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497 ; on the petition of manumitted slaves, 59; on in such is also the case with other officers of the Govern-
crease of duties on sugar, 72; on petition of free blacks, ment, 65; the practice of the individual States warrants
439. See Indew, vol. 1.
an advance, 65; what occurred in Holland, 65; motion
CLAIBORNE, TUOMAB, Representative from Virginia, 17, 120, to strike out first section relative to President and Vico
180, 881, 570, 698; on relief to sufferers by fire at Sayan President, carried, 65. See Index, vol. 1.
nab, 48, 44; on a direct tax on slaves, 54; on increase of CONDIT, JOIN, Representative from New Jersey, 429, 498,
duties on sugar, 72 ; on liberation of La Fayette, 110; 669, 693.
on expatriation, 150; on establishing the Navy Depart- CONDY, JONATHAN W., elected Clerk of House, 430.
ment, 250; on admirals in the navy, 474; on trade with Congress, Fourth, second session, commenced, 8; closes with
the Indians, 501 ; note, 501 ; against a mausoleum to Washington's Administration, 111; Fifth, first session
Washington, 512, 515; on Georgia limits, 577. Seo In commences May 15, 1797, 113; extra session, 119; first
dex, vol. 1.
session, Fifth Congress, adjournment postponed, 153;
CLAIBORNE, WILLIAM C. O., Representative from Tennes adjourns, 165; note on, 165; extra session, objects of
see, 180, 826, 429, 497; on the claims of Stephen Cant note, 165; second session, Fifth Congress, meets Nov. 13,
rill, 243; on presents to ministers by foreign courts, 261, 1797, 166; Fifth, second session, adjourns, 320; Fifth,
263; on admission of aliens to citizenship, 279; on inter third session, commenced, 821; Fifth, third session, ad-
course with France, 295; on letters of marque, 298; on journs, 826; Fifth, note, 889; Sixth, irst session, 899;
direct taxes, 802, 304.
bill for fixing time and place of meeting, 479; adjourn-
CLAY, MATTHEW, Representative from Virginia, 120, 179, ment first session, Sixth Congress, 480; first meeting at
432, 498, 569, 694.
Washington, 481; Seventh, first session, Senate, 540; ad-
CLAYTON, JOSHUA, Senator from Maryland, 172; Clergy, journment first session, Seventh Congress, 660; meeting
pay of, in Massachusetts, 195.
of second session, Seventh Congress, 661; adjourns, 744.
CLINTON, GEORGE, vote for, as President in 1796, 68.
Connecticut, vote for President, 62, 487.
CLOPTON, JOHN, Representative from Virginia, 14, 120, 180, Contested Elections.-See Index, vol. 1.
826, 570, 693. See Indem, vol. 1.
Contingent expenses of Congress, 57; manner of acting upon
Closed doors, or open doors, on the cession of Louisiana, dis- them, 57.
cussion relative to, 701.
Convention with French Republic ratified by Senate, 492.
COCHRAN, JAMES, Representative from New York, 120, 179, COOKE, WILLIAM, Senator from Tennessee, 8, 114, 400, 481,
830; on tax on lawyers, 155.
540, 664; on breach of privilege, 408, 416; on the repeal
Cod Fisheries.-Proviso offered against further increase of of the Judiciary establishment, 560. See Index, vol. 1.
bounties, 163. See Index, vol. 1.
COOPER, WILLIAM, Representative from New York, 14, 429,
Cort, JOSHUA, Representative from Connecticut, 14, 120, 497; on relief to sufferers by firo at Savannah, 40; on in-
179; on kidnapping negroes, 45; moves to postpone, 48; I crease of duties on sugar, 72. See Index, vol. 1.
on petition of Hugh L. White, 49; on a direct tax on COOPER, THOMAS, petition of, 636.
slaves, 55; on the purchase of a site for a Navy Yard, COUNT DE GRASSE, report on petition of daughters of, 192;
66; on naval appropriation, 76; on answer of House to bil granting annuity to daughters of, considered, 195;
President Adams' first message, 189; on tax on lawyers, $500 per year for each daughter proposed, 195; a serions
156; on exempting bank notes from stamp duty, 157, sum, in five years amounting to $10,000, 195; this sum
159; on publication of the debates, 188. See Indexo, vol. 1. no consideration for the risk and responsibility the
COLES, Isaac, Representative from Virginia, 14.
Count took of remaining in the Chesapeake in deflance
COLIOUN, JAMES LEWIS, Senator from South Carolina, 345. of order, 195; note, 195; ten times that sum would have
Collectors of Revenue, bill for, compensation of, considered, been paid if asked then, 195; livelihood of other families,
195; $400 allowed, 195.
Commerce, Depredations on, message of President on, 152; CRAIK, WILLIAM, Representative from Maryland, 14, 120,
Report of Secretary of Treasury on, 152.
179, 826, 429, 497; on a National University, 85, 88; on
Commerce, protection of, 866 Defensive Measures.
petition of Hagh L. White, 49; on military appropria-
Commerce of United States.-See Indem, vol. 1.
tions, 98; on restricting aliens from citizenship, 278; on
Committee, to wait on the President relative to answor to the case of Jonathan Robbins, 451; on jurisdiction over
his message, 33; on memorial of Quakers, 188; on reso District of Columbia, 621; on bill relative to District of
lution to expel Matthew Lyon, 206; on privileges, 206; Columbia, 524.
on provisions for determining legality or illegality of Credentials of members, report of committee on, 580.
votes for President in the States, 407; to report suitable CUTLER, MANASSEB, Representative from Massachusetts, 569,
measures on death of Washington, 434; of House, 570. 693.
Compensation of President, Vice President, and other CUTTS, RICHARD, Representative from Massachusetts, 569,
officer8.- Bill from the Senate to increase President's
salary $5000, Vice President's $2000, Senators', Represen-
tatives' and various other officers' 25 per cent., 60; debate
on commitment to Committee of the Whole, 61; pro-
vision should be made for the expense of removing to
the new Federal City and the purchase of new furniture DANA, SAMUEL W., Representative from Connecticut, 120,
for the President, but not by increase of salary, 63; ex 179, 826, 429, 505, 569, 693; on the report on the Gris-
pense of removal can be made up hereafter, 64; new furni wold and Lyon case, 215; on relations with France, 230;
ture every four or eight years too extravagant, 64; sala on a provisional army, 248; on the resolutions granting
ries sufficiently high, 64; better advance the salary and letters of marque, 800; on the sedition bill, 809; on the
let the President purchase the furniture, 64; true ques abrogation of the treaty with France, 312, 313; on the
tion is, whether it be right and just to augment the sala capture of French vessels, 361 ; on the law of retaliation,
ries, or whether they are adequate and just for the sac 886; on petition of free blacks, 439, 442; on the case of
rifices made by the officers in undertaking the business Jonathan Robbins, 449, 450, 453; on Georgia limits,
of government, 64; the expenses of the first President 577; on repeal of internal taxes, 580; on reducing duties
amounted to the whole sum allowed, 65; can other on imports, 591; relative to State balances, 506; against
Presidents be expected to give their services ? 65; 1 repeal of Judiciary establishment, 686; in favor of relief
for French spoliations, 648, 616; on call for papers rela of, 545; resolution, proceedings thereon, 545; perzi
tive to cession of Louisiana, 699, 701, 709, 718, 716; on pe- ! sion granted, 545.
tition of United States judges for compensation, 728, 730. In House, resolation offered that speaker sign pham
DAVENPORT, FRANKLIN, Representative from New Jersey, to stenographers, 589; the question is, under whate
828, 429, 497.
thority they shall be admitted, 583; facts relative te
DAVENPOET, Joux, Representative from Connecticut, 14, this view, 558; improper to come to any solemn iede
120, 429, 497, 569, 698.
sion, 584; important that the debates of the Home
Davis, THOMAS T., Representative from Kentucky, 188, 502, should be taken with accuracy, and published with
569, 698; on the case of Griswold and Lyon, 210: on the fear, 584; amended resolution carried, 584.
report on the Griswold and Lyon case, 214; relative to Defensive Measures.--A series of resolutions considered, 14;
letters of marque, 296; on direct taxes, 802, 803; on the proposition to make further provision for forte ofered
case of Jonathan Robbins, 450, 454; on reporting the now only as a subject for inquiry, 144; usefulness of this
debates, 509; on Georgia limits, 576; on call for papers system of fortification doubtful, 144; this country me
relative to cession of Louisiana, 699; on granting land be drawn into a vortex of war and should be prepes,
warrants to Lafayette, 742.
144; resolution adopted, 14.
Dawsox, JOnn, Representative from Virginia, 120, 179, 826, Completing and manning frigate..-Abstract prise-
429, 497, 698; on the claim of General Kosciusko, 191, ple first to be decided, 145; shall the frigates be mased!
193; on the bill to repeal a part of the Sedition act, 585; 145; motion to strike out word “manning. 15; box,
on call for information relative to cession of Louisiana, 145; resolution adoque 1,145.
704; on postponing French spoliations, 784; on granting To procure further nacal force, considered, 16; #
land warrants to Lafayette, 748.
might be used for convoys, 146; note, 146; impulitic to
DATTON. JONATHAN, Representative from New Jersev. 14. adopt the measure, 146; cost will not amount to tell
120, 179, 826; on the address to the President, 25, 80, 82: part of loss by captures, 146; resolution agreed to, 14.
on land for Canadial refugees, 45; offers resolution rela Arming merchant dessels, considered, 147; mereka
tive to land for Canadian refugees, 45; on liability of men are now arming, and it is necessary to regulate the
United States to a State for war expenses, 50, 51; on in business, 147; what is to be done with these vessels!
crease of duties on sugar, T8; on suability of the States, 147; if they act offensively it will lead to war, 147; does
88; Answer to vote of thanks of the House, 111; chosen the law of nations permit merchant vessels of Dental
Speaker, first session, 5th Congress, 121; returns thanks, nations to arm ? 147; the public defence intrusted to Gor.
121; on defensive measures, 145; on exempting bank ernment, 147; only exception in the case of letters of
notes from stamp duty, 160, 161; on relations with marque, 147; in any other case war has always followed
France, 226; on a new census for direct taxes, 265; ac 148; further debate, 148; resolution lost, 148; further
knowledges thanks of House as Speaker, 889. Senator debate on resolution authorizing President to provide
from New Jersey, 401, 488, 541, 661; on breach of pri. naval force when circumstances shall require, 149.
vilege, 418; on the right of the United States to the free Bill from Sonate authorising President to raidos
Avigation of the Mississippi, 690. See Indeco, vol. 1. army of 20,000 men, question on its second resdisz,
DEARBORN, HENRY, Representative from Massachusetts, 14; 243; not necessary to pass such a bill under any posible
on increase of duties on sugar, 71; on military and naval modification, 243; if an army is necessary, the Legisla
appropriations, 94; on naval appropriations, 101. See ture ought to raise it, 243; no necessity for this mese
Index, vol. 1.
ure at this session, 243; disgraceful to reject this
Debates, Reporting of the report on petition relative to, without a second reading, 244; this course prescribed by
considered, 19; what would be the expense ? 19; about the rules of the House, 244; what does & provisional ar-
$1,600 per session, 19; this attempt would be of great iny mean? 244; this bill declares the power to raise sa
use to the IIouse, 19; why give one a privilege more army in the President, the Constitution places it in Cop-
than another, 19; no one to have preference ! 19; no need gress, 244; why not clothe the President with pover to
of expense, 19; more useful than to take so many news raise taxes, 244; it is the same in principle as authorie
papers, 19; further debate, 20; the book will be publish ing the raising of an army and giving to the President
ed whether the House adopt it or not, 20; shall the de power to suspend the raising, if necessary, 244; ma-
bates be under the sanction of the House or not! 20; it ner of proceeding very objectionable, 244; unprecedent
will encourage the undertaking, and add to the stock of od measure to reject a bill on its first reading, which
information, 20; petition of Thomas Carpenter, 188; contains such a variety of propositions 245: intentioa
reference objected to, 188; House had often refused to destroy the bill, 245; were troops ever raised in s či
to have any thing to do with the publication of the ferent manner ! 243; expediency of the measure consid-
debates, 188; petition referred, 188; memorial of report cred, 245; what is our external situation ! 245; this mo-
ers for accommodation, considered, 501; statement of the tion neither unprecedented nor improper, 246; in prise
Speaker, relative to his proceedings, 502; importance of ple the army should not be raised until the House think
having the debates taken with fidelity, 602; further de it necessary, 246; objections arise because it is thought
bate, 502; referred to a committee, 502; report of com the militia will be sufficient for defence, 946; further
mittee against any action, 505; importance to the peo-
considerations, 246; the bill delegates Legislative power
ple of a knowledge of the merits of acts and reasons for to the President; objectionable as it respects volunteer
our conduct, 506; uniform practice, 506; two objections corps, 246; this motion appears like indifference when
considered, 506; shall an admission of a reporter take the people expect effective measures, 247; extraordinary
place independent of the speaker, or shall he decide on arguments used, 247; this bill sufficient to alarm the
its propriety ? 507; further debate, 507; objected that it House, 247; the opposition does not arise from a deter-
will be against precedent, prevent members from having mination to oppose defensive measures, 243; opposition
room, and a possibility the Speaker may indulge to second reading, withdrawn, 948; every aid reserted
stenographers, 507; considered, 508; the only question to for pushing forward the scheme of a standing army,
is, whether the House shall persevere in the old plan, 273; Southern States to be terrified, 273; invidious dis
508; further debate, 509, 510, 511; report adopted,
tinctions drawn between the militia and regulars, 973;
review of services of Southern militia, 273; motina
In Senate, application for permission to report debates lost to strike out 20,000, 974; motion to insert ico;
274; when peace occurs between France and England, first section, debate, 858; manner of evading laws for
the question of preparation for war should be determined, suspending intercourse explained, 859; prosent and for
and the President should have the power during recess mer situation of the country, 859; bill may lead to diftil-
of Congress, 275; motion carried, 275; matter of train culties, 859; bill of questionable advantage as regards
ing and disciplining given to the States, 275; amount of privateers, 359; strengthen our Minister, 859; further
appropriation considered, 275; call of the House, note, debate on propriety of the measure, 860, 361; effect of
273; bill passed, 276.
measures of two last sessions, 862; further debate on,
Alien enemies, bill respecting, considered in commit 863; bill rejected, 864.
tee, 230; its provisions, 280; too much power to con Power of retaliation, bill vesting in the President,
sider President's proclamation as law, 281; various considered, 885; nature of the bill, 885; gives President
amendments proposed, 281; debate on, 281; seven years power of life and death over every Frenchman in the coun-
proposed as extreme limit of imprisonment of offenders, try, 885; three arguments used for the bill, 885; these
282; debate on the punishment of barboring offenders, considered, 886; further debate, 886, 887, 888; bill
982; crime may amount to high treason, 282; it is not a passed, 888.
bill to punish crimes, but to provide for the public safety Delaware, vote for President, 62, 487.
in certain cases, 288; in case of war with France, all her Delegates from Territories, see Index, vol. 1.
citizens here would be alien enemies, 283; only three DENNIS, Jonx, Representative from Maryland, 120, 180, 827,
practicable modes present themselves on this subject, 501, 569, 698; on tax on lawyers, 156; on weekly li-
288; these considered, 283; ordered to third reading, 284; cense to distillers, 195; on petition of free blacks, 488;
motion to recommit so far as relates to power conferred on jurisdiction over District of Columbia, 526; on the
on the President, 284; it is grounded on the principle apportionment bill, 675; against abolishing the mint,
that the President shall have power to do by procla 695; on jurisdiction over the District of Columbia, 786.
mation what ought only to be done by law, 284; this DENT, GEORGE, Representative from Maryland, 14, 120, 179,
point considered, 285; bill recommitted, 286; bill re 826, 429, 497 ; on compensation of President and other
ported with modifications, 301; Senate bill, 801.
officers, 66; presides in Committee of whole House,
Instructions to armed vessels, report on, considered, I 121, 128, 129; presides in Committee of Whole, 189,
286; motion to make the order for "to-morrow," 286; 195; on the law of retaliation, 885. See Index, vol. 1.
our vessels are seized by French cruisers every day, and Despatches of American ministers at Paris, see France,
decision required, 286; report just made, time should be relations with.
given, 286; further debate on the necessity for imme- DEXTER, SAMUEL, Senator from Massachusetts, 400; on dig-
diate action, 287; copy of the bill, 287, motion to make puted Presidential elections, 406. See Index, vol. 1.
It applicable to all nations, 287 ; this will & declaration DICKSON, JOSEPH, Representative from N. Carolina, 429, 497.
of war, 287; bad as our situation is, it is preferable to a DICKSON, WILLIAM, Representative from Tennessee, 569, 698.
state of war, 287; further arguments in favor of making Diplomatio or Foreign Intercourse, considered, 198; va-
the bill general, 288; propriety and justness of the bill, rious sums proposed to fill the blanks, 199; a good time
288; vigorous measures called for, 288; objects of France, to bring back the establishment of a diplomatic corps to
288; to incense our foes only aggravates our misfortunes. the footing settled at the outset of our Government, 199;
289; our treaties with Great Britain and Spain, 289; tendency of our Government to consolidation in the
question negatived, 289; bill going to third reading, 290; Executive, 199; Legislature must resist, 199; this ex.
reason for dissent, 290; ordered, 290; debate on the day tension of influence of one department over another
for the passage of the bill, 291; do. passed, 291.
guarded in the constitution, 199; more beneficial to
Marine corps, proposal to organize, 292; debate have no ministers at all, 199; object of motion to reduce
thereon, 292; agreed to, 292.
this department, 199; its former state, 199; this no new
Letters of Marque, resolutions relativo to, considered, doctrine, 200; danger of Executive influence has always
296; motion to refer to a committee to report a bill, 296; been held up, 200; these doctrines are advanced because
this course will shut out all hopes of a favorable termina the views of the gentleinen are opposed by the measures
tion of the dispute, 297; return of commissioners, 297; of the Government, 200; appropriations made, 200; &
great difference between committing and agreeing to small faction exists who wish to demolish the Govern-
adopt a resolution, 297; negotiations not in a good train ment, 200; our foreign political intercourse in distinc-
unless we pay the tribute France demands, 297; should tion from commercial intercourse, the subject to be con-
be acted upon at once, otherwise the foreign nations will sidered, 200; what has been done hitherto, 201; our
have notice to seize our vessels, 297; the reference will political intercourse greatly extended and from this
look like a challenge, 297; no good to be derived from a comes the present crisis, 201; the constitution and laws
vote on this subject, 298; prospects of the negotiation, have made certain offices necessary and left it to the
298; all has been done for the defence of commerce Executive to fill them, and shall the House attempt to
which we can conveniently do, why then proceed to ex control this discretion! 201; propriety of removing per-
treme measures ? 298; no good purpose answered by sons of opposito political sentiments, 202; has the Le-
postponement of the resolutions, 299; this contrasted gislature nothing to do with the diplomatic establishment
with former propositions, 299; Congress has acted with but to provide the money ! 202; origin of the law, 202;
promptitude without taking this measure, 299; what progress of our diplomatic intercourse, 202; necessary
measures have been adopted ? 299; nothing to expect at this time that our ministers should remain as they
from France without tribute, 300; question negatived, are, 208; thus to change it would be forcing upon the
800; postponement for two weeks moved, 300; debate, Executive a measure contrary to his wishes, 208; object
800; carried, 800.
of the bill to limit extension of Executive power, 203; the
Bill to encourage the capture of French arned tes Legislature can only settle the salaries of ministers and
sels by vessels of citizens of United States, read third not determine their number, &c., 204; the motion re-
time, 819; & bounty on guns brought in, according to duces the number and salaries of ministers, as unneces-
their size, 819; of no use, 319; bill passed, 819; resolution sary, but the Executive thinks otherwise, 204 ; the
for a bounty offered, 320; negatived, 820; similar bill constitutionality, the expediency, and the inconvenience
negatived at previous session again considered, 858; of the measure considered, 204; further debate, 205;
carrted in committee, 858; in House, on striking out note, 216; discussion on filling the blanks, 216.
Direct Tax Law.---Difficulty of Commissioners in Pennsyl. Dumb Legislature, 4, 691.
vania, 483. See Taxo8.
Duties on Imports, proposition to increase duties, sca
Disbursement of Public Moneys, report of committee con sidered, 71.
sidered, 656; four navy yards were purchased without Brown Sugar, an eligible article for increased det,
authority, and the money misapplied which was paid 71 ; its consumption not to be decreased, 71; fails to
for them, 656; facts which gave rise to the purchase, upon the poor than on the rich, 71; rise of labor misst
656; the law which directs a thing to be done authorizes follow increase of duty on it, 71; present duty one and a
the agents to to every thing necessary for accomplishing half cent per pound, an additional half cent not mod
the object, 656; letter of the Secretary explains the difference to consumer, 71; & pecessary of life, already
purchase, 657; report does not notice some extensive too high, 71; moved to amend by one cent per gallon ta
stores erected by the present administration, 657; a molasses, 72; only way to secure duty on sugar was by
doubtful expenditure the minority think, 657; proceed advancing duty on molasses, 72; one advance on ser
ings of committee relative to the navy yards, 657; Sec will pave the way for others, 72; amendment moved to
retary's letter was addressed to committee and not to defeat increased duty, 73; amendment carried, 14;
the House, hence it was not inserted in the report, 658; amended motion carried, 74.
the purchase of the yards, 658; explanation, 658; further Salt, additional duty of five cents moved, 74; $s
lower rate of duty now than in other countries, 74;
Distilled Spirits.-See Taxes.
duty not easily evaded, 74; tax laid heavily on salt de
District of Columbia, bill in relation to, considered, 618; cause of all necessaries this most easily collected, 74;
moved to strike out Arst section, continuing in force law operates as a poll tax, 74; a tax on agriculture, 74; x-
of Maryland and Virginia, in respective portions, 5181 cle high now, 75; an unequal and odious tax, 75; objec
question if the existing laws are in force, and this bill to tions would be good if it was proposed to raise the
obviate all doubt, 518; jurisdiction a power that may or whole revenue from it, or substitute it for & land tas,
may not be exercised by Congress, 519; design of bill 75; the high price not occasioned by a duty, 75; qoce
to cure evil arising from doubtful jurisdiction of Mary tion lost, 75; eight cents adopted in committee, 163,
land and Virginia, 519; a difference of opinion seemed
salt tax as compared with license and stamp tar, 163;
to exist as to the period when the powers of the States note, 163; a salt tax the most unequal tax in its oper
were superseded, 520; dilemma of the inhabitants, 320; ation, 168; oppressive to certain parts of the Union and
construction contended for will disfranchise them, 520; no way affecting others, 168; amendment with regard
reasons for the coinmittee rising, 520; further debate, to drawback proposed, 163; debate thereon, 163; this
521; motion to postpone the bill, 528; object to try the small advance cannot operate oppressively, 164; shall this
sense of the House, whether they were determined to necessary of Nfe be called on for every thing Gover-
assume the jurisdiction or not, 523 ; passage of the bill ment wants ? 164; discontent already arisen, 164;
will deprive the citizens of their political, if not civil question decided in affirmative, 164; motion to strike out
rights, 528; the people of the District ask the House to all relating to drawback to fishing vessels, 164; the
assume the jurisdiction, 528; to refuse it would be to in amount allowed is too large, 164; debate thereon, 164;
sult them, 528; views of the inhabitants, 524; quarter motion lost, 164; 884 per cent. fixed, 164; limitation
from whence the opposition comes, 624; by the act
clause for two years adopted, 164; bill passed, 164.
jurisdiction commences with the occupation, 524; laws of In Committee-twenty per cent, additional duty on
the States in force until otherwise enacted by Congress, wine adopted, 477; two and a half per centon on all
625; the Legislature will not be satisfied without as merchandise subject to ten per cent duty adopted, #77;
suming the jurisdiction, 625; do members still wish to additional duty of one and a half per cent on browa
leave the subject in doubt! 525; motion to postpone sugar rejected, 478; two and a half per cent. drawback
withdrawn, 526; moved to strike out first section, 626;
allowed additional on all re-exports, 478; resolution in-
impossible to preserve the rights of the people by the structing Committee on Ways and Means to report on
passage of the bill, 526; their judges and Governor will propriety of reducing duties on certain articles, con-
be the choice of the President, 526; interests of the sidered, 591 ; articles of first necessity and paid highest
people require the passage of the bill, 526; no necessity duty, 591; certain members have pledged themselves
at present for the law, 527; other considerations, 527 ; for repealing all internal taxes, 591 ; further remarks,
details of the bill, examined, 627; motion negatived, question lost, 592. See Index, vol. 1.
528; other amendments proposed, 528; bill reported for Duties on Tonnage.--See Index, vol. 1.
Territorial Government, 592; referred, 592; remon- Duties, Stamp, on vellum parchment and paper, bill for
strance, 692; resolutions on the retrocessions of juris 149. See Taxes, Direct and Indirect.
diction to Virginia and Maryland, 736; restore the
people to their former condition, 736; no advantage to
retain the jurisdiction, 786; its exercise will take up a
great deal of time and great expense, 736; it was pru-
dent not to change until experience proved its inconve-
nience, 736; all the advantages of exclusive jurisdiction EAELY, PETER, Representative from Georgia, 712.
vill be lost by the passage of the resolution, 787; no EDMOND, WILLIAM, Representative from Connecticut, 179
constitutional power exists enabling Congress to recede , 927, 429, 497 ; on the Quakers' memorial, 187; on abroga.
the Territory, 737; if receded, what obligation is there tion of the treaty with France, 815; on the law of retali-
in Congress to remain here : 788; the contract can be ation, 885; on petition of free blacks, 440.
done away only by the unanimous consent of all the EGGLESTON, JOSEPH, Representative from Virginis, 84
parties, 788; if we had power to accept, we had power 601, 473.
to recede, 788; Congress possess the right with the as | EGR, GEORGE, Representative from Pennsylvania, 120.
sent of these two States to recede, 789; constitutional Elections, military interference with, 446.
points considered, 789; further debate, 740; resolutions Elections Presidential, disputed, see President's election
lost, 741; note, 741.
DUANE, WILLIAM, proceedings against, in Senate, 428, 424, Election of President.-House and Senate proceedings, 31),
425; letter to Senato, 425.
531; do, proceedings of the House as prescribed by Con-
stitation, 531; repeated ballotings, 631, 582, 583; Thom-
As Jefferson elected, 533 ; note, 533.
Electors of President, see Index, vol. 1.
ELLERY, CHRISTOPHER, Senator from Rhode Island, 540, 661.
ELLSWORTH, OLIVER, vote for, as President, 1796, 68.
ELMENDORPA LUCAS, Representative from New York, 120,
179, 826, 429, 447, 569, 694.
ELMER, EBENEZER, Representative from New Jersey, 669,
Enemies, Alien.-See Alien Enemies.
Estimato for Appropriations, for treaty with Cherokees,
193; on a monument for Washington, 479.
EUSTIN, WILLIAM, Representative from Massachusetts, 569,
694; on protection against the Barbary powers, 571; on
repeal of internal taxes, 579; in favor of relief for
French spoliations, 645; on compensation to the ex-
United States Judges, 780; on French spoliations, 735; on
jurisdiction over the District of Columbia, 740.
Evans, Thomas, Representative from Virginia, 120, 179,
. 827, 429, 497.
Executive Departments.-See Indeso, vol. 1.
Expatriation. A bill prohibiting citizens of the United
States from entering any foreign military or naval ser-
vice, considered, 149; motion to strike out section
defining mode by which a citizen of the United States
may dissolve ties of citizenship and become alien, 149;
principlo wrong, especially at this time, 149; men have
a natural right to choose under wbat government they
will live, 150; the right of expatriation should be allow-
ed unclogged, 150; a man born and educated in a
country owes obligations not easily shaken off, 150;
doctrine of perpetual allegiance derived from Great Brit-
ain; bad in practice, 150; expatriation the opinion of
the country, and now the time to declare it, 150; objec-
tions considered, 150; further debate, 151; if a right of
expatriation exists, there should be some mode of exer-
cising it, 151; the case of Talbot, 151; perpetual alle-
glance absurd, 151; right recognized by Executive and
Judiciary, 151; unnecessary to consider it, 151; motion
to agree to report lost, 152; further consideration post-
uation better than it was tweaty-three years ago, 225;
verbal amendments proposed, 226; intention of the reso-
lution, 226; now is the time to declare whether the
country shall remain at peace or go to war, 227; the
state of things calls for this declaration, 227; Legislature
should determine whether they immediately mean to go
to war or not, 227; defensive war always ready to un-
dertake, 228; though we value peace, we are ready to ro-
sist insult and injury, 228; extent of defensive measures
should now be decided on, 228; proceedings of France
amount to a declaration, 229; to say we are not at war
is no more than to say it is light when the sun shines,
229; to agree to the proposition would countenance the
French assertion that we are a divided people, 229; the
time has come when a stand should be made, 229; re-
view of the past, 229; arguments in favor considered,
280; arguments of opposers examined, 230; the question
very unimportant, 280; important time lost in discuss-
ing it, 230; it is a question of peace or war, 232; to
strike out words "French Republic" proposed, 282; re-
solution unnecessary and uncommon, 282; this country
is now the passive party, and any declaration on our part
would have little effect, 232; our course with Great Brit-
ain, 238; the course of France, 282; instance of Venice,
288; ready to engage in a defensive but not offensivo
war, 234; a disposition on the part of the House and
Government for war, 284; apprehension of war already
produced effects in some parts of the country, 284; the
resistance to the amendment shows the intention is to
say to France, “ You may commit against us injury after
injury, we will not resent it," 284; peace and war are not
in our power, 234; the movers of amendment exposed,
285; their intentions abject submission to France, 235;
those now so loud for peace, heretofore supporters of
war, shown, 285; example of the Swiss, 286; reply to
objections, 236, 287; House obliged to act in the dark,
287 ; effect of French decree, 288; services of members
as soldiers, 238; further debate, 289; Treaty of Pilnitz
& forgery, 289; further debate, 240; resolution calling
upon the President for papers, 241; debate thereon, 241,
242; subject postponed, 242.
Commercial intercourse with France. --Bill for sus-
pending debate on its final passage, 292; no reason has
been assigned for this bill, 292; effects of the bill, 293;
effects on French commerce, 293; object to distress
France and French West Indies, 293 ; its operation, 294;
objections examined, 294; further debate, 295; bill pass-
Resolutions relative to relations with France, offered,
Bill to abrogate the treaty betroeen France and the
United States, 310; best to declare what is the state of
the country, 810; the proper question to be considered,
810; bill from the Senate not taken up, but resolution
for a committee to report on the state of the country,
811; debate on the reference, 811; the resolution an un-
meaning thing, 311; question negatived, 812; bill from
Senate again taken up and read, 312; amendment moved
and carried, relative to enacting clause, 818; debate on
amendments, 813; is a violation of the treaties on the
part of France sufficient ground for our setting them
aside? 814; no proof that our claims have been refused,
814; further explanation of views, 815; preamble adopt.
ed and bill passed, 816.
Bill suspending commercial intercourse with France
returned amended by the Senate to the House, motion
to postpone, 820; Amendments considered, 820; bill
BIU to suspend intercourse with France and open
it with St. Domingo, considered, 834; section three, pro-
viding for intercourse with St. Domingo, debated, 884;
FEARING, PAUL, Representative from N, W. Territory, 569,
693; on Ohio State Government, 648, 650, 651; unseated
As delegate from Territory of Ohio, 726.
FINDLAY, WILLIAM, Representative from Pennsylvania, 14,
185, 326; on increase of duties on sugar, 73; on increase
of duties on salt, 75; on temporary direct tax, 271. See
Index, vol. 1.
Flag of the United States.--See Index, vol. 1.
FOSTER, ABIEL, Representative from New Hampshire, 14,
120, 179, 826, 429, 497, 569, 698. Seo Indeso, vol. 1.
FOSTER, DWIGHT, Representative from Massachusetts, 14,
120, 180, 326, 429; presents petition of Thomas Carpen-
ter, 185; on temporary direct tax, 270; Senator from
Massachusetts, 481, 544, 663. See Index, vol. 1.
FOSTER, THEODORE, Senator from Rhode Island, 5, 118, 165,
821, 899, 481, 540, 661. See Index, vol. 1.
FOWLER, JOHN, Representative from Kentucky, 189, 193,
436, 322, 569.
France, Relations with.-President's message considered,
225; painful differences exist between this country and
the French Republic, 225; the House should declaro
whether we are to have peace or war, 225; resolutions
that it is inexpedient to go to war with France--that
the arming of merchant vessels should be restricted-
that provision should be made for protection of the sea-
coast and interior, offered, 225; not a suitable time for a !
declaration of sentiment of first resolutions, 225; our sit-