commerce to be
common to each, &c., - - - 244
Art. 2. Abolition of tribute in any form, 244
Art. 3. Mutual restitution of prisoners and
subjects, - - - - - 244
Art. 4. Delivery of a quantity of balcs of
cotton to the Consul-General, - - 244
Art. 5. Enemy's property to pass free in ves.
sels of each party, - - - - 244
Art. 6. Citizens or subjects taken on board
an enemy's vessel to be liberated, - 244
Art. 7. Passports to vessels of each party and
right of visit restricted. Offenders to be
punished for abusing the right of visit.
Wessels of war of United States to suffer
Algerine cruisers to pass, &c., - 245
Art. 8. What shall be a sufficient passport, 245
Art. 9. Provisions to be furnished to vessels
at market price, - - - - 245
Art. 10. Assistance to vessels cast on shore, 245
Art, 11. How vessels may be protected, 245
Art. 12. Commerce, &c., on the footing of
the most favoured nations, - - 245
Art. 13. Consul of United States not respon-
sible for debts of citizens, &c., - 246
Art. 14. Salutes to vessels of war of United
States, - - - - - - 246
Art. 15. Religious opinions not to interrupt
harmony. Consuls may travel within the
territory of each party, - - - 246
Art. 16. How disputes may be settled, &c.,246
Art. 17. Prisoners of war not to be made
slaves, but to be exchanged within twelve
months, - - * - - - - 246
Art. 18. Powers at war with United States
not to be suffered to sell American captured
vessels at Algiers, - - - - 246
Art. 19. Consuls of United States to de-
cide disputes between American citizens,

C., - - - - - - 247
Art. 20. In case of crimes the law of the
country to prevail, - - - - 247

Art. 21. Consuls of United States not to pay
duties on imports for their houses and fa-
milies, - - - - - - 247
Art. 22. Citizens of United States dying
within the Regency, their property to be
under the direction of the Consul, &c., 247
Article additional and explanatory, - 247
Part of the thirteenth article of the Treaty
annulled, - - - - - 247

Austria.

Treaty of Commerce and Navigation between
the United States of America and His Ma-

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tion, - - - - - - 401

Art. 12. Duration and ratification of the

treaty, - - - - - - 401
Belgium.

Treaty of Commerce and Navigation between
the United States of America and His Ma-
jesty the King of the Belgians. Novem-
ber 10, 1845, - - - - - 588
Article 1. Freedom of commerce between the
two countries. The same duties, &c., to
be paid by the citizens of either coun-
try, - - - - - - 588
Art. 2. Belgian vessels shall pay in the ports
of the United States no other or higher
duties of tonnage than paid by vessels of
the United States, - - - - 588
Art. 3. Wessels of the United States to pay
in the ports of Belgium no other or higher
duties than are paid by Belgian vessels, 588
Art. 4. Restitution guarantied of certain du-

ties levied by the Netherlands, - 590
Art. 5. Steam-vessels to be exempt from du-
ties of tonnage, - - - - 590
Art. 6. Coasting trade, - - - 590

Art. 7. Articles proceeding from the soil, &c.,
of Belgium to pay no other duties than if
imported under the flag of the United
States. Reciprocal benefits to importations
into Belgium. Regulations, - - 590
Art. 8. The articles imported into the United
States in Belgian vessels to pay no other
duties than if imported in vessels of the

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Art. 4. Wessels of both countries on the same footing as to the importation of foreign goods into either country. Same as to exportation. What vessels to be considered Brazilian, - - - - - 391 Art. 5. Duties on imports and exports, - 391 Art. 6. All merchants, and the business of merchants, placed on the most favoured footing, - - - - - - 391 Art. 7. Citizens and subjects to be secured from detention, and to be indemnified if detained, - - - - - 391 Art. 8. Wessels in distress, - - - 392 Art. 9. Property captured by pirates to be restored, - - - - - 392 Art. 10. Assistance in case of shipwreck,392 Art. 11. Provision as to personal property. Real property, - - - - 392 Art. 12. Special protection to persons and their property, - - - - 392 Art. 13. Liberty of conscience, - - 393 Art. 14. Free ships make free goods; contraband goods excepted. Free ships to make free persons, unless officers and soldiers of the enemy, - - - - - 393 Art. 15. Qualification as to the principle that free ships make free goods, - 393 Art. 16. Contraband goods, - - 394 Art. 17. All other merchandise free, - 394 Art. 18. Contraband goods subject to forfeiture. If articles contraband shall be delivered up, the vessel not to be de

tained, - - - - - - 394 Art. 19. Blockades, - - - - 394 Art. 20. Examinations of vessels, - 395 Art. 21. Vessels to be provided with certain papers, - - - - - - 395

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Art. 2. Parties agree not to grant any peculiar favour to other nations in respect to commerce, &c., - - - - 322 Art. 3. The citizens of each may frequent all the coasts, &c., of the other, - 322 Art. 4. Further agreement with regard to the produce of each other, - - 324 Art. 5. Regulation of duties, - - 324 Art. 6. Further agreements as to mutual commerce, - - - - - 324 Art. 7. Citizens of neither party to be liable to any embargo, - - - - 324 Art. 8. Protection in case of distress or shipwreck, - - - - - - 326 Art. 9. Ships of either nation captured by pirates to be delivered up to the owners, 326 Art. 10. Assistance to be given to cach other in case of wreck, - - - - 326 Art. 11. Citizens of either party may dispose of their personal goods within either of the States, - - - - - - 326 Art. 12. Protection to the persons and property of the citizens of each country, 326 Art. 13. Security of conscience to be enjoyed by the citizens of both countries, - 328 Art. 14. Citizens of both countries to sail with their ships with all manner of liberty and security, - - - - - 328 Art. 15. Neutral property found on board of enemies' vessels to be considered as ene. mies' property. The flag of the neutral does not protect enemies' property, - 328 Art. 16. Liberty of navigation and commerce to extend to all kinds of merchandise except certain articles contraband, - 330

Chile.

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article 14 to be free, except to blockaded
ports, - - - - - - 437
Art. 16. Contraband articles not to condemn
those not contraband, *- - - 437
Art. 17. Blockade, - - - - 437
Art. 18. Regulation of visits at sea, - 438
Art. 19. Sea letters and passports to vessels
in case of war, - - - - 438
Art. 20. Vessels under convoy, - - 438
Art. 21. Prize courts, - - - 439
Art. 22. No citizen of either party to enter
the service of an enemy of the other, 439
Art. 23. In case of war between the parties,
six months to be allowed to persons re-
siding on the coast, and one year to per-
sons in the interior to dispose of their pro-
perty and remove, - - - - 439
Art. 24. Private and public debts shall not be
sequestrated or confiscated in case of
war, - - - - - - 439
Art. 25. Public agents on the footing of those
of the most favoured nations, - - 439
Art. 26. Consuls, - - - - 439
Art. 27. Consuls must exhibit their commis-
sions, - - - - - - 440
Art. 28. Immunities of Consuls, &c., - 440
Art. 29. Consuls may require the aid of the
civil authorities to arrest deserters. De-
serters must be sent back within two
months, - - - - - - 440
Art. 30. A consular convention to be form-
ed, - - - - - - 440
Art. 31. The treaty to be in force for twelve
years. Individuals to be responsible for
infringements. Manner of proceeding in
case of infringement. Existing treaties
not to be affected by this treaty. This
treaty to be ratified in nine months, 441

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Vessels departing within forty-eight hours |

not to be subject to tonnage or other duties, - - - - - - 576 Art. 11. Appointment of officers to ascertain duties to be paid on goods imported. Dis. putes as to amount of duties, where and how settled, - - - - - 576 Art. 12. Standards of weights and measures, - - - - - - 576 Art. 13. When tonnage and other duties shall be paid. Duties to be paid in sychee and silver, or in foreign money at the current rate of exchange, - - - - 57.7 Art. 14. Regulation for transhipment of goods from one vessel of United States to another, - - - - - . 577 Art. 15. Citizens of United States may trade with any and all citizens of China. Not to be subject to any new limitation, &c., 577 Art. 16. Chinese government not responsible for debts due by its government. Debts due by citizens of United States to subjects of China, - - - - - 57.7 Art. 17. Citizens of United States residing at any of the five ports may obtain proper accommodations, &c. At places of anchorage, &c., merchants may pass and repass in the immediate vicinity. No excursions into the country, &c. Preservation of the public peace, - - - 57.7 Art. 18. Persons may be employed to teach the languages in any part of the empire. Citizens of the United States may buy any manner of books, - - - - 57 Art. 19. Citizens of United States to be specially protected by the local authorities. Riots and attacks on their houses to be prevented by military force, and rioters punished, - - - - - 578 Art. 20. Re-exportation of goods imported into China by citizens of the United States to other permitted ports. Frauds on the government of China, - - - 578 Art. 21. Criminal acts by subjects of China to be punished by the Chinese. Citizens of the United States committing crimes to

China. be punished by the Consul according to the laws of the United States, - - 578 Art. 22. If China should be at war with any foreign nation, the trade of the United States to the Five ports not to be molested. Transportation of goods to and from the ports of the belligerents to be allowed, &c. Proviso, - - - - - - 579 Art. 23. Consuls of United States to make returns of the trade of United States with the five ports, - - - - 579 Art. 24. Communications with the local officers of China, how to be made. Communications from subjects of China, how to be made. Settlement of controversies, 579 Art. 25. Questions between citizens of United States and China, how to be regulated. Between citizens of United States and others, - - - - - - 579 Art. 26. Merchant vessels of United States in the five ports to be under the jurisdiction of the officers of their government. Robbers and pirates, &c., to be arrested and punished by the Chinese government. Disposition of the property recovered, 580 Art. 27. Shipwrecks. Vessels forced into any other than the five ports shall receive friendly treatment, - - - - 580 Art. 28. Citizens or vessels of United States not to be subject to embargo, - - 580 Art. 29. Mutineers and deserters to be apprehended and delivered to United States Consuls. Merchants, &c., of United States to be under the superintendence of the officers of their government, - - - 580 Art. 30. Correspondence between the respective governments and their officers, and between individuals and their government, - - - - - - 581 Art.31. Transmission of communications, 581 Art. 32. Intercourse with ships of war, 581 Art. 33. Clandestime trade prohibited, - 581 Art. 34. At the expiration of twelve years the two governments may treat on matters which may require alterations. The treaty, when ratified, to be faithfully observed, &c. No individual State of the United States can appoint a minister to China. Ratifications to be exchanged in eighteen months, 581 The tariff of duties to be levied on imported and exported merchandise at the Five ports, 582, 583, 584, 585, 586, 587.

Colombia. General Convention of Peace, Amity, Navigation and Commerce between the United States and the Republic of Colombia. October 3, 1824, - - - - - 306

Article 1. Firm and inviolable peace, &c., to be observed, &c., - - - - 306 Art. 2. Favours to other nations to be common to both, - - - - - 306 Art. 3. Citizens of the United States at liberty to frequent all the coasts and countries of the Republic of Colombia. Citizens of Colombia to enjoy in the United States the same privilege, - - - - 306 Art. 4. Merchants and commanders of ships,

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