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need of assistance, what is equivalent to a number of Open Scholarships given on entrance.

As there have never been any College Examinations at Oxford, the Scholarships have not there been wanted to serve the purpose of rewards in College.

The Contmissioners suggest an equalisation of the value of Scholarships; this indeed is necessary for the carrying out of their plan; but I think that the Colleges should be left a discretionary power on this point.

Consolidation of this kind is no doubt often very desirable, but I can say from my own experience that I have found the smaller Scholarships very serviceable. In every College there is a large class of men whose parents are desirous for them to get Scholarships, not so much for the assistance they render, as for the increase of self-respect which a young man feels when he has won something by his own exertions. They frequently say, I wish my son to have something which he may think within his reach, and if I send him where there are only a few large prizes, he will give up the struggle in despair.

It is too much the case with us that the best men are overstimulated by prospects of reward, while the second-rate men have nothing to get; they are only too apt to say, If I cannot do well enough to get a Fellowship, I may as well do nothing. Now by having some small Scholarships we are enabled to extend the area which our rewards influence, so as to take in all those of any ability or diligence, and thus we are the better able to give to all our materials the highest polish they are capable of receiving

In treating of this subject I have gone on the supposition that there would be other Students in the Colleges besides the Scholars; but if these suggestions were carried out, it is beyond question that this would only be the case in a very few of the Colleges, and that the majority of them would contain their Scholars only: of course none but very needy or inferior men would accept Scholarships in such limited Societies, and no active man would be

content to act as Tutor in them. Such foundations, would then cease to exist as places of education—a result which I need not dwell upon, as no doubt it is as little contemplated by the Commissioners as by the Act of Parliament under which they have their powers *

* Balliol is regarded at Oxford as of the ideal size for a College—it would be strange if foundations on the same scale here could render no service to education.



July 1, 1857.

I am directed by the Commissioners appointed under the Cambridge University Act (19 & 20 Vict. c. 88) to inform you, that they have had the revised Statutes submitted to them by you on behalf of

College under their attentive consideration. The several Prepositions which have been made to them by different Colleges within the University, have suggested to the Commissioners the propriety of entering into a full consideration of the principles which may be generally applicable to all Colleges : and they think it right before entering in detail into the Statutes of the several Colleges, to lay before each College certain Propositions which have presented themselves to the minds of the Commissioners as capable of such general application.

At the same time they desire me to state, that the Propositions thus transmitted are not to be regarded as final conclusions; but only as indications of the present views of the Commissioners.

They are therefore desirous to learn from you, after communication with the Fellows of your College, how far these views are likely to meet with your concurrence.

I have the honour to remain,

Your obedient Servant,



The Reverend

The Master of




A. Masters of Colleges. 1. The Commissioners are inclined as a general principle to omrit the obligation on Masters of Colleges of being in Holy Orders: subject to particular cases of exception.

2. They think it undesirable as a general rule that the Master of a College should hold the Office of Bursar as appurtenant to the Mastership: and they recommend that there should be a Bursar for the management of the property of the College (subject to the general Superintendence and orders of the Master and Fellows) to be elected periodica": hy the Governing Body of the College : but that the Master should be eligible as Bursar.

3. They are of opinion that in all meetings of the Master and Fellows for general College business (except in such cases as may be specially reserved by the College Statutes), the Master should not be entitled to an absolute veto.

4. They are of opinion that in the Election of a Master the choice should not be confined to the Fellows of the College, but should be free and unrestrained within the limits of the University.

5. They are of opinion that provisions should in all cases be inserted in the Statutes not merely for depriving the Master of his Office on account of misconduct by an Appeal to the Visitor, but also for transferring the exercise of his authority to a Vice-Master by a similar Appeal, in case of his becoming incompetent for the discharge of his duties by reason of infirmity or old age.

B. Fellows of Colleges. 1. The Commissioners are of opinion that Fellowships generally should be thrown open to the competition of the whole University after public notice and examination.

2. The Commissioners incline to the opinion that all Fellowships, without distinction of lay or clerical, should be tenable only for a


limited period, (say ten years from the time of taking the M.A. degree): but with an exception enabling Fellows (with the consent of two-thirds of the whole body of the Master and Fellows) to retain their Fellowships beyond this period (and in such case without the obligation of celibacy) if holding any University Professorship or Public Lectureship, or the Office of Tutor, Assistant-Tutor, Lecturer, or Bursar within the College. Provided that there should be a limit fixed by the Statutes of each College to the number of Fellows that may enjoy this privilege at one and the same time.

They think also that (supposing the above rule to be adopted) Clerical Fellows should be allowed to retain their right of pre-option to College livings for a certain time (say five years) after the termination of their Fellowship, provided that they have taken Orders not later than seven years after they are of the standing of M.A. But this right to be terminated by institution to any Benefice (whether in the patronage of the College or not) exceeding the limit prescribed by the Statutes as compatible with the tenure of a Fellowship.

3. The Commissioners are disposed to reserve the question as to the proportion of Lay and Clerical Fellowships, to be determined in each case according to the nature of the Foundation of the particular College.

4. They think that Clerical Fellows should be allowed to hold with their Fellowships (supposing these to be limited in duration as above proposed) any Benefice, whether in the patronage of the College or not, the value of which does not exceed a certain amount (say £250 a year).

5. They would further be disposed to suggest that where a Professor or Public Lecturer in the University, or a Tutor, Assistant Tutor, Lecturer, or Bursar within the College, is allowed to retain his Fellowship in the manner above proposed (in Clause 2), he should retain it for a limited period only (say five years), but with a power of renewal (once only) for a like period, with the consent of two-thirds of the Master and Fellows as before: provided that, after ten years active discharge of his duties as such Professor, Tutor, &c., he may (with the same consent as before) be permitted to retain his Fellowship for life and as before free from the obligation of celibacy. But if he avail himself of such privilege he shall not retain the right of preoption to a College living.

6. The Commissioners are disposed to think that as a general principle, provisions should be introduced into all College Statutes for a


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