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. The Hiftory of 1997, continued. 5185.] party and army. People were too apt

to jumble promiscuoully, and to place in NORTH AMERICA

one point of view, the cruelties of these Nothing could exceed the aftonishment barbarians, and the cause in which they and terror which the loss of Ticonde- were exerted. They equally execrated roga, and its immediate consequences, both. Whilft they abhorred and deteftfpread throughout the New England pro- ed that army, which submitted to accept vinces. The General's manifesto, in of such an aid, they loudly condemned which he displayed the powers and num- and reprobated that government, which bers of the favages, added perhaps to could call such auxiliaries into a civil conthe effect. It was remarkable, however, teft; thereby endeavouring, as they said, that in the midst of all these disasters, not to subdue, but to exterminate, a peoand consequent terrors, no sort of dif- ple whom they affected to consider, and pofition to submit appeared in any quar pretended to reclaim, as subjects. Gen. ter.

Gates, in the course of these transacThe New England governments in par- tions, was not wanting by several public ticular, though moft immediately mena- cations to aggravate and inflame the picsed, did not link under their apprenhen. ture of these excelles; and with no small Son of the common danger. They, as effect. well as the congress, acted with vigour By this means, the advantages expect. asd firmness in their efforts to repel the ed from the terror excited by these favage zemy. Arnold, whom we have lately auxiliaries were not only counteracted, Iren at the engagement at Danbury (66.), but this terror rather, it may be thought, tas immediately sent to the reinforce- produced a directly contrary effect. The pent of the northern army, who carried inhabitants of the open and frontier counwith him a train of artillery which he re- tries had no choice of acting; they had ceived from Washington. On his arri. no means of security left, but by abanval, be drew the American troops back doning their habitations, and taking up from Saratoga to Still water, a central arms. Every man faw the neceffity of fitaation between that place and the becoming a temporary foldier, not only moath of the Mohawk river, where it for his own security, but for the protec. fall into Hudson's. This movement tion and defence of those connections was to be the nearer at hand to check which are dearer than life itself. Thus Itse progress of Col. St Leger, who was an army was poured forth by the woods, uw advancing upon the former of these mountains, and marshes, which in this mers. His forces were daily increased part were thickly fown with plantations trougb the outrages of the savages, who, and villages. The Americans recalled notwithstanding the regulations and en- their courage; and when their regular

Bearours of Gen. Burgoyne, were too army seemed to be entirely wasted, the Ti prone to the exercise of their usual cruel. spirit of the country produced a much

bes, to be effe&tually restrained by any greater and more formidable force. beans, The friends of the royal cause, In the mean time, the army under

well as its enemies, were equally vic- Gen. Burgoyne, in the neighbourhood lims to their indiscriminate rage. Among of Fort Edward, began to experience other instances of this nature, the mure those difficulties, which increased as it der of Miss Macrea, which happened farther advanced, until they at length

pre small time after, ftruck every breast became insurmountable. From the 30th Lasith horror. Every circumstance of this of July to the 15th of August, the army

arrid transaction served to render it was continually employed, and every more calamitous and afflicting. The poflible measure used, for the bringing young lady is represented to have been forward of batteaux, provisions, and am

all the innocence of youth, and bloom munition, from Fort George to the firft beauty. Her father was said to be navigable part of Hudfon's river, a di. reply interested in the royal cause; and, ftance of about eighteen miles. The toil to wind up the catastrophe of this odious was exceffive in this service, and the efIragedy, she was to have been married feet in no degree equivalent to the exto a British officer on the very day that pence of labour and time. The roads he was maffacred. [ 39. 648.]

were in some parts steep, and in others P Occasion was thence taken to exafpe- required great repairs. Of the horses rate the people, and to blacken the royal which had been supplied by contract in Vol. XLI.


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and to be ready to take advantage of its gling with the difficulties of his march, success, the army moved up the eatt to attack Baum in his post, which he had thore of Hudson's river, where it incamp. intrenched, and rendered as defensible ed nearly opposite to Saratoga, having as time and its nature would permit. at the fame thrown a bridge of rafts o- The loyal provincials who were along ser, by which the advanced corps were with him, were so cager in their hopes paffed to that place. At the same time to find what they wished to be real, that Lt-Col. Breyman's corps, confifting of when the enemy were surrounding his the Brunswick grenadiers, light infan. poft on all Gides, they for some time pertry, and challeurs, were posted at Bat. suaded him, that they were bodies of teo Kill, in order if necessary to support armed friends who were coming to his Baum.

affistance. The Colonel foon discovered The latter in his march fell in with a their error, and made a brave defence. party of the enemy who were escorting His small works being at length carried Come cattle and provifions, both of wbich on every fide, and his two pieces of canhe took with little difficulty, and sent back non taken, moft of the Indians, with seto the camp. The same fatal impediment veral of the provincials, Canadians, and which retarded all the operations of the British markimen, escaped in the woods. mny, viz. the want of horses and car. The German dragoons still kept together, Tiages, concurred with the badness of and when their ammunition was expendthe roads in rendering Baum's advance ed, were bravely led by their Colonel to io tedious, that the enemy were well in charge with their swords. They were formed of his design, and had time to foon overwhelmed, and the survivors, prepare for his reception. Upon his apmong whom was their wounded colonel, proach to the place, having received in: were made prisoners. telligence, that the enemy were too Breyman, who had the hard fortune ftrong to be attacked by his present force not to receive the smallest information of with any prospect of success, he took a this engagement, arrived near the same tolerable good poft near Santcoick mills, ground about four in the afternoon, on the nearer branch of what becomes where, instead of meeting his friends, he afterwards the Hosick river, which is found his detachment attacked on all there called Walloon creek, and at about fides by the enemy. Notwitstanding the four miles distance from Bennington ; severe fatigue they had undergone, his dispatching at the same time an express troops behaved with great vigour and reto the General with an account of his fi- folution, and drove the Americans in toation.

the beginning from two or three different Col. Breyman was accordingly dir. Bills on which they had posts. They patched from Batten Kill to reinforce were, however, at length overpowered, Bauin. That evil fortune now began to and their ammunition being unfortunateappear, which for fome time after con- ly expended, although each soldier had tinued to sweep every thing before it. brought out forty rounds in his pouch, Breyman was so overlayed by bad wea. they were obliged, with great reluctance, ther, so funk and embarrafted in bad to abandon the two pieces of artillery roads, and met with such delays from they had brought with them, and to rethe weakness and tiring of horses, and treat in the best manner they could ; a the difficulty of passing the artillery-car- circumstance to which the lateness of the Tlages, through a country scarcely prac- evening was very favourable. ticable at any time, and now rendered The loss of men sustained by these two much worfe by the continual rain, that engagements could not be less tlian five he was from eight in the morning of the or lix hundred ; of whom, however, the Isth of August, to four in the afternoon greater part were prisoners. But this of the following day, notwithstanding e- was not the only or the greatest loss. very possible exertion of men and officers, The reputation and courage which it afin getting forward about twenty-four forded to the militia, to find that they

were able to defeat regular forces; that A General Starke, who commanded neither Englishmen nor Germans were the militia at Bennington, determined invincible, nor invulnerable to their imnot to wait for the junction of the two presion; and the hope and confidence parties, advanced in the morning of excited by the artillery, and other troAug, 16. whilft Breyman was yet frug. pbies of victory, were of much greater




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