Page images

strange proposition, 885; our non-intercourse affects the ments proposed, 782; lost, 782; discussion on ealling
mother country, and it is proposed to relax it by way of ! yeas and nays on taking up for reference the original
the colonies, 835; or to negotiate with French agents in resolution, 782; referred, 783; & question of great me
the colonies, and thus encourage rebellion and usurpa ment, 783; debate on postponement, 783, 734; motion
tion, 835; these agents independent of the decrees of to take up, 748; lost, 744.
France, 835; they may carry on commerce with this Friends or Quakers, memorial of, 182; report on, 309.
country even if at open war with France, 885; state Frontiers, Protection of.- See Index, vol. 1.
ment of the relation of affairs, 886; objects of this bill Fugitives from justice. See Index, vol. 1.
twofold, 837; reason for the passage of the bill at the Furniture for President's House, see Appropriations.
last session, 837; weakness now to recede, 887; meas-
ures proposed are justifiable only in a state of war, 837;
the question, 887; various reasons for the section in the
bill, 838, 839; review of the relations between France
and her colonies, 899; note, 899; advantages of com GALLATIN, ALBERT, Representative from Pennsylvanis, 14
merce with Hispaniola, 840; this bill will authorize the 120, 179, 826, 429 ; on the address to the President, &;
President to negotiate with subordinate agents of a gov on a direct tax on slaves, 52, 54; on naval policy, 68; ca
ernment against the will of that government, 841; it increase of duties on sugar, 71, 72, 73; on increase of
might produce war, 841; important considerations ties on salt, 74; on naval appropriations, T8; a éirec
urged, 841; this measure is not so obnoxious as to be and indirect taxes, 82 ; on limitation period relative to
considered by France a cause of war, 842; consequences claims against United States, 83; on suability of the
of the independence of St. Domingo, 842; the amend States, 86; on the accommodation of the President :
ment changes the principle of the bill, 843; examination on military and naval appropriations, 93, 94, 95, S ;
of the effects of the amendment, 848; if any part of the on naval appropriations, 100, 104, 105; proposes resole
French dominions cease to depredate on our commerce, tions relative to statements from War Department, le;
we might open intercourse with them, 844; the ground on answer of House to President Adams' first message,
upon which we stand, 844; design of the amendment to 140; on resolutions relative to defensive measures, 14
take away the objection that the bill was calculated to 146; on arming merchant vessels, 147 ; on expatriation
promote independence of St. Domingo, 845; extent of 151 ; on a naval armament, 158; on exempting bank
the amendment, 845; further debate, 846; amendment notes from stamp duty, 158, 160, 161: proposes or
negatived, 847; amendment proposed relative to part sition with banks in lieu of tax, 162; on additional daty
of New Orleans, 847; bill passed, 847.

on salt, 163, 164; offers proviso against increase in boce
French edict relative to neutrals; call for information ties to fishermen, 163; on address to the President, 18;
respecting its suspension, 856; answer of the President, on the Quakers' memorial, 184; against weekly licenses
857 ; motion to print discussed, 857.

to distillers, 194; on naval expenditure, 197; en foreign
Despatches of American Ministers.--Note, as an ap intercourse, 200, 204; on the report on the Griswoli sad
pendix to debates of Fifth Congress, 889; extract of a Lyon case, 215, 216; on the limits of Georgia. 3;
letter from Mr. Pinckney to the Secretary of State, 889; relations with France, 229; on a provisional army, 26
ditto to M. De la Croix, 890; report of Major Rutledge 247; on establishing the Navy Department, 243; e
on the interview with M. De la Croix, 890; further re military appropriations, 252, 253 ; to postpone considen
port, 891; notification from M. De la Croix to General tion of naturalization laws, 260 ; on presents to ministars
Pinckney, 892; reply of General Pinckney, 892; re by foreign courts, 264; on a temporary direct tar, 6;
marks of General Pinckney, 892; interview with Talley. on the classes to be excluded from citizenship, 277, 23;
rand, 892; proceedings of Talleyrand's agents, 898, 894, on bill relative to treatment of alien enemies, 282, 984;
895, 396; letter of General Pinckney to the Secretary of on the consideration of the bill relative to the protectia
State, 397; remarks on the disavowal of Talleyrand, 897; of commerce, 290; on intercourse with France, 1998;
members of the Directory, 898.

relative to letters of marque, 298; on direct taxes, sts;
FRANKLIN, JESSE, Representative from North Carolina, 14; on alien enemies, 805; on the sedition bill, 308; on the

Senator from North Carolina, 404, 541, 661. Soe Indesc, abrogation of the treaty with France, 811, 312, 315;
vol. 1.

intercourse with France and St. Domingo, 57, 84, 345;
FREEMAN, JONATHAN, Representative from New Hampshire, on increase of the navy, 348; on the capture of Freach

120, 180, 326, 429, 497; on answer of House to President vessels, 859; on repeal of alion and sedition law, $5;
Adams' first message, 129.

on the expulsion of Matthew Lyon, 870; on repeeld
FREEMAN, NATHANIEL, Jr., Representative from Massachu alien law, 873; on the law of retaliation, S85; on petition
setts, 14, 120. See Inder, vol. 1.

of free blacks, 440, 444; on the case of Jonathan Rode
French Refugees.-See Indexo, vol. 1.

bins, 449, 452, 455. See Index, vol. 1.
French Republic, ratification of Convention with, 492. GANTT, Rev. Mr., elected chaplain to the Senate, 544,04
French Spoliations.-Resolution that provision be made GATEs, proposal for a monument to, 725.

for indemnification for losses sustained by French spoli-| Georgia, vote for President, 62, 487.
ations, considered, 642; the principle must be decided Georgia limits.-See Territories.
by the House, 643; the resolution so broad as to defeat Georgia, remonstrance of, report of committee on, 881:
its object, 643; it goes to commit the House to the whole compensation recommended, 831; points of the remot-
extent without any examination, 643; reasons for speedy strance, 881; comparative expenditure in defending
action, 648; object of the resolution to place the question northern and southern frontiers from depredations of
in a train for decision, 648; it is founded on the princi Indians, 882; amended resolution proposed, 843; ear
ple that Government has abandoned the claim, so that ried, 848; report on, 587.
no citizen can come forward against the French Govern. German language, laus in, motion to print, 165; reason
ment, or any French citizen, 648; further debate, 644; for the motion, 165; if a translation was authorized
a large portion of the losses so covered by insurance, great mischiefs might ensue, 165.
the Government will not have to pay them, 645; fur-GERRY, ELBRIDGE, letter from Paris, 304.--Sce Inder, Fel 1
ther debate, 646; motion to postpone lost, 647; report GILBERT, EZEKIEL, Representative from New York, 14; e
made, 655; further remarks, 726; resolution, 727; amend the address to the President, 32; on the petition of mans.

mitted slaves, 59; on military and naval appropriations

107. See Index, vol. 1.
GILES, WM. B., Representative from Virginia, 17, 120, 669; on HANCOOK, GEORGE Representative from Virginia, 44. Soo

the address to the President, 17, 21, 23, 27, 82; on relief Indew, vol. 1.
to sufferers by fire at Savannah, 48; on answer of House HANGING Maw, petition of widow of, 96.
to President Adams' 1st message, 194, 137; on resolution HANNA, JOHN ANDRE, Representative from Pennsylvania
relative to defensive measures, 144, 146; on expatriation, L 120, 180, 826, 429, 498, 669, 694.
151-152; on a naval armament, 154; on tax on lawyers, HARPER, ROBERT G., Representative from South Carolina,
156; on the Griswold and Lyon case, 214; on the limits 121, 179, 326, 429, 498; on a national university, 85; on
of Georgia, 223; on relations with France, 227, 282, 284, relief to sufferers by fire at Savannah, 41; on petition of
236, 240, 241; on protection against the Barbary powers, Hugh L. White, 49; on a direct tax on slaves, 53; on
571; on apportionment bill, 578; on the Mediterranean naval policy, 68; on increase of duties on salt, 74–75; on
trade, 586; in favor of repeal of Judiciary Establishment, suability of the States, 86, 88; on naval appropriations,
603; on Ohio State Government, 648, 649, 650. See 105; on liberation of La Fayette, 110; on military and
Index, vol. 1.

naval appropriations, 107; on defensive measures, 147;
GILLESPIE, JAMES, Representative from North Carolina, 16, on a naval establishment, 154; on exempting bank notes
120, 189. See Index, vol. 1.

from stamp duty, 160; on additional duty on salt, 164;
GILXAN, NICHOLAS, Representative from Now Hampshire, on the Quakers' Memorial, 183; on the expenditure for
14. See Index, vol. 1.

the naval service, 195; on relief to daughters of Count
GLENN, HENRY, Representative from New York, 14, 120, 179, de Grasse, 195; on appropriation for foreign intercourse,
826, 429, 497. See Indes, vol. 1.

200, 204; on the case of Griswold and Lyon, 211, 215;
GODDARD, CALVIN, Representative from Connecticut, 669, on diplomatic intercourse, 216; on the limits of Georgia,

698; on call for information relative to cession of Louisi 218, 221; moves amendment relative to importation of
ana, 705, 718.

slaves in Mississippi Territory, 224, note, 224; on rela-
GOODÉ, SAMUEL, Representative from Virginia, 433; on peti tions with France, 226, 234, 239; on a provisional Army,
tion of free blacks, 442.

245; on establishing the Navy Department, 250; on the
GOODHUE, BENJAMIN, Senator from Massachusetts, 8, 118, naturalization laws, 258, 254; against taking new census
165, 321, 399. See Indexo, vol. 1.

before laying direct tax, 265; relative to letters of marque,
GOODRICH, CHAUNCEY, Representative from Connecticut, 14, 297; on the sedition bill, 806, 808; on abrogation of

120, 179, 826, 429, 505; on a direct tax on slaves, 53. Sce treaty with France, 815; on intercourse with France,
Index, vol. 1.

820, 836, 845; on increase of the navy, 851; on relations
GOODRICH, ELIZUE, Representative from Connecticut, 429,497. with France, 856; on the capture of French vessels, 860;
GORDOX, WILLIAM, Representative from New Hampshire, on petitions relative to repeal of alien and sedition laws,

121, 180, 326, 429; on duties on naturalization certificates, 864; asks leave to bring in a bill to amend direct tar
155; on the Quakers' Memorial, 180; against weekly law, 483; on petition of free blacks, 439; on the case of
licenses to distillers, 194; on the Georgia limits, 221, 222; Jonathan Robbins, 451, 454; on admirals in the navy,
on abrogation of treaty with France, 813.

474; for a mausoleum to Washington, 518, 516, 517; on
GBAY, Edwix, Representative from Virginia, 498, 569, 694. jurisdiction over District of Columbia, 520, 521. See
Great Britain, retaliatory measures upon, see Index, Indexo, vol. 1.
vol. 1.

HARRISON, CARTER B., Representative from Virginia, 14,
GEEEN, ASHBEL, appointed chaplain to the House, 169.

120, 180, 829; advocates weekly licenses to distillers, 194.
GREEN, Tuomas M., delegate from Mississippi Territory, 693. See Index, vol. 1.
GBEENE, RAY, Senator from Rhode Island, 165, 821, 485; HARRISON, WILLIAM HENRY, Representative from North
resigns his seat in Senate, 491.

West Territory, 430; credentials referred to committee,
GREENUP, CHRISTOPHER, Representative from Kentucky,

14; on land for Canadian Refugees, 45. Sex Indexo, HARTLEY, THOMAS, Representative from Pennsy vania, 11,
vol. 1.

120, 179, 829; on relief to sufferers by fire at Savannah,
GREGG, ANDREW, Representative from Pennsylvania, 17, 40, 41, 42, 43; on lands for Canadian refugees, 44; on &

121, 188, 429, 499, 570, 698; on jurisdiction over the Dis direct tax on slaves, 55; on the compensation of Presi-
trict of Columbia, 738. See Indes, vol. 1.

dent and other officers, 61; on the accommodation of
GRISWOLD, Roger, Representative from Connecticut, 14, the President, 89; on military appropriations, 98, 99; on

120, 179, 826, 429, 497, 569, 693; on answer of House to naval appropriations, 100; on liberation of La Fayette,
President Adams' first message, 131 ; Against weekly 108; on answer of House to President Adams' 1st mes-
licenses to distillers, 194; assault on Matthew Lyon, 209;

sage, 141; on the limits of Georgia, 223; on intercourse
Griswold and Lyon, case of, 806 Breach of Privilege. with France, 844; decease reported to the House, 521.
On mausoleum to Washington, 603; on reporting the

See Index, vol. 1.
debates, 508; on ratio of representation, 572; on public

HATHORN, John, Representative from New York, 84. See
printing, 578; on Georgia limits, 577 ; on Mediterranean

Index, vol. 1.
Trade, 585; on the collection of international revenue, HAVEN, JONATHAN N., Representative from New York, 14,
588; on French spoliations, 642, 644; on Ohio State 120, 179, 826. See Indew, vol. 1.
Government, 650 ; on unauthorized purchase of navy

Hastings, Setu, Representative from Massachusetts, 693.
yards, 656; on the call for papers relative to the ces HEATA, John, Representative from Virginia, 14; on the ad-
sion of Louisiana to France by Spain, 698, 700, 703, 705, dress to the President, 20; on the petition of manu.
718, 714; on petitions of United States Judges, T28. mitted slaves, 58; on the accommodation of the Presi.
See Index, vol. 1.

dent, 89, 90; on military and naval appropriations, 106;
Grove, WILLIAM BARey, Representative from North Caro on liberation of Lafayette, 109. See Index, vol. 1.

lina, 14, 121, 179, 502, 581, 696. See Index, vol. 1. HEISTER, DANIEL, Representative from Maryland, 694.
GUNN, JAMES, Seoator from Georgia, 8, 119, 165, 821, 898.

HEISTER, JOSEPH, Representative from Pennsylvania, 188,
Seo Index, vol. 1.

429, 497, 569, 698.
HELMA, WILLIAM, Representative from New Jersey, 669,



HEMPINLI, JOSEPH, Representative from Pennsylvania, 569, | Inaugural Address of John Adams, 11; of Thomas desse

698; on call for information relative to cession of Lonis son, 490.
iana, 704.

Indian Lands within a State, rights over, ees Inda, ra 1
HENDERSON, ARCHIBALD, Representative from North Caro- Indian Trading Houses.-See Index, vol. 1.

lina, 14, 120, 179, 429, 499, 569, 694; on the accommoda- Intercourse with France.-Sce France, relations with
tion of the President, 88, 92; against the repeal of the IREDELI, JAMES, vote for as President in 1706, 63.

Judiciary Establishment, 597..
HENDERSON, PLEASANT, claim to certain lands, 518.
HENRY, Jorn, Senator from Maryland, 8, 117; vote for, as

President in 1796, 68. See Index, vol. 1.
HILL, WILLIAM H., Representative from North Carolina, JACKSON, ANDREW, Representative from Tennessee, 14;

429, 500, 670, 696; on petition of free blacks, 438; on first appearance in National Councils, 48; role, 6; as
reporting the debates, 501.

petition of Hugh Lawson White, 48, 49; presents per
HILLHOUSE, JAMES, Senator from Connecticut, 8, 118, 171, tition of George Colbert, 49; Senator from Tense

823, 899, 481, 544, 664; elected President of Senate pro 165; resigns as Senator, 321.
tem., 488. See Index, vol. 1.

JACKSON, GEOEGE, Representative from Virginis, 14, 6,
HINDMAN, WILLIAM, Representative from Maryland, 14, 497, 569, 698; on a direct tax on slaves, 58; on the Jood
120, 179, 827. See Index, vol. 1.

ary Establishment, 552; on resolutions relatire to the
HOBART, JOHN SLoss, Senator from New York, 171; ro- navigation of the Mississippl, 678. See Indez, vol 1
signs, 172.

JACKSON, JANES, Senator from Georgia, 541. See Inte,
HOGE, WILLIAM, Representative from Pennsylvania, 569, vol. 1.

JARVIS, JAMES, Oilcer on frigate Constellation, 470
HOLLAND, JAMES, Representative from North Carolina, 14, JAY, Joux, vote for as President, 63, 487.

570, 693; on the petition of manumitted slaves, 59; on JEFFERSON, THOMAs, his addss as President of the fa
increase of duties, 71, 74; on increase of duties on salt, ate, 10; note, 10; vote for as President in 1796, 62: Via
75; on the accommodation of the President, 90; on President and President of Senate, 118, 171, 823; Tipe
naval appropriations, 100.

President attends Senate, 404, 484; vote for ss Presi
HOLMES, DAVID, Representative from Virginia, 120, 179, dent, 487; address on retiring from Senate, 4; inse

826, 429, 497, 569, 698; on printing the laws in the guration as President, 490; address, 490; answer to
German language, 165.

notification of the House of his election, 585: letter to
HOSMER, HEZEKIAH L., Representative from New York, President of Senate, 541; note, 541; views on slavery,
120, 179, 826.

obstacle to his receiving the vote of South Caroling for
House, secret session of, 79; adjourns at close of fourth President, 636. See Index, vol. 1.

Congress, 111; answer to President Adams' first mes JOHNSON, CHABLES, Representative from North Caroles,
sage, 128; answer as delivered to President Adams' first 569.
message, 148; answer to President's message, 180; JOHNSTON, SAMUEL vote for 4s President in 1796,
answer to President's message to third session, Afth Con- JONES, JAMES, Representative from Georgia, 499, 501;
gress, 829; note on, 830; address in answer to Presi. petition of free blacks, 489, 443; on the case of Jonathan
dent's message, 431; thanks to General Lee for ealogium Robbins, 456; on the apportionment bill, 574
on memory of Washington, 436; refuses to accompany JONES, WALTER, Representative from Virginis, 190, 179,
Senate to hear eulogiam on Washington, 447; answer to

President's message second session, sixth Congress, 499; JONES, WILLIAM, Representative from Pennsylvanis, 53,
proceedings relative to purchase of Louisiana, 721; ten 728
ders thanks to Speaker Macon, 744.

Judiciary System, bill to amend a previous sct establishing
HOWARD, JOHN E., Senator from Maryland, 6, 114, 171, 828, judicial courts, 419; ordered to second reading, 419;

408, 481, 640, 661; chosen President of Senate pro tem., numerous reasons for the introduction of the WIL, 0);

parts of the bill, 427; bill passed to third reading, si:
HUGER, BENJAMIN, Representative from South Carolina, note, 427.

572, 694; for a mausoleum to Washington, 616; on ool In the Senate, part of message relating to Judiciary
lection of internal revenue, 588; on call for papers rela-

system, read, 545; motion that the act or last session to
tive to cession of Louisiana, 699, 719; on considering specting the Judiciary Establishment be repealed, 549;
the French spoliations, 783; on jurisdiction over the

note, 546; motion debated, 546; 1st. the law is unneces
District of Columbia, 786.

sary and improper-2d. the judges and courts created by
HUNT, SAMUEL, Representative from New Hampshire, 698.

it, can, and ought to be abolished, 546; existing coara,
HUNTER, Jorn, Senator from South Carolina, 6, 114.

competent and able to discharge daties, 546; such as
HUNTER, NARSWORTHY, Delegate from Mississippi, 569; de-

the case when the law passod, 546; amount of basines
cease of, 610.

before the courts, 146; suits decreasing, 646; United
States never need thirty-eight federal judges, 541; limit
to federal judicial powers, 647; power of Congress to get
down these additional courts and judges, examion,
647; may be abolished as well as created under the

constitution, 647; judge cannot hold his office sterk
IMLAY, JAMES H., Representative from New Jersey, 120, is abolished, 548; once a judge always a judge, examined
179, 826, 429, 497.

618; one of the most important questions ever before s
Impressment of Seamen, message in relation to, 838.

Legislature, 648; what says the constitution : 543;
Imprisonment for debt.-Bill making provision for relief of judges hold during good behavior, 549; their compenen

persons, passed, 479; particulars of bill, 479; resolution tion as prescribed, designed to preserve their existence,
to revise the laws, offered, 593; object, to secure debtor 549 ; motion unconstitutional, 549; the ancient system
his property and provide some remedy beside imprison stated, 549; if you repeal so far as regards these jariges
ment, 593; considerations against imprisonment urged, you may for all, 550; thereby you destroy the check

provided in the constitution, 550; all power is not rest-

ed in the Legislature, 660; constitutional power, 550; / compared, 622; doctrine of the Judiciary in Virginia,
words shall and may, 550 ; more afraid of an army of! 628, 624; point conceded, 624; further debate, 625, 626;
judges than an army of soldiers, 652; it is said the practice of North Carolina relative to instructions, 627;
law which creates a judge cannot be touched, 652; the constitution of North Carolina, 627; interpretation of
moment it is passed it exists to the end of time, 552; the the words “during good behavior" there, 627; argu-
power to alter the system rests here, or nowhere, 552; ments against the bill examined, 628; farther debato,
extent of our country, 553; tendency of acts of late ad 629, 630, 631; intention of the convention to make the
ministration, 553; history of legislative proceedings in judges independent of both executive and legislative
the formation of the Judiciary system, 558; is this power, so universally admitted at the time, 632; hence
system so vicious as to deserve nothing but abhorrence ? any intrusion or intermeddling by Congress is usurpa-
554; the letter and spirit of the constitution against the tion, 682; what avail are prohibitory clauses in the con-
repeal, 555; Judicial Department should be independent, stitution, if there be no power to check Congress and
355 ; but not independent of the nation itself, 558; what the President? 632; these regulations designed for the
are the facts ? 555: if a court once established, cannot be safety of the State Governments and the liberties of the
vacated, the greatest absurdities follow, 556; the judges people, 632; but the doctrine urged to-day will sweep
of Mississippi Territory, 556; further remarks on the in away all barriers, 632; illustrations given by reference to
dependence of the Judiciary, 557; the expediency of ro the constitution, 632; expense of the national Judiciary,
pealing the law considered, 557; shall we restore to the 683; reasons for passing the law of last session, 688; in.
people their foriner courts? is the true question, 558; fluence upon the elections, 633; vote at the election in
defects of the present system, 559; reasons for the redeal the House, 684; note, 634; the professed friends of the
insufficient, 560; the expediency of the repeal examined; people, 635; course of South Carolina on the Presiden-
560, 561; the constitutional point examined, 562; repeal

Lial election, 635, 686; Jefferson's views on slavery pre-
needed as a precedent, 662; our government a system of vented his receiving the vote of South Carolina. 686:
salatary checks, 563; constitutional point further exam. note, 636; wlat manifestation of the public will was
ined, 568, 564, 565; bill passed, 565; note, 565.

there in reference to the late election for President ?
In the House, resolutions offered in committee relative 637; further debate, 637, 638; motion to postpone the
to the Judiciary considered, 581; resolutions agreed to, bill lost, 688; bill passed, 655.
681 ; motion to refer to committee, 581; remarks on United States' Judges, Memorial of, in Senate, re-
reforence, 581; resolutions referred, 688; bill from the port of committee on, 665; what is due to the supreme
Senate to repeal considered in House, 596; note, 596; law of the land ! 666; memorialists ask if the law of last
the people have established three departments for the session deprived them of their office of judge, 666; a
powers of government, 597; tenure by which the judges question not cognizable by the Senate, to whom it does
hold office, 597; the words “during good behavior" are not belong to interpret their own acts, 666; it should be
& limitation on executive and legislative power, 597; ex speedily settled by the proper tribunals, 666; effect of
amination of these words, 598; & subsequent legislature such a decision, 667; committee should have confined
can repeal the acts of a previous one, examined, 698; any themselves to the points of the question, 667; constitu-
other construction leads to a concentration of executive tional power of Senate reviewed, 667; resolution of com-
and legislative power, 598; this is the spirit of innova mittee lost, 668.
tion which has prostrated the old world, 599; expediency | Petitions of, 727; reference moved, 728; memorial
of the repeal examined, 599; comparison of the present does not embrace any point of inquiry, 728; it should
and former system, 600; constitutionality of the measure be referred to Committee of the Whole, 728; the con.
examined, 600; delegated powers, 601; Judiciary is a stitutional question already determined, 728; undoubt.
check on the legislature, shown, 601; the judges are ex edly a constitutional question, 728; reference unneces.
pounders of the constitution and laws, 602; they ought sary, subject already fully discussed, 728; referred to
to be independent of the other branches of government, Committee of the Whole, 729; discussion in committee,
particularly the legislative, 602; concentration of power 729; question been settled as to right of depriving the
is the essence of tyranny, 602; as we advance to it, we judges of their office, but not the question as to their
recede from liberty, 602; what was the intention of the compensation, 729 ; resolutions offered, 729; a new doc-
framers in introducing the words “good behavior" ! 602 trine advanced, that a judge is entitled to his com-
origin of parties in this country fundamental, 603; man pensation, after being deprived of his authority and his
ner of growth, 604; proceedings of the favorers of pa powers are transferred to another, 729 ; true question
tronage, 604; the strict letter of the constitution now on the constitutionality of the law, 780; if the courts are
appealed to, 605; will the repeal of this law violate in abolished, are the officers abolished: 730; would the Su-
any respect the salutary or practicable independence preme Court in this case be an impartial tribunal ? T30;
of the judges, secured by the constitution ? 605; the it would be improper to authorize the Supreme Court to
terms “independence of the judges" or " Judiciary” not decide upon the constitutionality of the law, 780; when
found in the constitution, 605; relationship between the there are no services, there can be no claim for salary,
Executive and Judiciary Departments, 606; clauses of the 730; memorial is a protest, and let it rest on the files of
constitution examined, 607, 608, 609; are not the judges the House, 730; resolutions lost, 731.
more independent under this view than those of Eng-
land ? 610; it is admitted Congress may increase or di-

minish the duties of judges, 610; preceding arguments
for repeal examined in detail, and a defence of the late Kentucky, vote for President, 62, 487.
administration, 611, 612, 613, 614; inexpediency of tho KITCHELL, AAROX, Representative from New Jersey, 14, 429,
present bill shown by the expediency of the judicial law 498; on relief to sufferers by fire at Savannah, 42; on
of last session, 617; the pre-existing system examined, petition of Hugh L. White, 51 ; on the petition of mana-
and its defects and evils, as affected by the late act, con mitted slaves, 60; on increase of duties on sugar, 71; on
sidered, 617, 618, 619; changes made by the late law, 620, military appropriations, 98; on the case of Jonathan
621; when did the right of the Executive to recommend Robbins, 451. See Index, vol. 1.
modifications of the Judiciary system cease, or of Con- KITTEBA, JOHN WILKES, Representative from Pennsylvania,
gress to act ? 622; former practice with present theory 1 120, 191, 326, 429; on a direct tax on slaves, 56; on naval
appropriations, 101, 105; presides in Committee of the LLOYD, THOMAS, proposes to report debates of Hoase, 14
Whole, 198, 194; on the limits of Georgia, 220; on the LOOKE, MATTHEW, Representative from North Carolina, 14
bill relative to the protection of commerce, 289; on ab- 121, 179, 826.

rogation of treaty with France, 818. See Index, vol. 1. LOGAN, GEORGE, Senator from Pennsylvanis, 541, 601
KOSCIUŠKO, General, claim of, 191; history of, 192; proceed. Louisiana, cession of, in the House.-Resolution talaga
ings on, 192; accounts of, 198.

the President for any documents relative to the desi
of Louisiana to France, considered, 697; subject sa te
one that had been discussed with closed doors, it sband
therefore be referred in the same manner, s: Dicking

which ought to be kept secret involved in the trees
LAFAYETTE, GENERAL-Resolution relative to, 108; negotia tion, 698; why refer the resolution calling for inn

tions to effect his release from imprisonment, 108; his tion to a committee 8 698; if publicity will interfere with
services for this country, 108; propriety and duty of ne constitutional functions of the President, resolution
gotiations on the part of the Executive, 108; subject im shonld not be supported, 698; the cession is a parte
proper to be introduced to the House-President knows fact, 698; custom of the House should determine the
the will of the people, 109; no impropriety in it, 109; fact, 698; no impropriety in this reqnest, , sites
further debate, 110; question lost, 111; note, 111. See publicity desirable where it will not prové injuries,
Inden, vol. 1.

699; let the call prevail, 699; advantage of going inte
Lake Superior.--Copper lands and mines--resolution author Committee of the Whole, 699; what is the object of

izing the purchase of copper lands, 456; report of com those refusing information: 699; if proper we ongki bo
mittee, 472; resolution reported agreed to, 472.

have these documents, 699; this the first instance as
LANGDON, Joux, Senator from New Hampshire, 8, 118, 165, olution allowed to be important had been refused s ro
821, 899, 481. See Index, vol. 1.

erence, 700; object of reference is disenssion with me!
LATIMER, HENRY, Senator from Delaware, 8, 114, 165, 821, doors, 700; case of the British Treaty, 700; logie of the
400. See Indew, vol. 1.

opposition, 700; what end is to be answered by com
LAURANCE, Jorx Senator from New York, 4, 114, 165, 821, mittal, 700; case of British Treaty restated, 700; réer

899; elected President pro tem, of Senate, 821. See ence carried, 701; in committee-shall the doors be damad
Index, vol. 1.

as heretofore ordered in respect to this subject, 2017 -
Law of Retaliation.-See Defensive Measures.

cussed, 701, 702; resolutions in secret session, T02; re-
LEAR, Tobias, letter to President announcing death of lutions for a call for papers again considered, &; should
Washington, 434.

not be referred to a secret committee, 703; metica e
LEE, HENRY, Representative from Virginia, 482, 497; deliv already been decided, 703; the President allades to the

ers an oration on death of Washington, 404; letter ac subject as one which may require Legislative interpes-
cepting thanks of House, 486; on petition of free blacks, tion, yet persists in refusing information, Tos; why do
437; on the case of Jonathan Robbins, 450, 455; on we want information, but that we may have a pure
mausoleum for Washington, 503, 504, 512, 518; on re clear view of the general subject, T04; only two pointe
porting the debates, 609; on jurisdiction over District connected with the subject in which documents could
of Columbia, 518, 524.

be required or secrecy necessary, 704; material condo
LEE, SILAS, Representative from Massachusetts, 429, 497. tion between shutting the port of New Orleans and the
LEIB, MICHAEL, Representative from Pennsylvania, 429, cession of Louisiana-one has been ordered to be
497, 569, 693.

cussed with shut doors, how proper then to introduce
LEONARD, GEORGE, Representative from Massachusetts, 57. the other in debate, 704; numerous reasons for opposing
See Index, vol. 1.

the resolution, 705; speech of Mr. Monroe in the Tir
Library of Congress, resolution for a committee to procure, ginia Convention, 705; note, 705; who now are the
474; bill regulating the use of, considered, 578; discus-

friends of the West and the free navigation of tbe pirer!
sion of details, 578.

T08; the sentiments displayed in this proceedings pbe
Limitation, Acts of, report on, 189; note on, 190.

nomenon in the history of regular governments, Tes; a
LINOOLN, LEVI, Representative from Massachusetts, 528. history of political parties unnecessary, 709; resolution
LINN, JAMES, Representative from New Jersey, 429, 498. lost, 709; further resolutions moved, 710; lost, 710;
Liston, ROBERT, note to Secretary of State, 445.

tion for call renewed, 718; confidential subjects here
LIVERMORE, SAMUEL, Senator from New Hampshire, 8, 113, been decided, 713; information necessary to legislation,

168, 891, 400, 481; chosen President of Senate pro tem., 718; no fact has been communicated in the memang
400; on disputed Presidential elections, 406.

713; it conveys the suspicion that Spain has ceded to
LIVINGSTON, EDWARD, Representative from New York, 17, France indefinitely, 714; unwise in the eradle of negot.

120, 179, 834, 429, 622; on the address to the President, ation to throw out insinuations that may disgust, 114;
29, 81; on a National University, 87; on military and farther discussion, T15; what is the inference from pre-
naval appropriations, 107; on liberation of Lafayette, vious proceedings of these gentlemen ? they will not
108; on answer of House to President Adams' first mes sert our rights because they have no confidence in the
sage, 186, 141; on arming merchant vessels, 147; on tax Executive, 715; objections to the resolution, T16; relia
on lawyers, 156; reports on petition of daughters of tions of the departments of Government, 717; it ]
Count de Grasse, 192; on expenditure for the naval offend foreign nations to agree to the resolutions, Tis;
service, 196, 197; on diplomatic intercourse, 216; on re further debate, resolution lost, 720; motion to dis
lations with France, 241; on establishing the Navy De. charge committee to whom was referred a motia re-
partment, 251; on the sedition bill, 807, 818; on rela specting official information, T20; the practice bu
tions with France, 856, 857; on the capture of French alarmingly increased to resist a call for information, T80;
vessels, 861, 368; on repeal of alien and sedition law, 384; reasons given, 721.
on the law of retaliation, 885; proposes resolutions in case Purchase of Louisiana, resolutions, 791; report
of Jonathan Robbins, 446; on the case of Jonathan thereon, 721; note, 728.
Robbins, 448, 449, 451, 458, 457. See Indexo, vol. 1.

Louisiana, purchase of, in Senate.--A bill making
LLOYD, JAMES, Senator from Maryland, 171, 823, 402; re- | further provision for the expenses attending interecurs
signs seat in Senate, 484.

between the United States and foreign nations, cür

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