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It is notorious that the forces of France were ready for ačtion first; — it was in the King's power to have given an unexpected and severe blow to England. His Majesty avows that it was his defign, his schemes were on the point of being put into execution, when the voice of peace stopped him. — The King of Spain ‘signified to him the desire which the court of London shewed towards a conciliation through the mediation of Spain. That monarch would not however appear as a mediator, without a previous assurance of a clear and positive acceptation of his friendly offices, and without knowing the principal objećts which were to form the basis of the negotiation. . The King received the overture with a satisfaction proportioned to the profestions he has always made of his pacific intentions.—Although the King of Spain declared that it was a matter of indifference to him, whether they accepted of or refused his mediation, and that, notwithstanding his overtures, he left the King his nephew entirely at liberty to act as he judged proper, his Majesty not only accepted of his offers, but immediately suspended the sailing of the Brest fleet, — and consented to communicate the conditions of peace as soon as England had expressed in a positive manner her desire for a reconciliation, in which the United States of America were included, France being determined not to abandon them. Certainly nothing could be more conformable to the apparent intentions of the court of London than this determination. His Catholic Majesty lost not a moment to act in conjunction with the King of England and his minister; but he soon convinced the court of Madrid that his overtures of peace were infincere. — The British minister answered, without hesitation, that there could be no step taken towards a reconciliation till France had retraćted the declaration of the 13th of March, last year. This answer was as injurious to Spain as France, and disclosed, in the most evident manner, the hostile views of England. Both the monarchs saw it in that light ; and though the King, animated by a love of peace, left his Catholic Majesty at his disposal to continue his mediation, he nevertheless ccmmanded his charge d'affaires at London to observe a profound filence on the subject in future. Notwithstanding all appearances, how

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between the belligerent powers a truce
of several years from their hostilities. –
This plan was agreed to by his Majesty,
under the condition that the United
States should be included, and that they
should be considered and acted with, du-
ring that time, as an independent power;
and to induce the King of England to
acquiesce in this essential promise with
the more alacrity, his Majesty consented,
that that prince should treat with the
Congress, either directly, or under the
intervention of his Most Catholic Maje-
sty. In consequence of this overture,
the King of Spain presented these propo-
fitions, after having carefully digested
them, to the court of London. Inde-
pendently of an unlimited truce, during
which the United States were to be re-
garded as perfectly independent, this
prince, willing to adopt every measure
that might stop the effusion of human
blood, took upon himself to propose,
with regard to America, that every indi-
vidual should continue in the possession
of all the property that he occupied or
owned at the time of the ratification of
this truce". There was not a doubt
with any one that these conditions would
have been acceded to ; they were, how-
ever, refused. The court of London
rejected them in a manner the most for-
mal, and which did not carry with it any
indication of a disposition towards peace,
unless on condition that the King would
abandon the Americans to themselves.
After a declaration so blunt, the conti-
nuation of the war became inevitable,
and his Majesty from thence thought it
expedient to invite the King of Spain to
a junction with him in virtue of their en-
gagements, that they might avenge their
respective grievances, and put a period
to that tyranny which England had u-
furped, and still pretended to maintain,
over the cmpire of the ocean.
This brief exposition which has been
given of the political views of the pro-
ceedings, and the succeffive events which
have occasioned the rupture between the
courts of Versailles and London, will
give Europe an opportunity of forming
a parallel between the conduct of his Ma-
jesty, and the King of England, of do-
ing justice to the purity and rectitude of
the intentions which have influenced his
* [Had this been agreed to, our corre-
spondent's proposal for the relief of loyal
Americans [43. 432.] might possibly have adopted.] - -

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